Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Sozialwort 10+: Offen für gesellschaftliche Entwicklungen

Posted by hkarner - 15. September 2014

Sozialwort 10+

Das Programm: einladung_10-10_endfassung_digital

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Italiens Reform stößt auf Widerstand

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2014

 Thesy Kness-Bastaroli aus Mailand, derstandard.at, 22. September 2014, 05:30

Dass erneut Beamtengehälter eingefroren werden sollen, erzürnt die Gewerkschaft. EU und IWF drängen Italien aber zu Reformen

Reformen seien für Italien die letzte Chance, das seit Jahren anhaltende Wirtschaftsdilemma zu überwinden. Regierungschef Matteo Renzi nahm sich kein Blatt vor den Mund: Die Arbeitsmarktreform müsse so schnell wie möglich durchgebracht werden, mahnte er kürzlich vor dem Parlament. Er sei bereit, gegen den Widerstand in den Kammern sein Reformprogramm durchzusetzen.

Widerstand kommt etwa von den Gewerkschaften. Der radikale Gewerkschaftsverband Cgil protestiert vor allem gegen die Lockerung des im Paragrafen 18 des Arbeitsrechtes festgelegten Kündigungsschutzes. Dieser fordert von Unternehmen mit mehr als 15 Arbeitnehmern das Recht der Wiedereinstellung bei ungerechtfertigten Entlassungen. Der Richter muss entscheiden, ob eine Kündigung rechtsmäßig begründet sei. Der Paragraf 18 wird von den Arbeitnehmern und dem ideologisch ausgerichteten Flügel der Regierungspartei PD als “heilige Kuh” bezeichnet. Ausländische Investoren nennen den rigorosen Kündigungsschutz in Italien als Investitionshindernis.

Spaltung der Regierung möglich

“Wo waren die Gewerkschaften in den letzten zwanzig Jahren, als die Anzahl der Beschäftigungslosen und der Arbeitnehmer mit befristeten Arbeitsverträgen enorm stark zunahm”, kontert Renzi. Tatsache ist, dass die Gewerkschaften derzeit primär die Vollzeitbeschäftigten schützt und die rund drei Millionen Arbeitslosen vernachlässigt. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Experte: “Die globale Ungleichheit geht zurück”

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2014

Milanovic BrankoBranko Milanović(60) ist US-Ökonom an der City University of New York und forscht auf dem Gebiet der Einkommensverteilung. Zuvor war der gebürtige Serbe leitender Ökonom in der Weltbank.

Branko Milanović ist der Doyen der Ungleichheitsforschung. Der »Presse am Sonntag« verrät er, warum er lieber reich in einem armen Land wäre als umgekehrt. Und warum er selbst nicht sagt, wie viel Geld er hat.

20.09.2014 | 18:47 |   (Die Presse)

Auf meine erste Frage bekäme ich in Österreich keine Antwort. Ich frage dennoch, weil Sie als Amerikaner vielleicht einen entspannteren Umgang mit dem Thema haben: Herr Milanović, wie viel verdienen Sie?

Branko Milanović: Das würde Ihnen in den USA auch niemand sagen. Aber wenn wir ernsthaft über Einkommensungleichheit und Armut sprechen wollen, sollten wir wissen, wo wir stehen.

Also, wie viel verdienen Sie?

Ich würde Ihnen lieber sagen, wo ich in der Einkommenspyramide stehe.

Und zwar?

Mein Haushalt liegt im zweiten oder dritten Prozent der reichsten US-Haushalte. Das heißt, global bin ich im obersten Prozent der Top-Verdiener. Dasselbe gilt für die reichsten zwölf Prozent aller Amerikaner und die reichsten acht Prozent der Europäer.

Sie forschen über Einkommensverteilung, seit Sie junger Wissenschaftler im sozialistischen Ex-Jugoslawien waren. Wie war das damals möglich? Ich dachte, Ungleichheit war damals von der Partei verboten. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe must ‘boost demand’ to revive economy, US warns

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2014

Date: 22-09-2014
Source: BBC

Mr Lew has previously said the US had an “immense stake in a prosperous Europe”

The US Treasury Secretary has urged eurozone countries to “boost demand” in order to reduce unemployment and avoid deflation.

Jack Lew was speaking at a meeting of the G20 group, which includes several of the world’s largest economies.

Earlier this month, the European Central Bank introduced new measures to stimulate the area’s flagging economy.

However it has stopped short of adopting the policies favoured by its US counterpart, the Federal Reserve.

As well as launching an asset purchase programme, through which it will buy debt products from banks, the ECB cut its benchmark interest rate to 0.05%. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Where’s the Growth?

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2014

By John Mauldin

September 21, 2014

Flawed from its foundation, economics as a whole has failed to improve much with time. As it both ossified into an academic establishment and mutated into mathematics, the Newtonian scheme became an illusion of determinism in a tempestuous world of human actions. Economists became preoccupied with mechanical models of markets and uninterested in the willful people who inhabit them….

Some economists become obsessed with market efficiency and others with market failure. Generally held to be members of opposite schools – “freshwater” and “saltwater,” Chicago and Cambridge, liberal and conservative, Austrian and Keynesian – both sides share an essential economic vision. They see their discipline as successful insofar as it eliminates surprise – insofar, that is, as the inexorable workings of the machine override the initiatives of the human actors. “Free market” economists believe in the triumph of the system and want to let it alone to find its equilibrium, the stasis of optimum allocation of resources. Socialists see the failures of the system and want to impose equilibrium from above. Neither spends much time thinking about the miracles that repeatedly save us from the equilibrium of starvation and death. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why Europe’s Super Rich Are Resorting to Smuggling Cash

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2014

Date: 21-09-2014
Source: NewsWeek

The man was sweating on the platform of the train station. Beads of perspiration dappled his forehead as he clutched his briefcase to his chest. For the plainclothes inspectors of French customs watching him at the Gare du Nord in Paris, he seemed a prime suspect in the latest crime wave sweeping a continent wracked by financial discord – cash smuggling.

Sure enough, a quick search of Boris Boillon’s briefcase turned up the contraband – €350,000 – in mostly €500 notes, which customs officers across Europe call “Bin Ladens” because they are the favourite currency of terrorists.

But it is not only terrorists moving them around countries, continents and time zones; it is the cash-strapped middle classes and a wealthy elite desperate to keep their savings from the claws of the taxman.

Boillon, a former ambassador to Iraq and Tunisia and the holder of a Legion of Honour medal, is but one of the “cash commuters” now being targeted by law enforcement across Europe.  Police in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Belgium and Switzerland are investing in training dogs not to root out narcotics but the precise kind of ink and chemicals used in banknotes.

The catalyst for this extraordinary wave of illicit money-movement is the decision by banks in Switzerland, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein and Monaco to water down the age-old rules of secrecy governing accounts held by foreigners. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Climate Science Is Not Settled

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2014

Date: 21-09-2014
Source: The Wall Street Journal

We are very far from the knowledge needed to make good climate policy, writes leading scientist Steven E. Koonin

The crucial scientific question for policy isn’t whether the climate is changing. That is a settled matter: The climate has always changed and always will.

The idea that “Climate science is settled” runs through today’s popular and policy discussions. Unfortunately, that claim is misguided. It has not only distorted our public and policy debates on issues related to energy, greenhouse-gas emissions and the environment. But it also has inhibited the scientific and policy discussions that we need to have about our climate future.

My training as a computational physicist—together with a 40-year career of scientific research, advising and management in academia, government and the private sector—has afforded me an extended, up-close perspective on climate science. Detailed technical discussions during the past year with leading climate scientists have given me an even better sense of what we know, and don’t know, about climate. I have come to appreciate the daunting scientific challenge of answering the questions that policy makers and the public are asking.

The crucial scientific question for policy isn’t whether the climate is changing. That is a settled matter: The climate has always changed and always will. Geological and historical records show the occurrence of major climate shifts, sometimes over only a few decades. We know, for instance, that during the 20th century the Earth’s global average surface temperature rose 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s Bargain

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2014

Date: 19-09-2014
Source: Project Syndicate

MICHAEL SPENCESpence cc1

Michael Spence, a Nobel laureate in economics, is Professor of Economics at NYU’s Stern School of Business, Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and Academic Board Chairman of the Fung Global Institute in Hong Kong. He was the chairman of the independent Commission on Growth and Development, an international body that from 2006-2010 analyzed opportunities for global economic growth, and is the author of The Next Convergence – The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World.

MILAN – In July, the European Commission published its sixth report on economic, social, and territorial cohesion (a term that can be roughly translated as equality and inclusiveness). The report lays out a plan for substantial investment – €450 billion ($583 billion) from three European Union funds – from 2014 to 2020. Given today’s difficult economic and fiscal conditions, where public-sector investment is likely to be crowded out in national budgets, this program represents a major commitment to growth-oriented public sector investment.

The EU’s cohesion strategy is admirable and smart. Whereas such investment in the past was heavily tilted toward physical infrastructure – particularly transport – the agenda has shifted to a more balanced set of targets, including human capital, employment, the economy’s knowledge and technology base, information technology, low-carbon growth, and governance. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Dying for Europe

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2014

Date: 19-09-2014
Source: Project Syndicate
PETER SUTHERLAND

Peter Sutherland, Chairman of the London School of Economics and Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for International Migration and Development, is former Director General of the World Trade Organization, EU Commissioner for Competition, and Attorney General of Ireland.

LONDON – This summer, a gruesome tragedy unfolded aboard a ship in the Mediterranean Sea. Twenty-nine men, women, and children fleeing crisis-torn countries succumbed to engine fumes in the vessel’s hold. As 60 others scrambled to escape, the human traffickers carrying them to Europe stabbed them and threw them into the sea off the coast of Lampedusa. Eventually, a Danish petrol tanker rescued 569 survivors.

More recently, some 500 migrants died off the coast of Malta, when a group of human traffickers responded to the passengers’ refusal to move onto smaller vessels by deliberately ramming the boat that had carried them from Egypt. Less than a week later, dozens of asylum-seekers perished when their boat capsized near the Libyan coast.

Such large numbers of deaths in and around Europe should do more than briefly seize headlines. But Europeans seem inured to the plight of asylum-seekers and migrants, more than 1,600 of whom have died in the Mediterranean just since June 1. This situation is untenable, both morally and politically.

Of course, Europe cannot help all of those fleeing violence and destitution. But, as the world’s wealthiest continent, it can certainly do more, especially if it adopts a unified approach.

At a time when the number of displaced people is at an historic high, the European Union – which accounts for 29% of global wealth – hosts just 9% of refugees, leaving far poorer countries to carry most of the burden. For example, tiny Lebanon shelters more than one million of the three million Syrians who are displaced, whereas the EU – 100 times larger – has taken in only about 100,000. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Archbishop of Canterbury admits doubts about existence of God

Posted by sschleicher - 21. September 2014

That makes him so sympathic. (StS)

Justin Welby tells BBC radio interviewer there are moments when he doubts – but he is certain about the existence of Jesus

Welby ccThe archbishop of Canterbury has admitted to having doubts about the existence of God and disclosed that, on a recent morning jog with his dog, he questioned why the Almighty had failed to intervene to prevent an injustice.

In a light-hearted but personal interview in front of hundreds of people in Bristol cathedral last weekend, Justin Welby said: “There are moments, sure, where you think ‘Is there a God? Where is God?'”Welby quickly added that, as the leader of the world’s 80 million-strong Anglican community, this was “probably not what the archbishop of Canterbury should say”.

 Footage of the archbishop of Canterbury’s interview Earlier, BBC Bristol’s Lucy Tegg, the interviewer, reminded him of the weight his words carried. “You have a remarkably prominent role within the faith community around the world,” Tegg said.

“I’ve noticed,” Welby quipped.

Tegg then asked: “Do you ever doubt?”

Welby replied: “Yes. I do. In lots of different ways really. It’s a very good question. That means I’ve got to think about what I’m going to say. Yes I do.” He added: “I love the Psalms, if you look at Psalm 88, that’s full of doubt.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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ECB First Four-Year Loan Uptake Disappoints

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2014

Date: 19-09-2014
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Amount Borrowed Was Less Than Expected, Raising Doubts About the Program’s Impact on Economy

FRANKFURT—The European Central Bank’s first offering of cheap, four-year loans to eurozone banks failed to generate as much interest as expected, raising pressure on the ECB to find other ways of stimulating the region’s weak economy and boosting inflation from its worrisomely low levels.

The eurozone’s central bank announced the loan program—otherwise known as targeted longer-term refinancing operations—in June as part of a package of stimulus measures, which also included interest-rate cuts.

“The takeup in the first [loan offering] is disappointing and will raise further doubts about the feasibility of the ECB’s intention to increase its balance sheet by around €1 trillion,” said ING analyst Martin van Vliet.

The ECB said Thursday that 255 eurozone banks borrowed €82.6 billion ($106.9 billion) in four-year loans from a new program aimed at lowering the cost of borrowing and therefore spurring lending to businesses. The hope is that this would stimulate demand for goods and services and, in turn, raise annual inflation. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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