Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Economy’

Shaking Russia’s Weak Economic Hand

Posted by hkarner - 6. Juli 2017

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IWF schenkt Trump ein: Stärkung statt Belastung der Unterschicht nötig

Posted by hkarner - 27. Juni 2017

27. Juni 2017, 14:00 derstandard.at

In seinem Länderbericht kritisiert der Währungsfonds Ungleichheit und Armut – hier müsse die Regierung ansetzen

Auf den ersten Blick läuft die US-Wirtschaft rund. Seit Jahren verzeichnen die Vereinigten Staaten höheres Wachstum als beispielsweise Europa und Japan und annähernd Vollbeschäftigung. Doch auf den zweiten Blick stellt sich die Lage anders dar, wie der Internationale Währungsfonds in einem am Dienstag erschienenen Länderbericht konstatiert. Der Fonds senkte am Dienstag seine US-Wachstumsprognose für das laufende Jahr um 0,2 Punkte auf 2,1 Prozent und für kommendes Jahr um 0,4 Punkte auf ebenfalls 2,1 Prozent. Der Wohlstand ist immer ungleicher verteilt. Seit 2000 hat sich das Realeinkommen für mehr als die Hälfte der Amerikaner verschlechtert. Auch die niedrige Arbeitslosigkeit täuscht. Tatsächlich haben viele US-Bürger resigniert und sind aus dem Arbeitsmarkt ausgeschieden. Nur noch 63 der Bevölkerung sind beschäftigt oder suchen einen Job. 2007 lag diese Quote noch bei 66 Prozent. Und: Mit 13,5 Prozent ist die Armutsrate eine der höchsten in entwickelten Volkswirtschaften.

CO2-Steuer gefordert

Während US-Präsident Donald Trump Steuererleichterungen für Reiche und Konzerne plant, macht der Währungsfonds anders gelagerte Vorschläge. Vor allem untere und mittlere Einkommen sollten entlastet werden. Auch bei der Gegenfinanzierung setzt der Fonds andere Prioritäten als das Weiße Haus: Eine bundesweite Umsatzsteuer von fünf Prozent, eine CO2-Abgabe und höhere Steuern auf Gas sollten gut zwei Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts erlösen. Zudem wünscht sich der Währungsfonds weitere Schritte zur Stärkung der unteren Einkommensschichten. Ein einheitlicher und höherer Mindestlohn zählt ebenso zu den Vorschlägen wie leichterer Zugang zum Bildungssystem und bessere soziale Absicherung. All das würde nicht nur die Ungleichheit mindern, sondern auch die Produktivität erhöhen, ist der IWF überzeugt. Stattdessen plane die US-Regierung in ihrem Haushaltsplan übermäßige Kürzungen bei unteren und mittleren Einkommensgruppen. (as, 27.6.2017) – derstandard.at/2000059874476/IWF-schenkt-Trump-ein-Staerkung-statt-Belastung-der-Unterschicht

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The Global Economy in 2067

Posted by hkarner - 22. Juni 2017

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The Economic Consequences of a Hung Parliament

Posted by hkarner - 12. Juni 2017

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U.K. Election Sows More Doubt Than Hope

Posted by hkarner - 9. Juni 2017

Date: 08-06-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Simon Nixon

Whether Theresa May has the skills to reach a good deal with the EU seems less clear than two months ago

It seems strange to recall now, but when Theresa May announced her plan in April for a snap general election in June, the markets reacted with relief. The pound rallied and stocks rose. The expectation was that the British prime minister would secure a landslide victory over Labour, giving her a mandate to face down hard-line Brexiters prepared to risk the U.K. crashing out of the European Union if no deal is reached in the next two years.

The market’s optimism was shared in Brussels and other European capitals, where there were concerns that Mrs. May lacked the political capital to make the concessions they believed necessary to reach the “deep and special partnership” she has said she seeks with the EU.

Seven weeks later, it is hard to be so optimistic about Britain’s outlook. Though the polls have tightened dramatically over the course of the campaign, Mrs. May is still widely expected to win with an increased majority and the pound remains above its level when the election was called. But the campaign has altered the political landscape in unexpected ways that could have profound consequences for the economy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Economic optimism is not just about the economy

Posted by hkarner - 7. Juni 2017

Date: 06-06-2017
Source: The Economist

ECONOMIC optimism is on the rise around the world. A new survey from the Pew Research Centre, a think-tank, finds that residents of America, Europe and Japan are more confident about their countries’ economies than they were before the financial crisis. Rising spirits partly stem from the return of durable growth. But differences in optimism between countries cannot be accounted for by growth alone—or, indeed, by economic performance.

To take one example, the German economy is projected by the IMF to grow at a similar rate to France’s. Yet whereas 83% of Germans believe their economy is doing well, only 21% of French people feel the same way. That suggests some other factor may be at play—perhaps the unemployment rate, which is much lower in Germany than in France. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Global Recovery’s Downside Risks

Posted by hkarner - 6. Juni 2017

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Europe must seize the chance to fix the euro

Posted by hkarner - 4. Juni 2017

Date: 01-06-2017
Source: The Economist: Charlemagne

An improving economy and Emmanuel Macron’s election are an opportunity that may not come twice

PICK a note, any note. The bills of Europe’s single currency are adorned with handsome bridges, arches, vaults and aqueducts, testament to the glorious architectural history of the old continent. True, the constructions are a little lacking in character; the notes’ designers were told to depict generic examples rather than specific structures to avoid offending countries whose splendours might be overlooked. But they speak of strength, sturdiness and the confidence of what some used to believe might be the world’s next reserve currency.

The euro itself, though, remains a wobbly, half-built enterprise, desperately unprepared for the next shock. When Europe caught America’s flu after 2008, bond markets picked off the euro’s weakest members one by one. Greece, Portugal, Ireland and Spain were forced into bail-outs. Italy, the euro’s third largest economy, tottered. Emergency funds were created, the European Central Bank implied it would create unlimited quantities of cash if needed, and the euro limped on. Today, growth is picking up and unemployment falling. But no one believes that the euro, which lacks the political and fiscal institutions typical of a currency area, can remain half-built forever. Investors are uncertain of its future, and governments have piled on debt since the last crisis, shrinking the space available to respond to the next one. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How to Drink from a Firehose

Posted by hkarner - 17. Mai 2017

By John Mauldin, May 14, 2017 

Basic economics tells us all resources are scarce, but our demand for them is not. Hence we need methods to allocate the limited supply of each resource. A significant part of economics is the study of those methods.

One exception to the rule, though, has developed in the last few years: The amount of information available to us is practically unlimited. Open your internet browser, and most of that information is just a few clicks way. But if media industry profits (or lack of them) are any indication, demand for that information is anything but infinite.

One problem with information is that much of it is biased. I know, for instance, that when I read a certain economist commenting on recent data, he is going to put a spin on it that reflects the particular economic soapbox he prefers to stand upon. And while I will occasionally take time to read such people, just to kind of keep up on “influencers,” they often don’t really add much to the conversation. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A World Turned Inside Out

Posted by hkarner - 27. April 2017

 

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