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Posts Tagged ‘Xi Jinping’

Xi’s Party‑State at 70: Feeling the Itch

Posted by hkarner - 21. Februar 2020

Date: 20‑02‑2020

Source: YaleGlobal by Börje Ljunggren

The coronavirus and economic challenges notwithstanding, China’s leaders are ambitious, determined to be second to none. For now, the Chinese Communist Party is intent to avoid the fate of the Soviet Union, which rose in December 1922 and fell in December 1991. Modern China, impoverished in 1949, has transformed itself into a superpower, explains Börje Ljunggren, author and former Swedish ambassador to China and Vietnam. China advanced by embracing globalization and borrowing economic tools of the West while rejecting the goals of Western‑style democracy. The party remains in firm control. “With close to 90 million members and more than 4 million basic units, the party is ubiquitous, in media and civil society, at companies and universities and, not least, in the armed forces,” Ljunggren writes. “The elitist nature of the Communist Party is maintained through a complex system based on selection, loyalty and discipline.” The party’s resistance to criticism, even questions and suggestions with leadership evading accountability, remains a major obstacle for China securing global leadership. –

Authoritarian resistance to criticism and full accountability of leadership may limit China’s global ambitions Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe Must Recognize China for What It Is

Posted by hkarner - 13. Februar 2020

Date: 11‑02‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by George Soros

George Soros is Chairman of Soros Fund Management and the Open Society Foundations. A pioneer of the hedge‑fund industry, he is the author of many books, including The Alchemy of Finance, The New Paradigm for Financial Markets: The Credit Crisis of 2008 and What it Means, and The Tragedy of the European Union: Disintegration or Revival? His most recent book is In Defense of Open Society (Public Affairs, 2019). 

Chinese President Xi Jinping will meet the heads of state and government of the 27 EU member states at the EU‑China summit in Leipzig in September. Europeans need to understand that they will hand him a much‑needed political victory unless he is held accountable for his failure to uphold human rights, particularly in Tibet, Xinjiang, and Hong Kong.

MUNICH – Neither the European public nor European political and business leaders fully understand the threat presented by Xi Jinping’s China. Although Xi is a dictator who is using cutting‑edge technology in an effort to impose total control on Chinese society, Europeans regard China primarily as an important business partner. They fail to appreciate that since Xi became president and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), he has established a regime whose guiding principles are diametrically opposed to the values on which the European Union was founded.

The rush to embrace Xi is greater in Britain, which is in the process of separating itself from the EU, than in the EU itself. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to distance the United Kingdom from the EU as much as possible and to build a free‑market economy that is unconstrained by EU regulations. He is unlikely to succeed, because the EU is prepared to take countermeasures against the type of deregulation that Johnson’s government seems to have in mind. But in the meantime, Britain is eyeing China as a potential partner, in the hope of reestablishing the partnership that former Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne was building between 2010 and 2016. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How China Can Reach its Centennial Goal

Posted by hkarner - 15. Oktober 2019

Zhang Jun is Dean of the School of Economics at Fudan University and Director of the China Center for Economic Studies, a Shanghai-based think tank.

The focus on exports has undoubtedly served China well over the last four decades. But the key to achieving President Xi Jinping’s goal of creating a “great modern socialist country” by 2049 will be unleashing the potential of China’s domestic market, especially by eliminating institutional barriers to the growth of private enterprises.

SHANGHAI – Two years ago, Chinese President Xi Jinping declared that by the time the People’s Republic celebrates its centenary in 2049, it should be a “great modern socialist country” with an advanced economy. To achieve this ambitious goal, China will need to secure another three decades of strong economic performance and inclusive development. The question is how.

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Without Democracy, China Will Rise No Farther

Posted by hkarner - 6. Oktober 2019

Date: 04-10-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs by By Jiwei Ci

Beijing Can’t Compete With Washington Until It Reckons With Its People

China has been busy rising, and an alarmed United States has been busy repositioning itself. Neither shows much interest in what is arguably the most important test now confronting China’s leadership, which is whether and how it will respond to internal pressures to democratize. Perhaps that is because neither realizes that how far China rises and what happens to U.S.-Chinese relations both depend more on the country’s democratization than on just about anything else.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is apparently so confident in its ability to deliver economic growth and the nation’s “great rejuvenation” that it has dispensed with the search for democratic legitimacy. The United States, having observed recent political developments in China, seems happy enough to follow the CCP in writing off the country’s democratic prospects. On this shared understanding, the supposed rivalry between China and the United States has taken on the dimensions of a contemporary Cold War. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China bans an independent think-tank critical of its policies

Posted by hkarner - 1. September 2019

Date: 31-08-2019
Source: The Economist

Unirule had been an unusually vocal proponent of free-market economics

For researchers devoted to the rule of law, the end was fitting. Drawing on patchwork regulations that appear to violate the Chinese constitution, local authorities in Beijing at last found a pretext to ban the Unirule Institute of Economics, that rarest of things in China, an independent think-tank known for criticising the government. For years Unirule had faced pressure, including evictions from multiple offices, to quiet down, and yet had managed to go on functioning. But it saw no way around the ban, issued last month, and so on August 26th announced that it would stop all activities.

Founded in 1993, Unirule always resided on the fringes of Chinese policy discussions, bringing together a collection of liberal economists who were strong believers in free markets. It published a series of books about institutional reform, including on how to slim down state-owned firms. It delved into topics such as the design of China’s health-care system and land-ownership rules. It also convened forums every two weeks; its last, the 600th, was a theoretical discussion about network effects in economics. A steady stream of eminent economists and senior officials came through Unirule’s doors over the years, eager to hear its perspectives, so different from those propagated by right-thinking state-affiliated institutions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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When Leninists Overreach

Posted by hkarner - 19. August 2019

Nina L. Khrushcheva is Professor of International Affairs at The New School. Her latest book (with Jeffrey Tayler) is In Putin’s Footsteps: Searching for the Soul of an Empire Across Russia’s Eleven Time Zones.

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping have for years flexed their foreign-policy muscles and consolidated power at home. But Russia and China now appear increasingly isolated on the world stage, and the question now is whether they have finally gone – or soon will go – too far.

MOSCOW – Ongoing street protests in Hong Kong and Moscow have no doubt spooked the authoritarian duo of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Moscow protests, the largest in many years, must be keeping Putin up at night, or they wouldn’t be dispersed with such unabated brutality. Yet rather than hold a dialogue with the people, Putin has been demonstrating that he is in control, even preening for photos in a tight leather outfit with his favorite motorcycle gang.

Nonetheless, the demonstrations have become a poignant sign of Putin’s declining popularity, including among Russian elites, whose views matter in ways that other forms of public opinion do not. For two decades, the Russian elite’s rival factions have generally seen Putin as the ultimate guarantor of their interests – particularly their financial interests. But as Russia’s economy has sunk into sanctions-induced , Putin’s leadership has started to look like more of a roadblock than a guardrail. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Has Xi Jinping Stirred a Backlash?

Posted by hkarner - 18. August 2019

Date: 17-08-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Yaroslav Trofimov

China’s leader is using his country’s new might to challenge the Western-led global order—spurring an argument at home and risking pushback around the world

When relations between China and the West frayed in the wake of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping gave guidance that set Beijing’s course for several decades. “Hide our capacities and bide our time, be good at maintaining a low profile and never claim leadership,” he urged. As Deng and his successors opened China up to the world and avoided international conflicts, they sparked an economic miracle that propelled hundreds of millions out of poverty.

A very different attitude increasingly prevails in Beijing. With China’s economy already larger than America’s by some measures, President Xi Jinping has moved away from his predecessors’ caution. While stifling dissent at home, he has harnessed China’s new might to pose challenges to the Western-led international order—an effort that is generating both a global pushback against Chinese influence and a policy debate inside China and abroad. The protests in Hong Kong that shut down its airport this week—spurred, in part, by local frustration over Beijing’s eroding of the “one country, two systems” pledge made by Deng in the 1980s—add a fresh threat to China’s economy and prestige. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Party Man: Xi Jinping’s Quest to Dominate China

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2019

Date: 15-08-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs By Richard McGregor

China’s President Xi Jinping.

When Joe Biden met Xi Jinping in 2011, China’s leader in waiting hit the U.S. vice president with a volley of questions about U.S. politics. How did the system work? What was the relationship between the White House and Congress? How should Beijing interpret the political signals coming out of Washington? For Biden and his advisers, these were welcome questions after nearly a decade of frustration in dealing with Xi’s predecessor, the colorless, impenetrable Hu Jintao.

But over meetings and meals in Beijing and Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, the American visitors were struck by Xi’s animation on another topic. Chinese leaders are generally cautious about straying too deeply into their own biographies. Recounting their personal stories in front of Chinese officials, let alone foreigners, involves traversing recent Chinese political history, a minefield of purges, betrayals, and ideological about-faces.

Xi, however, talked unprompted about his father, Xi Zhongxun, a revolutionary from the early days of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and about Mao Zedong, the founder of modern China, who had turned the country upside down to keep his rivals at bay. Xi’s father, once seen as a loyal party member, had risen to be vice premier in the late 1950s but was purged from the leadership by Mao in 1962, after he backed leadership rivals. Soon thereafter, he was jailed and left to suffer public humiliation at the hands of the Red Guards in the Cultural Revolution. Radicals harassed his son and banished him to the countryside. The father was not rehabilitated until the late 1970s, after Mao had died. But as Xi made clear to his visitors, he would not repudiate Mao. He revered him. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Last Exit Before a Cold War?

Posted by hkarner - 15. August 2019

Date: 14-08-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Holman W. Jenkins, Jr.

What China would say if it really understood President Trump’s ideas about trade.

For the eyes of Donald Trump only, a secret letter from China’s worried maximum leader, Xi Jinping :

Dear Donald,

As the mice and men in your country would have predicted, our little trade negotiation has gone awry. If I am forced to take measures in Hong Kong, it may be a long time before we can talk again. So let us settle things now.

Your negotiators keep bringing me demands that I cannot fulfill. They want me to reorganize the Chinese economy. They want me to relinquish many kinds of control necessary to the Communist Party.

Donald, who are these proposals even aimed at? If I understand how American bureaucracy works, I think maybe they are aimed at you. Your assistants want you to adopt the bureaucracy’s trade policy instead of your own. Your trade officer Robert Lighthizer and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin can’t even guarantee you will withdraw your tariffs, which should be the starting point of any negotiation. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Great Countries, Bad Leaders

Posted by hkarner - 31. Juli 2019

Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong and a former EU commissioner for external affairs, is Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

China and the United States are great countries, but are being badly governed – one by Leninist autocrats afraid of their own shadow, and the other by a bizarre populist who prefers despots to liberal democrats. For now, the rest of the world has good reason to hope for better and wiser leadership in Beijing and Washington – and soon.

LONDON – I first visited the United States in 1965 on a student scholarship funded by a generous Boston philanthropist. Ever since that trip, which took me from New York to California to Alabama and back, I have been a confirmed Americophile. I love the country and have visited it more often than any other outside Britain and Western Europe.

I admire the US for its culture, entrepreneurialism, and universities, and I have many American friends. Furthermore, I know how grateful the rest of the world has to be for US leadership after World War II. Never before had a victorious power behaved so generously toward others, including the defeated. We owe so much to US policy in the second half of the twentieth century. But although I am no declinist regarding American economic, intellectual, and military power, the country’s soft power has certainly decreased, and its positive influence around the world has declined.

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