Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Populism’

Ilija Trojanow – der Weltensammler als Populist

Posted by hkarner - 23. Mai 2017

Gero Jenner, 23. Mai

Am 22. Mai kam in den sieben Uhr Nachrichten von des österreichischen Kultursenders Ö1 Ilya Trojanow über sein neues Buch „Nach der Flucht“ zu Wort. Er beschrieb das Erlebnis der Befreiung, der erfüllten Wissbegierde, welche das Wandern zwischen den Welten in einem aufnahmebereiten Geist bewirkt. Schon Goethe hatte Ähnliches mit den Worten zum Ausdruck gebracht, dass ein kluger Mensch auf Reisen am meisten lerne. Man braucht jedoch nicht einmal besonders klug zu sein, um die Konfrontation mit anderen Menschen, anderen Kulturen als einen Ausbruch aus der Enge des eigenen Selbst und der Routine des Alltags zu empfinden.

Trojanow durchlebte mehrere kulturelle Häutungen, weil er – in Bulgarien geboren – abwechselnd in Nairobi, im Chiemgau und München, in Paris und Mumbai heimisch war – ein Bilderbuch-Kosmopolit. Früher einmal, als das Fliegen noch Privileg und Abenteuer war, vermittelte es das ekstatische Erlebnis mit einem einzigen Sprung: Über den Wolken schwebend, tauchte man in das Unbekannte. Ich selbst habe dieses Erlebnis mehrfach erlebt. Auf meinen Reisen nach Indien, nach Japan, Ceylon und Indonesien habe ich diesen Ausbruch immer wie eine Art von Erlösung erfahren. Kosmopolitismus, das ist im besten Fall ja weit mehr als abstraktes Bücherwissen, das sich ein Mensch aus Reiseführern oder Fachbüchern über fremde Kulturen aneignet. Es ist erlebte Geschichte, welche die eigene Vergangenheit als Lebensringe umschließt, aber dabei in der Gegenwart weiterwirkt, weil die Berührung mit anderen Menschen, Landschaften und Leidenschaften den eigenen Blick auf die Welt nachhaltig verändert. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Varieties of Populist Experience

Posted by hkarner - 18. Mai 2017

 

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France’s Anti-Populist Populist

Posted by hkarner - 16. Mai 2017

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France Returns to Europe

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2017

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The Macron Miracle

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2017

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What’s the Matter With Europe?

Posted by hkarner - 5. Mai 2017

Date: 05-05-2017
Source: The New York Times By Paul Krugman

On Sunday France will hold its presidential runoff. Most observers expect Emmanuel Macron, a centrist, to defeat Marine Le Pen, the white nationalist — please, let’s stop dignifying this stuff by calling it “populism.” And I’m pretty sure that Times rules allow me to state directly that I very much hope the conventional wisdom is right. A Le Pen victory would be a disaster for Europe and the world.

Yet I also think it’s fair to ask a couple of questions about what’s going on. First, how did things get to this point? Second, would a Le Pen defeat be anything more than a temporary reprieve from the ongoing European crisis?

Some background: Like everyone on this side of the Atlantic, I can’t help seeing France in part through Trump-colored glasses. But it’s important to realize that the parallels between French and American politics exist despite big differences in underlying economic and social trends. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Reprieve or Reform in Europe?

Posted by hkarner - 2. Mai 2017

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Has France Really Rejected Populism?

Posted by hkarner - 29. April 2017

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The Liberal Order Is Rigged: Fix It Now or Watch It Wither

Posted by hkarner - 24. April 2017

Date: 23-04-2017
Source: Foreign Affairs

Prior to 2016, debates about the global order mostly revolved around its structure and the question of whether the United States should actively lead it or should retrench, pulling back from its alliances and other commitments. But during the past year or two, it became clear that those debates had missed a key point: today’s crucial foreign policy challenges arise less from problems between countries than from domestic politics within them. That is one lesson of the sudden and surprising return of populism to Western countries, a trend that found its most powerful expression last year in the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the EU, or Brexit, and the election of Donald Trump as U.S. president.

It can be hard to pin down the meaning of “populism,” but its crucial identifying mark is the belief that each country has an authentic “people” who are held back by the collusion of foreign forces and self-serving elites at home. A populist leader claims to represent the people and seeks to weaken or destroy institutions such as legislatures, judiciaries, and the press and to cast off external restraints in defense of national sovereignty. Populism comes in a range of ideological flavors. Left-wing populists want to “soak the rich” in the name of equality; right-wing populists want to remove constraints on wealth in the name of growth. Populism is therefore defined not by a particular view of economic distribution but by a faith in strong leaders and a dislike of limits on sovereignty and of powerful institutions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Populism’s Rise Reshapes Global Political Risk

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

Date: 21-04-2017
Source: YaleGlobal

“The rise of populism in the Western world redefines the notion of political risk and teaches that risk has no permanent address,” explains Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu, professor of international business and public policy at the Fletcher School at Tufts University and a former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria. “Political populism, characterized by a desire to assert domestic democratic sovereignty and rejection of the ‘cult of the expert,’ owes its rise to increasing rejection of the conventional wisdom by citizens who feel left behind by globalization trends.” The backlash was inevitable as inequality swelled and citizens worry about loss of national sovereignty or local control. As a force, populism can contribute to eliminating corruption or dictatorships, and should not be ignored. Moghalu also outlines the risks of rejecting expertise and data, with attempts to substitute facts with conviction as well as threats to impartial institutions designed to safeguard the integrity of democracy. Experts and data are crucial in a complex world that prospers from well-crafted public policies. Those who disagree should argue with analysis and useful and realistic proposals. – YaleGlobal Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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