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Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Populism’

All Quiet on the Populist Front?

Posted by hkarner - 22. Januar 2021

Date: 21‑01‑2021

Source: Project Syndicate by Jan‑Werner Mueller

Jan‑Werner Mueller, Professor of Politics at Princeton University, is a fellow at the Berlin Institute of Advanced Study and the author of the forthcoming Democracy Rules (Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2021). 

Because every country is different, the ignominious exit of a political figure like US President Donald Trump does not necessarily tell us anything about the fate of authoritarian populists elsewhere. Just as populists tend to learn from one another’s successes, so will they heed others‘ mistakes.

BERLIN – Liberals around the world are daring to hope that there is a silver lining to the violent denouement of Donald Trump’s presidency: namely, that the inciter‑in‑chief’s ignominious exit from the political stage will chasten authoritarian populists elsewhere. Unfortunately, their optimism is naive. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s Populist High Noon

Posted by hkarner - 28. November 2020

Date: 27‑11‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate

Hungary and Poland have vetoed the European Union’s proposed €1.15 trillion ($1.4 trillion) seven‑year budget and the €750 billion European recovery fund, rejecting the EU’s plan to condition its funds on member governments’ adherence to the rule of law. What will this latest crisis reveal about the EU’s commitment to democratic principles, and its ability and willingness to tackle the populist threat?

In this Big Picture, George Soros urges the EU to stand up to Hungary and Poland, arguing that the bloc cannot afford to compromise on enforcing the rule of law if it wishes to survive as an open society. But Melvyn Krauss of Stanford University’s Hoover Institution expects the EU to surrender to Hungarian and Polish blackmail in order to pass the budget and establish the recovery fund, because it is more concerned with sustaining recent north‑south political and economic convergence in order to ensure the euro’s survival. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Populism After Trump

Posted by hkarner - 17. November 2020

Date: 16‑11‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by Philippe Legrain

Philippe Legrain, a former economic adviser to the president of the European Commission, is Visiting Senior Fellow at the London School of Economics’ European Institute and the author of Them and Us: How Immigrants and Locals Can Thrive Together. 

While more than 72 million Americans cast their votes for Donald Trump, over five million more chose Joe Biden – a 3.4 percentage‑point difference. The implication is clear: right‑wing populism is not dead, but it can be defeated.

LONDON – Before he was US president, Donald Trump built a reality‑television persona on the catchphrase, “You’re fired.” Now, the American people have fired him. And Trump’s defeat has also dealt a devastating blow to nationalist populists in Europe and elsewhere. Might it prove lethal? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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What the US Election Is Really About

Posted by hkarner - 16. Oktober 2020

Date: 15‑10‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by Eric Posner

Eric Posner, professor at the University of Chicago, is the author, most recently, of The Demagogue’s Playbook: The Battle for American Democracy from the Founders to Trump. 

For all the hand wringing over Donald Trump’s authoritarian rhetoric, the 2020 US election is not really about the incumbent. It is about deep‑seated suspicion regarding the national government’s role, which makes populism a recurring feature of American political history.

CHICAGO – Next month’s United States election is not about policy, nor is it even about President Donald Trump. It is about America’s constitutional system. This is not to suggest that the election could end that system. While Trump has an authoritarian temperament and admires dictators like Russian President Vladimir Putin, he is unlikely to become an autocrat even if he is re‑elected. The real question that America faces concerns the role of the national government in the life of the country. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe Bails Out Its Populists

Posted by hkarner - 30. Juli 2020

Date: 30‑07‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by Slawomir Sierakowski

Slawomir Sierakowski, founder of the Krytyka Polityczna movement, is Director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Warsaw and Senior Fellow at the German Council on Foreign Relations. 

Following grueling negotiations over the European Union’s budget and pandemic response, it is not surprising that much of the attention has focused on an historic agreement that will establish a proto‑fiscal policy. Less surprising still is that the rule of law has once again received short shrift.

WARSAW – As expected, the European Parliament has torn into the European Council’s recently agreed budget and pandemic‑response package. The €1.8 trillion ($2.1 trillion) price tag and proposed cuts to development funding, including science and research, have predictably met with resistance. But the biggest stumbling block was always going to be the proposal to make EU funding conditional on respect for the rule of law.

Arguing in support of such conditionality, Dacian Ciolos, the leader of the centrist Renew Europe group, claims that, “This is not aimed against Hungary nor against Poland or any other member state.” Rather, the point is to “ensure that European money no longer finances governments which continuously turn their backs on our fundamental values on a daily basis.”

But it is no secret that in both Hungary and Poland, EU funds are systematically used to finance political or private corruption and fund handouts to political cronies. The most recent example is the takeover of Hungary’s last independent news website, read by millions of Hungarians. Moreover, the governments led by Fidesz in Hungary and Law and Justice (PiS) in Poland are among the least inclined to show solidarity when it comes to accepting refugees or supporting the European Green Deal. Poland, for example, is the only EU member state that has refused to adopt a “net‑zero carbon” target for 2050. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Beware a new wave of populism, born out of coronavirus‑induced economic inequity

Posted by hkarner - 20. April 2020

Date: 19‑04‑2020

Source: The Guardian Nick Cohen

Big businesses and governments are fast making themselves inviolable. There could be a backlash

A global wave of injustice could follow the global pandemic. Pre‑existing tendencies towards monopoly, Chinese dominance and predatory capitalism will explode unless governments take measures to contain them. I accept that it is hard to imagine public fury at a rigged economy when voters are rallying to their leaders and lockdowns are enjoying overwhelming support. Solidarity cannot last, however, as the crisis accentuates the division between insiders and outsiders.

You see them now. Employees with staff jobs, and the ability to work from home, are coping, for the moment. A few might experience lockdown as something close to a holiday and rhapsodise on the joys of home baking and box sets. As insiders stay inside, they save the money they would have spent in shops, restaurants, hotels and travel agents ‑ the places where the insecure, the luckless nine out of 10 in the bottom half of earners who cannot work from home, once made their livings. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A British Test for the Populist Revolution

Posted by hkarner - 9. Dezember 2019

Date: 07‑12‑2019

Source: The Wall Street Journal By Gerard Baker

If Boris Johnson’s pro‑Brexit Tories capture a large portion of former Labour voters in next week’s election, it will transform British politics and galvanize conservatives across the West

A country that likes to consider itself the most stable of democracies, a model of government typified by steady, pragmatic, get‑things‑done‑with‑no‑drama progress, has descended in a few years into southern European‑style political chaos.

Next Thursday, the British go to the polls in a nationwide vote for the fourth time in less than five years. The result could produce the U.K.’s fourth prime minister in a little over three years. If the opposition to Boris Johnson’s incumbent Conservatives can beat the odds and win on Thursday, the Battle of Brexit, which has paralyzed politics for 3½ years, is likely to be prolonged for a while yet, with the prospect of at least one more national vote in 2020. It’s possible that one outcome could be the eventual breakup of the kingdom itself. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Voters turn against the populist right

Posted by hkarner - 5. Oktober 2019

Date: 03-10-2019
Source: The Economist

After a series of reverses, they are down, but certainly not out

Look back a year, and remember how disquieting European politics seemed. Matteo Salvini, by far the most popular politician in Italy, and France’s equally xenophobic Marine Le Pen had just teamed up with Steve Bannon, Donald Trump’s former strategist, as part of what Mr Bannon called The Movement. This alliance of nativist parties of the right, soon to acquire a “gladiator school” based in a monastery near Rome, intended to sweep the forthcoming European elections and tilt the continent’s politics firmly away from the liberal centre ground. They had their difficulties, of course. The Eurosceptic and anti-migrant Alternative for Germany (afd) decided to steer clear of Mr Bannon, and other right-wingers were wary too. But, with or without the American Svengali, populists seemed in the ascendant. In France the gilets jaunes (yellow jackets), who drew support from the radical right and left, were about to explode onto the streets. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Centrist politics will not defeat Boris Johnson’s rightwing populism

Posted by hkarner - 2. Oktober 2019

Date: 01-10-2019
Source: The Guardian by Chantal Mouffe

Democratic politics always involves ‘us’ against ‘them’ – so the way to fight the populist right is to build a bigger ‘us’

In his determination to deliver Brexit “do or die”, Boris Johnson is planning to launch an election campaign that will pit “the people” against “parliament”. He promises to take sovereignty back from the political elites – and return it to “the people”. The announcement of these tactics has caused alarm among those who fear democracy will be threatened by a “populist” politics of polarisation between “us” and “them”.

But this fear of populism reveals something troubling about how we currently understand democratic politics. What most people seem to find shocking about Johnson’s strategy is that it involves an “us v them” confrontation – as if democratic politics could avoid conflict between irreconcilable political projects. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why are happy people voting for angry parties?

Posted by hkarner - 14. Juli 2019

Date: 13-07-2019
Source: The Economist
The rise of populism comes at a time when people say they are feeling fine

“Happy?” splutters a middle-aged man at a polling station in central London, when asked about his feelings on voting in a recent European election. “I’d be happy if I could kick all the bastards out.”

He is not with the programme. In 1972 the king of Bhutan decided his country would adopt gross national happiness as a goal. At the time it seemed eccentric. But over the past decade, politicians in democracies have started to pay more attention to the idea that they should give priority to the well-being of their citizens. Thomas Jefferson argued that “the happiness of every individual [is] now acknowledged to be…the only legitimate object of government”. That view is now mainstream.

In 2008 the French government set up the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi commission to create new national accounts which go beyond gdp and reflect things like the quality of life and the state of the environment. Two years later Britain’s prime minister, David Cameron, set up a “well-being index” to measure Britain’s happiness and social progress. And this year New Zealand produced the world’s first “well-being budget” in which health and life satisfaction—not wealth or economic growth—would guide some public-spending choices. In practice, this has meant more money to combat child poverty, domestic abuse and mental health problems. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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