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Posts Tagged ‘Populism’

British politics is being profoundly reshaped by populism

Posted by hkarner - 18. November 2017

Date: 16-11-2017
Source: The Economist

Britain ought to have been immune to populism. Instead it is becoming an unlikely victim

BRITAIN should have been better placed than any other country to fight off the populist fever that is spreading around the world. The House of Commons is one of the oldest representative institutions on Earth. The country’s last violent revolution was in the middle of the 17th century. With politicians as different as Clement Attlee and Margaret Thatcher denouncing them as “a device for dictators and demagogues”, Britain avoided nationwide referendums until 1975 and has only used them three times. The British erect statues to statesmen and women in Parliament rather than to “the people”.

Yet British politics is currently being reshaped by populism. The essence of populism is the belief that society can be divided into two antagonistic classes—the people and the powerful. The people are presumed to have a single will. The powerful are presumed to be devious and corrupt: determined to feather their own nests and adept at using intermediary institutions (courts, media companies, political parties) to frustrate the people. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How to Combat Populist Demagogues

Posted by hkarner - 14. November 2017

We will never know whether greater honesty on the part of mainstream politicians and technocrats would have spared us the rise of nativist demagogues like Donald Trump in the US or Marine Le Pen in France. What is clear is that lack of candor in the past has come at a steep price.

CAMBRIDGE – At a recent conference I attended, I was seated next to a prominent American trade policy expert. We began to talk about the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which President Donald Trump has blamed for American workers’ woes and is trying to renegotiate. “I never thought NAFTA was a big deal,” the economist said.

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Europe’s Hard-Core Problem

Posted by hkarner - 2. November 2017

With populism endemic in its periphery, the European Union is clearly in a period of deep uncertainty. If EU leaders are ever going to right the ship, they will need to identify the root cause of today’s instability, which is not so much about economics or immigration as it is about de facto Franco-German leadership.

PRINCETON – President Emmanuel Macron’s election in France and the likely continuation of Angela Merkel’s chancellorship in Germany are dramatically at odds with developments in the rest of Europe, which has become increasingly unstable and unpredictable. One wonders if the European Union’s hard Franco-German core is becoming too hard for the rest of the bloc. If so, those who dream of “ever closer” European integration may have to settle for a modestly enlarged Franco-German axis.

Europe today is being torn apart by centrifugal forces, including Catalonia’s secessionist movement and the more muted push for autonomy in the Italian regions of Lombardy and Veneto. Right-wing populism is in power in Hungary and Poland, and may now be resurgent in Austria, too. Left-wing populists govern in Greece, and centrist populism seems to be coming to the Czech Republic, where the mogul Andrej Babiš is on track to be the country’s next prime minister. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Industrie sucht Wege gegen „veritables Populismusproblem“

Posted by hkarner - 24. Oktober 2017

 23. Oktober 2017, 12:22, derstandard.at

Die Industriellenvereinigung will mit den Bürgern in Dialog treten und deren Denkart ändern

Wien – Die Industriellenvereinigung will mit der Zivilgesellschaft in Kommunikation treten. Dafür startet sie die Kampagne „Meine Arbeit. Unsere Industrie“. Einerseits stellt sie damit Forderungen an die künftige Regierung, andererseits sollen sich Menschen mit Wirtschaftsanliegen direkt an die IV wenden können.

„Es geht um alles, was in einer Gesellschaft wichtig ist – Chancengerechtigkeit, Arbeitsplätze, Eigenverantwortung, Leistung, Miteinander, Armutsvermeidung“, sagte IV-Präsident Georg Kapsch am Montag.

Kampfansage an Populismus Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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European Populists Who Aped Brexit and Trump Rethink Their Approach

Posted by hkarner - 22. August 2017

Date: 21-08-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Many officials think their attempt to associate with the U.K. and the U.S. undermined what was supposed to be a banner year

CARPENTRAS, France—Europe’s populist politicians hoped this would be the year they rocked the Continent’s establishment. Instead, their assault on the European Union has brought election defeats, recriminations and self-doubt.

Hervé de Lépinau, a parliamentary candidate for France’s far-right National Front, ended a rally before parliamentary elections in June with an attack on his own party’s leadership. “Making a French exit from the euro the essence of our platform was an absurdity,” he said. His party subsequently lost that seat in what was supposed to be a party stronghold in France’s sun-baked south.

Many of Europe’s far-right politicians now believe their attempt to associate themselves with the antiestablishment uprisings behind the U.K.’s vote to leave the EU and Donald Trump’s U.S. presidential victory has backfired. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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What Truman Can Teach Trump

Posted by hkarner - 23. Juli 2017

Date: 22-07-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

The politically astute Cold Warrior knew how to navigate the tides of populism at home while maintaining America’s leadership abroad

By Walter Russell Mead

The foreign policy of the United States hasn’t seen a strategic crisis this profound since 1947, when President Harry Truman summoned the American people to fight Soviet ambitions in Europe. The Cuban missile crisis was more dramatic and the agony of Vietnam more wrenching, but since Truman, American presidents have believed that a global, outward-looking, order-building foreign policy was the necessary foundation for U.S. strategy and a peaceful, prosperous world.

No longer. President Donald Trump, backed by a substantial segment of the American public, has distanced himself from some of the key foreign-policy assumptions and policies of the postwar era. Longstanding pillars of American strategy—free trade, alliances in Europe and Asia, defense of human rights, commitment to international institutions and the rule of law—have come into question as the new president denounces today’s global architecture as a bad deal for the U.S. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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When elites appear ineffective, voters give radicals a chance

Posted by hkarner - 22. Juli 2017

Date: 20-07-2017
Source: The Economist: Free exchange
Subject: The power of populists

WITH the defeat of Marine Le Pen in her bid for the French presidency, establishment politicians in rich countries breathed a sigh of relief. The fortunes of extremist candidates have faltered since the populist surge that put Donald Trump into the White House. But it is hard to be confident that this was populism’s high-water mark without a better understanding of what caused the swell in the first place. The most convincing explanations suggest that populist upswings are not in the past.

It is tempting to dismiss the rise of radicalism as an inevitable after-effect of the global financial crisis. Studies show that the vote shares of extreme parties, particularly on the right, tend to increase in the years after a crisis. The Depression spawned some of the 20th century’s most dangerous and radical populist movements. But the facts do not fit that story precisely. In Europe, for example, populist parties have steadily won more voters since the 1980s. What is more, populist rage is rarely focused on finance. Trade and immigration are more prominent targets. The clearest recent manifestations of the populist surge—Mr Trump’s victory and Brexit—have only an indirect link to the financial crisis. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Brexit Vote, One Year Later

Posted by hkarner - 25. Juni 2017

An excellent analysis! (hfk)

Date: 23-06-2017
Source: Foreign Affairs By Stephen G. Gross

The Historical Roots of the Decision to Leave the EU

On June 23, 2016, citizens in the United Kingdom voted 52 to 48 percent to leave
the European Union, sending shockwaves around the world and raising concerns about a new type of populism on both sides of the Atlantic. The common explanation of Brexit presents it as a revolt by the losers of globalization. As the international movement of goods, capital, ideas, and people has intensified, this argument runs, the latter shaped the referendum results most profoundly. The intra-European flow of migrants from east to west, combined with the potential for an influx of refugees in 2015, convinced many British citizens that they stood on the losing end of a globalized, borderless Europe.

Although this story captures important dynamics, it misses crucial historical developments that influenced British leaders’ decision to hold the referendum, as well as its outcome. Four trends converged to lead the United Kingdom to split with the EU: a divergence between the United Kingdom and the continent about the meaning of the European project and the nature of sovereignty; a gradual estrangement of British political parties from the public; the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis; and Brussels’ lackluster management of the EU’s problems. These developments help explain why the message of Leave resonated and that of Remain proved counterproductive. They reveal, moreover, just how fragile and elite-driven the European project remains. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Populists Win When They Lose

Posted by hkarner - 16. Juni 2017

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The Global Recovery’s Downside Risks

Posted by hkarner - 6. Juni 2017

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