Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Populism’

Europe’s New Political Battle Lines

Posted by hkarner - 19. November 2018

Zaki Laïdi, Professor of International Relations at Sciences Po, was an adviser to former French prime minister Manuel Valls. His most recent book is Le reflux de l’Europe.

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras recently declared that a united front of “all progressive, democratic, and pro-European forces have a duty to stand side by side on the same side of history.” But will that be enough to offset gains by nationalist populists in the May 2019 European Parliament election?

PARIS – French President Emmanuel Macron has framed the European Parliament election in May 2019 as a battle not between the traditional right and left, but between populists and pro-European progressives like himself. Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras recently adopted similar rhetoric, declaring that “all progressive, democratic, and pro-European forces have a duty to stand side by side on the same side of history.” Would such a fundamental Europe-wide political shift – much like the one in France that brought Macron to power last year – actually come to pass?

The European People’s Party (EPP) on the right and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) on the left have long shared control of the European Parliament, where they have governed by compromise. But, over time, this has produced a kind of political homogenization in Europe, leading to mass abstentionism. Those who do vote increasingly choose anti-establishment parties that often espouse extreme views. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Advertisements

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Populism’s Common Denominator

Posted by hkarner - 13. November 2018

Barry EBarry Eichengreenichengreen is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a former senior policy adviser at the International Monetary Fund. His latest book is The Populist Temptation: Economic Grievance and Political Reaction in the Modern Era.

What unites supporters of authoritarian, upstart politicians like US President Donald Trump and Brazilian President-elect Jair Bolsonaro is revulsion against the corruption of the political process. But voters will learn the hard way that strongman rule exacerbates rather than mitigates corruption.

BRUSSELS – Following Emmanuel Macron’s election as president of France in May 2017, global elites breathed a sigh of relief. The populist wave, they reassured themselves, had crested. Voters had regained their sanity. Helped along by an electoral system in which the two leading candidates faced off in a second round, the “silent majority” had united behind the centrist candidate in the runoff.

But now we have Brazil’s presidential election, in which Jair Bolsonaro, who displays the authoritarian, anti-establishment, and anti-other tendencies of a textbook populist, won decisively in the second round. A two-round electoral system in which the runoff pits a populist outsider against the last mainstream candidate standing is no guarantee, evidently, that the center will hold.

A similar lesson flows from Italy’s election earlier this year. The country’s electoral rules had been reformed to add a majoritarian element to its proportional representation system, the goal being to encourage pre-election coalition building among mainstream parties. Instead, it brought to power a coalition of the populist left and right. Electoral engineering, it would seem, is not only ineffective in beating back the extremist threat; it can have unintended, counterproductive consequences. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Grappling With Globalization 4.0

Posted by hkarner - 6. November 2018

Klaus Schwab

Klaus Schwab is Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum.

The world is experiencing an economic and political upheaval that will not cease any time soon. The forces of the Fourth Industrial Revolution have ushered in a new economy and a new form of globalization, both of which demand new forms of governance to safeguard the public good.

GENEVA – After World War II, the international community came together to build a shared future. Now, it must do so again. Owing to the slow and uneven recovery in the decade since the global financial crisis, a substantial part of society has become disaffected and embittered, not only with politics and politicians, but also with globalization and the entire economic system it underpins. In an era of widespread insecurity and frustration, populism has become increasingly attractive as an alternative to the status quo.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The Powerlessness of the Most Powerful

Posted by hkarner - 22. Oktober 2018

Oct 20, 2018 Javier Solana, Project Syndicate

Javier Solana was EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Secretary-General of NATO, and Foreign Minister of Spain. He is currently President of the ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Distinguished Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

The president of the leading global power has made it clear that he has no interest in getting involved in resolving any of the world’s shared problems, dressing up his foreign policy as one of „principled realism.“ But there is nothing principled or realistic about it.

MADRID – The annual General Debate of the United Nations General Assembly is one of the most notable events on the international diplomatic calendar. As usual, this year’s meeting, during the last week of September, brought together a long list of world leaders, although perhaps the term “world leader” should no longer be used so lightly. The president of the leading global power has made it clear that he has no interest in getting involved in resolving any of the world’s shared problems. Unfortunately, he is not alone.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Marine Le Pen is hoping to come top in next year’s Euro-election

Posted by hkarner - 14. Oktober 2018

Date: 11-10-2018
Source: The Economist

After a poor showing last year, the nationalists are resurgent

LESS THAN 18 months ago, Marine Le Pen was beaten and exhausted. She had lost the French presidential run-off to Emmanuel Macron, after a wild-eyed debate performance that left her fans aghast. Her leadership of the National Front, a party of blood-and-soil populists, was strained, and she was said to be depressed. Within months, she lost her closest ally, Florian Philippot, and found her party’s French bank accounts unexpectedly closed.

Yet there she was in Rome on October 8th with a new glint in her eye. Alongside Matteo Salvini, Italy’s interior minister, a beaming Ms Le Pen railed against “totalitarian” Europe and proclaimed the start of a new “history with a capital H”. Populism and nationalism may have been defeated at the ballot box in France in 2017. But Ms Le Pen is hoping that next May’s elections to the European Parliament will show that her party, renamed the National Rally, is still a force to be reckoned with.

Thanks to a turnout that is usually low, and the opportunity for a low-risk protest vote, the French far right has often done well at European polls. In 2014 the National Front came out on top in France, with 25% of the vote. Next year’s ballot will be the first mid-term electoral test for Mr Macron. After a summer of poorly handled scandals and offensive remarks, the president’s popularity ratings have tumbled. This week Mr Macron was struggling to reshuffle his government, more than a week after his interior minister, Gérard Collomb, resigned after complaining that the president lacked humility. Next May’s election will be “very complicated”, says one of his deputies. “The risk is that the vote turns into a referendum on him.” As it is, one poll puts Ms Le Pen’s outfit neck-and-neck with Mr Macron’s La République en Marche, on about 20%, comfortably ahead of all other parties. Ms Le Pen could well come out on top again. “The populist wind is blowing everywhere,” warns Xavier Bertrand, president of the Hauts-de-France region, who beat Ms Le Pen to that job in 2015. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Is Pensioner Populism Here to Stay?

Posted by hkarner - 11. Oktober 2018

Edoardo Campanella

Edoardo Campanella is a Future of the World Fellow at the Center for the Governance of Change of IE University in Madrid.

It is often assumed that the rise of populism in Western democracies is primarily a response to economic insecurity and anger toward privileged elites. But the fact is that neither of those sentiments can be understood without also accounting for the political consequences of population aging.

MILAN – The right-wing populism that has emerged in many Western democracies in recent years could turn out to be much more than a blip on the political landscape. Beyond the Great Recession and the migration crisis, both of which created fertile ground for populist parties, the aging of the West’s population will continue to alter political power dynamics in populists’ favor.

It turns out that older voters are rather sympathetic to nationalist movements. Older Britons voted disproportionately in favor of leaving the European Union, and older Americans delivered the US presidency to Donald Trump. Neither the Law and Justice (PiS) party in Poland nor Fidesz in Hungary would be in power without the enthusiastic support of the elderly. And in Italy, the League has succeeded in large part by exploiting the discontent of Northern Italy’s seniors. Among today’s populists, only Marine Le Pen of France’s National Rally (formerly the National Front) – and possibly Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil – relies on younger voters. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Italy’s Old New Populism

Posted by hkarner - 8. Oktober 2018

Paola Subacchi

Paola Subacchi is a senior fellow at Chatham House and visiting professor at the University of Bologna. She is the author, most recently, of The People’s Money: How China Is Building a Global Currency .

Long-term economic and social considerations almost inevitably collide with short-term political objectives. This is all the more true for populists like those in Italy’s coalition government, which recently unveiled an imprudent and even dangerous draft budget.

CANBERRA – Italy’s coalition government, comprising the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) and the far-right League party, made headlines recently for its new draft budget, which violates European Union rules. But this is hardly the first Italian government to make over-the-top promises and squander public money to pay for them. In fact, when all is said and done, Italy’s new populism is not new at all.

The government’s proposed budget promises to increase borrowing to finance a 2.4%-of-GDP deficit in 2019 and the following two years. While this would not cross the EU’s 3%-of-GDP ceiling on budget deficits, it is considerably more than the 1.6% that the finance minister informally agreed with the EU over the summer. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

How Europe Can Reform Its Migration Policy

Posted by hkarner - 7. Oktober 2018

An essential article! (hfk)

Date: 06-10-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Alexander Betts and Paul Collier

The Importance of Being Sustainable

Three years since the start of the European refugee crisis, the continent’s politics are still convulsed by disagreements over migration. This is despite the sharp decline in the number of people crossing the Mediterranean into Europe—60,000 between January and August 2018, compared with over one million in 2015 and 350,000 in 2016. The crisis, in short, is not one of numbers but one of trust: European publics believe that migration is out of control and that their leaders have no real plan for handling it.

Among the new arrivals, some are refugees with no choice but to flee to Europe, while others are refugees who might have found protection closer to home. But many are aspirational migrants, leaving poor but not necessarily dangerous countries, such as Morocco and Tunisia, for better jobs and opportunities in the EU. Europe’s problem is that it currently has no effective way of distinguishing between these groups or of forcing EU member states to share responsibility for legitimate refugees. And with some countries, such as France and the United Kingdom, which return less than half of rejected asylum seekers, migrants without a real claim to asylum have an incentive to apply for it anyway, knowing they will probably be able to stay regardless of the bureaucratic outcome. The absence of rule of law in the admission of migrants, coupled with haphazard integration policies, undermines public confidence, in turn fueling a populist backlash with devastating consequences for both migrant welfare and European democracy. From Brexit to the rise of the populist Alternative for Germany party, divisions relating to migration have poisoned politics. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Wir müssen den Sumpf in der EU trockenlegen

Posted by hkarner - 5. Oktober 2018

Guy Verhofstadt, a former Belgian prime minister, is President of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE) in the European Parliament and the author of Europe’s Last Chance: Why the European States Must Form a More Perfect Union.

STRASSBURG – Populistische Politiker stilisieren sich schon seit langem erfolgreich als Alternative zu einer „korrupten Elite“, die sich auf Kosten „des Volkes“ bereichert. Die Populisten behaupten, nur sie allein könnten wieder für Anstand in der Regierung sorgen. Oder wie Donald Trump es 2016 im US-Präsidentschaftswahlkampf formulierte: „Ich allein kann die Sache in Ordnung bringen.

Trump nutzte das populistische Drehbuch in umfassender Weise – angefangen damit, dass er seine Gegnerin als „Crooked Hillary“ (betrügerische Hillary) bezeichnete, bis hin zu dem Versprechen, er würde „den Sumpf trockenlegen“. Doch inzwischen sind seit Trumps Wahl fast zwei Jahre vergangen, seine Regierung trieft vor Skandalen, und der Sumpf ist tiefer und trüber denn je.

Populisten erfüllen selten ihre Versprechen, für eine saubere Regierung zu sorgen. Das hat einen einfachen Grund: Ihre wahre Priorität besteht darin, das System zum eigenen Profit auszunutzen. Dies wird in Mittel- und Osteuropa deutlich, wo die Mini-Trumps der Region über ihre eigenen Korruptionssümpfe walten. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

No, the Financial Crisis Didn’t Spawn Populism

Posted by hkarner - 20. September 2018

Date: 19-09-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Greg Ip

Election results and economic data suggest the two aren’t as closely connected as some commentators believe

The unifying factor in the rise of right-wing populism is a disenchantment with globalization in all its manifestations: international trade, international institutions (like the EU) and, most of all, immigration.

Two defining events of the last decade were the financial crisis and the rise of right-wing populists like Donald Trump. Many believe that the first caused the second.

In “Crashed,” historian Adam Tooze’s ambitious new history of the last decade, there is a direct line connecting them: “Overshadowed by memories of 2008, the 2016 election delivered a stark verdict.”

Surveys find little evidence for Mr. Bannon’s claim that the crisis drove voters into Mr. Trump’s arms.

Steve Bannon, the right-wing provocateur and architect of Mr. Trump’s campaign, agrees: “The legacy of the financial crisis is Donald J. Trump,” he told New York Magazine. “You know why the deplorables are angry? They’re rational human beings. We took away the risk for the wealthy.”

This seems intuitive. If, like Mr. Tooze, we treat the series of crises that include the failure of Lehman Brothers and cascaded through the eurozone as a single event, then this was the worst economic catastrophe since the Great Depression. And since the Depression led to political convulsions like nationalism and fascism, shouldn’t this one?

I used to think so, but upon closer read of elections, economic data, surveys and history, this connection looks exaggerated if not wrong.

This isn’t merely an academic point. By linking the financial crisis and populism too tightly, we might draw the wrong lessons about both.

To be sure, the crisis had political consequences. Practically every political party that governed during a crisis, from George W. Bush’s Republicans to Gordon Brown’s Labour Party, was shown the door. Several studies have found that politics becomes more fragmented and polarized in the wake of crises, and this one was no exception. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel, Books | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »