Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘France’

All the Taxes in France

Posted by hkarner - 9. Dezember 2018

Date: 08-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By The Editorial Board

Even before the fuel tax, France had the highest burden in the West.

The world knows about the misbegotten fuel tax that has triggered the riots for which Paris is again preparing on Saturday. But the political wonder is that President Emmanuel Macron would think the French needed another increase in a country that is already the most heavily taxed in the developed world. This is a deeper cause of the political crisis engulfing Mr. Macron.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released its annual Revenue Statistics report this week, and France topped the charts, with a tax take equal to 46.2% of GDP in 2017. That’s more than Denmark (46%), Sweden (44%) and Germany (37.5%), and far more than the OECD average (34.2%) or the U.S. (27.1%, which includes all levels of government).

France doesn’t collect that revenue in the ways you might think. Despite the stereotype of heavy European income taxes on the rich, Paris relies disproportionately on social-insurance, payroll and property taxes. Social taxes account for 37% of French revenue; the OECD average is 26%. Payroll and property taxes contribute 3% and 9%, compared to the OECD averages of 1% and 6%. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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France Tops OECD Table as Most Taxed Country

Posted by hkarner - 7. Dezember 2018

Date: 06-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Data comes a day after President Macron backed down from introducing a fuel tax increase following violent protests against the measure

France became the most heavily taxed of the world’s rich countries in 2017, according to figures published the day after President Emmanuel Macron backed off a fuel-tax increase that enraged much of the nation and sparked a grass-roots protest movement against his government.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s annual review of taxes in its 36 members published on Wednesday showed the French government’s tax revenues were the equivalent of 46.2% of economic output, up from 45.5% in 2016 and 43.4% in 2000. The Danish government’s tax take, which was the highest among OECD members between 2002 and 2016, fell to 46% of gross domestic product from 46.2% in the previous year and 46.9% in 2000.

The U.S. government’s tax revenues also rose relative to the size of the economy as a result of a one-off tax on accumulated profits earned by American businesses overseas. But at 27.1% of GDP, only five countries had a lower tax take: Mexico, Turkey, Chile, South Korea and Ireland. The OECD’s figures include taxes collected at state and local levels.

Before Tuesday’s climb down, Mr. Macron’s government had planned to raise fuel taxes in an effort to cut automobile pollution.

Economists say such consumption taxes that reduce pollution and other harmful effects are an efficient way for the government to raise revenue. But the planned move sparked the worst riots to hit Paris in decades on Saturday, leaving the city’s shopping and tourist center dotted with burning cars and damaged storefronts. Protesters vandalized the Arc de Triomphe, rattling Mr. Macron’s administration and the country.

The rise in French tax revenues was in line with a longstanding trend across wealthy countries. The average tax take across the organization’s members edged up to 34.2% of GDP in 2017 from 34% in 2016 and 33.8% in 2000 as governments continued efforts to narrow their budget gaps and limit the rise in their debts that followed the global financial crisis.

Of the 34 countries for which 2017 figures are available, 19 saw a rise in tax revenues relative to the size of their economy, with Israel reporting the largest increase. Mexico continued to record the lowest tax take at 16.2% of GDP, down from 16.6% in 2016.

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French government reconsiders wealth tax as protests intensify

Posted by hkarner - 6. Dezember 2018

Solidarity tax on wealth may be reimposed amid widening gilets jaunes movement

Emmanuel Macron. The gilets jaunes movement has grown to encompass wider anger against his government. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

The French government will consider reintroducing taxes on the most wealthy in what is seen as a further measure to appease the gilets jaunes protesters threatening to destabilise Emmanuel Macron’s presidency.

Lifting part of the impôt de solidarité sur la fortune (ISF, solidarity tax on wealth) was a pillar of Macron’s election campaign and one of the first fiscal measures he implemented on taking power in May 2017, leading to his nickname “president of the rich”.

On Wednesday, as gilets jaunes (yellow vests) vowed to continue protests that have seen parts of Paris in flames and violent clashes with police, the government’s spokesman Benjamin Griveaux admitted ISF could be reimposed.

Reintroducing the wealth tax has been one of the demands of parts of the gilets jaunes movement that grew out of anger at rising taxes on petrol and diesel. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Chinas staatliche Wirtschaftsplanung – ein Vorbild für Frankreich heute?

Posted by egloetzl - 4. Dezember 2018

Neue Solidarität 48/2018

Von Karel Vereycken

Bei der Vorstellung der Studie „Neue Seidenstraße, Weltlandbrücke – für ein Ende der Geopolitik“ am 6. November in Paris hielt Karel Vereycken, Wirtschaftsberater des französischen Schiller-Instituts, den folgenden Vortrag.

Mit einer durchschnittlichen jährlichen Wachstumsrate von 10% des BIP in den letzten vier Jahrzehnten, 714 Millionen Menschen, die aus äußerster Armut gehoben wurden, dem größten Netz von Hochgeschwindigkeitsbahnen weltweit etc.

ist der Erfolg Chinas und seiner Wirtschaftspolitik eine erwiesene Tatsache und ein historischer Präzedenzfall. Und Chinas Potential wächst weiter. 2016 baute China im Schnitt jede Woche eine neue Hochschule! Die Zahl der Absolventen übertrifft die Europas und Amerikas. Obwohl China „nur“ 15% des BIP der Welt ausmacht, liefern seine Wissenschaftler schon mehr als ein Drittel aller wissenschaftlichen Artikel in Fachpublikationen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Partei von Marine Le Pen überholt Frankreichs Präsident Macron

Posted by hkarner - 4. November 2018

Stand: 10:42 Uhr, welt.de, 4/11

Die Stimmung in Frankreich schlägt um: Ein halbes Jahr vor der Europawahl hat die rechte Partei von Marine Le Pen die En-Marche-Bewegung von Präsident Emmanuel Macron in der Wählergunst überholt.

Quelle: WELT / Christoph Hipp

Eine Umfrage zur Europawahl in Frankreich sieht die Partei der Rechtspopulistin Le Pen vor der von Präsident Macron.
  • Bei der Präsidentenwahl konnte sich Emmanuel Macron noch gegen Marine Le Pen durchsetzen.
  • Für den rechten Block aus vier Parteien in Frankreich würden der Umfrage zufolge 30 Prozent der Befragten stimmen.
In Frankreich hat die rechtspopulistische Partei von Marine Le Pen, Rassemblement National (RN), in einer Umfrage zur Europawahl im nächsten Jahr die Partei des amtierenden Präsidenten Emmanuel Macron überholt. Macrons LREM kam demnach in der Befragung nur noch auf 19 Prozent der Stimmen und verlor gegenüber der letzten Umfrage einen Punkt. 21 Prozent der französischen Wähler gaben an, sie würden bei der Europawahl RN wählen.

Damit legte die Partei von Le Pen gegenüber der letzten Umfrage deutlich um vier Prozentpunkte zu. Zusammen mit den Parteien von Nicolas Dupont-Aignan sowie zwei „Frexit“-Parteien von ehemaligen politischen Weggefährten von Le Pen kommen rechte Parteien insgesamt auf 30 Prozent der Stimmen in der Befragung, berichtet die Nachrichtenagentur Reuters.

Die konservative Partei Les Républicains von Laurent Wauquiez kommt hingegen nur noch auf 13 Prozent, die linke Partei Insoumise, die von Jean-Luc Mélenchon geführt wird, sackte von 14 auf nur noch elf Prozent ab.

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Marine Le Pen is hoping to come top in next year’s Euro-election

Posted by hkarner - 14. Oktober 2018

Date: 11-10-2018
Source: The Economist

After a poor showing last year, the nationalists are resurgent

LESS THAN 18 months ago, Marine Le Pen was beaten and exhausted. She had lost the French presidential run-off to Emmanuel Macron, after a wild-eyed debate performance that left her fans aghast. Her leadership of the National Front, a party of blood-and-soil populists, was strained, and she was said to be depressed. Within months, she lost her closest ally, Florian Philippot, and found her party’s French bank accounts unexpectedly closed.

Yet there she was in Rome on October 8th with a new glint in her eye. Alongside Matteo Salvini, Italy’s interior minister, a beaming Ms Le Pen railed against “totalitarian” Europe and proclaimed the start of a new “history with a capital H”. Populism and nationalism may have been defeated at the ballot box in France in 2017. But Ms Le Pen is hoping that next May’s elections to the European Parliament will show that her party, renamed the National Rally, is still a force to be reckoned with.

Thanks to a turnout that is usually low, and the opportunity for a low-risk protest vote, the French far right has often done well at European polls. In 2014 the National Front came out on top in France, with 25% of the vote. Next year’s ballot will be the first mid-term electoral test for Mr Macron. After a summer of poorly handled scandals and offensive remarks, the president’s popularity ratings have tumbled. This week Mr Macron was struggling to reshuffle his government, more than a week after his interior minister, Gérard Collomb, resigned after complaining that the president lacked humility. Next May’s election will be “very complicated”, says one of his deputies. “The risk is that the vote turns into a referendum on him.” As it is, one poll puts Ms Le Pen’s outfit neck-and-neck with Mr Macron’s La République en Marche, on about 20%, comfortably ahead of all other parties. Ms Le Pen could well come out on top again. “The populist wind is blowing everywhere,” warns Xavier Bertrand, president of the Hauts-de-France region, who beat Ms Le Pen to that job in 2015. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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France’s Macron, Celebrated Abroad, Faces Isolation at Home

Posted by hkarner - 10. Oktober 2018

Date: 09-10-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Support has tumbled amid chronically high unemployment and a slowing economy

Emmanuel Macron’s approval ratings have tumbled to as low as 29% in September from 50% at the start of the year.

PARIS—The presidency of Emmanuel Macron has reached a tipping point.

Viewed from abroad, the 40-year-old former investment banker is a poster boy for international cooperation, widely applauded for speeches like his recent United Nations address denouncing protectionism and nationalism.

At home, however, Mr. Macron is increasingly isolated. His cabinet is heading for a shuffle, after two prominent ministers, including one of his earliest allies, abruptly resigned from government. The French economy, growing at a rate 1.6% this year, has fallen behind the rest of Europe. And the labor market overhaul Mr. Macron decreed a year ago has done little to lower France’s chronically high unemployment.

That malaise represents an acute threat to Mr. Macron’s signature cause—deeper European Union integration as an answer to growing nativist movements across the blocbecause the French leader himself has argued that France can only lead the EU if it shines as a model to other member states. It also undercuts the ethos of free markets and trade that Mr. Macron has come to represent in France and beyond. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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French Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot Quits, Exposing Tensions in Macron’s Coalition

Posted by hkarner - 30. August 2018

Date: 29-08-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

The departure exposes fractures in France’s governing coalition

Nicolas Hulot, center, announced his resignation during a live radio interview before telling President Emmanuel Macron, right.

PARIS—A key figure on the left of Emmanuel Macron’s governing coalition quit as environment minister Tuesday, exposing a rare fracture in the alliance and undercutting the French president’s efforts to calm leftist supporters restive over his pro-business agenda.

Nicolas Hulot, a hero of the left, environmental campaigner and former TV host, delivered a broadside to the Macron government by announcing his resignation during a live radio interview. Mr. Hulot said he hadn’t yet spoken with the president about his resignation, though he has been publicly flirting with the idea for months.

“I don’t want to lie to myself anymore,” Mr. Hulot said. “So I’m deciding to leave the government.”

Benjamin Griveaux, the government’s spokesman, said Mr. Hulot’s work as a minister had been “useful for the country,” but disapproved of how he handled the resignation. “I think the most basic courtesy would have been to warn the president and prime minister,” Mr. Griveaux said. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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‘Revolution Française’ Review: The March of Macron

Posted by hkarner - 14. August 2018

Date: 13-08-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

In the span of one year, Macron created his own political party, took out his rivals on the left and the right, and became president of France. Philip Delves Broughton reviews “Revolution Française” by Sophie Pedder.

French President Emmanuel Macron at Versailles.

The presidency of France’s Fifth Republic was tailored for Charles de Gaulle. Subsequent presidents have tried to alter it to their own personalities, with varying degrees of success—the jacket billows out, the pants sag around the knees. But when Emmanuel Macron burst from political obscurity and into office in 2017, he seemed to throw out de Gaulle’s old threads and replace them with his own slim-cut navy suit, the uniform of France’s young professional class.

In the span of one astonishing year, from 2016 to 2017, Mr. Macron created his own political party, La République en Marche, and took out his rivals on the left and the right. He out-campaigned and raised more money than the stagnant major parties. He canvassed voters door to door, a technique that may be standard in many countries but is an act of scandalous populism in France. And he used digital databases to identify potential voters, something Paris’s political barons considered too outrageously modern. On the night of his election, Mr. Macron was 39 years old. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Macron and the Piranhas

Posted by hkarner - 29. Juli 2018

Bernard-Henri Lévy is one of the founders of the “Nouveaux Philosophes” (New Philosophers) movement. His books include Left in Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism, American Vertigo: Traveling America in the Footsteps of Tocqueville, and most recently, The Genius of Judaism.

Ever since Alexandre Benalla, a now-former security aide to French President Emmanuel Macron, was caught on video beating up demonstrators on May 1, France’s populists have been leading a political feeding frenzy. By focusing on Benalla, they hope to bring down another of Europe’s few remaining liberal leaders.

PARIS – The faults of Alexandre Benalla, a former top security aide to French President Emmanuel Macron who was caught on video beating up a demonstrator on May 1, are inexcusable. And it is well understood that Macron committed several errors of judgment by trusting for too long a young, inexperienced, showy bruiser who imagined himself to be a cop or a hooligan. Credit is owed to the journalists who compelled the Elysée Palace to end two and a half months of culpable silence and cut ties with Benalla.1

But beyond this scandal lies a more chilling sequence of events. Paralyzed by Macron’s steady drumbeat of important reforms, his opponents found in the Benalla scandal, at long last, a good fight to fight. But no one should revel in the fact that it was far-right leader Marine Le Pen and far-left leader Jean-Luc Mélénchon who led the attacks on Macron for his silence about his thuggish aide. There was something deeply hypocritical in the spectacle of these old warhorses, who rely so often on their own redneck guerrillas, defending the police against the “militias.”1 Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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