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Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘France’

Emmanuel Macron Loses Support, Endangering Bid to Ease Labor Rules

Posted by hkarner - 23. August 2017

Does anybody expect your popularity goes up when you change an opulent system radically. Therefore such articles are unjustly panicking! Rubbish! (hfk)

Date: 22-08-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

As unions prepare to fight looser employment code, president could face broad ‘alliance of the aggrieved’

French President Emmanuel Macron

PARIS—As Emmanuel Macron sets out to shake up France’s rigid labor market, the young president is losing the public support he may need to weather protests by the country’s powerful unions.

Less than four months after handing him the presidency in a landslide election win, voters are souring on a leader many hailed as a reformer who would help address Europe’s economic dilemmas and break down traditional ideological divides.

Unpopular budget cuts, accusations of an authoritarian approach and weeks of critical news coverage have sent Mr. Macron’s approval ratings in a downward spiral. The latest poll, published in mid-August by public opinion firm Harris Interactive, found that 37% of voters approve of him, down from 51% in July and 59% in June.

Given that drop, Mr. Macron will have to tread carefully in rolling out his labor reforms in September. For months, the 39-year-old president has been in talks with powerful labor unions in a bid to contain planned street protests. Now the prospect is growing that the ranks of those demonstrations could swell with students, retirees and other segments of French society unhappy with Mr. Macron’s early steps. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why France and Italy can’t help clashing

Posted by hkarner - 12. August 2017

Date: 10-08-2017
Source: The Economist: Charlemagne

From Asterix and Caesar to Macron and Gentiloni, the two nations needle each other

CAST your mind back to July 9th, 2006. Italy had just won the World Cup. Charlemagne was in Rome and joined the rumbustious football fans marching through the centre. A great victory, he said to the young woman next to him. “Yes,” she shot back. “And all the better for having been won against the French.”

France and Italy are no exception to the rule that a country’s relations are often trickiest with its immediate neighbour. The final had seen an Italian flattened in a style that would have made Asterix and Obelix proud. In extra time, with the French unable to penetrate Italy’s tight defence, their star player, Zinedine Zidane, turned on the man marking him, Marco Materazzi, and head-butted him. Mr Zidane had been provoked: Mr Materazzi later admitted that he “spoke about his [opponent’s] sister”. But it was still a brutal piece of retaliation, and Mr Zidane was sent off. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Emmanuel Macron must keep his nerve

Posted by hkarner - 5. August 2017

Date: 03-08-2017
Source: The Economist

By promising to nationalise France’s biggest shipyard, France’s president is entering dangerous waters

THINK of it as a Macron micro test: the first industrial intervention by the man French voters put into the Elysée Palace, although he had never held elected office. It involves France’s biggest shipyard, at Saint-Nazaire, on the Atlantic. At the end of last month, rather than see the yard sold into Italian hands, the government of Emmanuel Macron pledged to nationalise it instead. A fervent supporter of the European Union and globalisation, Mr Macron is being accused of nationalism, protectionism and of trying to shore up his declining popularity. It is not that bad—yet. But Mr Macron should be wary of being sucked into an industrial policy that sets back his central aim of making France and the EU more competitive.

Shipbuilding in Saint-Nazaire has a troubled past. François Hollande, Mr Macron’s predecessor, oversaw a sale of a two-thirds share of the yard from a South Korean firm to an Italian pairing of Fincantieri, a shipbuilder, and an Italian investor. Together, they would have had a 54.6% stake; the rest would have been owned by the French government and a French investor. Mr Macron could have let the sale go ahead as planned. Instead, after a review, he has ripped the agreement up. He demanded a 50/50 split and, when the Italians refused, said he would exercise the state’s right to buy the lot. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Macrons Arbeitsmarktreform nimmt erste Hürde

Posted by hkarner - 1. August 2017

Stefan Brändle aus Paris, 1. August 2017, 18:58 derstandard.at

Nationalversammlung ermächtigt Regierung, Arbeitsrecht per Dekret umzugestalten

Paris – Das zentrale Wahlversprechen von Emmanuel Macron hat eine wichtige Hürde genommen. Die Nationalversammlung hat am Dienstag mit 421 gegen 74 Stimmen verfügt, dass die Exekutive das Arbeitsrecht im Herbst liberalisieren kann, ohne die Zustimmung des Parlaments einzufordern. Das ermöglicht es der Staatsführung, mit „Ordonnanzen“ (Dekreten) vorzugehen und damit politische Proteste zu umgehen. Macrons Premierminister Edouard Philippe hat bereits angekündigt, dass er das Gesetz am 20. September vorlegen und in Kraft setzen will. Bis dahin kann er den Inhalt noch ändern.

Abfindungen deckeln

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If France’s reforms succeeded

Posted by hkarner - 15. Juli 2017

Date: 13-07-2017
Source: The Economist

What a Macron miracle could do for France and Europe

Suppose France’s president manages to transform his country and his continent

FOR as long as anybody could remember, the French president had given his annual Bastille Day address in front of the sweeping lawns of the Elysée Palace garden. But the July 14th speech of 2026 marked a revolution of a different sort. The president spoke from the modernist glass-and-steel presidency building, newly inaugurated in the Paris suburb of Seine-Saint-Denis. The moment was rich in symbolism. The move from the historic presidential palace, which is to be turned into a museum, marked not only the merger of the capital with its once-declining banlieues. It sent another message: nine years after his first election, Emmanuel Macron has turned France towards the future.

It was not always clear that things would work out this well. During his first years, Mr Macron made his share of beginner’s errors. He underestimated the idealism of his first-time deputies, freshly recruited to En Marche! (“On the Move!”) for the parliamentary elections in 2017, and narrowly avoided defeat on a bill to hand sweeping counter-terrorism powers to the police. He overestimated his ability to outwit Vladimir Putin, and got embroiled in an unfortunate overseas adventure against an Islamist incursion in Niger. “The ambition of young leaders is always humbled by foreign entanglements,” sniffed a veteran Republican, who had lost his seat to a 35-year-old En Marche! debutant. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Is the Shine Off Macron?

Posted by hkarner - 14. Juli 2017

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France, Germany and the EU: The European Motor Sputters to Life

Posted by hkarner - 11. Juli 2017

Date: 11-07-2017

Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron hope to reinvigorate the Franco-German partnership. Yet even as military cooperation moves forward, the two countries are still far apart on eurozone reforms.

French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

When Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron talk about their relationship, it’s easy to get the impression that they are a pair of lovers. „There’s a bit of magic in every new beginning,“ warbled the German chancellor during Macron’s visit to Berlin. The French president, for his part, wasn’t at a loss for ardor when he went before the press with Merkel at the end of the last EU summit. „When France and Germany speak with one voice, Europe makes headway,“ he gushed.

It’s hardly surprising that Brussels no longer speaks of two people when the pair comes up in conversation. „Mercron“ or „Emmangela“ is how the two are now referred to in the European Union capital, names that reflect the hope that Merkel and Macron, the German chancellor and French president, will re-start the German-French EU motor and finally bring the bloc forward. And the current situation is propitious: The election of Donald Trump in the United States and the ongoing political disaster unfolding in Britain has recently reminded many Europeans of just how important the EU really is. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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France Ready to Walk ‘Hand in Hand’ With Germany to Build New Europe

Posted by hkarner - 2. Juli 2017

Date: 01-07-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Bruno Le Maire, new finance and economy minister, outlines France’s aim to take greater leadership role

Bruno Le Maire

France’s recent elections give the eurozone a historic opportunity to deepen economic ties, led by a deeper relationship with Germany, according to Bruno Le Maire, the country’s new finance and economy minister.

Speaking to The Wall Street Journal, Mr. Le Maire outlined the government’s aim to take a greater leadership role in Europe, and couched Emmanuel Macron’s ambitious program of domestic economic reforms as an effort to build the country’s position in the eurozone, but particularly with Germany.

“If we want to succeed in the transformation of the monetary union to an economic union, we have to go step by step, and hand in hand with Germany,” said Mr. Le Maire, who was formerly a member of France’s centre-right party, and a minister under President Nicolas Sarkozy.

“Germany is the stabilization nation. Germany has waited for many years for a stronger France. With the election of Emmanuel Macron they have exactly what they had waited for,” he added. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Changing Geopolitics of European Emotion

Posted by hkarner - 29. Juni 2017

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Macron will die Lizenz zur Reform

Posted by hkarner - 28. Juni 2017

Der Präsident will seine umstrittene Arbeitsmarktreform künftig über Verordnungen durchsetzen können. Das Parlament muss dem Gesetz noch zustimmen.

Die französische Regierung hat den Startschuss für ihre umstrittene Arbeitsmarktreform gegeben. Bei einer Kabinettssitzung brachte die Regierung am Mittwoch in Paris ein Gesetz auf den Weg, das Staatschef Emmanuel Macron eine Lockerung des Arbeitsrechts über Verordnungen erlauben soll.

Damit will der sozialliberale Präsident seine Reform schneller umsetzen, als wenn sie den üblichen parlamentarischen Weg ginge. Das Parlament muss dem Gesetz, das Macron den Rückgriff auf Verordnungen erlaubt, aber noch zustimmen. Es wird sich ab dem 24. Juli mit der Vorlage befassen. Eine Zustimmung gilt als sicher: Der Präsident hat in der Nationalversammlung eine breite Mehrheit.

Im Kampf gegen die hohe Arbeitslosigkeit will Macron Unternehmen mehr Flexibilität und Planungssicherheit geben. Unter anderem sollen Betriebsvereinbarungen im Vergleich zu Branchenvereinbarungen mehr Gewicht bekommen. Entschädigungen nach einer unrechtmäßigen Entlassung sollen gedeckelt, verschiedene Arbeitnehmervertretungen fusioniert werden. Gewerkschaften stehen dem Reformvorhaben äußerst kritisch gegenüber. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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