Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘France’

Bruno Le Maire: „Steuerdumping wäre Selbstmord“

Posted by hkarner - 8. Februar 2018

Interview Stefan Brändle aus Paris 8. Februar 2018, 09:36 derstandard.at

Für den französischen Wirtschaftsminister soll die Besteuerung digitaler Konzerne in Zukunft einen wichtigen Teil der EU-Einnahmen ausmachen

Paris – Frankreichs Wirtschafts- und Finanzminister Bruno Le Maire fordert von seinen Amtskollegen Mut zu einer Finanztransaktionssteuer und erwartet, dass künftig die Besteuerung von Google und Co Milliarden einbringt. Denn man könne digitale Konzerne auch ins Land holen, wenn man Abgaben von ihnen einfordert. Steuerdumping in der EU wäre für ihn kollektiver Selbstmord, weil sich viele öffentliche Einrichtungen nicht mehr finanzieren ließen.

STANDARD: Seit der Wahl von Präsident Macron befindet sich Frankreich in Aufbruchstimmung. Erlebt das Land gar ein neues Wirtschaftswunder?

Le Maire: Solange die Franzosen nicht das Gefühl haben, dass sich die Dinge wirklich geändert haben, kann man nicht von einem Wunder sprechen. In Frankreich ist ein tiefgreifender Wandel der Wirtschaft im Gange. Unsere Arbeitsmarktreform von 2017 hat mehr Flexibilität erlaubt; unsere Steuerreform ist die wichtigste der letzten dreißig Jahre. Die Kapitalbesteuerung abzubauen, um die Wirtschaft besser zu finanzieren, bedeutet eine totale Umstellung.

STANDARD: Setzen Sie die Reformen 2018 fort?

Le Maire: Wir werden sie noch beschleunigen, und zwar im Bereich der Berufsbildung und -lehre. Mitte April werde ich zudem ein Gesetz für das Wachstum und die Umwandlung der Firmen vorlegen, denn anders als in Deutschland sind viele zu klein, um im Ausland zu reüssieren.

STANDARD: Fürs Erste äußerst sich die Reform des Arbeitsrechts vor allem in der Zunahme der Entlassungen … Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why Paris is all wet again

Posted by hkarner - 1. Februar 2018

Date: 31-01-2018
Source: The Economist

Two years after it last struggled with floods, the metropole is reeling once more

IN mid-2016 the River Seine in central Paris burst its banks. It rose to 6.1 metres, briefly closed the Louvre and Musée d’Orsay, disrupted trains and affected businesses and homes. The cause: intense rainfall in much of western Europe, which led to the worst flooding in the city for 34 years. Now the waters are back. By January 29th the river had reached the 5.8 metre-mark, causing similar disorder. Some 1,500 people have been evacuated from their homes. Rats are fleeing sewers. Locals at one vulnerable spot downstream from the city, Ile de Migneaux, told a newswire, L’Agence France-Presse, that they have endured eight swampings in two decades. Are such floods becoming more common, and more disruptive, in Paris? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Eurozone Economy Records Strongest Growth in a Decade

Posted by hkarner - 31. Januar 2018

Date: 30-01-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Future growth prospects may rest on France and Italy, two large economies that have lagged behind since the start of the recovery

The eurozone economy outpaced its U.S. counterpart for the second straight year in 2017 as it recorded its strongest growth in a decade, aided by a revival in investment spending by French businesses.

The European Union’s statistics agency Tuesday said gross domestic product—the broadest measure of the goods and services produced by the eurozone’s 19 member countries—was 2.5% higher in 2017 than in 2016, the fastest growth rate since 2007.

That was further evidence of a synchronized pickup around the world, with the U.S. and China having already reported accelerations in 2017, to 2.3% and 6.9% respectively. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Horses, Handshakes and Hugs

Posted by hkarner - 26. Januar 2018

Date: 25-01-2018
Source: SPIEGEL
Macron Leads France Back into Diplomatic Limelight

His seemingly never-ending handshake with Donald Trump may have attracted the most attention. But beyond the headlines, French President Emmanuel Macron is changing his country’s role in the world.

Emmanuel Macron Takes On the World

It was back in November, on Armistice Day in France, the day on which the end
of World War I is celebrated, when Vésuve de Brekka trotted up the Champs-Élysées in a steady rain with French President Emmanuel Macron. Not quite two months later, he then accompanied Macron to Beijing, where the nine-year-old gelding ended up in a paddock in a Beijing suburb — quarantined in conformance with the regulations.

The horse was the gift Macron brought along for his first state visit to China. At the banquet held in his honor, Macron presented Chinese President Xi Jinping with a photograph of the beautiful animal taken in the stalls belonging to the Republican Guard in France. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Wie deutsch-französische Top-Ökonomen Europa umkrempeln wollen

Posted by hkarner - 18. Januar 2018

 András Szigetvari18. Jänner 2018, 08:32, derstandard.at

Konservative und progressive Experten legten Vorschläge für ein gemeinsames Budget sowie neue Banken- und Schuldenregeln für die Eurostaaten vor

Wien – Es war die vielleicht beste Nachricht aus dem Inneren der Eurozone seit acht Jahren: Die Arbeitslosigkeit im Währungsraum ist dabei, den niedrigsten Wert seit Beginn der Weltwirtschaftskrise 2009/2008 zu erreichen.

Wie die EU-Statistikbehörde Eurostat vor kurzem bekanntgab, ist die Arbeitslosigkeit im Euroraum auf 8,7 Prozent und damit den tiefsten Stand seit Jänner 2009 gefallen. Das Wachstum zieht schon länger an, selbst im euroskeptischen Italien scheint die Bevölkerung angesichts der besseren Konjunkturlage wieder Frieden mit dem Euro gemacht zu haben.

Große Brocken unerledigt

Die guten Nachrichten dürfen nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass die größten Probleme in Europa unerledigt geblieben sind. Zu dieser Überzeugung gelangt eine Gruppe deutsch-französischer Ökonomen, die am Mittwoch einen Reformvorschlag für den Währungsraum vorgelegt hat – dieses Mal möglicherweise nachhaltig. Denn an den Reformvorschlägen mitgearbeitet haben einige der einflussreichsten konservativen wie progressiven Ökonomen in Berlin und Paris. PolicyInsight_Euroarea reform 91

Da ist etwa Jean Pisani-Ferry. Der Franzose zählt zu den engsten wirtschaftspolitischen Beratern des französischen Präsidenten Emmanuel Macron. Nicolas Véron hat mitgeschrieben, ein weltweit führender Experte für Bankenreformen. Auf deutscher Seite zählt Clemens Fuest zu den Koautoren. Er ist Chef des Münchner ifo-Instituts, das in Eurofragen eher als konservativ gilt. Zugleich finden sich auf der Liste aber auch SPD-nahe Wissenschafter.  Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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French Presidents Once Acted Like Referees. Then Came Emmanuel Macron

Posted by hkarner - 9. Januar 2018

Date: 08-01-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

New leader is revamping labor laws, co-opting opposition political parties and dividing union leaders. The question now is whether his free-market blitz will stick.

PARIS—Weeks before President Emmanuel Macron took office, a business leader confronted him about his plans to sidestep Parliament and pass a sweeping overhaul of the country’s labor system by decree. Even in the middle of World War I, the business leader said, French presidents had sought the approval of Parliament.

Mr. Macron brushed him off. “He believes what people want are results, not debates,” the businessman said.

Eight months into his term, Mr. Macron has placed the exercise of unfettered executive power at the center of his presidency. From Jacques Chirac to François Hollande, presidents have long played the role of referee in French democracy. They have governed by consensus—settling disputes among factions in Parliament, shuffling their cabinets to forge or renew political alliances, and weighing in to calm tumultuous street protests.

Mr. Macron doesn’t negotiate with his opponents. He disarms them. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Right, Left, and Macron

Posted by hkarner - 23. November 2017

Zaki Laïdi, Professor of International Relations at L’Institut d’études politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), was an adviser to former French prime minister Manuel Valls. His most recent book is Le reflux de l’Europe.

At a time of deepening inequality, the primary challenge France faces is to shift its focus from damage control to damage prevention. President Emmanuel Macron’s policies will need to be assessed on the basis of that goal, not according to ideological labels that have lost significance.

PARIS – French President Emmanuel Macron, once viewed as the quintessential centrist, has lately been labeled a right-wing politician. He has, after all, eliminated the wealth tax, introduced greater labor-market flexibility, cut housing benefits, and introduced reforms to higher education – policies that a majority of right-wing voters embrace. But things aren’t quite that cut and dried.

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Europe’s Hard-Core Problem

Posted by hkarner - 2. November 2017

With populism endemic in its periphery, the European Union is clearly in a period of deep uncertainty. If EU leaders are ever going to right the ship, they will need to identify the root cause of today’s instability, which is not so much about economics or immigration as it is about de facto Franco-German leadership.

PRINCETON – President Emmanuel Macron’s election in France and the likely continuation of Angela Merkel’s chancellorship in Germany are dramatically at odds with developments in the rest of Europe, which has become increasingly unstable and unpredictable. One wonders if the European Union’s hard Franco-German core is becoming too hard for the rest of the bloc. If so, those who dream of “ever closer” European integration may have to settle for a modestly enlarged Franco-German axis.

Europe today is being torn apart by centrifugal forces, including Catalonia’s secessionist movement and the more muted push for autonomy in the Italian regions of Lombardy and Veneto. Right-wing populism is in power in Hungary and Poland, and may now be resurgent in Austria, too. Left-wing populists govern in Greece, and centrist populism seems to be coming to the Czech Republic, where the mogul Andrej Babiš is on track to be the country’s next prime minister. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe Beats America

Posted by hkarner - 1. November 2017

Date: 31-10-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

French and Dutch tax reforms raise the stakes for Washington.

French President Emmanuel Macron.

Good news: Tax reform is still possible. Or at least it is in Europe, which is a
challenge to America as Washington’s battles over credits and loopholes risk leaving the U.S. behind.

France is the happiest surprise. President Emmanuel Macron last week pushed a budget featuring substantial tax relief through the National Assembly. The top rate on corporate profits will fall to 28% by 2020 from 33.33% today, and Mr. Macron has promised 25% by 2022. Paris is rolling out a flat 30% rate on capital income such as realized gains and dividends, compared with rates as high as 45% on some gains today. The budget also eliminates the wealth tax on all assets except real estate.

Critics branded Mr. Macron “the President for the rich” for these overhauls, but the main effect will be to stimulate investment and job creation alongside the major labor-market overhaul Mr. Macron introduced this summer. The tax cuts are also a bid to woo businesses thinking of leaving Britain after Brexit. Even dirigiste Paris has figured out that tax codes can’t be confiscatory in a world of globally mobile capital and labor. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Can France and Germany Come Together?

Posted by hkarner - 31. Oktober 2017

Date: 31-10-2017
Source: Project Syndicate by DOMINIQUE MOISI

Dominique Moisi is Senior Counselor at the Institut Montaigne in Paris. He is the author of La Géopolitique des Séries ou le triomphe de la peur.

The crisis in Catalonia and the resilience of European populists have made a well-functioning Franco-German partnership more important than ever. But if the European project is going to have any chance of surviving, the gap between German prudence and French audacity will have to be bridged.

PARIS – Seven months ago, when Marine Le Pen of the far-right National Front had a chance of winning the French presidency, Germany feared for France’s future. But after Germany’s federal election in September, France has not been particularly afraid for its neighbor. The extreme-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD), for all its gains, is not about to come to power. Germany, after all, is not Austria.

Nevertheless, French and German elites have found a common cause for concern: Germany may be unable to seize the exceptional opportunity created by French President Emmanuel Macron’s victory. Before, the problem was not that Germany was too strong, but that France was too weak. Now the problem is not that France is too ambitious for Europe, but that Germany is not ambitious enough. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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