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Posts Tagged ‘Brexit’

EU-Kommission warnt vor Brexit-Desaster

Posted by hkarner - 20. Juli 2018

Date: 19-07-2018
Source: SPIEGEL Von Markus Becker

Zusammengefasst: Die EU-Kommission hat die Behörden in den EU-Staaten und die Wirtschaft dringend ermahnt, sich auf alle Szenarien des Brexits vorzubereiten – auch auf einen Austritt Großbritanniens ohne Abkommen. Der Grund: Die britische Regierung ist nach wie vor tief zerstritten, der Ausgang der Verhandlungen mit der EU ist offen.

Großbritannien und die EU versuchen verzweifelt, einen chaotischen Brexit zu verhindern – doch die Zeit läuft. Die EU-Kommission fordert nun Behörden und Firmen auf, sich auf das Schlimmste vorzubereiten.

EU-Kommissionschef Jean-Claude Juncker

Ein EU-Austritt Großbritanniens ohne Abkommen galt lange als kaum denkbares Horrorszenario. Doch das ist spätestens seit Donnerstag anders: Die EU-Kommission hat die Behörden der Mitgliedsstaaten und die Wirtschaft ermahnt, sich auf alle Szenarien vorzubereiten – und damit auch auf einen chaotischen Brexit ohne Austrittsabkommen.

„Die Vorbereitungen müssen auf allen Ebenen sofort beschleunigt werden und alle möglichen Ergebnisse in Betracht ziehen“, heißt es fettgedruckt in dem entsprechenden 18-seitigen Papier. Zwar tue man weiterhin alles, um rechtzeitig ein Abkommen über einen geordneten Brexit hinzubekommen. Doch ob das gelinge, sei keineswegs sicher, betont die Kommission.

Die Verhandlungen zwischen London und Brüssel kommen seit Monaten nicht vom Fleck. Zwar hat die britische Premierministerin Theresa May vergangene Woche ihr Weißbuch vorgestellt, in dem sie erstmals ihre Vorstellung über die Beziehungen zur EU nach dem Brexit formuliert hat. Doch zentrale Details des Austritts selbst sind nach wie vor offen, allen voran die Frage, wie eine harte Grenze zwischen Irland und Nordirland verhindert werden kann. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A second Brexit referendum is back in play

Posted by hkarner - 20. Juli 2018

Date: 19-07-2018
Source: The Economist

Parliamentary deadlock means it may be necessary to go back to the people

SINCE the vote to leave the European Union in June 2016, the more optimistic among those on the losing side have been lobbying for a rematch. Some argue for a re-run on the basis that Brexiteers lied during the campaign and broke election law (on July 17th the Electoral Commission fined the official Vote Leave campaign £61,000, or $80,000, for deliberately exceeding spending limits). Others say the public deserves a chance to vote on the final deal, which will bear little resemblance to the glittering one they were promised. Yet the idea of a second vote has never taken off. Polls have shifted only slightly in favour of remaining, and there is no great enthusiasm for another plebiscite, which would be the fourth nationwide vote in as many years.

But the idea of revisiting the referendum is back in play. By law, Theresa May’s government cannot sign a Brexit deal without MPs’ approval. And in the past couple of weeks it has begun to look as if Parliament will reject any deal. The Labour opposition has set six tests for the agreement, which look designed to be unpassable. The Conservative Party, meanwhile, is in a rebellious mood. This week hardline Tory Brexiteers forced the government to toughen its approach to customs, before a faction of Tory Remainers forced it to soften its policy on medical regulation. More defeats were avoided by as few as three votes. It is hard to imagine MPs agreeing to the unappealing deal that Mrs May is likely to bring back from Brussels later this year. And if they don’t, Britain could crash out of the EU on March 29th with no deal at all. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Steve Bannon: ‚Now is the moment‘ for Boris Johnson to challenge May for PM

Posted by hkarner - 16. Juli 2018

Date: 15-07-2018
Source: The Guardian

Boris Johnson leaves his central London residence on Wednesday.

Former Trump adviser Steve Bannon believes now is the time for Boris Johnson to challenge British prime minister Theresa May for her job, the Daily Telegraph reported on Saturday.

Bannon’s remarks come shortly after Donald Trump, in an interview with the Rupert Murdoch-owned Sun newspaper published hours before he was due to meet May, directly criticised May’s Brexit strategy and heaped praise on Johnson, saying he “would be a great prime minister”.

Johnson, who led the main Leave campaign in the 2016 referendum, resigned as foreign secretary on Monday over May’s strategy which he said was killing the “Brexit dream”.

Bannon was Trump’s 2016 campaign chair and senior White House strategist before leaving the administration last year. His standing in Trump’s orbit was damaged by the publication of a book about the Trump White House by the author Michael Wolff but he has since positioned himself again as a leading voice on the US far right.

He was quoted by the Telegraph as saying: “Theresa May has got a lot of great qualities – I am not sure if it is the right leader at the right time.”
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May’s Brexit Plan Comes Just in Time for Supply Chains

Posted by hkarner - 13. Juli 2018

Date: 12-07-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

British leader’s proposal to tie U.K. to EU rules heartens some businesses but upsets advocates of a decisive break

LONDON—At the Channel Tunnel terminal in Folkestone, southeast England, trains arrive every seven minutes carrying trucks packed with goods from across Europe, spilling vehicles directly onto motorways that lead to Britain’s industrial heartlands.

The 25-mile undersea link between Britain and mainland Europe is critical to supply chains spanning the continent that require goods to arrive at their final destination exactly when they are needed.

With the clock ticking toward the U.K.’s planned exit from the European Union in March 2019, concern over the preservation of these delicate “just-in-time” systems after Brexit has moved from corporate boardrooms to Downing Street.

A new proposal from Prime Minister Theresa May to keep the U.K. closely tied to European Union product regulations and customs arrangements—critical to safeguarding integrated supply chains and the jobs that depend on them—sparked turmoil in her government this week.

Her plan led to the resignations of Boris Johnson and David Davis, who favor a decisive break with the bloc—and say the British economy will flourish once it is free of EU regulation and London can make new trade deals on its own. Mr. Johnson said the proposals risked making the U.K. “a colony” of the EU.

Downing Street’s embrace of a tight economic partnership in goods trade follows months of warnings from businesses about what they see as the risks to their carefully calibrated connections.

Executives worry that new checks on goods and the people transporting them as they enter the U.K. would gum up terminals such as Folkestone and the nearby port at Dover. They warn that even short delays could make just-in-time supply chains all but unworkable, potentially requiring them to rethink the U.K.’s place in their European operations. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Moment of Truth for Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 11. Juli 2018

Date: 10-07-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By The Editorial Board

The Tories have to decide if they’ll accept May’s ‘soft’ EU exit.

Britain’s government plunged into another melodrama Monday as Brexit Secretary David Davis and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson resigned over Theresa May’s proposal for future trading relations with the European Union. This sets up an overdue moment of truth for the Tory Brexiters.

Messrs. Davis and Johnson object to the Brexit plan Mrs. May imposed on her cabinet on Friday. That roadmap—to be followed by a formal white paper soon, if her administration lasts that long—includes an integrated market for goods between Britain and the EU. Britain would adopt EU rules and legal jurisdiction over product-safety standards and agriculture, but it would theoretically be able to set its own tariff rates and negotiate trade deals with the rest of the world. Britain also would try to negotiate a separate deal on services.

Messrs. Davis and Johnson are right that this isn’t much of a Brexit. It’s not clear how quickly Britain would gain control over its own tariff rates in practice. Most modern trade deals focus on cutting regulatory barriers more than on tariff rates, yet Britain wouldn’t be able to strike such a deal with anyone else if it is committed to imposing EU regulations. Brussels may not accept this proposal anyway, since EU leaders have resisted British attempts to “cherry-pick” areas of free trade. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Meet Dominic Raab: the new Brexit boss

Posted by hkarner - 11. Juli 2018

Date: 10-07-2018
Source: The Economist

A former housing minister takes over the Brexit negotiations after David Davis’s departure

AT FIRST glance, the new man with the task of taking Britain out of the European Union seems remarkably similar to the old one. Dominic Raab, who succeeded David Davis as secretary for the Department for Exiting the European Union (DEXEU) after the latter resigned on Sunday night, has a reputation as something of a hard man, just like his predecessor. Both are keen Brexiteers and campaigned to leave the EU. Both have dedicated themselves to championing civil liberties throughout their career. Mr Raab even once worked as Mr Davis’s chief of staff. There are, however, differences.

Whereas Mr Davis painted an idyllic vision of Brexit, Mr Raab has been upfront that the process may be difficult. The destination is more important than the time it takes to arrive, Mr Raab has argued. “If the bridge is a bit rocky, or takes a bit more time, that’s one thing,” he said in a recent interview. “What we want to know is that in the end we get there.” Mr Raab’s former colleagues label him hard-working, which is by no means a universal description of Mr Davis. More fundamentally, Mr Raab felt able to support Theresa May’s plan to keep Britain in the single market for goods and agriculture. Mr Davis did not and so resigned. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Britain’s Brexit Dilemma: Should It Compromise, or Confront the EU?

Posted by hkarner - 6. Juli 2018

Date: 05-07-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Simon Nixon

As it debates a Brexit policy this week the British cabinet first needs to agree on whether it thinks the European Union is bluffing

The first thing the British cabinet needs to decide when it meets this week to try to agree on a Brexit policy is to what extent it thinks the European Union is bluffing.

Until now, Prime Minister Theresa May has publicly argued that the U.K. can continue to enjoy frictionless trade with the EU without following EU rules, or being bound by the European Court of Justice or paying into the EU budget—a position derided across the EU as “cakeism.” Now the signs are that Mrs. May has accepted that this policy isn’t negotiable and is preparing to soften her red lines. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Smart Immigration for Europe

Posted by hkarner - 6. Juli 2018

An essential commentary. Is the only realistic (also economic migration is needed!), but it adds one more dimension of complexity to the problem! (hfk)

Sami Mahroum

Sami Mahroum is Director of the Innovation & Policy Initiative at INSEAD, a member of the WEF Regional Strategy Group for the Middle East and North Africa, and Non-Resident Fellow at The Lisbon Council. He is the author of Black Swan Start-ups: Understanding the Rise of Successful Technology Business in Unlikely Places.

The immigration issue has long been a thorn in the EU’s side, not least because of the fear-mongering and emotional manipulation that have impeded constructive debate. But a new social contract for economic migrants – which protects their rights, while restricting their social privileges – could finally remove the thorn.

PARIS – Immigration-related headlines have become a staple in Europe, whether the story is of an illegal Malian immigrant scaling a Paris building to rescue a toddler or the formation of a populist government in Italy that aims to deport a half-million migrants. And yet, despite the constant coverage of the issue – or, more likely, precisely because of it – the immigration policy debate remains beset by misconceptions and politicization.

In the United Kingdom, the Brexit vote was fueled partly by false and distorted claims, such as that unrestrained migration from the rest of Europe was driving down wages. Since the vote, however, the anti-Brexit camp has engaged in similar distortions, warning that, once it has left the European Union, the UK will face a skills shortage. But plenty of countries – such as Australia, Canada, and Singapore – do just fine without agreements guaranteeing freedom of movement from other countries, by issuing skills-matching visas. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Decline and Fall of Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 5. Juli 2018

Jacek Rostowski

Jacek Rostowski was Poland’s Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister from 2007 to 2013.

With the clock ticking on Britain’s departure from the European Union, Prime Minister Theresa May’s „red lines“ rule out an exit deal before this fall. The longer the standoff continues, the more likely a British political crisis will erupt, as the massive economic and social costs of crashing out of the bloc begin to sink in.

LONDON – In the beginning, British Prime Minister Theresa May had a plan: “Brexit means Brexit.” The idea was to withdraw the United Kingdom from the European Union so fast that voters would not realize they had been sold a bill of goods during the EU referendum campaign and should therefore not punish the Conservative Party for having lied to them.

The plan was to pretend that whatever deal was negotiated with the EU would be a “bespoke” and “best possible” Brexit, allowing Britain to quit the bloc while retaining unfettered access to the European market. In strictly partisan political terms, the plan made sense right up until the snap election last June, when May lost her parliamentary majority. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Real Threats to the EU

Posted by hkarner - 3. Juli 2018

Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong and a former EU commissioner for external affairs, is Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

The European Union must address a slew of challenges – from immigration to eurozone reform – that risk causing systemic problems lethal to the bloc. Given this, sensible leaders can be forgiven for politely sending the UK on its way, and focusing their attention on threats to the EU’s long-term cohesion and fundamental values.

LONDON – In the United Kingdom, Brexit looms large, with everyone from government ministers to tabloid newspapers frothing daily about the deal that will be struck with the European Union and the effects that it will have. But the EU faces too many pressing challenges to be obsessing about Britain.

The UK’s concern is understandable: evidence is mounting of the likely damage a departure from the single market and customs union will do to the UK economy. According to new research from the Centre for European Reform, the UK economy is already 2.1% smaller than it would have been had voters chosen to remain. The hit to public finances totals £440 million ($579 million) per week.

The lack of information about how Brexit will play out has businesses worried. The CEO of Siemens UK, Jürgen Maier, recently urged British leaders to clarify how trade with the EU will work, urging them to ensure that the country remains in the customs union. Airbus has warned that a “no deal” outcome would force it to reassess its long-term position in the country, putting thousands of British jobs at risk. BMW has affirmed its commitment to remaining in the UK, but warned that costs could rise. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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