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Posts Tagged ‘Brexit’

How to bend the EU’s rules on free movement

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2018

Date: 20-09-2018
Source: The Economist

Many countries interpret the principle rather more loosely than Britain

THERESA MAY’S government has long insisted that free movement of people from the European Union to Britain must end after Brexit. Commentary on this week’s Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) report has focused on its advice that Britain should not offer EU citizens preferential terms after it leaves. Yet the report pointedly adds that “preferential access to the UK labour market would be of benefit to EU citizens”. This clearly hints that a regime favouring EU migrants could be a bargaining chip to win better access to the EU’s single market.

The principle of getting free trade in return for free movement is implicit in the single market’s rules. As a matter of economics, a single market could be built around the free movement of goods, services and capital. But the EU deliberately adds free movement of people, which most citizens outside Britain see as a benefit of the club. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Macron urges EU leaders to stand firm against Theresa May

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2018

Date: 20-09-2018
Source: The Guardian

French president says EU should resist prime minister’s calls for compromise on Brexit

Emmanuel Macron in Salzburg said blocking any attempt by the UK to pick and choose EU membership had to be the priority.

Emmanuel Macron has appealed to his fellow European leaders to maintain their tough approach to Brexit in response to Theresa May’s demand for compromise and accusations that the French president wants to make Britain suffer.

Macron, who is fighting a rearguard action against the rise of populism in Europe, said blocking any attempt by the UK to pick and choose elements of EU membership had to be the priority in the dying days of the Brexit negotiations.

“May spoke last night,” Macron said of the UK prime minister’s presentation to the leaders in Salzburg. “My first wish is to stay united and to have a common approach, the 27. It is essential. The second thing is that we remain coherent. The solution must be found. The third thing is that we need to have a real retirement agreement by November.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Seven in 10′ EU workers in UK would be barred under Brexit proposals

Posted by hkarner - 21. September 2018

Date: 20-09-2018
Source: The Guardian

Most would not meet migration advisory committee’s guidelines in future, says IPPR

Industries most likely to be negatively affected include hotels and restaurants, where an estimated 97% of EU employees would be ineligible, says the IPPR.

The majority of EU workers in the UK would not be eligible to work in the country following Brexit if they were subject to proposals put forward by the government’s chief migration advisers, analysis by a leading leftwing thinktank shows.

EU citizens currently in the UK are expected to be protected under the terms of the UK-EU withdrawal agreement but findings by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) illustrate how proposals by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) will potentially restrict businesses recruiting migrants from the EU in future. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Countdown to Brexit: No Deal Might Be the Worst Deal of All

Posted by hkarner - 20. September 2018

Date: 19-09-2018
Source: DER SPIEGEL

With just 200 days left to go until Brexit, a failure to secure a negotiated deal is looking increasingly possible. That would be disastrous for the European Union, but even worse for the British.

It’s the early morning hours of March 30, 2019, and the disaster is only slowly beginning to unfold. British radio stations report on the first traffic jams at the ferry docks of Dover and Folkstone. Flights from Heathrow, Gatwick and other airports to Continent have been canceled. All of them. It’s Saturday, so the stock markets are relatively quiet. At least for now.

Two days later, though, the pound takes a nosedive, bringing the share prices of British companies down with it. Alarmed by news reports that just get more disturbing as they pour in, the British begin emptying the supermarket shelves. Gas stations start to run out of gasoline. Remote areas such as Cornwall or Scotland declare states of emergency.

After just one week, hospitals report a lack of vital medications. The first reports of theft and looting make the rounds. Given the massive transportation and traffic chaos, the police are spread so thin that they don’t know what else to do but call for military backup. Meanwhile, the government in London just watches the unfolding events helplessly as everyone is too busy fighting for political survival. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The unlikely survival of May’s Chequers plan for Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 15. September 2018

Date: 13-09-2018
Source: The Economist
Subject: The Brexit negotiations

Despite being shot down from all sides, Theresa May’s Chequers plan for Brexit refuses to die

COMPROMISES have few friends. So it has proved with the Chequers plan for Brexit, which proposes staying in the single market for goods along with a complex “facilitated customs arrangement” chiefly designed to avert a hard border in Ireland. Brexiteers hate being tied closely to Brussels. Pro-Europeans think the plan is worse than continuing membership. And the EU sees both of its main features as unworkable and undermining the integrity of its single market.

The noisiest attacks come from hardline Tory Brexiteers. Two ministers, Boris Johnson and David Davis, quit the cabinet in July over Chequers. They want Brexit to be based on a Canada-style free-trade deal instead. Yet this week the Brexiteers failed to come up with the detailed alternative plan that they had long promised. A paper claiming that a no-deal Brexit would boost the economy attracted much ridicule. So did a purported plot by Tory MPs to oust Theresa May as prime minister. Yet Tory hardliners believe that, even if they cannot topple Mrs May, they have enough votes to scupper a Chequers deal in Parliament. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The clown prince: Boris Johnson’s bid for the Tory leadership

Posted by hkarner - 15. September 2018

Date: 13-09-2018
Source: The Economist

Will the support of the party membership be enough to make him prime minister?

ONE of Boris Johnson’s favourite phrases is aut homo aut mus: are you a man or a mouse? The former foreign secretary, classicist and contender for the Conservative Party leadership is going out of his way to prove that he is no rodent. Barely a week passes without his lobbing a missile at Theresa May in the form of a newspaper article, speech, bon mot (or faux pas). He uses his weekly column in the Daily Telegraph to explain why she is making a mess of things. On September 9th he took to the pages of the Mail on Sunday to deliver his most incendiary one-liner yet: “We have wrapped a suicide vest around the British constitution and handed the detonator to Michel Barnier,” he wrote, referring to the EU’s chief negotiator.

Never a strong leader, Mrs May has been weakened by her travails over Brexit. On September 11th members of the European Research Group (ERG), an 80-strong collection of Brexit-supporting MPs, met in Westminster to discuss the mechanics of bringing down the prime minister. Mr Johnson is the prime contender to replace her. But what are his chances?

She will be at her most vulnerable in November or December when (and if) she returns from Brussels with a deal—presumably a modified version of her Chequers proposal—on which the House of Commons will vote. Steve Baker, the shop steward of the Brexiteers, claims that he has 80 votes gainst Chequers. That could trigger a confidence vote on the prime minister.

Mrs May might well win such a vote, if only because Mr Johnson is so unpopular among Tory MPs. His problem is not just that the majority of Tory MPs voted “remain” in the referendum, and hate him as leader of the Brexiteers. MPs of all political persuasions regard him as a cad. One senior Tory says that “it’s 100% inconceivable that he’ll become leader of the Conservative Party…He’s a media clown, not a serious politician.” “He’s a shit who doesn’t give a shit about anything but himself,” says another. The list of charges against him is long: he doesn’t believe in anything but his own advancement; he doesn’t lift a finger to help his colleagues; he was a disaster as foreign secretary. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Theresa May says a no-deal Brexit ‚wouldn’t be the end of the world‘

Posted by hkarner - 29. August 2018

Date: 28-08-2018
Source: The Guardian

Prime minister attempts to distance herself from pessimistic Treasury forecasts that incensed the Tory right

Theresa May said the UK could make a success out of leaving the EU without a deal

Theresa May claimed that a no-deal Brexit “wouldn’t be the end of the world” as she sought to downplay a controversial warning made by Philip Hammond last week that it would cost £80bn in extra borrowing and inhibit long-term economic growth.

The prime minister conceded that crashing out of the European Union without a deal “wouldn’t be a walk in the park” but went on to argue that the UK could make an economic success of the unprecedented situation if it proved impossible to negotiate a satisfactory divorce. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s Dog Days of Summer

Posted by hkarner - 28. August 2018

Ana Palacio, a former Spanish foreign minister and former Senior Vice President of the World Bank, is a member of the Spanish Council of State, a visiting lecturer at Georgetown University, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the United States.

Addressing the challenges Europe faces will demand the sustained implementation of smart, forward-looking policies, carried out by the EU’s core institutions. Yet, following a five-year period of unprecedented political fragmentation in the EU, the outlook for the functionality of these institutions appears grim.

MADRID – August is always a good time for taking stock. Between the rush of summer activity and the beginning of the new “school year,” this month’s lull offers a moment for reflection on where matters in Europe stand – and where they are headed. The European Union, and its headquarters in Brussels, is no exception, particularly ahead of a year of transitions. But amid speculation over the coming challenges and changes, the one new appointment that could make or break the EU over the next five years, that of the European Council president, has been completely overlooked.

Europe’s attention has been trained on three issues that pose a clear and imminent threat: Brexit, migration, and rising nationalism, which in countries like Poland is fueling growing resistance to the EU and the rule of law. How these issues are handled will affect the future and functionality of the EU. This is particularly true for Brexit, which – despite the gloom and doom hovering over the negotiations – seems likely to result in the two sides buying time with a transitional agreement that will create space for a permanent arrangement. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Britain Ramps Up Preparations for No-Deal Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 25. August 2018

Date: 24-08-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Government publishes documents highlighting risks of an abrupt departure from the EU

The U.K. government published a series of documents advising businesses how to  prepare for a no-deal Brexit.

LONDON—The U.K. government on Thursday published advice for British businesses on how to prepare for an abrupt and messy break with the European Union, a move aimed at underscoring to Brussels that it is serious about walking away from talks if it doesn’t get a satisfactory deal.

But the documents—25 in all, covering subjects as diverse as how to handle nuclear materials to organic-food labeling—also highlight the risks, costs and complexity of suddenly bringing down the curtain on more than 40 years of economic integration without a deal in place, an outcome neither side says it wants.

The first batch of a planned 80 “technical notices” comes at a time of heightened concern that Britain could leave the EU in March next year without a formal agreement on what happens next—an outcome economists and policy makers say would likely cause severe economic disruption. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Britain edges closer to a hard Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 23. August 2018

Date: 22-08-2018
Source: The Economist

Just as the EU is softening its negotiating stance

JUST 220 days remain before Britain is scheduled to exit the European Union. Yet as the clock counts down, even the broadest contours of the future of Britain’s relationship with its continental neighbours remain uncertain. Last month the country appeared to be heading towards a “soft” Brexit, in which it would remain in the EU’s single market for goods while gaining some control over the movement of people. Dominic Raab, Britain’s chief negotiator, will meet his EU counterpart in Brussels today in an attempt to thrash out “the few remaining withdrawal issues”. Yet little else beyond the financial cost Britain must pay to leave the EU has been agreed, increasing the chances that no pact gets completed by the deadline next March. On August 23rd Britain’s government will publish the first of a series of technical notes to help people prepare for the risk of a no-deal Brexit.

European responses to Britain’s demands—which largely amount to retaining the coveted benefits of EU membership while shedding the block’s core obligations—have varied widely. The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), our sister company, has compiled an index that aggregates the positions of each country on each major negotiating issue into a single figure. Its analysts assess EU member states’ stances on four main issues: trade in goods; movement of people; regulation of finance; and defence and security arrangements. It rates each of the issues on a scale from zero to ten, for a total assessment out of 40. Countries that score 30 or more are reckoned to have a “hard-core” negotiating position; those with scores of 25-29 are said to be “hard”; while those below 25 are “soft”.

Overall, the EIU reckons that the EU’s stance has actually softened in recent months. Of the 27 member states, fully 20 have shifted to a more lenient mix of positions, whereas only one (Ireland) has grown tougher. As a result, just two countries, Germany and France, are now rated to take the harshest stance on Brexit, down from six when the EIU first conducted the assessment in April 2017. France’s score has fallen from 32.5 to 30 in that time, and Germany’s remains at 30. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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