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Posts Tagged ‘NYT’

Is this who we are?

Posted by hkarner - 19. Juli 2019

Date: 18-07-2019
Source: The New York Times David Leonhardt

Last night, the president of the United States stood in front of his supporters while they chanted about expelling a Muslim-American member of Congress from the United States: Send her back! Send her back! Send her back …“

It was an ugly, lawless, racist sentiment, and President Trump loved it. He had worked the crowd into a frenzy by denouncing the congresswoman, Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, and three other House Democrats – all women of color, as well.

„No safe, sane, decent country or leader should ever speak of its own citizens this way,“ Jill Filipovic said on Twitter. „And it’s difficult to put into words how profoundly sad this makes me. Is this who we are? Is it who we want to be?“ Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Notes on Excessive Wealth Disorder

Posted by hkarner - 10. Juli 2019

Date: 09-07-2019
Source: The New York Times By Paul Krugman

How not to repeat the mistakes of 2011.

People waiting in line at a job fair in Bloomington, Minn., in 2011.

In a couple of days I’m going to be participating in an Economic Policy Institute conference on “excessive wealth disorder” — the problems and dangers created by extreme concentration of income and wealth at the top. I’ve been asked to give a short talk at the beginning of the conference, focusing on the political and policy distortions high inequality creates, and I’ve been trying to put my thoughts in order. So I thought I might as well write up those thoughts for broader dissemination.

While popular discourse has concentrated on the “1 percent,” what’s really at issue here is the role of the 0.1 percent, or maybe the 0.01 percent — the truly wealthy, not the “$400,000 a year working Wall Street stiff” memorably ridiculed in the movie Wall Street. This is a really tiny group of people, but one that exerts huge influence over policy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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What Trump’s Huawei Reversal Means for the Future of 5G

Posted by hkarner - 4. Juli 2019

Date: 03-07-2019
Source: The New York Times By Andrew Ross Sorkin

Huawei is the top threat to American dominance in wireless technology.
And the U.S. is woefully, even disgracefully, behind.

Phones from Huawei, the Chinese company that poses the biggest threat to the United States’ dominance of the future of wireless technology.

In an impromptu question-and-answer session late last month at the White House, President Trump was asked about the nation’s efforts to block Huawei, the Chinese telecommunications company, from doing business in the United States and with our allies around the globe.

“Huawei is something that is very dangerous,” Mr. Trump said. Then, almost in the same breath, he added: “It’s possible that Huawei would be included in a trade deal. If we made a deal, I can imagine Huawei being included in some form or some part of a trade deal.”

Over the weekend in Japan, Mr. Trump appeared to choose trade over national security, suspending the ban on United States companies’ supplying equipment to Huawei as he hopes to reach a trade deal with President Xi Jinping of China. Without providing any details, he declared that American companies could sell to Huawei without creating a “great, national emergency problem.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China Deserves Donald Trump

Posted by hkarner - 5. Juni 2019

Date: 04-06-2019
Source: The New York Times By Thomas L. Friedman

It took a human wrecking ball to get China’s attention.

President Trump insists that his tough approach to China will benefit the United States.

A U.S. businessman friend of mine who works in China remarked to me recently that Donald Trump is not the American president America deserves, but he sure is the American president China deserves.

Trump’s instinct that America needs to rebalance its trade relationship with Beijing — before China gets too big to compromise — is correct. And it took a human wrecking ball like Trump to get China’s attention. But now that we have it, both countries need to recognize just how pivotal this moment is.

The original U.S.-China opening back in the 1970s defined our restored trade ties, which were limited. When we let China join the World Trade Organization in 2001, it propelled China into a trading powerhouse under rules that still gave China lots of concessions as a developing economy.

This new negotiation will define how the U.S. and China relate as economic peers, competing for the same 21st-century industries, at a time when our markets are totally intertwined. So this is no ordinary trade dispute. This is the big one. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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As China Takes Aim, Silicon Valley Braces for Pain

Posted by hkarner - 2. Juni 2019

Date: 01-06-2019
Source: The New York Times

Microsoft’s research lab in Beijing is its largest outside the United States.

SAN FRANCISCO — When Silicon Valley looks west to China, it sees many things. More than a billion hungry consumers. A cheap source of labor. A competitor, partner, supplier and security risk.

Now add this: A foe bent on retaliation.

The Chinese government said Friday that it was putting together an “unreliable entities list,” a counterattack against the United States for denying important technology to Chinese companies. No companies were named or details given, but tech firms seemed all but assured of being a prime target.

As the economic relationship between the two countries frays at warp speed, the much-anticipated tech cold war is escalating.

“If China continues to push back, and we continue to push back, there will soon be dual technology standards,” said Rebecca Fannin, author of the coming book “Tech Titans of China.” “Prices will probably rise for components, which companies will pass along to consumers. But both sides will strengthen their innovation edge, and that helps the global economy.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Horrible

Posted by hkarner - 29. Mai 2019

Date: 28-05-2019
Source: The New York Times
Subject: Trump Administration Hardens Its Attack on Climate Science

The White House, already pursuing major rollbacks of greenhouse-gas emission restrictions, is amplifying its attack on fundamental climate-science conclusions.
WASHINGTON — President Trump has rolled back environmental regulations, pulled the United States out of the Paris climate accord, brushed aside dire predictions about the effects of climate change, and turned the term “global warming” into a punch line rather than a prognosis.

Now, after two years spent unraveling the policies of his predecessors, Mr. Trump and his political appointees are launching a new assault.

In the next few months, the White House will complete the rollback of the most significant federal effort to curb greenhouse-gas emissions, initiated during the Obama administration. It will expand its efforts to impose Mr. Trump’s hard-line views on other nations, building on his retreat from the Paris accord and his recent refusal to sign a communiqué to protect the rapidly melting Arctic region unless it was stripped of any references to climate change.

And, in what could be Mr. Trump’s most consequential action yet, his administration will seek to undermine the very science on which climate change policy rests. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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6 Takeaways From The Times’s Investigation Into Rupert Murdoch and His Family

Posted by hkarner - 5. April 2019

Date: 04-04-2019
Source: The New York Times

USING 150 INTERVIEWS ON THREE CONTINENTS, THE TIMES DESCRIBES THE MURDOCH FAMILY’S ROLE IN DESTABILIZING DEMOCRACY IN NORTH AMERICA, EUROPE AND AUSTRALIA.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/04/03/magazine/murdoch-family-investigation.html?module=inline

Rupert Murdoch, the founder of a global media empire that includes Fox News, has said he “never asked a prime minister for anything.”

But that empire has given him influence over world affairs in a way few private citizens ever have, granting the Murdoch family enormous sway over not just the United States, but English-speaking countries around the world.

A six-month investigation by The New York Times covering three continents and including more than 150 interviews has described how Mr. Murdoch and his feuding sons turned their media outlets into right-wing political influence machines that have destabilized democracy in North America, Europe and Australia. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Warnings of a Dark Side to A.I. in Health Care

Posted by hkarner - 25. März 2019

Date: 24-03-2019
Source: The New York Times By Cade Metz and Craig S. Smith

Scientists worry that with just tiny tweaks to data, neural networks can be fooled into committing “adversarial attacks” that mislead rather than help.

Last year, the Food and Drug Administration approved a device that can capture an image of your retina and automatically detect signs of diabetic blindness.

This new breed of artificial intelligence technology is rapidly spreading across the medical field, as scientists develop systems that can identify signs of illness and disease in a wide variety of images, from X-rays of the lungs to C.A.T. scans of the brain. These systems promise to help doctors evaluate patients more efficiently, and less expensively, than in the past.

Similar forms of artificial intelligence are likely to move beyond hospitals into the computer systems used by health care regulators, billing companies and insurance providers. Just as A.I. will help doctors check your eyes, lungs and other organs, it will help insurance providers determine reimbursement payments and policy fees. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Economic Dignity

Posted by hkarner - 13. März 2019

Date: 12-03-2019
Source: The New York Times BY GENE SPERLING

We must not lose sight of what economic policy is all about: allowing people to lead dignified lives.

GENE SPERLING was National Economic Adviser and Director of the National Economic Council for both President Obama (2011-2014) and President Clinton (1997-2001).

For all the things we find time for in the ongoing economic policy debates I have seen or been part of over the last 30 years, battles over policy, there seems to me too little reflection on the most basic economic question of all: What exactly is our ultimate economic goal in terms of increasing human happiness and well-being?

Indeed, in the absence of that more clear focus on an economic fixed star, it becomes too easy to start to see the economic targets, political strategies, and specific policy postures as if they were the end goals in themselves—as opposed to means to arrive at a higher end goal for lifting up human fulfillment.

Over the years, I have found myself stepping outside of the normal metrics that define our national economic dialogue to ask myself: What would a person on his or her death bed say mattered most in his or her economic life? That is the question that guides this essay. It seeks neither to explore highly technical issues of economic measurement nor sort out competing theories of social justice. It is rather one policymakers’ attempt to go out of the comfort zone of numbers to delve into this larger question. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Is Ethical A.I. Even Possible?

Posted by hkarner - 3. März 2019

Date: 02-03-2019
Source: The New York Times By Cade Metz

Building ethical artificial intelligence is an enormously complex task. It gets even harder when stakeholders realize that ethics are in the eye of the beholder.

Building ethical artificial intelligence is an enormously complex task. It gets even harder when stakeholders realize that ethics are in the eye of the beholder.

HALF MOON BAY, Calif. — When a news article revealed that Clarifai was working with the Pentagon and some employees questioned the ethics of building artificial intelligence that analyzed video captured by drones, the company said the project would save the lives of civilians and soldiers.

“Clarifai’s mission is to accelerate the progress of humanity with continually improving A.I.,” read a blog post from Matt Zeiler, the company’s founder and chief executive, and a prominent A.I. researcher. Later, in a news media interview, Mr. Zeiler announced a new management position that would ensure all company projects were ethically sound. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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