Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Russia’

Der Autokraten-Gipfel

Posted by hkarner - 17. Juli 2018

Date: 16-07-2018
Source: ZEIT: Eine Kolumne von Martin Klingst

Wladimir Putin und Donald Trump stellen das Unrecht über das Recht und den Nationalismus über den Multilateralismus. Europa muss sich wehren und ein Zeichen setzen.

Ausgerechnet Helsinki. Ausgerechnet in Finnlands Hauptstadt treffen sich an diesem Montag Donald Trump und Wladimir Putin zu ihrem Autokraten-Gipfel. Seit über 40 Jahren steht Helsinki für Frieden, Freiheit und Menschenrechte. Hier wurde nach zweijährigen Verhandlungen am 1. August 1975 die Schlussakte der Konferenz über Sicherheit und Zusammenarbeit in Europa (KSZE) unterschrieben.

Die unterzeichnenden Staaten – mit dabei die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und die damalige Sowjetunion – verpflichteten sich in diesem Dokument zur Wahrung der Grundfreiheiten, zum Gewaltverzicht, zur Unverletzlichkeit der Grenzen, zur territorialen Integrität der Staaten, zur Nichteinmischung in die inneren Angelegenheiten anderer Länder und zur friedlichen Beilegung von Streitfällen.

Es war ein langer, beschwerlicher und von vielen Rückschlägen begleiteter Weg. Und wirklich komplett erfüllt wurden diese Versprechen nie. Aber damals, mitten im Kalten Krieg, entstand in Helsinki die Hoffnung auf eine bessere, friedlichere Welt. Und diese Zuversicht war nicht vergebens. Rund vierzehn Jahre später fiel die Mauer, seither leben viele Völker des ehemaligen „Ostblocks“ in Freiheit.

Multilateralismus: ein Ärgernis

Heute aber weht ein anderer Geist. In Helsinki treffen sich ein amerikanischer und ein russischer Präsident, denen Prinzipien wie der Gewaltverzicht und die Achtung der Menschenrechte egal sind. Der Multilateralismus ist ihnen ein Ärgernis und sie bekämpfen ihn nach Kräften, wenn auch mit oft unterschiedlichen Interessen und von verschiedenen Enden aus. Wer hätte je gedacht, dass ein amerikanischer und ein russischer Präsident eines Tages gemeinsam die bestehende Nachkriegsordnung infrage stellen, die Vereinten Nationen, das westliche Verteidigungsbündnis Nato, die EU, die Welthandelsorganisation WTO? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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President faces renewed pressure to confront Russian counterpart about election meddling

Posted by hkarner - 16. Juli 2018

Date: 15-07-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Subject: Russian Agents’ Indictment Raises Stakes Ahead of Trump-Putin Summit

The federal indictment on Friday of 12 Russian intelligence agents accused of hacking Democratic and state election computers in 2016 moves the topic of Russian meddling in the presidential election higher on the agenda for the two nations ahead of President Donald Trump’s summit meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Helsinki.

President Trump said he would address the issue, though it’s unclear how much he will prioritize it compared with other matters, such as seeking Mr. Putin’s help in Syria and other hot spots.

Last week, before Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s indictment was released, the president dismissed the Russia probe as a “rigged witch hunt.” He later said he anticipated the encounter with Russian President Vladimir Putin would be the easiest of a series of overseas meetings this past week with European allies and NATO officials.

At a news conference Thursday, he told reporters that when he meets with Mr. Putin he would “ask your favorite question about meddling,” going on to say that “he may deny it.”

“It’s one of those things,” he continued. “All I can say is, ‘Did you? and ‘Don’t do it again.’ All I can do is say it.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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West’s Failure to Reform Threatens World Order

Posted by hkarner - 29. Juni 2018

Date: 28-06-2018
Source: YaleGlobal

A rebalancing of world power is underway, and global and regional organizations are in need of reform. China and Russia challenge the post–World War II international order developed by the United States and its allies. China’s swift economic growth and Russia’s military interventions have caught the West off guard, explains journalist and author Humphrey Hawksley: „China… is stepping into an array of vacuums created by economic crises, weak governance and unpredictable populism, yet nether Beijing nor Moscow has the wherewithal to build rival institutions of the strength that has allowed the West to hold sway in the world order for centuries.“ International organizations designed to promote cooperation have not kept pace with social and economic changes since 1945. Groups like the United Nations, the European Union and the International Monetary Fund must take voices of rising powers into account or risk losing credibility and influence. Hawksley concludes, “The West’s failure to act on modernizing the world order is becoming as much a threat to the West’s rules-based system as is Russia and China’s attempt to challenge it.” – YaleGlobal
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An outrageous penalty

Posted by hkarner - 17. Juni 2018

Date: 16-06-2018
Source: The Economist

As the World Cup begins
, Russia should free Oleg Sentsov

A film-maker locked up for protesting against the annexation of Crimea is on hunger strike

AS YOU settle down to watch the World Cup in Russia, remember Oleg Sentsov, a Ukrainian film director serving a 20-year sentence in a prison camp in Siberia. He has committed no crime. Rather, he was jailed for protesting against Vladimir Putin’s illegal annexation of Crimea and the war Russia’s president unleashed in eastern Ukraine four years ago. On May 14th Mr Sentsov started a hunger strike demanding the release of all 64 Ukrainian political prisoners from Russian jails. The opening of the World Cup on June 14th was Mr Sentsov’s 32nd day without food. He is rapidly acquiring the moral stature once accorded to people like Anatoly Marchenko, a Soviet dissident who was on hunger strike for 117 days and died soon after he ended it in December 1986.

World leaders supported Mr Sentsov, though they could clearly do more. Emmanuel Macron, the French president, raised the case with Mr Putin. PEN America, a writers’ organisation, and dozens of artists in Russia and in the West have called for his release. One Western leader who has not done so is President Donald Trump. Instead, last week he called for Russia to return to the G7. It was expelled for the seizure of Crimea, which, in his words, “happened a while ago”. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Putin’s Secret Services: How the Kremlin Corralled the FSB

Posted by hkarner - 31. Mai 2018

Date: 31-05-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Andrei Soldatov

In April, a series of protests hit the Moscow region. They were neither overtly political—citizens were protesting toxic landfills in their neighborhoods—nor very numerous, comprising, at most, a few thousand people in a region of over seven million. At their peak, people took to the streets in nine towns surrounding the city.

The protests, however, seemed well coordinated, and in some towns, the city authorities supported people and granted them permission to protest. Even for officials, it was difficult to ignore the awful smells emanating from the landfills, or the furious mothers and fathers of poisoned children. One of these cities was Serpukhov, some 60 miles south of Moscow.

One week after the protests started, an official from the Serpukhov district, Alexander Shestun, was invited to the Kremlin. There, he met with Ivan Tkachev, a general from the Federal Security Service (FSB), Russia’s powerful intelligence agency and the successor to the Soviet-era secret police, the KGB. Apprehensive about the meeting, Shestun decided to secretly record the conversation, which he later posted on YouTube.

In the recording, Tkachev threatens Shestun. “You will be steamrolled if you don’t resign,” he says. “You will be in prison. Like many before you, you don’t understand, it’s a big [purge].” Intimating that he was receiving orders from the Kremlin, Tkachev then lists several top-level officials who had already been jailed, including a general from the interior ministry and two governors. Tkachev even suggests that Andrey Vorobyov, governor of the Moscow region and former chair of the ruling party United Russia, could be the next target. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Roman Abramovich’s visa woes signal a shift in British policy on Russia

Posted by hkarner - 28. Mai 2018

Date: 24-05-2018
Source: The Economist

Vladimir Putin has long blurred the line between private and state interests. Now, so is the West

FIFTEEN years ago Britons searched the internet and learned to (mis)pronounce the name of an exotic Russian who had just bought an English institution, Chelsea football club. “He is Roman Abramovich, the major shareholder of Sibneft, one of the largest oil companies in Russia…one of his closest friends is Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia,” the Daily Mail told its readers. Over the next few years the papers fell in love with “Red Rom”, as the Sun dubbed him, who poured money into Chelsea. His marriages, divorces, yachts and parties made excellent copy. He became a celebrity—the most famous Russian oligarch in London.

This week Mr Abramovich made headlines again, for his absence from Chelsea’s cup-final tie with Manchester United. Chelsea won that match. But Mr Abramovich may lose a different game. His British visa expired last month and has not been renewed, putting his London mansion and football club out of reach. It is unlikely to be a glitch. As one of Britain’s richest domiciles, his case would probably have been considered by the home secretary. Rules introduced in 2015 require new checks. He has been asked for information about the source of his wealth and about his character. If the Home Office finds his answers unsatisfactory, his entry may be declined.

The source of Mr Abramovich’s wealth has not changed since his arrival in Britain, and nor has his character. He was one of the most influential Russians in the late 1990s, who assisted Mr Putin’s rise and benefited from it. What has changed is the relationship between Russia and Britain. Russia’s apparent use in March of a military-grade nerve agent against Sergei Skripal, a former double-agent living in Britain, tipped that relationship into open confrontation. As part of Britain’s counter-offensive, Theresa May has put together an international coalition against Russia and pledged to crack down on Russian money that is used to harm Britain and its allies. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How to Stop Vladimir Putin’s Mafia

Posted by hkarner - 24. April 2018

Date: 23-04-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Mikhail Khodorkovsky

The real enemy is a group of about 100 beneficiaries of the regime and several thousand accomplices.

After Donald Trump’s victory in 2016, I predicted that Russia’s stance toward the U.S. would become more antagonistic. Vladimir Putin always needs a foreign enemy to rally his nation around him and divert attention from the poor Russian economy. Mr. Putin’s aggression has indeed managed to raise tension between the U.S. and Russia. But instead of reinforcing Mr. Putin’s narrative by punishing Russia as a whole, the U.S. should target its response toward Mr. Putin and his inner circle.

Mr. Putin’s conflicts with the U.S. are clearly intended to improve his reputation among the Russian people. Through his policy and rhetoric, Mr. Putin has spread the notion that the U.S. is a cunning enemy trying to undermine Russia and is responsible for Russia’s every problem at home and abroad. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Germany to Push for Exemptions From U.S. Sanctions on Russia

Posted by hkarner - 19. April 2018

Date: 18-04-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

German executives say the measures could threaten long-standing joint ventures and cost hundreds of millions

BERLIN—German leaders want the Trump administration to exempt their country’s companies from tough new U.S. sanctions on Russia.

During a visit to Washington this week, Germany’s finance minister will push for special treatment and Chancellor Angela Merkel is planning to raise the issue with President Donald Trump when the two meet later this month, German officials said.

In addition to voicing concerns about the sanctions, meant to punish Moscow for meddling in U.S. elections, Ms. Merkel also intends to warn Mr. Trump about the potential economic fallout from U.S. trade policies, an aide to the chancellor said. “It will not be an easy visit,” the official said.

German industry has been lobbying Ms. Merkel’s government to urge the U.S. to soften its stance or come up with arrangements to ensure German companies, many of which do substantial business in Russia, don’t fall victim to deteriorating relations between Washington and Moscow. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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U.S.-Russia Tensions Catch Up With Metals Tycoon Oleg Deripaska

Posted by hkarner - 18. April 2018

Date: 17-04-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Proximity to President Vladimir Putin helped billionaire but is now a liability

The U.S. imposed sanctions on Oleg Deripaska and eight of his companies this month, among other Russian targets.

Last fall, Oleg Deripaska ramped up Russia’s presence in Western markets when he pulled off London’s second-biggest corporate listing of the year. Now the metals billionaire is on a U.S. sanctions list and that firm has lost roughly half its value.

The reversal of fortune reflects the arc of the Kremlin’s efforts to build political and financial relations with the West over the past two decades.

Mr. Deripaska’s proximity to Russian President Vladimir Putin helped lure Western financiers seeking to invest in Russian commodity riches. He used wealth and influence to build bridges with Western elites, throwing lavish parties at the annual World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, and rubbing elbows with senior politicians, including Sen. John McCain (R., Ariz.) and George Osborne, then British member of parliament and a future chancellor of the exchequer.

On April 6, Mr. Deripaska’s ties to Mr. Putin became his biggest liability. The Trump administration levied sanctions against him and more than three dozen other Russian officials, tycoons and companies in response to what it calls Russia’s “malign activity,” including meddling in U.S. elections, which Russia denies. Mr. Deripaska said the reasons for blacklisting him are “groundless, ridiculous and absurd.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Moskauer Börsencrash trifft Wien

Posted by hkarner - 9. April 2018

Die Börse in Moskau stürzte am Montag massiv ab und riss auch österreichische Konzerne mit. Allein die OMV und Raiffeisen International verloren etwa zwei Milliarden Euro an Börsenwert.

Wien/Moskau. Seit Langem galten sie als Hauptbedrohung für den russischen Aktienmarkt und seine Konzerne. Mit der Wucht jedoch, mit der die neuen US-Sanktionen gegen Russland am Montag einschlugen, hatte dann doch kaum jemand gerechnet. Der in Dollar denominierte Leitindex RTS stürzte im Tagesverlauf um mehr als zwölf Prozent ab, sein Pendant, der Rubelindex Micex, um neun Prozent. So etwas hatte der Handelsplatz seit der Annexion der Krim im Frühjahr 2014 nicht mehr gesehen. Investoren warfen schier alles auf den Markt. Auch der Rubel verlor deutlich an Wert, obwohl der Ölpreis anstieg.

Am Ende erfassten die Schockwellen dann auch Wien. Ebendort kam es bei jenen Firmen, deren Geschäft stark mit Russland zusammenhängt, zu einem wahren Kursgemetzel. Allen voran bei der Raiffeisen Bank International (RBI), deren Aktie gleich um zwölf Prozent absackte. Der Öl- und Gaskonzern OMV, der eng an Gazprom gebunden ist, gab um etwa vier Prozent nach. Die Aktie des Baukonzerns Strabag, der zwar nur einen marginalen Teil seines Umsatzes in Russland erwirtschaftet, aber zu einem Viertel dem russischen Tycoon Oleg Deripaska gehört, verlor mehr als dreieinhalb Prozent. Der Wiener Aktienindex schloss als nahezu einziger westlicher Index tief im Minus.  Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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