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Posts Tagged ‘AI’

Who Will Win the Race for AI?

Posted by hkarner - 23. Januar 2019

Date: 23-01-2019
Source: Foreign Policy BY YUVAL NOAH HARARI

China and the United States are leading the pack—and the laggards face grave dangers.

The race to develop artificial intelligence (AI) is gathering momentum, and as the United States and China pull ahead, other countries, especially in the developing world, are lagging far behind. If they don’t catch up, their economic and political prospects will be grim.

For those countries at the back of the pack, the economic challenges will be hard enough: In an automated world, there will be far less demand for the unskilled labor they’ve typically provided. But the political dangers will be equally daunting. AI already makes it possible to hack human beings—to collect data about individuals and then use it to decipher, predict, and manipulate their desires. For example, reporting by a number of newspapers revealed that Cambridge Analytica had done just that with American voters’ Facebook data.

All countries, regardless of whether they are tech superpowers or not, will feel the effects of the AI revolution. But there’s an added challenge for those left behind in the race. To hack humans, governments and corporations need access to enormous amounts of information about real-life human behavior, which makes data perhaps the most important resource in the world. But most of the world’s data is mined by the United States, China, and companies based there. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Österreichische Mentalität passt nicht zur Roboterzukunft

Posted by hkarner - 23. Januar 2019

Leopold Stefan, 22. Jänner 2019, 12:00 derstandad.at

Die heimische Wirtschaft schneidet bei der Anwendung künstlicher Intelligenz schlecht ab. Eine aktuelle Studie erklärt die Gründe

Zuerst sind sie nützliche Helferlein, dann übernehmen sie unseren Job, am Ende revoltieren sie und versklaven die Menschheit: Etliche Science-Fiction-Geschichten erzählen den Aufstieg intelligenter Maschinen als totale Transformation der Gesellschaft. Wer mit solchen Bildern im Kopf auf heutige Anwendungen künstlicher Intelligenz (KI) in Unternehmen blickt, wird enttäuscht beziehungsweise beruhigt sein. Derzeit etwa wertet intelligente Software Messdaten aus Trinkwasser aus, justiert Fabrikroboterarme anhand von Sensordaten in Echtzeit oder durchforstet Personendatenbanken nach empfänglichen Kandidaten für einen persönlichen Anruf vom Kundenberater. All das verbessert die Profitmarge, ist aber noch keine komplette Transformation. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Artificial Intelligence Will Reshape the Global Order

Posted by hkarner - 24. Dezember 2018

Date: 22-12-2018
Source:  By Nicholas Wright, Foreign Affairs

The Coming Competition Between Digital Authoritarianism and Liberal Democracy

The debate over the effects of artificial intelligence has been dominated by two themes. One is the fear of a singularity, an event in which an AI exceeds human intelligence and escapes human control, with possibly disastrous consequences. The other is the worry that a new industrial revolution will allow machines to disrupt and replace humans in every—or almost every—area of society, from transport to the military to healthcare.

There is also a third way in which AI promises to reshape the world. By allowing governments to monitor, understand, and control their citizens far more closely than ever before, AI will offer authoritarian countries a plausible alternative to liberal democracy, the first since the end of the Cold War. That will spark renewed international competition between social systems. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Hacking Health Care: How Tech Will Drive Down Costs

Posted by hkarner - 7. Dezember 2018

Date: 07-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Gary Shapiro, president and CEO of Consumer Technology Association, explains how robots, sensors and AI will keep us healthy for less

Artificial intelligence, sensors and even digital assistants like Amazon’s Alexa could help keep down medical costs and improve care.

Human beings are safer today than at any time in history. We live more than twice as long as we did in 1900 thanks, in large part, to advances in technology. But our increased lifespan comes at a price. The U.S. spends $3.5 trillion each year on health care, and the federal government shoulders more than 28% of that cost. The Census Bureau projects that 20.6% of Americans will be over the age of 65 by 2030, compared to 15.24% in 2016. The U.S. is facing a retirement wave that will strain our health-care system. As head of CTA for three decades, I’ve watched the medical community use new technology to make advances in everything from diet science to disease detection. Much of this technology has not been widely tested, and some of it raises difficult questions about privacy and cybersecurity. But AI, sensors and even digital assistants like Amazon’s Alexa could help keep costs down and improve care. Here’s how.

Sensors Will Show Us Ourselves Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Applying artificial intelligence for social good

Posted by hkarner - 1. Dezember 2018

Applying artificial intelligence for social good

AI is not a silver bullet, but it could help tackle some of the world’s most challenging social problems.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to help tackle some of the world’s most challenging social problems. To analyze potential applications for social good, we compiled a library of about 160 AI social-impact use cases. They suggest that existing capabilities could contribute to tackling cases across all 17 of the UN’s sustainable-development goals, potentially helping hundreds of millions of people in both advanced and emerging countries.

Real-life examples of AI are already being applied in about one-third of these use cases, albeit in relatively small tests. They range from diagnosing cancer to helping blind people navigate their surroundings, identifying victims of online sexual exploitation, and aiding disaster-relief efforts (such as the flooding that followed Hurricane Harvey in 2017). AI is only part of a much broader tool kit of measures that can be used to tackle societal issues, however. For now, issues such as data accessibility and shortages of AI talent constrain its application for social good.

This article is a condensed version of our discussion paper, Notes from the AI frontier: Applying AI for social good (PDF–3MB). It looks at domains of social good where AI could be applied, and the most pertinent types of AI capabilities, as well as the bottlenecks and risks that must be overcome and mitigated if AI is to scale up and realize its full potential for social impact. The article is divided into five sections:

  1. Mapping AI use cases to domains of social good
  2. AI capabilities that can be used for social good
  3. Overcoming bottlenecks, especially around data and talent
  4. Risks to be managed
  5. Scaling up the use of AI for social good

  Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Can We Avoid the Potential Dangers of AI, Robots and Big Tech Companies?

Posted by hkarner - 29. November 2018

Date: 29-11-2018
Source: Scientific American By Karl Frederick Rauscher

We can if we’re proactive enough about anticipating what could go wrong

If you plan to live another 10 years, you should expect to live in a world with machines doing things you don’t like doing today. Shooting for another 20? Even more will be done without your lifting the proverbial finger. It’s not only menial tasks such as cleaning, laundry and dishes. High-end services previously not accessible to you will now be in your economic grasp. Your personal robot will know you better than you know yourself. This almost unimaginable lifestyle could become routine for the masses, given the tangible achievements of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics to date and the low-latency-coupled-with-high-bandwidth-connectivity that 5G is on track to provide.

Despite the excitement of the likely new reality, however, AI, robots and big companies are three things a lot of people are afraid of. While the last one has been around for a long time, the former are things we’ll have to learn to live with. The imminent rollout of 5G infrastructure could usher in a technology revolution perhaps greater than any that have preceded it. The new networks will be a thousand times faster than 4G, which means that an entire HD film, for example, could be downloaded in seconds. High-bandwidth uploads will also be possible, which will mean that what the robot sees—constituting a massive amount of data—can be sent to, and interact in real-time with, a brain in the cloud. Robots will also be able to communicate at high speeds with each other, and network delays will be so tiny that they’ll be comparable to the unnoticeable delays within our bodies between nerve cells and our brain. Major network operators are beginning 5G rollouts in select cities by end of 2018—just around the corner. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Cheap Labor Drives China’s A.I. Ambitions

Posted by hkarner - 28. November 2018

Date: 27-11-2018
Source: The New York Times

Workers at the headquarters of Ruijin Technology Company in Jiaxian, in central China’s Henan Province. They identify objects in images to help artificial intelligence make sense of the world.

Some of the most critical work in advancing China’s technology goals takes place in a former cement factory in the middle of the country’s heartland, far from the aspiring Silicon Valleys of Beijing and Shenzhen. An idled concrete mixer still stands in the middle of the courtyard. Boxes of melamine dinnerware are stacked in a warehouse next door.

Inside, Hou Xiameng runs a company that helps artificial intelligence make sense of the world. Two dozen young people go through photos and videos, labeling just about everything they see. That’s a car. That’s a traffic light. That’s bread, that’s milk, that’s chocolate. That’s what it looks like when a person walks. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Behind an Effort to Fact-Check Live News With Speed and Accuracy

Posted by hkarner - 24. November 2018

Date: 24-11-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Voice recognition and artificial intelligence are being paired to point out potential inaccuracies in real time

Behind an Effort to Fact-Check Live News With Speed and Accuracy

Fact-checking live news has one major downside: It’s slow. By the time a fact-checker can verify a claim, any misleading information has already spread and been consumed.

Enter Sparks Grove, the digital innovation and experience design wing of Atlanta-based consultancy North Highland. After interviewing scores of print and broadcast journalists from the U.S., U.K. and Ireland about the challenges of combating misinformation in the news, developers at Sparks Grove created Voyc, voice-scanning tool powered by artificial intelligence that can identify a questionable statement as little as two seconds after it’s uttered. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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AI and Automation Will Replace Most Human Workers Because They Don’t Have to Be Perfect—Just Better Than You

Posted by hkarner - 22. November 2018

Date: 21-11-2018
Source: NewsWeek BY ELLEN RUPPEL SHELL

Sawyer the Robot will work for the equivalent of $4 per day. And he’s never in a bad mood. Can you compete with that?

Ellen Ruppel Shell is the author of The Job: Work and Its Future in a Time of Radical Change, from which this piece was adapted.

Route 9 skims by Boston and cuts clear across Massachusetts to Pittsfield, a city of roughly 50,000, the largest in Berkshire County. Well east of Pittsfield, Route 9 becomes Worcester Road, named for a city that in earlier times was the nation’s largest manufacturer of wire—barbed wire, electrical wire, telephone wire and the wire used in the making of undergarments by the Royal Worcester Corset Co., once the largest employer of women in the United States. Older Worcester residents can still recall the factory bells pealing to signal the start and end of the workday. Now, the bells are silent, and the wire and corset factories have been replaced with three of the nation’s largest employers: Walmart, Target and Home Depot. If this sounds familiar, it should. It has been nearly two decades since retail overtook manufacturing as the nation’s most important job creator, employing roughly one of every 10 American workers—more people than in health care and construction combined. That’s a lot of jobs. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China’s Race to Dominate AI

Posted by hkarner - 17. November 2018

Date: 16-11-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

In an interview, Kai-Fu Lee also discusses why he thinks U.S. tech giants will never succeed in expanding in China

Sinovation Ventures CEO Kai-Fu Lee says China’s data collection gives it an advantage in AI.

The U.S. may be winning the race in artificial intelligence for now. But it won’t last for long.

So predicts Kai-Fu Lee, chairman and chief executive of Sinovation Ventures, a Beijing-based venture-capital firm. He believes the U.S.’s current technological edge over China could disappear within five years, thanks to government support, a growing force of entrepreneurs and their speed of execution. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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