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Posts Tagged ‘AI’

AI is not “magic dust” for your company, says Google’s Cloud AI boss

Posted by hkarner - 10. November 2018

Essential to understand prerequisites and impact of AI. Google knows whom to recruit for leadership positions ! (hfk)  

Date: 10-11-2018
Source: Technology Review by Will Knight

Andrew Moore says getting the technology to work in businesses is a huge challenge.

Andrew Moore is the new head of Google’s Cloud AI business, a unit that is striving to make machine-learning tools and techniques more accessible and useful for ordinary businesses.

To that end, his team announced several new tools today. These include AI Hub, a modular framework for connecting different machine-learning components, and Kubeflow Pipelines, software that makes machine-learning projects more portable.

Efforts to make AI more accessible are likely to define the technology’s impact. They will also prove very important to the future of companies like Google.

Moore spoke with MIT Technology Review’s senior editor for AI, Will Knight, ahead of today’s announcement.

Like you, lots of AI researchers are being sucked into big companies. Isn’t that bad for AI?

It’s healthy for the world to have people who are thinking about 25 years into the future—and people who are saying “What can we do right now?” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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New schemes teach the masses to build AI

Posted by hkarner - 29. Oktober 2018

Date: 28-10-2018
Source: The Economist

Treating it like a craft is paying dividends

Over the past five years researchers in artificial intelligence have become the rock stars of the technology world. A branch of ai known as deep learning, which uses neural networks to churn through large volumes of data looking for patterns, has proven so useful that skilled practitioners can command high six-figure salaries to build software for Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google. The top names can earn over $1m a year.

The standard route into these jobs has been a phd in computer science from one of America’s elite universities. Earning one takes years and requires a disposition suited to academia, which is rare among more normal folk. Graduate students are regularly lured away from their studies by lucrative jobs.

That is changing. This month fast.ai, an education non-profit based in San Francisco, kicked off the third year of its course in deep learning. Since its inception it has attracted more than 100,000 students, scattered around the globe from India to Nigeria. The course and others like it come with a simple proposition: there is no need to spend years obtaining a phd in order to practise deep learning. Creating software that learns can be taught as a craft, not as a high intellectual pursuit to be undertaken only in an ivory tower. Fast.ai’s course can be completed in just seven weeks. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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This Jacket Fights the Cold With AI

Posted by hkarner - 28. Oktober 2018

Date: 27-10-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

The Mercury by Ministry of Supply features app-controlled heating and machine-learning capabilities. But how much tech does outerwear need?

Ministry of Supply describes the Mercury as ’the first intelligent heated jacket’ for men and women.

In 2012, four MIT alums set out to give menswear the comfort and performance of gym clothes. They named their company Ministry of Supply after a World War II-era division of British intelligence that employed the real-life inspiration for James Bond’s gadget-happy sidekick, Q. The company has created machine-washable suits and 3-D-printed sweaters.

Next month, Ministry of Supply will release the Mercury, which it describes as “the first intelligent heated jacket” for men and women. Lightweight carbon-fiber heating elements are concealed behind the pockets and back and powered by a battery that can go a week of 40-minute round-trip commutes between charges. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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AI Guru Andrew Ng on the Job Market of Tomorrow

Posted by hkarner - 27. Oktober 2018

Date: 27-10-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Sara Castellanos

The co-founder of Google’s deep-learning research team on the promise of a conditional basic income, the need for a skills-based education system and what CEOs don’t understand about artificial intelligence

AI Guru Andrew Ng on the Job Market of Tomorrow

Sentient artificial intelligence may take hundreds of years to develop, but AI is already beginning to transform nearly every industry, says Andrew Ng, a pioneer in the field.

Ng is the former chief scientist of Baidu, where he started a 1,300-person division that helped create the Chinese tech conglomerate’s AI-powered search engine, virtual assistant and other products. Before that, he co-founded Google Brain, the company’s deep-learning research team. His work on neural networks helped lead to the creation of an image-identification system that underpins the Android mobile operating system’s speech recognition. Ng also co-founded Coursera, an online education company.

In April 2017, the 42-year-old left Baidu to launch two AI startups in Palo Alto, Calif.: an online education platform called deeplearning.ai and Landing AI, which aims to bring AI to companies in manufacturing, agriculture and other industries. He recently spoke with The Future of Everything about how to create an equitable society in the age of automation, the way CEOs unintentionally mislead the public about AI and why—this time—the technology is here to stay.

AI Will Be Wired in Like Electricity
AI is a general purpose technology similar to the internet and electricity—applicable to a lot of industries. It’s hard to imagine running most companies or governments without the internet. In the future, we’ll have a hard time imagining how to run these things without great AI capabilities as well. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The US military wants to teach AI some basic common sense

Posted by hkarner - 13. Oktober 2018

Date: 12-10-2018
Source: Technology Review

Even the best AI programs still make stupid mistakes. So DARPA is launching a competition to remedy the field’s most glaring flaw.

Wherever artificial intelligence is deployed, you will find it has failed in some amusing way. Take the strange errors made by translation algorithms that confuse having someone for dinner with, well, having someone for dinner.

But as AI is used in ever more critical situations, such as driving autonomous cars, making medical diagnoses, or drawing life-or-death conclusions from intelligence information, these failures will no longer be a laughing matter. That’s why DARPA, the research arm of the US military, is addressing AI’s most basic flaw: it has zero common sense.

“Common sense is the dark matter of artificial intelligence,” says Oren Etzioni, CEO of the Allen Institute for AI, a research nonprofit based in Seattle that is exploring the limits of the technology. “It’s a little bit ineffable, but you see its effects on everything.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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In the struggle for AI supremacy, China will prevail

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2018

Date: 27-09-2018
Source: The Economist

Or so reckons Kai-Fu Lee, a tech insider, in “AI Superpowers”

AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order. By Kai-Fu Lee. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt; 272 pages; $28.

CHINA’S “Sputnik moment” came on May 27th 2017. On that day an algorithm thrashed Ke Jie, the world’s best player of Go, an ancient and demanding Chinese board game. Mr Ke’s defeat by AlphaGo, an artificial intelligence (AI) system developed by DeepMind, a British firm that had been bought by Google, was as much a blow to China’s psyche as the Soviet satellite was to America’s self-esteem in 1957. Within months, China announced ambitious plans to dominate AI by 2030.

Kai-Fu Lee thinks it will succeed. He is well placed to judge. He moved from Taiwan to America at 11, earned a PhD in AI in the 1980s and has been a senior manager at America’s mightiest tech firms, including Apple, Microsoft and Google. Now he runs a Chinese venture-capital fund, which gives him a ringside seat for the contest between what he calls the two “AI superpowers”, China and America.

He thinks China will win because it has the edge in the four determinants of AI success: brains, capital, regulation and data. His verdict on the last three criteria is largely persuasive. For example, China’s internet economy generates vastly more data than any other, particularly in the area of payments—many Chinese merchants eschew coins and currency in favour of digital money. Meanwhile, whereas American cities are restricting self-driving cars, the district of Xiong’an, 60 miles south of Beijing, is being built from scratch to accommodate them (along with 2.5m people). The mayors of Chinese cities are splashing cash on AI startups. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Historian Yuval Noah Harari on the Robot Revolution

Posted by hkarner - 28. September 2018

Date: 27-09-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

The author of ‘Sapiens’ sees a future in which machines make better doctors, AI aids dictatorships and surveillance has a silver lining

Historian Yuval Noah Harari on the Robot Revolution

Science fiction is full of artificial intelligence that gains consciousness and wreaks destruction on humankind. In reality, the threat is less dramatic but just as scary, according to historian Yuval Noah Harari, who predicts upheaval in the workforce, global governments and our emotional lives.

Harari gained a global fan base after the 2011 release of “Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind,” a bestseller that questioned conventional wisdom on the evolution of the species. He followed that up in 2017 with “Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow.” In “21 Lessons for the 21st Century,” published in September, the Israeli scholar offers advice on tackling the most pressing issues of tomorrow, from information technology to terrorism.

Harari, age 43, recently spoke to The Future of Everything about potential winners and losers in the automation revolution, how AI could help dictatorships outpace democracies, and the rise of machines more sympathetic than humans.

Most Jobs Will Not Be Worth Saving Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Can the EU become another AI superpower?

Posted by hkarner - 22. September 2018

Date: 20-09-2018
Source: The Economist
Subject: Big data, small politics

Taking on America and China will be hard

ANGELA MERKEL, Germany’s chancellor, has a reputation for being dour. But if she wants to, she can be quite funny. When asked at a recent conference organised by Ada, a new quarterly publication for technophiles, whether robots should have rights, she dead-panned: “What do you mean? The right to electric power? Or to regular maintenance?”

The interview was also striking for a different reason. Mrs Merkel showed herself preoccupied by artificial intelligence (AI) and its geopolitics. “In the US, control over personal data is privatised to a large extent. In China the opposite is true: the state has mounted a takeover,” she said, adding that it is between these two poles that Europe will have to find its place.

Such reflections are part of a wider realisation in Europe: that AI could be as important to its future as other foundational technologies, like electricity or the steam engine. Some countries, including Finland and France, have already come up with national AI strategies, and Germany is working on one. Once it is finished later this year, the European Union will condense these efforts into a co-ordinated plan on AI. Unsurprisingly, it is all highly Eurocratic: dozens of committees and other bodies are involved. But the question raised by Mrs Merkel is as vital for Europe as the ones about Brexit or immigration: can it secure a sizeable presence in between the AI superpowers of America and China? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Chinese Growth Spurt

Posted by hkarner - 17. September 2018

September 14, 2018

So it is with China. We hear a lot about that vast country’s problems and challenges. They are very real and could have major consequences… which we will explore soon… but there’s good news, too. We reviewed some of it last week in China’s Command Innovation. Today, we’ll add a few more positive data points.

This letter will be a little different than most. Below you’ll read several short vignettes about positive events in China. They aren’t necessarily related and won’t build to any particular conclusion. My goal is simply to demonstrate that China has good news, and even some fabulously great news, much of it quite compelling. Whether it is enough to overcome the challenges is a different question we will address next time. And frankly, the manner in which they are growing clearly makes Western countries uncomfortable, as it is not our usual playground.

First, a quick aside. We have been making an aggressive effort to keep the main body of this letter around 3,000 words, a length most people can read in a few minutes. We’ve had good feedback on it, too. Then in my personal section, I share a great story from Art Cashin from last Monday night. So you can read either part of this letter, or both, as you wish. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Human Promise of the AI Revolution

Posted by hkarner - 16. September 2018

Date: 15-09-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Kai-Fu Lee

Artificial intelligence will radically disrupt the world of work, but the right policy choices can make it a force for a more compassionate social contract.

Artificial intelligence is a technology that sparks the human imagination. What will our future look like as we come to share the earth with intelligent machines? Our minds gravitate to extremes, to the sharply contrasting visions that have captured public attention and divided much of the technological community. As a longtime AI researcher and venture capitalist in China and the U.S., I’ve observed these two camps across continents and over many decades.

Utopians believe that once AI far surpasses human intelligence, it will provide us with near-magical tools for alleviating suffering and realizing human potential. In this vision, super-intelligent AI systems will so deeply understand the universe that they will act as omnipotent oracles, answering humanity’s most vexing questions and conjuring brilliant solutions to problems such as disease and climate change.

But not everyone is so optimistic. The best-known member of the dystopian camp is the technology entrepreneur Elon Musk, who has called super-intelligent AI systems “the biggest risk we face as a civilization,” comparing their creation to “summoning the demon.” This group warns that when humans create self-improving AI programs whose intellect dwarfs our own, we will lose the ability to understand or control them. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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