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Posts Tagged ‘AI’

Amazon’s next big thing may redefine big

Posted by hkarner - 16. Juni 2019

Date: 15-06-2019
Source: BBC

„I see Amazon as a technology company that just happened to do retail,“ begins Werner Vogels, Amazon’s chief technology officer.

„When Jeff [Bezos] started Amazon, he wasn’t thinking about starting a bookshop. He was really fascinated by the internet.”

Only „mortal humans“, he tells me in an interview, ever saw Amazon as merely a retailer. So the question now is: what will Amazon become next? And are mere mortals ready for it?

Its recent Re:Mars event in Las Vegas demonstrated clearly – through presentations about machine-learning, robotics and space – that the firm is going through a transition phase that, if successful, will redefine its relationship with the public. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Kapitalismus geht auch ohne Demokratie

Posted by hkarner - 8. Juni 2019

Date: 07-06-2019
Source: Die Zeit

Der demokratische Kapitalismus westlicher Prägung könnte zum Auslaufmodell werden. China zeigt der Welt gerade, wie eine datengetriebene Planwirtschaft funktioniert.

Ein Essay von Thomas Beschorner, Miriam Meckel und Léa Steinacker

China zeigt der Welt, dass für einen funktionierenden Kapitalismus keine demokratischen Strukturen notwendig sind.

Thomas Beschorner ist Professor für Wirtschaftsethik und Direktor des Instituts für Wirtschaftsethik der Universität St.Gallen. Miriam Meckel ist Professorin für Kommunikationsmanagement an der Universität St.Gallen sowie Gründungsverlegerin der Digitalplattform ada. Léa Steinacker ist Chief Strategy Officer von ada.

Es gibt die Hoffnung, dass der Kapitalismus in naher Zukunft durch ein besseres System abgelöst werden könnte. Und es gibt die Hoffnung, dass er endlich wieder zu seinen Wurzeln der reinen freien Märkte zurückkehren könnte. Welche der beiden Position man auch immer bevorzugt – es gibt noch eine dritte Variante: die Revitalisierung der Planwirtschaft auf Datenbasis. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Data Challenges Are Halting AI Projects, IBM Executive Says

Posted by hkarner - 2. Juni 2019

Date: 01-06-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

The cost and hassle of collecting and preparing data comes as a shock for some companies, according to Arvind Krishna

Arvind Krishna, IBM’s senior vice president of cloud and cognitive software, speaking at The Wall Street Journal’s Future of Everything Festival on Wednesday.

International Business Machines Corp. executive Arvind Krishna said data-related challenges are a top reason IBM clients have halted or canceled artificial-intelligence projects.

Mr. Krishna, IBM’s senior vice president of cloud and cognitive software, said about 80% of the work with an AI project is collecting and preparing data. Some companies aren’t prepared for the cost and work associated with that going in, he added.

“And so you run out of patience along the way, because you spend your first year just collecting and cleansing the data,” said Mr. Krishna, who was interviewed at The Wall Street Journal’s Future of Everything Festival last week. “And you say: ‘Hey, wait a moment, where’s the AI? I’m not getting the benefit.’ And you kind of bail on it.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Case for Intelligent Industrial Policy

Posted by hkarner - 10. Mai 2019

Dalia Marin is Professor of Economics at the Technical University of Munich and a research fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR).

Although national industrial policies have a bad reputation, there is a strong case for government support to sectors that will increasingly rely on artificial intelligence. In this regard, the German government’s plan to promote production of electric-car batteries may accelerate an industrial renaissance in Europe.

MUNICH – Earlier this year, German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier unveiled his “National Industrial Strategy 2030,” which aims to protect German firms against state-subsidized Chinese competitors. The strategy identifies key industrial sectors that will receive special government support, calls for establishing production of electric-car batteries in Europe, and advocates mergers to achieve economies of scale.

The planned measures are controversial. Lars Feld of the German Council of Economic Experts calls the strategy an aberration and has accused Altmaier of central planning. Yet this is not an ideological debate, as Feld suggests, but rather a question of whether such an industrial policy might work. And although not all aspects of Altmaier’s plan are convincing, there is a strong case for government support to sectors – including the automotive industry – that will increasingly rely on artificial intelligence (AI). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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OECD: Bildungssysteme nicht auf digitalen Wandel vorbereitet

Posted by hkarner - 10. Mai 2019

Leopold Stefan 9. Mai 2019, 18:11 derstandard.at

Automatisierung verändert Jobs. Österreich zählt zu den Ländern, in denen Menschen trotz Hochschulabschlusses besonders oft Weiterbildung brauchen, um sich vor Automatisierung zu schützen

Computer war einst eine Berufsbezeichnung. Das ist lange her. Denn der digitale Wandel hat längst die Arbeitswelt aufgemischt, in Zukunft werden Automatisierung und künstliche Intelligenz die Anforderungen vom Busfahrer bis zum Topmanager verändern. Die Industriestaatenorganisation OECD schätzt, dass 14 Prozent der bestehenden Berufe akut von Automatisierung betroffen sind, weitere 32 Prozent werden sich substanziell verwandeln. Neu ist auch die zunehmende Schwierigkeit für Junge wie Erwachsene, einen sicheren Karrierepfad im Dickicht der Bedrohungsszenarien zu finden. Das führt zu teils paradoxen Entwicklungen. out.stream powered by ADITION Wie es OECD-Chef Ángel Gurría bei der Vorstellung einer Studie zum Thema digitale Kompetenzen sagte: „Ein Hochschulabschluss bedeutet nicht automatisch, hoch qualifiziert zu sein.“ Zumindest nicht über das ganze Arbeitsleben hinweg. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Killer Apps: The Real Dangers of an AI Arms Race

Posted by hkarner - 3. Mai 2019

Date: 01-05-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs by Paul Scharre

The nation that leads in the development of artificial intelligence will, Russian President Vladimir Putin proclaimed in 2017, “become the ruler of the world.” That view has become commonplace in global capitals. Already, more than a dozen governments have announced national AI initiatives. In 2017, China set a goal of becoming the global leader in AI by 2030. Earlier this year, the White House released the American AI Initiative, and the U.S. Department of Defense rolled out an AI strategy.

But the emerging narrative of an “AI arms race” reflects a mistaken view of the risks from AI—and introduces significant new risks as a result. For each country, the real danger is not that it will fall behind its competitors in AI but that the perception of a race will prompt everyone to rush to deploy unsafe AI systems. In their desire to win, countries risk endangering themselves just as much as their opponents. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A bright future by Paul Mason

Posted by hkarner - 29. April 2019

Date: 28-04-2019
Source: The Guardian
Subject: Clear Bright Future by Paul Mason review – in the midst of crisis, a work of radical optimism

The current chaos contains the seeds of revolutionary change, argues the author of PostCapitalism. We need to challenge markets, take control of technology and consider what it means to be human

Tour de force … Paul Mason.

In a classic Little Britain sketch, David Walliams, playing a bank clerk named Carol, flatly refuses applicants for a loan – however reasonable, hopeful or desperate – with the robotic “Computer says no”. As this catchphrase illustrates, the everyday consequences of our surrender to machines are by now maddeningly familiar. Less evident is the political and intellectual work that has gone into legitimising it. In his latest tour de force, the former TV economics editor turned activist and author Paul Mason traces how an alliance of popular science gurus and Silicon Valley tycoons has led us to belittle our unique capacities as human beings, preparing the ground for the approaching supremacy of AIs.

As with machines, so with markets, whose worship has reduced relationships to competitive transactions, and individuals to homo economicus – a crass fictional construct programmed to maximise financial advantage at all times. Mason also chides the newer discipline of behavioural economics for framing us as flawed decision-makers who need to be “nudged”.

We have forfeited faith in our own capabilities, Mason argues, just when we need to strategise our way out of multiple political and environmental crises. The good news is that the current chaos contains the seeds of revolutionary change: the “clear bright future” of the title is from Leon Trotsky. We can uncancel this future, Mason insists, but only by rediscovering a quality that has become curiously unfashionable – humanity – and seizing control of technology. The socialisation of knowledge will enable us to overthrow capitalism, and automation will abolish our need to work. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Tech Offers a Virtual Window into Future Climate Change Risk

Posted by hkarner - 25. April 2019

Date: 24-04-2019
Source: Scientific American

AI and supercomputing are rapidly shifting the way disaster planners, regulators and insurers gauge climate hazards

Accurately predicting the on-the-ground impacts of climate change remains one of the thorniest challenges facing scientists, regulators, planners and insurers.

But as climate disasters occur with alarming frequency, experts are relying more heavily on predictive technologies that leverage supercomputing and artificial intelligence to identify the where, how and why of climate impacts.

Known as “climate risk analytics,” the delivery of data-based predictive information about risks associated with wind, floods, fires, droughts and other climate disasters is rapidly proliferating, according to experts. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Robots That Manage the Managers

Posted by hkarner - 17. April 2019

Date: 16-04-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

More companies are turning to AI-driven apps that aim to help newer bosses with reminders and tips on how to maintain a well-run office

Raquel Collings often has morning coffee with her management coach. She reviews her goals in her new job as a corporate manager and ponders whether she’s spending her time wisely.

The coaching topics are the only part of the sessions that is conventional.

Ms. Collings’s coach is a bot—a manager-training app powered by the artificial intelligence of IBM ’s Watson. The app, Coach Amanda, serves up tips on her phone in five- to 10-minute videos and texts that Ms. Collings consumes during spare moments in her workday.

When she recently texted the bot that she doubted her ability to review a colleague’s performance, it chided her for being too hard on herself, based on a personality test in the app showing she was highly conscientious. “I thought, ‘Wow, she called me out on this,’ ” says Ms. Collings, a marketing manager for First United Bank, a Durant, Okla., financial-services company.

As more millennials move into management jobs, many are finding they lack basic training in such supervisory skills as delivering feedback and delegating work. A new crop of AI-driven coaching apps and platforms are aiming to fill the gap, including Butterfly, Qstream and LEADx, the Philadelphia-based maker of Coach Amanda. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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What America Can Achieve After Trump

Posted by hkarner - 17. April 2019

Date: 16-04-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs By Mira Rapp-Hooper and Rebecca Friedman Lissner
Subject: The Open World

Since the election of U.S. President Donald Trump in 2016, it has become commonplace to bemoan the fate of the U.S.-led liberal international order—the collection of institutions, rules, and norms that has governed world politics since the end of World War II. Many experts blame Trump for upending an otherwise sound U.S. grand strategy. They hope that once he is gone, the United States will resume the role it has occupied since the fall of the Soviet Union: as the uncontested hegemon ruling benevolently, albeit imperfectly, over a liberalizing world.

It won’t. Washington’s recent dominance was a historical anomaly that rested on a rare combination of favorable conditions that simply no longer obtain, including a relatively unified public at home and a lack of any serious rivals abroad. American leaders must recognize this truth and adjust their strategy accordingly. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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