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Posts Tagged ‘AI’

Künstliche Intelligenz: Ein Gott braucht keine Lehrmeister

Posted by hkarner - 1. November 2017

Date: 30-10-2017
Source: SPIEGEL Eine Kolumne von Christian Stöcker

Vor Kurzem ist etwas passiert, das die Geschichte der Menschheit mindestens so sehr verändern wird wie die Erfindung des Telefons. Mitbekommen hat es kaum jemand. Es geht um künstliche Intelligenz.

Ereignisse von menschheitsgeschichtlicher Relevanz werden oft erst viel später als solche erkennbar. Als zum Beispiel Antonio Meucci Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts den Fernsprechapparat erfand, weil seine Frau aufgrund einer Krankheit nicht mehr ihr Zimmer verlassen konnte, erfuhr die Welt zunächst nichts davon. Dass das Telefon Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, das menschliche Zusammenleben insgesamt völlig umkrempeln würde, war vermutlich nicht einmal Meucci selbst klar. Anderes schien wichtiger damals.

Im Oktober 2017 wird in Deutschland um eine nie dagewesene Koalition gerungen, in den USA twittert sich Donald Trump immer weiter ins historische Abseits, Recep Tayyip Erdogan lässt ausländische Gäste nach Gutdünken einsperren oder freilassen. Auch da kann ein Ereignis von menschheitsgeschichtlicher Relevanz von der breiten Öffentlichkeit schon mal fast übersehen werden. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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India Warily Eyes AI

Posted by hkarner - 25. Oktober 2017

Date: 24-10-2017
Source: Technology Review by Samanth Subramanian

Technology outsourcing has been India’s only reliable job creator in the past 30 years. Now artificial intelligence threatens to wipe out those gains.

Two days after K.S. Sunil Kumar received a promotion, Human Resources phoned him up and asked him to resign.

This happened in April, just as Kumar was beginning his ninth year at Tech Mahindra, one of the giants in India’s IT services industry. He worked in engineering services, where he designed components and tools for aerospace firms in North America and Europe. They’d send over specs—the materials available to construct a hinge, and the kind of load it had to bear, and the cost at which it had to be manufactured—and he mocked up options with the help of software. He was a foot soldier in the army of Indian engineers to whom work is outsourced from the West, so that it can be finished at a fraction of the expense. Sometimes he left his base, Tech Mahindra’s Bangalore campus, to serve stints at clients’ offices abroad: in Montreal, Belfast, or Stockholm. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Baidu Plans to Win the Artificial Intelligence Market

Posted by hkarner - 19. Oktober 2017

Date: 18-10-2017
Source: Fortune

LAGUNA BEACH, Calif.—Baidu, the Chinese Internet giant, is betting big on artificial intelligence.

Investors love it—the company’s shares kicked off 2017 trading at $168 and are now at an astounding $270. (And expected to keep climbing past $300.)

Why the sunny outlook? Because AI is widely seen as a market with massive potential—and Baidu, at its heart a research company, has the culture and mindset to succeed, co-founder and CEO Robin Li said at the Wall Street Journal’s D.Live conference in Laguna Beach.

“Every company has its own DNA,” said Li, one of the wealthiest people in China. “Baidu is a technology company.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Andrew Ng’s Next Trick: Training a Million AI Experts

Posted by hkarner - 18. Oktober 2017

Date: 17-10-2017
Source: Technology Review

Millions of people should master deep learning, says a leading AI researcher and educator.

Andrew Ng, one of the world’s best-known artificial-intelligence experts, is launching an online effort to create millions more AI experts across a range of industries. Ng, an early pioneer in online learning, hopes his new deep-learning course on Coursera will train people to use the most powerful idea to have emerged in AI in recent years.

AI experts have become some of the most sought-after and well-paid employees in today’s tech economy. Deep learning involves teaching a machine to perform a complex task using large amounts of data along with a large simulated neural network. The technique has typically required deep technical knowledge and expertise to master.

Ng left his post as chief scientist at the Chinese Internet company Baidu this March, and there has been widespread speculation about what his next move might be. He says the deep-learning course is the first of three projects he plans to launch through his new startup, Deeplearning.ai. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China’s AI Awakening

Posted by hkarner - 12. Oktober 2017

Date: 11-10-2017
Source: Technology Review

The West shouldn’t fear China’s artificial-intelligence revolution. It should copy it.

On a tropical island that marks the southern tip of China, a computer program called Lengpudashi is playing one-on-one poker against a dozen people at once, and it’s absolutely crushing them. Lengpudashi, which means “cold poker master” in Mandarin, is using a new artificial-intelligence technique to outbet and outbluff its opponents in a two-player version of Texas hold ’em.

The venue for the tournament is a modern-looking technology park in Haikou, capital of the island of Hainan. Outside, modern high-rises loom over aging neighborhoods. Those gathered to play the machine include several poker champs, some well-known Chinese investors, entrepreneurs, and CEOs, and even the odd television celebrity. The games are being broadcast online, and millions are watching. The event symbolizes a growing sense of excitement and enthusiasm for artificial intelligence in China, but there’s also a problem. Lengpudashi wasn’t made in Hainan, Beijing, or Shanghai; it was built in Pittsburgh, U.S.A. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Put Humans at the Center of AI

Posted by hkarner - 10. Oktober 2017

Date: 09-10-2017
Source: Technology Review

At Stanford and Google, Fei-Fei Li is leading the development of artificial intelligence—and working to diversify the field.

As the director of Stanford’s AI Lab and now as a chief scientist of Google Cloud, Fei-Fei Li is helping to spur the AI revolution. But it’s a revolution that needs to include more people. She spoke with MIT Technology Review senior editor Will Knight about why everyone benefits if we emphasize the human side of the technology.

Why did you join Google?

Researching cutting-edge AI is very satisfying and rewarding, but we’re seeing this great awakening, a great moment in history. For me it’s very important to think about AI’s impact in the world, and one of the most important missions is to democratize this technology. The cloud is this gigantic computing vehicle that delivers computing services to every single industry.

What have you learned so far?

We need to be much more human-centered. If you look at where we are in AI, I would say it’s the great triumph of pattern recognition. It is very task-focused, it lacks contextual awareness, and it lacks the kind of flexible learning that humans have. We also want to make technology that makes humans’ lives better, our world safer, our lives more productive and better. All this requires a layer of human-level communication and collaboration. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Seven Deadly Sins of AI Predictions

Posted by hkarner - 7. Oktober 2017

Date: 06-10-2017
Source: Technology Review by Rodney Brooks

Mistaken extrapolations, limited imagination, and other common mistakes that distract us from thinking more productively about the future.

We are surrounded by hysteria about the future of artificial intelligence and robotics—hysteria about how powerful they will become, how quickly, and what they will do to jobs.

I recently saw a story in ­MarketWatch that said robots will take half of today’s jobs in 10 to 20 years. It even had a graphic to prove the numbers.

The claims are ludicrous. (I try to maintain professional language, but sometimes …) For instance, the story appears to say that we will go from one million grounds and maintenance workers in the U.S. to only 50,000 in 10 to 20 years, because robots will take over those jobs. How many robots are currently operational in those jobs? Zero. How many realistic demonstrations have there been of robots working in this arena? Zero. Similar stories apply to all the other categories where it is suggested that we will see the end of more than 90 percent of jobs that currently require physical presence at some particular site. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Where is technology taking the economy?

Posted by hkarner - 5. Oktober 2017

This is a „must read“ for everybody who wants to understand the impact of technology on the economy and society. Very thoughtful! (hfk)

Date: 05-10-2017
Source: www.mckinsey.com By W. Brian Arthur

W. Brian Arthur is an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute and a visiting researcher at the System Sciences Lab at PARC (a Xerox company).

We are creating an intelligence that is external to humans and housed in the virtual economy. This is bringing us into a new economic era—a distributive one—where different rules apply.

A year ago in Oslo Airport I checked in to an SAS flight. One airline kiosk issued a boarding pass, another punched out a luggage tag, then a computer screen showed me how to attach it and another where I should set the luggage on a conveyor. I encountered no single human being. The incident wasn’t important but it left me feeling oddly that I was out of human care, that something in our world had shifted. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The computers being trained to beat you in an argument

Posted by hkarner - 3. Oktober 2017

Date: 02-10-2017
Source: BBC

By Prof Chris Reed
University of Dundee

Humans are used to being outdone by computers when it comes to recalling facts, but they still have the upper hand in an argument. For now.

It has long been the case that machines can beat us in games of strategy like chess.

And we have come to accept that artificial intelligence is best at analysing huge amounts of data – sifting through the supermarket receipts of millions of shoppers to work out who might be tempted by some vouchers for washing powder.

But what if AI were able to handle the most human of tasks – navigating the minefield of subtle nuance, rhetoric and even emotions to take us on in an argument?

It is a possibility that could help humans make better decisions and one which growing numbers of researchers are working on. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Is AI Riding a One-Trick Pony?

Posted by hkarner - 1. Oktober 2017

Date: 29-09-2017
Source: Technology Review

Just about every other AI advance you’ve heard of depends on a breakthrough that’s three decades old. Keeping up the pace of progress will require confronting AI’s serious limitations.

I’m standing in what is soon to be the center of the world, or is perhaps just a very large room on the seventh floor of a gleaming tower in downtown Toronto. Showing me around is Jordan Jacobs, who cofounded this place: the nascent Vector Institute, which opens its doors this fall and which is aiming to become the global epicenter of artificial intelligence.

We’re in Toronto because Geoffrey Hinton is in Toronto, and Geoffrey Hinton is the father of “deep learning,” the technique behind the current excitement about AI. “In 30 years we’re going to look back and say Geoff is Einstein—of AI, deep learning, the thing that we’re calling AI,” Jacobs says. Of the AI researchers at the top of the field, Hinton has more citations than the next three combined. His students and postdocs have gone on to run the AI labs at Apple, Facebook, and OpenAI; Hinton himself is a lead scientist on the Google Brain AI team. In fact, nearly every achievement in the last decade of AI—in translation, speech recognition, image recognition, and game playing—traces in some way back to Hinton’s work. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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