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Posts Tagged ‘AI’

The Power of Combining 5G and AI

Posted by hkarner - 12. November 2019

Date: 11-11-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By James Rundle and Angus Loten

Putting the two technologies together will change everything from drug making to brewing beer

Among other advantages, 5G networks let internet-connected devices transmit much more information much more quickly.

The convergence of artificial intelligence with internet-connected machines and superfast 5G wireless networks is opening possibilities across the planet—and even in outer space.

These advancements are allowing farmers to pick the optimal way to grow crops, pharmaceutical companies to shorten the development times of new drugs, researchers to track pandemics, and cities to manage their resources in a manner that was pure science fiction at the turn of the millennium.

Taken alone, these technologies have enormous potential in their own right, but combined, experts say, they have the power to transform industrial technology on a scale not seen since the advent of steam power.

The key ingredient, the experts say, is 5G. It gives developers the ability to scale up projects more easily because there’s no need to build extensive fiber-optic networks to keep data flowing. What’s more, 5G networks let internet-connected devices transmit much more information much more quickly—which in turn is spurring developers to come up with more advanced machines that can take maximum advantage of the capability. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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European Cloud Project Draws Backlash From U.S. Tech Giants

Posted by hkarner - 3. November 2019

Date: 02-11-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Move toward ‘digital sovereignty’ will restrict data services along national borders in a global economy, Amazon and Microsoft say

Germany and France are introducing a government-backed project to develop European cloud infrastructure in an effort to help local providers compete with U.S. technology giants, which dominate the global cloud market.

Amazon.com Inc. and Microsoft Corp. criticized the initiative announced this week, called Gaia-X, saying the project will restrict data services along national borders.

The reach of Amazon, Microsoft and other U.S. giants worries European politicians and corporate executives. Companies in Germany and France, the continent’s economic powerhouses, and in other European Union countries are concerned about depending on technology providers that must comply with the U.S. Cloud Act, WSJ Pro Cybersecurity reported in October. The 2018 law requires American firms to provide law enforcement with customers’ personal data on request, even when the servers containing the information are abroad. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Human-machine interface

Posted by hkarner - 19. Oktober 2019

Date: 17-10-2019
Source: The Economist

Data-labelling startups want to help improve corporate AI

A clutch of firms is generating the feedstock for machine-learning algorithms: tagged data

Corporate boards are besotted with artificial intelligence. Worldwide spending on ai is expected to rise from $38bn this year to $98bn by 2023, estimates idc, a research firm. So far, though, only one in five companies aware of the technology’s potential has incorporated machine learning into its core business. One reason for the slow uptake is the dearth of quality data to teach algorithms to perform useful tasks. The most common form of ai, called “supervised learning”, requires feeding software stacks of pre-tagged examples of, say, cat pictures until it can tell a feline image apart by itself. Data-labelling is the sort of grunt work that corporate ai-users would prefer someone else to do for them. An industry is popping up to help.

The market for data-labelling services may triple to $5bn by 2023, reckons Astasia Myers of Redpoint Ventures, a venture-capital firm. Some outfits, like Mechanical Turk (owned by Amazon, an e-commerce giant), act as middlemen connecting freelancers ready to perform all manner of “micro-tasks”, of which things like tagging pictures is one example, with taskmasters. Other firms specialise. Hive has turned data-labelling into something “like playing Candy Crush”, explains its boss, Kevin Guo, referring to a hit tile-matching game. Its mobile app makes it easy for users to identify objects, earning money instead of points. Its 1.5m players across the world serve more than 100 corporate customers. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Worlds That AI Might Create

Posted by hkarner - 15. Oktober 2019

Date: 14-10-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Michael Totty

Artificial intelligence will have a profound impact—on our jobs, our health and possibly our very existence. But that’s where consensus ends.

When it comes to artificial intelligence, there’s a clear consensus: It is a growing presence in our offices and homes. But the consensus ends when you ask the next question: What will it mean?

To some experts, an AI world means more jobs, and more interesting ones; to others, it means a devastating loss of employment opportunities. To some, it means a deadly threat to human existence; to others, it means better health and longer—perhaps much longer—lives. To some, it means a time when AI can help us make smarter decisions; to others, it means the destruction of our privacy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Coming AI Springa

Posted by hkarner - 15. Oktober 2019

James Manyika

James Manyika is Chairman of the McKinsey Global Institute and a senior partner in McKinsey & Company’s San Francisco Office.

Jacques Bughin is a director of the McKinsey Global Institute and a McKinsey senior partner based in Brussels.

Artificial intelligence can generate tremendous value for us all, if policymakers and businesses act swiftly and smartly to capture its full benefits and mitigate the inevitable risks. The long-awaited “AI spring” may finally be arriving, but we will need to be prepared to manage its onset with care.

LONDON – Artificial intelligence (AI) is all around us, generating excitement about how it could increase prosperity and transform our lives in multiple ways. Yet the technology is also likely to be disruptive. Policymakers and businesses must therefore try to capture the full value of what AI has to offer, while avoiding the downside risks.

The idea of AI has been around for more than a half-century, and we have lived through previous periods of excitement followed by long stretches of disappointment – “AI winters” – when the tech didn’t live up to the hype. But recent progress in AI algorithms and techniques, combined with a massive increase in computing power and an explosion in the amount of available data, has driven significant and tangible advances, promising to generate value for individuals, businesses, and society as a whole. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Ultimate Learning Machines

Posted by hkarner - 12. Oktober 2019

Date: 11-10-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Alison Gopnik

The future of artificial intelligence depends on designing computers that can think and explore as resourcefully as babies do.

Last July, I went to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the blue-sky government research lab that helped to invent the computer and the internet. I was there, strange as it may seem, to talk about babies. The latest big DARPA research project, Machine Common Sense, is funding collaborations between child psychologists like me and computer scientists. This year I also talked about children’s minds at Google, Facebook and Apple.

Why are quintessentially geeky places like DARPA and Google suddenly interested in talking about something as profoundly ungeeky as babies? It turns out that understanding babies and young children may be one key to ensuring that the current “AI spring” continues—despite some chilly autumnal winds in the air. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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America blacklists China’s best artificial-intelligence firms

Posted by hkarner - 11. Oktober 2019

How stupid! (hfk)

Date: 10-10-2019
Source: The Economist

The move, linked to repression in Xinjiang, strikes at the heart of China’s technological ambitions

FOR TWO years reports of mass incarceration have seeped out of the remote Chinese province of Xinjiang. Over 1m people, mainly Uighurs and other Muslim minorities, have been locked up in camps. Millions more live under a police state. American officials, fearful of upending trade negotiations, have dithered over a response. On October 7th, three days ahead of the 13th round of talks, they put their foot down. The Commerce Department banned American firms from selling software and hardware to 20 public-security organs. It also blacklisted eight Chinese companies whose products, it says, facilitate the Orwellian surveillance in Xinjiang.

The ban hits at the heart of China’s artificial-intelligence (AI) ambitions. The eight firms include startups working on facial recognition (Megvii, SenseTime, Yitu), voice recognition (iFlytek), digital forensics (Xiamen Meiya Pico) and chipmaking gear (Yixin), as well as Shenzhen-listed makers of video-surveillance kit (Hikvision and Dahua). Together they are worth around $75bn. In August Megvii and Yitu were designated as national champions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How to Support the Widespread Adoption of AI

Posted by hkarner - 6. Oktober 2019

Date: 05-10-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Irving Wladawsky-Berger

Grow comfortable with being agile

Artificial intelligence is the biggest commercial opportunity for companies and industries over the next 10 to 15 years. Separate reports by McKinsey & Co. and PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP recently concluded that AI has the potential to boost global economic output by between $13 trillion and $15 trillion between now and 2030.

Yet many organizations’ efforts are falling short, according to the authors of a recent Harvard Business Review article. They found that most firms are only using AI in ad hoc pilots or applying it to a single business process. Only 8% of firms are engaged in practices that support widespread adoption.

Why the slow progress? “It’s a reflection of a failure to rewire the organization,” write the authors, who are McKinsey partners. “AI initiatives face formidable cultural and organizational barriers…at most businesses that aren’t born digital, traditional mindsets and ways of working run counter to those needed for AI.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Creativity and AI: The Next Step

Posted by hkarner - 4. Oktober 2019

Date: 03-10-2019
Source: Scientific American By Arthur I. Miller

Combining two types of machine intelligence could open new frontiers of art

In 1997 IBM’s Deep Blue famously defeated chess Grand Master Garry Kasparov after a titanic battle. It had actually lost to him the previous year, though he conceded that it seemed to possess “a weird kind of intelligence.” To play Kasparov, Deep Blue had been pre-programmed with intricate software, including an extensive playbook with moves for openings, middle game and endgame.

Twenty years later, in 2017, Google unleashed AlphaGo Zero which, unlike Deep Blue, was entirely self-taught. It was given only the basic rules of the far more difficult game of Gogo, without any sample games to study, and worked out all its strategies from scratch by playing millions of times against itself. This freed it to think in its own way. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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AI equal with human experts in medical diagnosis, study finds

Posted by hkarner - 26. September 2019

Date: 25-09-2019
Source: The Guardian by Nicola Davis

Research suggests AI able to interpret medical images using deep learning algorithm

Advocates for artificial intelligence being used in healthcare say it will ease strain on resources and free up time for doctor-patient interaction

Artificial intelligence is on a par with human experts when it comes to making medical diagnoses based on images, a review has found.

The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare has caused excitement, with advocates saying it will ease the strain on resources, free up time for doctor-patient interactions and even aid the development of tailored treatment. Last month the government announced £250m of funding for a new NHS artificial intelligence laboratory. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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