Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Migration’

In Its New World, the EU’s Threats Come From Outside Its Borders

Posted by hkarner - 27. November 2017

Date: 27-11-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Migration, which is fueling support for anti-EU populist parties, Russian aggression in Eastern Europe, and Brexit now challenge the bloc’s existence

For most of its first 60 years of existence, the challenges confronting the European Union were largely internal. The process of European integration was designed to bring peace to a war-ravaged continent by laying down common rules for trade overseen by a European Court of Justice that would turn competitors into partners. During this time, the scope of EU rule-making has been vastly extended to create a single market for goods and many services and to address new common challenges in areas such as criminal justice. It was also extended geographically too as the original community of six member states became one of 28.

But the EU today finds itself grappling with unfamiliar challenges. Many of the biggest risks it now faces are external and cannot be addressed simply by extending the scope of EU rule-making. The migration crisis, for example, which has its origins in instability and poverty in the Middle East and Africa, remains an existential crisis for the EU, fueling support for anti-EU populist parties. The EU must also contend with Russian aggression in Eastern Europe, which some argue came in response to over-reach by the EU, and its attempt to destabilize the EU itself. And it must forge a new relationship with the U.K.—an internal problem soon to become an external one. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Inconvenient Truths About Migration

Posted by hkarner - 23. November 2017

Robert Skidelsky, Professor Emeritus of Political Economy at Warwick University and a fellow of the British Academy in history and economics, is a member of the British House of Lords. The author of a three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, he began his political career in the Labour party, became the Conservative Party’s spokesman for Treasury affairs in the House of Lords, and was eventually forced out of the Conservative Party for his opposition to NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999.

Standard economic theory says that net inward migration, like free trade, benefits the native population after a lag. But recent research has poked large holes in that argument, while the social and political consequences of open national borders similarly suggest the appropriateness of immigration limits.

LONDON – Sociology, anthropology, and history have been making large inroads into the debate on immigration. It seems that Homo economicus, who lives for bread alone, has given way to someone for whom a sense of belonging is at least as important as eating.

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Italy Labors to Integrate Refugees in Weak Economy

Posted by hkarner - 20. November 2017

Date: 19-11-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

For a nation with holes in its social safety net, ‘a challenge that makes your hands shake’

ROME—Ibrahima Sillah arrived in Italy three years ago on a rickety boat.

He says he is illiterate and speaks virtually no Italian. A farmer back home in Gambia, Mr. Sillah has only occasionally managed to find work picking fruit, for less than three euros an hour, despite having a work permit. He lives in a tent city behind a Rome train station.

“I can’t do anything without a job,” said Mr. Sillah, who is 30 years old. “It’s too important.”

Italy is facing a daunting challenge integrating refugees, even as the pace of seaborne arrivals on its shores shows signs of slowing. Since 2012, 150,000 people have won refugee status in Italy, and another 155,000 asylum applications are pending.

Other European countries, such as Germany and Sweden, are wrestling with the same task. But Italy is doing so with a chronically weak economy, high unemployment and a state bureaucracy that often fails to provide a social safety net even for native-born Italians. And many refugees lack marketable skills, according to officials and aid groups. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Australia admits more migrants than any other big Western country

Posted by hkarner - 8. Oktober 2017

Date: 06-10-2017
Source: The Economist
Subject: Almost one in three

And Australians still like them

“THE prime reason for the decline in living standards for many Australian workers is our staggering population growth,” thunders Dick Smith, a campaigning millionaire, in an apocalyptic manifesto. He is right about the staggering growth. The number of children the average Australian woman has fell below two in the 1970s and has stayed there. Yet since then Australia’s population has grown by 70%, thanks almost entirely to immigration. Over 28% of today’s residents were born overseas—a higher share than in Canada or New Zealand, let alone Britain or America (see chart 1). The number of newcomers continues to grow. Net overseas migration (a measure of immigrants minus departing Aussies) has nearly doubled since 2000. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why the Shadow of the 2015 Migration Crisis Still Hangs Over Europe

Posted by hkarner - 3. Oktober 2017

Date: 02-10-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

French President Macron’s speech and success of anti-immigration party in German elections show security is priority for EU

France’s Emmanuel Macron proposed a far-reaching agenda to secure the EU’s external borders.

In the eyes of some, Emmanuel Macron flunked it.

When the French president last week delivered a marathon speech outlining his vision of the European Union, many economists hoped this would include a radical plan for deeper eurozone fiscal integration.

Indeed, the expectation was that this would form the core of his speech. Yet Mr. Macron didn’t say anything about pooling eurozone debts and had little to say on the creation of a common eurozone budget. Instead, the most eye-catching parts of his speech concerned security and defense, where he proposed a far-reaching agenda to secure the EU’s external borders, stabilize its neighborhood and establish a European Defence Force to be funded by a new tax on financial transactions.

But Mr. Macon’s choice of priorities shouldn’t have come as a surprise. It isn’t just that the chances of the EU reaching an agreement on fiscal integration look remote given opposition from several Northern European countries, not just Germany. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Redefining Europe, and Europeans

Posted by hkarner - 19. September 2017

Carl Bildt was Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to October 2014 and Prime Minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s EU accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Co-Chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. He is Chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

For Europe to find its place in a rapidly changing world, its citizens will have to look beyond the nation-state as their sole source of personal identity. There are few “first nations” left in the world today – and that is a welcome development.

LEIPZIG – Traveling through Germany in the run-up to its federal election on September 24, one cannot help but be struck by the lingering signs of profound trauma from the 2015 refugee crisis.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s response to the crisis two years ago was to throw out the rulebook and open her country’s borders. She famously told the German people, “Wir schaffen das” (We can do it). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Einwanderung: „Die jungen Afrikaner kommen. So oder so“

Posted by hkarner - 10. September 2017

Date: 08-09-2017
Source: SPIEGEL

Zäune hin, Hilfen her – Migration aus Afrika lässt sich nicht aufhalten, sagt der Ökonom Michael A. Clemens. Er sieht das als Riesenchance – und nennt Beispiele.

Michael A. Clemens, 45, ist Ökonom und Migrationsforscher am Center for Global Development in der US-Hauptstadt Washington. Bis zum Jahr 2000 arbeitete er bei der Weltbank, promoviert wurde er 2002 an der Universität Harvard. 2013 erhielt er den Preis der britischen Royal Economic Society für seine Arbeit zu Entwicklungshilfe und Wachstum. Clemens ist auch bei Twitter

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Die Bundesregierung plant, das Wachstum in Afrika zu fördern. Das Versprechen lautet, dass dann weniger Afrikaner nach Europa kommen. Was halten Sie davon?

Michael Clemens: Wenn erzählt wird, Mali, Niger oder der Senegal ließen sich in Kürze so entwickeln, dass die Leute von dort nicht mehr fortgehen, kann ich sagen: Das ist nicht möglich. Vielmehr ist es umgekehrt: Es passiert genau das Gegenteil.

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Verbessert sich das Leben in Afrika, dann kommen mehr statt weniger Migranten?

Clemens: Ja, ganz sicher. Wenn ein armes Land zu einem Land mit mittlerem Einkommen wird, nimmt die Auswanderung stark zu, nicht ab. Und zwar nicht nur ein bisschen, sie verdreifacht sich.

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Warum? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Stemming the Flow: Why Europe’s Migrant Strategy Is an Illusion

Posted by hkarner - 9. September 2017

Date: 07-09-2017
Source: SPIEGEL

Europe hopes that the fates of African migrants will soon be decided at facilities in Chad or Niger. It is a wonderful idea, but also a misleading illusion. In truth, Europe’s primary focus is on shutting down the Mediterranean route.

Jonathan Obote’s voice drops to a whisper when he describes what it’s like to live in a prison in Garabulli, Libya. He lives in a cell with 60 others, penned in like an animal, he says in a moment when the guards aren’t paying attention. He sleeps on the ground, he says, is beaten by the guards and often goes hungry.

Not long ago, Obote, a thin 23-year-old Nigerian with a young face but tired eyes, was working with his brother on a construction site in Tripoli hoping to earn enough money to continue his journey to Europe. But then, half a year ago, men wearing masks dragged him from his apartment and took him to Garabulli, near Tripoli, a launching point for refugee boats bound for Italy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Der Brexit war die beste Werbung für die EU

Posted by hkarner - 7. September 2017

Die plötzliche Rückkehr der Europa-Euphorie

Von Klaus Geiger | 6.9.2017 Stand: 05:04 Uhr |welt.de
Seit fast einem Jahrzehnt ist die EU in der Krise. Nie war ihr Image schlechter, nie das Misstrauen größer. Nun aber, zeigen Studien, steigt die Zustimmung zur EU sprunghaft. Außer in einem Land.

Am Beginn von Europas jahrelanger Doppelkrise stand eine erschütternde Entdeckung. Es war im Oktober 2009, als die Euro-Zone erfuhr, dass Griechenland wohl neue Schulden in Höhe von 13 Prozent seiner Wirtschaftsleistung machen würde – statt der angepeilten knapp vier Prozent. Die EU stürzte in die Euro-Krise. Ein Desaster, das nahtlos überging in die Migrationskrise.

Das führte zu Kosten in Milliardenhöhe, politischem Streit – und zu einem einmaligen Vertrauensverlust der EU. Die Umfragen waren eindeutig: Die Zustimmung zur Europäischen Union sank drastisch. Ein tiefes Misstrauen, das im Juni 2016 im Votum der Briten für einen Austritt aus der EU gipfelte. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Soviel zu einem falschen Flüchtlingsbild …

Posted by hkarner - 5. September 2017

… wenn sich so eine grossartige Organisation wie „Way of Hope“ darum bemüht ! (hfk)

Von allen Flüchtlingen, die WAY of HOPE – Flüchtlingshilfe Weiz in den letzten 3 Jahren betreut hat, haben 66 einen Bescheid bekommen. 19 davon haben sich in Weiz angesiedelt, darunter 5 Familien. Von den 19 haben alle eine Arbeit gefunden, was hauptsächlich das Verdienst der exzellenten Arbeit von DLG (Dienstleistungsgesellschaft der Region Weiz) und AMS Weiz ist.

In all diesen 3 Jahren gab es keinen einzigen kriminellen Vorfall.
Laut AMS konnten sogar alle 40 anerkannten Flüchtlinge aus dem Bereich des AMS Weiz vermittelt werden.
Das ist natürlich nur ein kleines Beispiel.
In Österreich gibt es aber mit Sicherheit viele solcher Orte, wo auch derart positive Erfahrungen gemacht werden. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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