Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Migration’

Navigating the New Abnormal

Posted by hkarner - 5. Februar 2017

Absolutely essential reading! (hfk)

Date: 03-02-2017
Source: Project Syndicate

sierakowskiSlawomir Sierakowski, founder of the Krytyka Polityczna movement, is Director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Warsaw.

sachsJeffrey D. Sachs, Professor of Sustainable Development and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University, is Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. His books include The End of Poverty, Common Wealth, and, most recently, The Age of Sustainable

The Trump administration lacks both a global strategy and anyone who could formulate and implement one. And unless anti-populists in general – and the center left, in particular – face up to some hard realities, the menace of a rogue US will only grow.

The Populist Backlash

SS: You’ve written that Brexit and Trump are the same phenomenon. Do you think the populist wave that lifted both will spread further?

JS: I think societies everywhere are very divided. Whether it’s 51-49 or 49-51, we are not seeing landslide wins for populism, but rather a reflection of deep social divisions. And, yes, I think we’re going to see more of this, because there are so many anxieties that we don’t seem able to overcome.

Even the foundations of foreign policy are giving way. The Middle East crises are the result of America’s failure and fading global power, which are part of the social anguish many voters feel. Likewise, Brexit reflects a collapse in belief in the postwar order in Western Europe, which was forged during the Cold War but has now basically disintegrated.

SS: You attribute populism to four factors: rising nationalism, the weakening of American foreign policy, the crisis of the center left, and the refugee crisis. Yet you’re an economist. So what about economics? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Brexit’s Doom Spirals

Posted by hkarner - 9. November 2016

Photo of Harold James

Harold James

Harold James is Professor of History and International Affairs at Princeton University and a senior fellow at the Center for International Governance Innovation. A specialist on German economic history and on globalization, he is a co-author of the new book The Euro and The Battle of Ideas, and the author of The Creation and Destruction of Value: The Globalization Cycle, Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm, and Making the European Monetary Union.

NOV 8, 2016 Project Syndicate

LONDON – Financial markets are giving a thumbs-down to Brexit, and they are right to do so. But because it is finance, not democratic civil society, that is pushing back against the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union, the Brexit debate will become more bitter, and the fallout more severe.

The June referendum’s initial economic effects were negligible, and may even have been slightly positive, now that the UK’s post-referendum growth figures are being revised upward. But the British pound is sinking, the cost of financing UK government debt is rising, and the process of actually withdrawing from the EU could be highly destructive.

Having decided to leave the EU, it is in the UK’s interest to manage withdrawal in a way that minimizes short-term adjustment costs and long-term adverse effects. Likewise, it is in the EU’s interest to mitigate not only the economic impact, but also the reputational damage implied by the loss of a major member state. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A Sea Change: The New Migration from sub-Saharan Africa

Posted by hkarner - 3. November 2016

Posted on by iMFdirect

By Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia and Montfort Mlachila

Migration of sub-Saharan Africans is growing rapidly. Just like the region’s population, the number of migrants doubled since 1990 to reach about 20 million in 2013. In the coming decades, migration will expand given the demographic boom in the working-age population—the group that typically feeds migration. We studied these trends in a recent paper because both receiving and sending countries need the right policies so all can benefit.

People on the go

Two trends dominate the evolution of sub-Saharan migration.

The number of refugees—people fleeing due to war or persecution—has decreased considerably since 1990, both within and outside the region. In 1990 about half of total migrants were refugees, and this share has declined to only about 10 percent by 2013.

At the same time, the share of migrants that move outside the region for economic reasons has increased steadily, growing sixfold between 1990 and 2013—from about 1 million to 6 million. In comparison, economic migrants within the region increased threefold—from 4 million to 12 million (Chart 1). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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On the economics and politics of refugee migration

Posted by hkarner - 19. Oktober 2016

Christian Dustmann, Francesco Fasani, Tommaso Frattini, Luigi Minale, Uta Schönberg

18 October 2016, voxeu

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Der österreichische Außenminister Sebastian Kurz Gegen die Spaltung Europas Österreichs Außenminister erklärt in ruhigen Worten eine vernünftige Flüchtlingspolitik

Posted by hkarner - 4. Oktober 2016

Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten  | 

Kurz CCDer österreichische Außenminister Kurz hat in einer TV-Sendung in wenigen Sätzen erklärt, warum die Flüchtlingskrise in Europa nicht mit ideologischen Schlachtrufen zu lösen ist.

Der österreichische Außenminister Sebastian Kurz. 

Es kommt in der aufgeheizten Debatte um Flüchtlinge und Migration selten vor, dass Politiker einen kühlen Kopf bewahren, ohne hartherzig zu werden. Österreichs Außenminister Sebastian Kurz ist dies bei der TV-Sendung von Anne Will gelungen. Kurz sagte, dass in der Flüchtlingsfrage ein „Spaltpilz“ in Europa zu beobachten sei, der die EU zu spalten drohe. Es gäbe eine Blockbildung. Die Visegrad-Staaten träten stärker als Konterpart zu Deutschland auf. Kurz: „Das Problem, das wir haben, ist, dass viele Staaten das Gefühl haben, sie werden als Mitgliedsstaaten zweiter Klasse behandelt; sie müssen von den moralisch überlegenen erzogen werden.“ Das Ziel könne nicht der „kleine Club der moralisch Überlegenen“ sein, womit alle Erweiterungsanstrengungen der vergangenen Jahre zunicht gemacht würden. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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„Wenn ich könnte, würde ich die Zeit zurückdrehen“

Posted by hkarner - 19. September 2016

Date: 19-09-2016
Source: Die Welt

Merkel cc2Die CDU hat bei der Wahl zum Berliner Abgeordnetenhaus mit 17,6 Prozent den Platz als Koalitionspartner verspielt. Auf der Pressekonferenz nach der Wahlniederlage gesteht Angela Merkel Fehler in der Flüchtlingspolitik ein.

Nach dem Wahldebakel für die CDU in Berlin hat Angela Merkel Fehler in der Flüchtlingspolitik eingestanden.

Sie und die Bundesregierung hätten sich zu lange auf die Dublin-Regeln in Europa verlassen.

Die Kanzlerin bedauert vor allem das zögerliche Handeln vor dem Sommer 2015.

Angela Merkel hat das zögerliche Handeln in der Flüchtlingspolitik in den Jahren vor dem Sommer 2015 bedauert. „Wenn ich könnte, würde ich die Zeit zurückdrehen“, sagte die Bundeskanzlerin am Tag nach dem enttäuschenden Wahlergebnis in Berlin. Sie und die Bundesregierung hätten sich zu lange auf die Dublin-Regeln in Europa verlassen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Migration’s Private-Sector Problem-Solvers

Posted by hkarner - 14. September 2016

Photo of Peter Sutherland

Peter Sutherland

Peter Sutherland, United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration and Development, is former Director General of the World Trade Organization, EU Commissioner for Competition, and Attorney General of Ireland. He will issue a report on improving international cooperation on migration later this year.

SEP 12, 2016, Project Syndicate

LONDON – As the Mediterranean migrant crisis has escalated over the past year, the spotlight has been on national governments’ policies, some of which have been generous, others callous. But non-state actors – individuals, nongovernmental organizations, and private companies – have been just as important in responding to the crisis, often literally coming to the rescue of refugees and migrants. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europeans see themselves as mouse-sized. They need to man up

Posted by hkarner - 10. September 2016

Date: 08-09-2016
Source: The Economist: Charlemagne
Subject: Unshrinking the continent

LIKE all good B-movies, “The Incredible Shrinking Man” is deeper than it seems. After his body’s growth is sent into reverse by a wayward encounter with a radioactive cloud (yes, this is 1957), Scott Carey, the film’s hero, finds his relationships destroyed and his self-esteem dripping away. Richard Matheson, the screenwriter, said it was a “metaphor for how man’s place in the world was diminishing”. Today he might say the same for the old continent. Beleaguered by crisis and shorn of confidence, Europe seems to be shrinking by the day.

It might seem an odd time for such a claim. This week came news that the euro zone grew by 1.6% in the second quarter compared with a year earlier, and the European Union, lifted by a pre-referendum Britain, by 1.8%. This, as Eurocrats wasted no time pointing out, was a good clip faster than the United States. In most countries budget deficits are under control, and after years of austerity the euro zone is at last enjoying the mildest of fiscal expansions. Outside Italy its banks are in better shape. A pan-EU investment scheme launched, to much scepticism, by the European Commission last year is starting to show results. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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IFO-Chef Fuest: „Sozialstaat und freie Migration sind unvereinbar“

Posted by hkarner - 5. September 2016

03.09.2016 | 18:36 | Von Jeannine Binder und Karl Gaulhofer (Die Presse)

FuestClemens Fuest, der neue Präsident des Münchner IFO-Instituts, fordert Einschränkungen bei der Niederlassungsfreiheit für EU-Bürger, eine Radikalreform des EU-Budgets und mehr Mut zu Schuldenschnitten.

In Österreich und Deutschland wächst die Wirtschaft mit 1,5 Prozent. Angesichts der Rahmenbedingungen – Nullzinsen, niedriger Ölpreis, schwacher Euro – ist das doch erstaunlich mager. Warum geht nicht mehr? Sind wir auf dem Weg zur „Japanisierung“?

Clemens Fuest: Die Situation hat Ähnlichkeiten mit jener in Japan. Dort hat man nach einer Schuldenkrise die Banken nicht verpflichtet, faule Kredite abzuschreiben, sondern sie mit Liquidität versorgt und gehofft, die Schulden würden mit der Zeit von selbst verschwinden. In Europa haben wir ähnlich reagiert. Unangenehme Entscheidungen werden verschoben. So verhindert man einen kurzfristigen Einbruch. Aber der gewaltige Nachteil ist, dass wenig Neues entsteht. Wenn Staaten bis über die Halskrause verschuldet sind, gibt es Unsicherheit. Investitionen bleiben aus. Die Menschen trauen dem Braten nicht.

Warum hat Europa diesen Weg gewählt? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Return of Europe’s Nation-States: The Upside to the EU’s Crisis

Posted by hkarner - 2. September 2016

Tough, but worth to consider! (hfk)

Date: 02-09-2016Grygiel CC
Source: Foreign Affairs By Jakub Grygiel

Jakub Grygiel is Senior Fellow-in-Residence at the Center for European Policy Analysis and the George H. W. Bush Associate Professor at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies. He has previously worked as a consultant for the OECD in Paris and the World Bank in Washington

Europe currently finds itself in the throes of its worst political crisis since World War II. Across the continent, traditional political parties have lost their appeal as populist, Euroskeptical movements have attracted widespread support. Hopes for European unity seem to grow dimmer by the day. The euro crisis has exposed deep fault lines between Germany and debt-ridden southern European states, including Greece and Portugal. Germany and Italy have clashed on issues such as border controls and banking regulations. And on June 23, the United Kingdom became the first country in history to vote to leave the EU—a stunning blow to the bloc.

At the same time as its internal politics have gone off the rails, Europe now faces new external dangers. In the east, a revanchist Russia—having invaded Ukraine and annexed Crimea—looms ominously. To Europe’s south, the collapse of numerous states has driven millions of migrants northward and created a breeding ground for Islamist terrorists. Recent attacks in Paris and Brussels have shown that these extremists can strike at the continent’s heart. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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