Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Migration’

Die Satansjünger – der Fall Landbauer in Niederösterreich

Posted by hkarner - 26. Januar 2018

Gero Jenner, 26/1/2018

Es gibt Gedanken, die man verzeihen kann und oft auch verzeihen muss, weil sie zu den stets möglichen Denkalternativen gehören und nicht an und für sich verwerflich sind, auch wenn sich ihre Folgen oft als unmenschlich erweisen. Ich persönlich hatte zum Beispiel von Anfang an Verständnis dafür, dass ein großer Teil der deutschen ebenso wie der österreichischen Bevölkerung die Einwanderung – auch den Zuzug von Asylanten – auf ein erträgliches Maß begrenzen wollte. In diesem Sinne hatte ich, obwohl in vielen Fragen eher links orientiert, gegen eine rechte ÖVP-Regierung nichts einzuwenden und verstehe auch die Haltung der osteuropäischen Länder, die sich gegen die Politik der europäischen Kommission aussprechen.

Dabei bin ich mir durchaus bewusst, dass eine solche Politik kalt und unmenschlich ist (die Staatshäupter Nordafrikas wurden und werden für die Unmenschlichkeit einer brutalen Grenzsicherung von der EU bezahlt, damit wir uns die Hände in Unschuld waschen können). Andererseits wäre es eine gleich große Unmenschlichkeit der eigenen Bevölkerung gegenüber, wenn wir unsere Grenzen einfach für alle öffnen würde, denn ohne die Wachhunde, die dies verhindern, würde ein Millionenheer vom Süden und Osten her gen Europa anrücken. Deutschland und Österreich haben es ja bisher nicht einmal geschafft, die schon vorhandenen Fremden so einzubürgern, dass sie zu gleichberechtigten und gleichgeachteten Mitbürgern werden. Da konnte man nur kopfschüttelnd konstatieren, dass sich einige Politiker und ihre Parteien eine Zeitlang zuzutrauen meinten, sie könnten und müssten jede Menge an Fremden bei sich beherbergen.

Es gibt Probleme, bei denen jede Lösung zu Unmenschlichkeit führt, das Problem einer – wie man noch vor kurzem sagte – unbegrenzten Einwanderung gehört sicher dazu. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »


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Making Migration Work

Posted by hkarner - 24. Januar 2018

Michael Spence, a Nobel laureate in economics, is Professor of Economics at NYU’s Stern School of Business, Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, Advisory Board Co-Chair of the Asia Global Institute in Hong Kong, and Chair of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on New Growth Models. He was the chairman of the independent Commission on Growth and Development, an international body that from 2006-2010 analyzed opportunities for global economic growth, and is the author of The Next Convergence – The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World.

The UN is right to underscore the benefits of broad-based international cooperation on migration, particularly regarding measures that could, over time, reduce migrant flows by improving conditions in source countries. But, to be politically acceptable in virtually any country, such cooperation must respect national sovereignty.

MILAN – There are four pillars of globalization and economic interdependence: trade, investment, migration, and the flow of information, whether data or knowledge. But only two – trade and investment – are founded on relatively effective structures, buttressed by domestic consensus and international agreements. The other two – migration and information – are badly in need of similar frameworks. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Euro in Decline

Posted by hkarner - 14. Januar 2018

Date: 12-01-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Kathleen R. McNamara

How the Currency Could Spoil the Global Financial System

When the euro was created some 15 years ago, there was speculation that the new currency might come to challenge the dominance of the U.S. dollar as the international reserve currency of choice. But the euro’s guardian, the European Central Bank (ECB), had little appetite for such a role. Likewise, foreign exchange markets showed little support for supplanting the dollar’s hegemony with the euro, despite a move into euro-denominated bonds and a strengthening of the value of the euro over the 2000s. This has meant that the EU has, in large part, played a “helper” role in U.S. financial hegemony throughout the postwar era to today.

But now, Europe’s “helper” status may well be in question. The populist forces that have emerged throughout the continent challenge the legitimacy of the euro and threaten both the institutional and ideational foundations upon which it rests. With this uncertainty arises the possibility of the EU turning into a “risk generator” within the global financial order or perhaps even worse—a “spoiler” of the very system itself. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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In Its New World, the EU’s Threats Come From Outside Its Borders

Posted by hkarner - 27. November 2017

Date: 27-11-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Migration, which is fueling support for anti-EU populist parties, Russian aggression in Eastern Europe, and Brexit now challenge the bloc’s existence

For most of its first 60 years of existence, the challenges confronting the European Union were largely internal. The process of European integration was designed to bring peace to a war-ravaged continent by laying down common rules for trade overseen by a European Court of Justice that would turn competitors into partners. During this time, the scope of EU rule-making has been vastly extended to create a single market for goods and many services and to address new common challenges in areas such as criminal justice. It was also extended geographically too as the original community of six member states became one of 28.

But the EU today finds itself grappling with unfamiliar challenges. Many of the biggest risks it now faces are external and cannot be addressed simply by extending the scope of EU rule-making. The migration crisis, for example, which has its origins in instability and poverty in the Middle East and Africa, remains an existential crisis for the EU, fueling support for anti-EU populist parties. The EU must also contend with Russian aggression in Eastern Europe, which some argue came in response to over-reach by the EU, and its attempt to destabilize the EU itself. And it must forge a new relationship with the U.K.—an internal problem soon to become an external one. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Inconvenient Truths About Migration

Posted by hkarner - 23. November 2017

Robert Skidelsky, Professor Emeritus of Political Economy at Warwick University and a fellow of the British Academy in history and economics, is a member of the British House of Lords. The author of a three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, he began his political career in the Labour party, became the Conservative Party’s spokesman for Treasury affairs in the House of Lords, and was eventually forced out of the Conservative Party for his opposition to NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999.

Standard economic theory says that net inward migration, like free trade, benefits the native population after a lag. But recent research has poked large holes in that argument, while the social and political consequences of open national borders similarly suggest the appropriateness of immigration limits.

LONDON – Sociology, anthropology, and history have been making large inroads into the debate on immigration. It seems that Homo economicus, who lives for bread alone, has given way to someone for whom a sense of belonging is at least as important as eating.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Italy Labors to Integrate Refugees in Weak Economy

Posted by hkarner - 20. November 2017

Date: 19-11-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

For a nation with holes in its social safety net, ‘a challenge that makes your hands shake’

ROME—Ibrahima Sillah arrived in Italy three years ago on a rickety boat.

He says he is illiterate and speaks virtually no Italian. A farmer back home in Gambia, Mr. Sillah has only occasionally managed to find work picking fruit, for less than three euros an hour, despite having a work permit. He lives in a tent city behind a Rome train station.

“I can’t do anything without a job,” said Mr. Sillah, who is 30 years old. “It’s too important.”

Italy is facing a daunting challenge integrating refugees, even as the pace of seaborne arrivals on its shores shows signs of slowing. Since 2012, 150,000 people have won refugee status in Italy, and another 155,000 asylum applications are pending.

Other European countries, such as Germany and Sweden, are wrestling with the same task. But Italy is doing so with a chronically weak economy, high unemployment and a state bureaucracy that often fails to provide a social safety net even for native-born Italians. And many refugees lack marketable skills, according to officials and aid groups. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Australia admits more migrants than any other big Western country

Posted by hkarner - 8. Oktober 2017

Date: 06-10-2017
Source: The Economist
Subject: Almost one in three

And Australians still like them

“THE prime reason for the decline in living standards for many Australian workers is our staggering population growth,” thunders Dick Smith, a campaigning millionaire, in an apocalyptic manifesto. He is right about the staggering growth. The number of children the average Australian woman has fell below two in the 1970s and has stayed there. Yet since then Australia’s population has grown by 70%, thanks almost entirely to immigration. Over 28% of today’s residents were born overseas—a higher share than in Canada or New Zealand, let alone Britain or America (see chart 1). The number of newcomers continues to grow. Net overseas migration (a measure of immigrants minus departing Aussies) has nearly doubled since 2000. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why the Shadow of the 2015 Migration Crisis Still Hangs Over Europe

Posted by hkarner - 3. Oktober 2017

Date: 02-10-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

French President Macron’s speech and success of anti-immigration party in German elections show security is priority for EU

France’s Emmanuel Macron proposed a far-reaching agenda to secure the EU’s external borders.

In the eyes of some, Emmanuel Macron flunked it.

When the French president last week delivered a marathon speech outlining his vision of the European Union, many economists hoped this would include a radical plan for deeper eurozone fiscal integration.

Indeed, the expectation was that this would form the core of his speech. Yet Mr. Macron didn’t say anything about pooling eurozone debts and had little to say on the creation of a common eurozone budget. Instead, the most eye-catching parts of his speech concerned security and defense, where he proposed a far-reaching agenda to secure the EU’s external borders, stabilize its neighborhood and establish a European Defence Force to be funded by a new tax on financial transactions.

But Mr. Macon’s choice of priorities shouldn’t have come as a surprise. It isn’t just that the chances of the EU reaching an agreement on fiscal integration look remote given opposition from several Northern European countries, not just Germany. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Redefining Europe, and Europeans

Posted by hkarner - 19. September 2017

Carl Bildt was Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to October 2014 and Prime Minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s EU accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Co-Chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. He is Chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

For Europe to find its place in a rapidly changing world, its citizens will have to look beyond the nation-state as their sole source of personal identity. There are few “first nations” left in the world today – and that is a welcome development.

LEIPZIG – Traveling through Germany in the run-up to its federal election on September 24, one cannot help but be struck by the lingering signs of profound trauma from the 2015 refugee crisis.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s response to the crisis two years ago was to throw out the rulebook and open her country’s borders. She famously told the German people, “Wir schaffen das” (We can do it). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Einwanderung: „Die jungen Afrikaner kommen. So oder so“

Posted by hkarner - 10. September 2017

Date: 08-09-2017

Zäune hin, Hilfen her – Migration aus Afrika lässt sich nicht aufhalten, sagt der Ökonom Michael A. Clemens. Er sieht das als Riesenchance – und nennt Beispiele.

Michael A. Clemens, 45, ist Ökonom und Migrationsforscher am Center for Global Development in der US-Hauptstadt Washington. Bis zum Jahr 2000 arbeitete er bei der Weltbank, promoviert wurde er 2002 an der Universität Harvard. 2013 erhielt er den Preis der britischen Royal Economic Society für seine Arbeit zu Entwicklungshilfe und Wachstum. Clemens ist auch bei Twitter

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Die Bundesregierung plant, das Wachstum in Afrika zu fördern. Das Versprechen lautet, dass dann weniger Afrikaner nach Europa kommen. Was halten Sie davon?

Michael Clemens: Wenn erzählt wird, Mali, Niger oder der Senegal ließen sich in Kürze so entwickeln, dass die Leute von dort nicht mehr fortgehen, kann ich sagen: Das ist nicht möglich. Vielmehr ist es umgekehrt: Es passiert genau das Gegenteil.

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Verbessert sich das Leben in Afrika, dann kommen mehr statt weniger Migranten?

Clemens: Ja, ganz sicher. Wenn ein armes Land zu einem Land mit mittlerem Einkommen wird, nimmt die Auswanderung stark zu, nicht ab. Und zwar nicht nur ein bisschen, sie verdreifacht sich.

SPIEGEL ONLINE: Warum? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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