Posted by hkarner - 11. Februar 2017
FEZ – Last November, while much of the world was trying to unpack Donald Trump’s election as US president, the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 22) was held in Marrakesh, Morocco. Participants from all over the world, including 38 heads of state and government, came together to create a plan for implementing the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which aims to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It was an important step forward, but the issue remains far more complex – and politically charged – than most would care to admit.
The global cooperation that has emerged lately is certainly welcome. But, while teamwork is critical to success, so is recognition of the distinct roles and responsibilities of governments in the industrialized and developing worlds.
The industrialized countries have long produced massive amounts of emissions and other kinds of pollution, while consuming a huge share of the world’s resources – including 90% of the world’s water – all in the name of their own development. As a result, these countries now enjoy high standards of living and food security. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Africa, Climate Change, COP22, Ennaji, Project Syndicate | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 2. Februar 2017
on January 31, 2017 RGE EconoMonitor
In addition to increasing temperatures and rising sea levels, global climate change represents a complex exercise for the great majority of businesses, which must frame the meaning, the costs, and the business and investment opportunities associated with this ongoing phenomenon.
For a large number of companies, action on climate change is embedded in some version of a “sustainability” or “green business” program aimed at improving environmental and business performance. These initiatives are typically focused on mitigation, or the reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions, rather than on building climate resilience in the face of risks such as cyclonic winds, heat waves, flooding and storm surge, and drought. The most effective of these sustainability programs, by whatever name, manage to reduce emissions and lower the environmental footprint of companies and their supply chains, by using renewable energies such as solar and wind power, improved energy and water efficiency, recycling, and reducing waste of all types. Companies that use these programs are viewed as responsible environmental stewards, and at the same time, reap the benefits of process efficiency and lowering their costs, as illustrated in the 2013 book, Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, RGE Monitor, Sustainability, Wilson | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 22. Januar 2017
What an idiot! I hope the world stops claiming that this guy is not dangerous to our prosperity! (hfk)
Source: Technology Review
Shortly after Donald Trump took office, climate change and clean energy disappeared from the White House website.
The newly minted Trump administration wasted little time establishing that it will chart a starkly different course on energy policy than President Obama. On the White House website Friday, a new page called „An America First Energy Policy Plan“ appeared shortly after Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. The plan asserts that Trump and his new hires will move to eliminate climate regulations and boost coal, oil, and gas production.
Conspicuously, the URL to the climate change page also went dead.
The new plan makes no mention of solar, wind, or other sustainable energy sources. The closest it gets is stating a commitment to „clean coal technology,“ which still hasn’t been demonstrated to work in a cost-effective way. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, Energy, Technology Review, Trump | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 2. Dezember 2016
Source: Technology Review
Using 30 percent less energy and scrapping coal subsidies are a far cry from America’s likely future environmental policies.
The European Union has announced an ambitious new set of goals that it hopes will help it meet the targets of the Paris climate agreement.
With the climate pact now in effect, nations are working out how to keep their promise: to reduce emission enough to limit average global temperature rises to less than 2 °C above preindustrial levels. The EU’s goals fill a hefty 1,000 pages, according to the Guardian.
But the newspaper points out two headline ambitions for the Union: cut coal subsidies and reduce energy use by 30 percent by 2030. Elsewhere, it also plans to encourage the use of renewables and place limits on the use of bioenergies that are deemed unsustainable. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Clean Energy, Climate Change, Europe, Technology Review, Trump, USA | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 17. November 2016
Martha Rojas-Urrego is Secretary-General of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
Patricia Espinosa is Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
NOV 16, 2016 Project Syndicate
MARRAKESH – Wetlands, forests, and oceans absorb and store carbon, which makes them a vital asset for countries pursuing the Paris climate agreement’s targets for reducing CO2 emissions. So how can we use them most effectively?
The Paris accord was concluded by 196 governments last December, and came into force earlier this month. Now, its signatories are meeting in Marrakesh, Morocco, for the annual United Nations climate change conference. Several conference events specifically focus on how countries can use natural systems to meet their CO2-reduction targets.
While the climate-change challenge is immense, so, too, is the opportunity to accelerate sustainable development and ensure a better future for everyone on the planet. Under the Paris agreement, governments have committed to reducing their carbon emissions drastically, in order to keep global warming below 2°C. The vast majority of signatory countries have already presented national action plans for achieving this goal, and these plans will become more ambitious over time. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, EspinosA, Project Syndicate, Rojas-Urrego, SDG, Wetlands | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 16. November 2016
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Supporters say nuclear plants are the best way to transition to a low-carbon future. Others argue the plants are too risky to keep in operation.
New nuclear power plants are rare due to market conditions and rules favoring renewable sources of electricity.
Nuclear power is fizzling.
In recent years, many countries have largely stopped building new nuclear plants and are looking elsewhere for power. In the wake of the Fukushima disaster in 2011, Japan shut down all its nuclear reactors, though a few have restarted since last year. Germany also moved to phase out nuclear power by 2022. (China is a notable exception, with 20 reactors under construction.)
Market conditions heavily favor cheaper fuels such as natural gas over nuclear. And the regulatory climate favors other sources of energy. In the U.S., the Obama administration introduced rules requiring power plants to cut CO2 emissions 32% from 2005 levels by 2030, though President-elect Donald Trump says he will drop that rule. While nuclear plants don’t generate CO2, companies can tap federal tax credits for investing in renewables. What’s more, power companies can sell renewable electricity at higher prices because utilities need wind and solar supply to comply with state rules. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, Dorsey, Energy, Nuclear Plant, Tierney, WSJ | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 16. November 2016
Source: Scientific American
Architect William McDonough says the world should exploit carbon as an asset, not demonize it as a liability
Carbon dioxide is bad—it causes global warming. Carbon dioxide is political—U.S. democrats want regulations to reduce emissions into the atmosphere and republicans, led by president-elect Donald Trump, want to scrap such rules. But William McDonough says all that is wrong. “Carbon is not the enemy,” he said in a keynote speech at the recent SXSW Eco conference. The same phrase headlines his new commentary published today in Nature. “It is we who have made carbon toxic,” he writes. “In the right place, carbon is a resource and a tool.”
McDonough, founder of William McDonough + Partners, is a world-renowned architect, designer and urban planner. He has spearheaded several design movements—reflected in titles of his bestselling books such as Cradle to Cradle, and The Upcycle—as well as the idea of a circular economy. They all champion smarter ways to design products, buildings and communities to use resources more sustainably, generate less waste and create positive impacts rather than just minimize negative ones. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, Decarbonization, McDonough, Scientific American | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 15. November 2016
Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong and a former EU commissioner for external affairs, is Chancellor of the University of Oxford.
NOV 13, 2016 Project Syndicate
LONDON – I have spent my whole political life somewhere called “the West.” It was not literally “west”: while its heartland was Western Europe and the United States, it also included faraway countries like Australia and Japan. Rather, it was a community that embraced shared hopes and values. Reflecting America’s global leadership after World War II, the West was protected by US hard power and shaped by US soft power. And it was the most peaceful and prosperous place in the world.
The West has long provided the foundation for the global order – probably the most successful such foundation ever created. Led by the US, the West built, shaped, and championed international institutions, cooperative arrangements, and common approaches to common problems. As it helped to sustain peace and boost prosperity in much of the world, its approaches and principles attracted millions of followers.
The election of Donald Trump as US President, however, threatens this entire system. If Trump does in office what he promised to do during his crude and mendacious campaign, he could wreck a highly sophisticated creation, one that took several decades to develop and has benefited billions of people. Those of us who, like Americans, have gained from it must fight for it while it still breathes. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, Patten, Project Syndicate, Technology, Trump, West | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 11. November 2016
Source: Technology Review
Subject: The Troubling Road for Climate and Energy Under President Trump
Threats to pull out of the Paris agreement and burn more fossil fuels are more likely than you may hope.
Donald Trump has famously claimed that the “concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese.” So what will his policies on energy and the climate look like?
He’s publicly stated that he wishes to pull out of the Paris climate agreement. He plans to cut federal climate change funding. He wants to get rid of President Obama’s Clean Power Plan. And he’s infatuated with scrapping the Environmental Protection Agency. Sadly, such regressive policy measures really could play out.
The appearance of oil executives such as Harold Hamm and Forrest Lucas on a leaked shortlist of Trump’s for the positions of Secretary of Energy and Secretary of the Interior, respectively, is hardly surprising. But it does highlight that fossil fuels will take high priority for his administration. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Climate Change, Technology Review, Trump, USA | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 19. Oktober 2016
Hans-Jörg Naumer, 18. Okt. 2016, Ökonomenstimme
Der „Club of Rome“ hat seinen neuen Report „Reinventing Prosperty“ veröffentlicht, in dem er sich gegen die Fokussierung aufs Wirtschaftswachstum ausspricht. Dieser Beitrag kritisiert die statischen Aussagen des Berichts. Wirtschaftswachstum könne auch mit Umweltschutz Hand in Hand gehen, wenn der Wettbewerb seine Rolle als Garant der effizienten Allokation knapper Güter spielt und die Preise ihre Signalfunktion ausüben können.
Ich erinnere mich noch sehr genau daran, wie wir in den 70’ern „Die Grenzen des Wachstums“ des Club of Rome diskutierten. Überbevölkerte Erde, Rohstoffknappheit, Öko-Kollaps … so ließ sich die Botschaft zusammenfassen. Ein Gefühl von „und Malthus hatte doch Recht“ kam auf.
Tatsächlich ist von Anfang der 80’er Jahre die Weltbevölkerung um über 3 Mrd. auf jetzt ca. 7,2 Mrd. Menschen angewachsen. Anders als erwartet ist aber der Anstieg von Massenarmut und Hungersnöten ausgeblieben. Im Gegenteil. Der Anteil der Weltbevölkerung, die in absoluter Armut lebt – als Maßstab dafür gilt, wer weniger als 1,90 US-Dollar pro Tag zum Leben hat – ist von 45% auf unter 15% gefallen. Die Weltbevölkerung ist gewachsen, der Anteil der Armen ist global dennoch deutlich zurückgegangen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Ökonomenstimme, Climate Change, Club of Rome, Growth, Inequality, Naumer, prosperity, Unemployment | Leave a Comment »