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Posts Tagged ‘Macron’

Italien und Frankreich: Sie wollen zerschlagen, nicht bauen

Posted by hkarner - 9. Februar 2019

Italiens Populisten provozieren Frankreich in unerhörtem Ausmaß. Das ist mehr als das übliche Getöse vor der Europawahl – und verheißt nichts Gutes für die Zukunft.

Luigi di Maio (l.) und Matteo Salvini, dargestellt in einem Bild eines italienischen Straßenkünstlers 

Frankreich hat seinen Botschafter aus Italien abgezogen – zu Besprechungen. Es ist ein dramatischer Akt des Protestes eines befreundeten und verbündeten Staates. Der unmittelbare Anlass war ein Ausflug des italienischen Vizepremiers Luigi Di Maio in die südlich von Paris gelegene Kleinstadt Montargis. Di Maio traf sich dort mit den Vertretern der französischen Gelbwesten.

Warum auch nicht, muss sich Di Maio wohl gedacht haben. Er sieht in den Gelbwesten ein Spiegelbild seiner eigenen Fünf-Sterne-Bewegung (M5S) – so wild, so ungestüm, so amorph wie sie sind. Postideologisch nennt Di Maio das.

Der Vertreter der Gelbwesten, den er gemeinsam mit einer hochrangigen M5S-Abordnung traf, war allerdings auf dem traditionellen Rechts-links-Schema recht gut einzuordnen: Der 52 Jahre alte Schmied Christophe Chalencon forderte schon mehrmals offen die Machtübernahme der Armee in Frankreich. Nicht gerade postideologisch.

Di Maio kümmerte das wenig. Er fuhr zurück nach Italien und verkündete fröhlich: „Der Wind des Wandels hat die Alpen überquert!“

„Macron ist ein fürchterlicher Präsident“ Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »


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The Center Left and Globalization

Posted by hkarner - 31. Dezember 2018

Caroline Conroy is a senior research analyst at the Brookings Institution.

After promising to reform both France and the European Union, President Emmanuel Macron is now struggling to reclaim the public’s confidence and prove that he is not the „President of the Rich.“ By pursuing a business-friendly reform agenda, Macron has fallen into a trap that center-left reformers everywhere seem incapable of avoiding.

WASHINGTON, DC – Popular uprisings across France are to shatter the hope that so many had placed in French President Emmanuel Macron after his election in May 2017. With his party, La République En Marche !, having secured an absolute parliamentary majority, Macron promised to pursue difficult reforms not just in France, but also within the European Union. But now he is facing the biggest crisis of his presidency.

Revitalization of the EU has long depended on a strong French leader capable of overhauling the country’s economy. Before the proposed fuel tax that brought the Yellow Vests into the streets last month, Macron had managed to overcome opposition to a series of labor-market reforms. Though politically difficult, the reforms were necessary to bring the budget deficit below 3% of GDP, in accordance with EU rules, and modernize France’s generous social-security system in the face of disruptive new technologies. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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If Macron Fails, Europe Fails

Posted by hkarner - 18. Dezember 2018

Date: 18-12-2018
Source: SPIEGEL A Commentary by Henrik Enderlein

Yellow Vests Protests

French President Emmanuel Macron has tried to calm protesters by raising the minimum wage, among other concessions. But if the yellow vests continue eroding his authority, it’s not just France that will suffer. And Germany is partly at fault.

The yellow vests in France are eroding President Emannuel Macron’s authority.

Famed German political sociologist Max Weber once argued that the two great drivers of revolutionary power were charisma and rationality. Charisma depends on enthusiasm, rationality on intellectualization. According to this blueprint, Emmanuel Macron would seemingly be the ideal revolutionary. He combines charisma and intellect like few others and believes in the need to change France, Europe and the world. The book about his campaign is called simply: „Révolution.“ Macron sees himself as a know-it-all in the best sense of the term, but precisely that is also his greatest weakness. Nowhere did Weber write that charisma and intellect magnify each other when combined. A glance at the trajectory of Macron’s popularity in France might lead to the assumption that the two qualities cancel each other out. Can a charismatic leader be a know-it-all? Can a know-it-all have charisma? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Frankreich: Die Mittelschicht ist erschöpft

Posted by hkarner - 16. Dezember 2018

Frankreich ist ein Meister der Umverteilung. Doch gebracht hat es in den vergangenen Jahren wenig. Die Mittelschicht leidet unter steigenden Lebenshaltungskosten.

Es ist purer Zufall und doch ein bezeichnendes Zusammentreffen, dass in diesen Dezembertagen in Frankreich zwei Themen immer wieder die Schlagzeilen bestimmen. Oft tun sie das sogar auf derselben Titelseite der Tageszeitungen oder hintereinander weg in Radio- und Fernsehnachrichten. Da ist einmal die Verhaftung und Anklage des mächtigen französischen Automanagers Carlos Ghosn in Japan, wo er jahrelang falsche Angaben zu seinem üppigen Verdienst gemacht haben soll. Und da sind zum anderen die anhaltenden Proteste der Gilets Jaunes, die in ihren leuchtend gelben Warnwesten gegen die ungerechte Verteilung der Einkommen demonstrieren.

Als hätten sie noch einer Rechtfertigung für ihren Aufruhr bedurft, deuten die Gelbwesten mit den Fingern auf wohlhabende Mitbürger wie Ghosn und würden Staatschef Emmanuel Macron am liebsten auch gleich ins Gefängnis sperren. Der von ihnen als Präsident der Reichen beschimpfte Hausherr im Elysée-Palast gibt ihrer Meinung nach denen, die ohnehin schon viel haben, und nimmt jenen, die nicht wissen, wie sie am Ende des Monats noch den Kühlschrank füllen sollen. „Macron Prison“ – Macron ins Gefängnis – reimt sich auf den Transparenten derzeit genauso gut wie „Macron Démission“ – Macron Rücktritt. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The man with the golden desk

Posted by hkarner - 15. Dezember 2018

Date: 13-12-2018
Source: The Economist

Emmanuel Macron offers protesters benefits worth €10bn
And he tries to sound contrite

Even before a terrorist opened fire at the Christmas market in Strasbourg, killing two people and injuring a dozen more, Emmanuel Macron was facing the first real crisis of his presidency. After two weekends of rioting and four weeks of protests, a pale and chastened Mr Macron addressed the nation from the Elysée palace on the eve of the attack. His brow creased, his tone contrite, the French president acknowledged his mistakes—“I know I have hurt some of you with my words”—and promised a range of fiscal measures to boost pay packets and pensions.

Mr Macron’s address to the nation, watched by a staggering 23m people (more than watched France win the football World Cup in July), was the first time he had spoken publicly since violence engulfed central Paris on December 1st, as part of the country-wide gilets jaunes (“yellow jackets”) movement. The president promised that those on the minimum wage—currently €1,499 ($1,704) a month—would receive a net extra €100 each month without any cost to employers (partly through an expanded wage subsidy). An increase in social charges on pensions for those on less than €2,000 a month will be cancelled. Overtime and end-of-year bonuses offered by employers would be free of taxes and charges. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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All the Taxes in France

Posted by hkarner - 9. Dezember 2018

Date: 08-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By The Editorial Board

Even before the fuel tax, France had the highest burden in the West.

The world knows about the misbegotten fuel tax that has triggered the riots for which Paris is again preparing on Saturday. But the political wonder is that President Emmanuel Macron would think the French needed another increase in a country that is already the most heavily taxed in the developed world. This is a deeper cause of the political crisis engulfing Mr. Macron.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released its annual Revenue Statistics report this week, and France topped the charts, with a tax take equal to 46.2% of GDP in 2017. That’s more than Denmark (46%), Sweden (44%) and Germany (37.5%), and far more than the OECD average (34.2%) or the U.S. (27.1%, which includes all levels of government).

France doesn’t collect that revenue in the ways you might think. Despite the stereotype of heavy European income taxes on the rich, Paris relies disproportionately on social-insurance, payroll and property taxes. Social taxes account for 37% of French revenue; the OECD average is 26%. Payroll and property taxes contribute 3% and 9%, compared to the OECD averages of 1% and 6%. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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French government reconsiders wealth tax as protests intensify

Posted by hkarner - 6. Dezember 2018

Solidarity tax on wealth may be reimposed amid widening gilets jaunes movement

Emmanuel Macron. The gilets jaunes movement has grown to encompass wider anger against his government. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

The French government will consider reintroducing taxes on the most wealthy in what is seen as a further measure to appease the gilets jaunes protesters threatening to destabilise Emmanuel Macron’s presidency.

Lifting part of the impôt de solidarité sur la fortune (ISF, solidarity tax on wealth) was a pillar of Macron’s election campaign and one of the first fiscal measures he implemented on taking power in May 2017, leading to his nickname “president of the rich”.

On Wednesday, as gilets jaunes (yellow vests) vowed to continue protests that have seen parts of Paris in flames and violent clashes with police, the government’s spokesman Benjamin Griveaux admitted ISF could be reimposed.

Reintroducing the wealth tax has been one of the demands of parts of the gilets jaunes movement that grew out of anger at rising taxes on petrol and diesel. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why and how Emmanuel Macron seeks to lead Europe

Posted by hkarner - 17. November 2018

Date: 15-11-2018
Source: The Economist

The president’s ambitions are huge but necessary. Achieving them will be hard

Alongside dozens of their peers, today’s leaders of France and Germany—Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel—walked in moving spectacle to the Arc de Triomphe on November 11th, a century after their countries’ murderous guns fell silent. “Will this be the resounding symbol of a lasting peace between nations?” asked Mr Macron of the assembled potentates, including Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin; or “a last moment of unity before the world darkens into a new disorder?”

Mr Macron’s grave words frame what is set to become a polarising debate in Europe over the coming months: between the defenders of the liberal order and post-war institutions, and the rising forces of nationalism. Ahead of elections next May to the European Parliament, the French president has boldly (some might say hubristically) cast himself as the guardian of the continent’s democratic values, and loses no opportunity to underscore what is at stake. “Old demons are rising again, ready to complete their task of chaos,” he declared, to a scowling Mr Trump and a poker-faced Mr Putin in Paris. Mr Macron does a fine job of laying out the battle of values confronting Europe. Yet if the French president is to do anything about it, he needs two things: first, a solid centrist political base at the European level, like the one he forged last year in France with En Marche. Then, he needs to win support for his European reform agenda from other countries, especially Germany. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Partei von Marine Le Pen überholt Frankreichs Präsident Macron

Posted by hkarner - 4. November 2018

Stand: 10:42 Uhr, welt.de, 4/11

Die Stimmung in Frankreich schlägt um: Ein halbes Jahr vor der Europawahl hat die rechte Partei von Marine Le Pen die En-Marche-Bewegung von Präsident Emmanuel Macron in der Wählergunst überholt.

Quelle: WELT / Christoph Hipp

Eine Umfrage zur Europawahl in Frankreich sieht die Partei der Rechtspopulistin Le Pen vor der von Präsident Macron.
  • Bei der Präsidentenwahl konnte sich Emmanuel Macron noch gegen Marine Le Pen durchsetzen.
  • Für den rechten Block aus vier Parteien in Frankreich würden der Umfrage zufolge 30 Prozent der Befragten stimmen.
In Frankreich hat die rechtspopulistische Partei von Marine Le Pen, Rassemblement National (RN), in einer Umfrage zur Europawahl im nächsten Jahr die Partei des amtierenden Präsidenten Emmanuel Macron überholt. Macrons LREM kam demnach in der Befragung nur noch auf 19 Prozent der Stimmen und verlor gegenüber der letzten Umfrage einen Punkt. 21 Prozent der französischen Wähler gaben an, sie würden bei der Europawahl RN wählen.

Damit legte die Partei von Le Pen gegenüber der letzten Umfrage deutlich um vier Prozentpunkte zu. Zusammen mit den Parteien von Nicolas Dupont-Aignan sowie zwei „Frexit“-Parteien von ehemaligen politischen Weggefährten von Le Pen kommen rechte Parteien insgesamt auf 30 Prozent der Stimmen in der Befragung, berichtet die Nachrichtenagentur Reuters.

Die konservative Partei Les Républicains von Laurent Wauquiez kommt hingegen nur noch auf 13 Prozent, die linke Partei Insoumise, die von Jean-Luc Mélenchon geführt wird, sackte von 14 auf nur noch elf Prozent ab.

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Emmanuel Macron’s deepening problems

Posted by hkarner - 21. Oktober 2018

Date: 18-10-2018
Source: The Economist

They are more of style than substance, but still matter

For a politician with a passion for theatre, Emmanuel Macron has a poor mastery of suspense. On October 2nd he lost his interior minister, Gérard Collomb, who had complained about the French president’s “lack of humility”. It took him two weeks to find a replacement, and the longer the wait went on, the more it fuelled conjecture. Was the president too enfeebled to attract good candidates? Was his young party’s talent pool that shallow? Might even the prime minister, Edouard Philippe, be having second thoughts? On October 16th, when Mr Macron finally unveiled his new team, it was a mix of unknowns and loyalists that scarcely made a splash.

If Mr Macron was hoping to reboot his presidency with a headline-grabbing line-up, this was not it. The solid but discreet Mr Philippe remains in his job, as does Bruno Le Maire, the finance minister. Into the interior ministry steps Christophe Castaner, the outgoing head of La République en Marche (lrem), the party Mr Macron founded just two years ago. A former Socialist, he brings political balance to a government led by an ex-Republican, Mr Philippe. A one-time mayor from south-east France, who never attended elite Parisian schools, the burly Mr Castaner is also a useful counterpoint to Mr Macron, a former investment banker and graduate of the high-flying Ecole Nationale d’Administration. No specialist in security, Mr Castaner is backed by a new junior minister, Laurent Nuñez, the outgoing head of the domestic intelligence service. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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