Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Trade war’

Trump’s Backward March on Trade

Posted by hkarner - 21. Januar 2020

Anne O. Krueger, a former World Bank chief economist and former first deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund, is Senior Research Professor of International Economics at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and Senior Fellow at the Center for International Development, Stanford University.

After three years of the Trump administration, the economic costs of „America First“ are continuing to mount, with global trade and GDP growth slowing and investment in decline. Ironically, the biggest loser has been America.

WASHINGTON, DC – Following America’s disastrous 1930 Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, the subsequent international trade war, and eventually World War II, the United States went on to lead the world toward a more open multilateral trading system. In 1947, the international community adopted the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which would later become the World Trade Organization. Under this international body, trade was bound to the rule of law and the principle of non-discrimination among trading partners.

The system has been a huge success. Over the past seven decades, world trade has grown almost twice as fast as real output. And owing to US leadership, there have been ongoing multilateral negotiations to lower tariffs, remove other barriers (such as quantitative import restrictions), and facilitate trade expansion.But in 2017, US President Donald Trump’s new administration abandoned America’s longstanding commitment to the open multilateral trading system, opting instead for a power-based approach to international economic relations. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China Survived the Trade War in Good Shape

Posted by hkarner - 20. Januar 2020

Date: 19‑01‑2020

Source: The Wall Street Journal

China’s economy is starting 2020 on a much stronger footing than a year ago, but faces risks from a slowing housing market

A lantern workshop gears up ahead of Lunar New Year celebrations in China, where the economy is off to a good start in 2020.

What a difference a year makes. As 2019 dawned, the Chinese economy, battered

by a credit crunch at home and trade tensions abroad, looked its shakiest since late 2015. A year later, China has fought the U.S. to a draw on the trade war, exporters’ profits are rebounding, and the labor market is stabilizing.

If 2019 proved anything, it is that U.S. pressure alone—without the help of allies—can’t completely derail China’s economy. China’s export sector was already recovering before Wednesday’s trade truce, thanks to an uptick in the global electronics industry. The real impediments to growth lie within: in a rickety financial sector and statist leadership which remains wary of market‑oriented reforms. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The superpower split

Posted by hkarner - 4. Januar 2020

Date: 02‑01‑2020

Source: The Economist

Don’t be fooled by the trade deal between America and China

The planet’s biggest break‑up is under way

On january 15th, after three years of a bitter trade war, America and China are due to sign a “phase one” deal that trims tariffs and obliges China to buy more from American farmers. Don’t be fooled. This modest accord cannot disguise how the world’s most important relationship is at its most perilous juncture since before Richard Nixon and Mao Zedong re‑established links five decades ago. The threat to the West from China’s high‑tech authoritarianism has become all too clear. Everything from its pioneering artificial‑intelligence firms to its gulags in Xinjiang spread alarm across the world.

Just as visible is America’s incoherent response, which veers between demanding that the Chinese government buy Iowan soyabeans and insisting it must abandon its state‑led economic model. The two sides used to think they could both thrive; today each has vision of success in which the other lot falls behind. A partial dismantling of their bonds is under way. In the 2020s the world will discover just how far this decoupling will go, how much it will cost and whether, as it confronts China, America will be tempted to compromise its own values. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trump Will Make China Great Again

Posted by hkarner - 23. Dezember 2019

Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business and Chairman of Roubini Macro Associates, was Senior Economist for International Affairs in the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration. He has worked for the International Monetary Fund, the US Federal Reserve, and the World Bank. His website is NourielRoubini.com.

Despite the latest Sino-American „skinny deal“ to ease tensions over trade, technology, and other issues, it is now clear that the world’s two largest economies have entered a new era of sustained competition. How the relationship will evolve depends greatly on America’s political leadership – which does not bode well.

NEW YORK – Financial markets were cheered recently by the news that the United States and China have reached a “phase one” deal to prevent further escalation of their bilateral trade war. But there is actually very little to cheer about. In exchange for China’s tentative commitment to buy more US agricultural (and some other) goods, and modest concessions on intellectual-property rights and the renminbi, the US agreed to withhold tariffs on another $160 billion worth of Chinese exports, and to roll back some of the tariffs introduced on September 1.

Despite the latest Sino-American „skinny deal“ to ease tensions over trade, technology, and other issues, it is now clear that the world’s two largest economies have entered a new era of sustained competition. How the relationship will evolve depends greatly on America’s political leadership – which does not bode well. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why the US‑China Trade War Could Re‑escalate

Posted by hkarner - 22. Dezember 2019

Date: 21‑12‑2019

Source: Project Syndicate by Anne O. Krueger

Anne O. Krueger, a former World Bank chief economist and former first deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund, is Senior Research Professor of International Economics at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and Senior Fellow at the Center for International Development, Stanford University. 

The „phase one“ trade deal between the United States and China addresses only some of the US government’s concerns, and its remaining demands will be much harder to resolve. But while both America and China have an interest in the success of the open multilateral global trading system, current US policy is undermining that goal.

WASHINGTON, DC – After nearly 18 months of tit‑for‑tat tariff increases, the United States and China have reached a “phase one” agreement to start de‑escalating their trade war. As part of the deal, US President Donald Trump canceled further tariff increases on Chinese goods that had been scheduled to take effect on December 15, and halved a 15% tariff on $120 billion worth of imports from China. As for China, it shelved its planned retaliatory measures and committed to import some $50 billion worth of US agricultural products in each of the next two years. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Trade War Won’t Be Won or Lost by President Trump

Posted by hkarner - 27. November 2019

Date: 26-11-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

China was losing global export market share before the trade war

It is difficult for one country—even one as central to the global economy as the U.S.—to reorder global trade on its own.

China-U.S. tensions may not matter for global trade as much as investors seem to think.

Talk of a Sino-American trade war has dominated newspaper headlines, market reports and corporate boardroom discussions for the past 18 months. But, in some ways, what the escalating tariffs have shown most clearly is how difficult it is for one country—even one as central to the global economy as the U.S.—to reorder global trade on its own. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Siren Song of Strategic Autonomy

Posted by hkarner - 9. November 2019

Daniel Gros is Director of the Centre for European Policy Studies.

A recent report by the European Commission’s in-house think tank has called for Europe to aim for more “strategic autonomy.” But what may seem like an innocuous goal could easily take an economic-nationalist turn, with serious implications for world trade and the global economy.

BRUSSELS – For over a year, US President Donald Trump’s protectionist war against China – and his broader use of import tariffs to advance geopolitical objectives – has been fueling anxiety about the future of world trade. But tariffs are only the tip of the iceberg of economic nationalism. If the world doesn’t navigate carefully, hidden hazards could sink the global trading system.

The United States has not found any followers in its aggressive use of tariffs. In developing countries, there is little pressure to implement similar measures, because so many firms manufacture globally, and even those that do not depend on global supply chains. And in developed economies, major sectors that struggled to cope with import competition in the past – such as the clothing and steel industries – have by now mostly adjusted, and no longer play an important role. This explains why US business leaders largely opposed Trump’s tariffs. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Chinese Chess Game

Posted by hkarner - 3. November 2019

The same is true in business, international relations… or even a chess game. Great ideas don’t always work out as expected. Then what?

In last week’s letter, we discussed some serious flaws in the decision to bring China into the world trade system. People across the spectrum mostly see this now; although they differ on what to do about it.

When the US and ultimately the rest of the Western world began to engage China, resulting in China finally being allowed into the World Trade Organization in the early 2000s, no one really expected the outcomes we see today. There is no simple disengagement path, given the scope of economic and legal entanglements. This isn’t a “trade” we can simply walk away from. But it is also one that, if allowed to continue in its current form, could lead to a loss of personal freedom for Western civilization. It really is that much of an existential question. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Allure and Limits of Monetized Fiscal Deficits

Posted by hkarner - 30. Oktober 2019

Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business and CEO of Roubini Macro Associates, was Senior Economist for International Affairs in the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration. He has worked for the International Monetary Fund, the US Federal Reserve, and the World Bank.

With the global economy experiencing a synchronized slowdown, any number of tail risks could bring on an outright recession. When that happens, policymakers will almost certainly pursue some form of central-bank-financed stimulus, regardless of whether the situation calls for it.

NEW YORK – A cloud of gloom hovered over the International Monetary Fund’s annual meeting this month. With the global economy experiencing a synchronized slowdown, any number of tail risks could bring on an outright recession. Among other things, investors and economic policymakers a renewed escalation in the Sino-American trade and technology war. A military conflict between the United States and Iran would be felt globally. The same could be true of “hard” Brexit by the United Kingdom or a collision between the IMF and Argentina’s incoming Peronist government. 

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Handelskrieg nur Auslöser: Ursache der Rezession ist verfehlte Geldpolitik der Notenbanken

Posted by hkarner - 29. Oktober 2019

Dank an J.G.

DWN, 25/10

Trumps Handelskrieg ist nur der Auslöser der sich anbahnen-den Rezession. Doch die Ursachen liegen tiefer: In der verfehlten Geldpolitik der großen Notenbanken.

Trumps Handelskrieg hat eine globale Wachstumsverlangsamung mit Rezessionsgefahr ausgelöst. Doch die Ursachen der aktuellen Wirtschaftsverlangsamung gehen tiefer. Man kann nicht alles der Trump-Administration oder – innerhalb Europas – dem Brexit anlasten. Es ist viel-mehr die gesamte Politik der letzten Dekaden, welche ein inkohärentes, un-sicheres Gebäude der Weltwirtschaft errichtet hat.

Ein wichtiger Punkt ist die schlechte Qualität des konjunkturellen Aufschwungs seit der Grossen Finanzkrise, eigentlich sogar schon seit der Jahrtausendwende. Die Durchsetzung des sogenannten Freihandels mit China (WTO-Beitritt Dezember 2011) und die Integration der osteuropäi-schen Länder in die Europäische Union waren zunächst primär eine Arbitrage-Gelegenheit vor allem für westliche Großunternehmen und Multinationale, um Löhne, Steuern, Sozialleistungen und Umweltkosten zu sparen beziehungsweise zu drücken. Der Freihandel erfolgte nur in eine Richtung: China schottete seinen Binnenmarkt weiterhin sorgsam ab, wo die Führung dies wollte: Über prohibitive Zölle, und über den Zwang zu joint ventures für ausländische, in China produzierende Unternehmen. Profitiert haben neben diesen Konzernen zum einen China und dessen Zulieferer-Staaten in Asien, zum anderen die Länder Osteuropas. In den Vereinigten Staaten und in Westeuropa ist die Industrie stark geschrumpft – Ausnahme das Auto- und Maschinenbauerland Deutschland sowie einige kleine Länder mit ähnlichen Eigenschaften. Ein wesentlicher Grund ist auch, dass in den USA und in Europa seit Jahrzehnten zu wenig, teilweise viel zu wenig, in die Infrastruktur investiert wird. Kein Wunder ist das Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten beiden Dekaden in vielen Industrieländern von einer schwachen Investitionstätigkeit begleitet, nota-bene trotz der nominell und real niedrigsten Zinsen seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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