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Posts Tagged ‘social media’

Trump Slams Social-Media Companies for ‘Censorship’ of the Right

Posted by hkarner - 20. August 2018

Date: 19-08-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

President alleges bias against conservative voices on popular platforms

President Trump on Saturday threatened action against social-media companies, saying they were suspending accounts in a manner that was “totally discriminating” against conservatives.

Tweeting from his golf resort in Bedminster, N.J., Mr. Trump said unnamed social-media companies were “closing down the opinions of many people on the RIGHT, while at the same time doing nothing to others.”

“Speaking loudly and clearly for the Trump Administration, we won’t let that happen,” Mr. Trump said. “Censorship is a very dangerous thing & absolutely impossible to police,” he continued. “Let everybody participate, good & bad, and we will all just have to figure it out!”

Social-media companies have faced criticism over bullying as well as false and abusive content on their platforms. Their efforts to rein in such content have also drawn fire, however, as critics say the services are censoring unpopular opinions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Democracy Ends by David Runciman review – what Trump and Corbyn have in common

Posted by hkarner - 25. Juni 2018

Date: 24-06-2018
Source: The Guardian

A wonderful, contrarian book captures Twitter-era politics and the danger of allowing democracy to be eroded from within

After Greece’s 2015 referendum, ‘some have argued the government caved in the face of what amounted to a silent coup’.

“Democracy dies in darkness” runs the slogan on the Washington Post masthead, but if democracy really is dying around us, its demise has never been so loudly heralded nor so brightly lit. Even before Donald Trump’s emergence as a presidential candidate, it was clear that the global trend away from authoritarian regimes to democratic ones had slowed down; his rise was accompanied by a barrage of authors’ warnings that we are heading back into the 1930s. Never have the last days of Weimar seemed so worthy of study. Historians have developed a nice sideline in self-help manuals for a life of underground resistance to tyranny.

David Runciman’s bracingly intelligent new book is both a contribution to this debate and a refutation of it. How Democracy Ends shares the widespread sense that representative democracy is not doing well, but argues powerfully against screaming fascism at every turn. History, as Runciman states at the outset, does not repeat itself. The challenge he sets himself is to use the past to see what has happened to democracy today, in particular to diagnose its ailments, without assuming that the only alternative is the one imprinted on our collective memory.

The most successful democratic politicians are the ones who try to turn parties into social movements Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Facebook and the Future of Online Privacy

Posted by hkarner - 13. April 2018

Jeffrey D. Sachs, Professor of Sustainable Development and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University, is Director of Columbia’s Center for Sustainable Development and of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. His books include The End of Poverty, Common Wealth, The Age of Sustainable Development, and, most recently, Building the New American Economy.

The EU has taken the lead in responding to abuse by the likes of Facebook, thanks to its new privacy standards and proposed greater taxation of peddlers of online personal data. Yet more is needed and feasible.

NEW YORK – Chris Hughes, a co-founder of Facebook, recently noted that the public scrutiny of Facebook is “very much overdue,” declaring that “it’s shocking to me that they didn’t have to answer more of these questions earlier on.” Leaders in the information technology sector, especially in Europe, have been warning of the abuses by Facebook (and other portals) for years. Their insights and practical recommendations are especially urgent now.

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s testimony before the US Senate did little to shore up public confidence in a company that traffics in its users’ personal data. The most telling moment of testimony came when Illinois Senator Richard Durbin asked whether Zuckerberg would be comfortable sharing the name of his hotel and the people he had messaged that week, exactly the kind of data tracked and used by Facebook. Zuckerberg replied that he would not be comfortable providing the information. “I think that may be what this is all about,” Durbin said. “Your right to privacy.“ Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How IT Threatens Democracy

Posted by hkarner - 19. Februar 2018

Kofi A. Annan

Kofi A. Annan, a former secretary-general of the United Nations and Nobel Peace laureate, is Chair of the Kofi Annan Foundation, which mobilizes political will to overcome threats to peace, development, and human rights. He is also Chair of the Elders and of the Africa Progress Panel.

Social media could be just the start of a slippery slope leading to an Orwellian world controlled by Big Data Brother, accelerated by convergence with the sensors in our devices and rapid advances in artificial intelligence. Some authoritarian regimes are already marshaling these developments to exercise control on an unprecedented scale.

MUNICH – The Internet and social media were once hailed for creating new opportunities to spread democracy and freedom. And Twitter, Facebook, and other social media did indeed play a key role in popular uprisings in Iran in 2009, in the Arab world in 2011, and in Ukraine in 2013-2014. Back then, the tweet did at times seem mightier than the sword.

But authoritarian regimes soon began cracking down on Internet freedom. They feared the brave new digital world, because it was beyond the reach of their analogue security establishments. Their fears proved unfounded. In the event, most social media-enabled popular uprisings failed for want of effective leadership, and traditional political and military organizations retained the upper hand. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Anthropology of Social Media

Posted by hkarner - 17. Februar 2018

Date: 16-02-2018
Source: Scientific American

We often hear broad claims about the impact of Facebook and Twitter on our lives—but that impact can be radically different depending on what sort of community you live in

The term digital anthropology sounds like a contradiction in terms. What could a discipline that typically depends upon months of patient, qualitative observation, and which was devised for the study of small scale societies, contribute to understanding the extraordinary dynamism of our digital lives?

The answer is that we often hear general claims about the impact of social media—that we have lost our capacity for real friendship or that our brains are shrinking. An anthropologist will respond: “but are these claims equally true about American college students and Indian farmers and Chilean copper miners?”

I recently published a book called The Comfort of People, based on research I conducted with the patients of a hospice in England, many of whom had had received a terminal diagnosis, most commonly because of cancer. The intention was to advise the hospice about how it could best employ new media. Communication technologies are especially important in this case, because almost all care is administered within patients’ own homes, rather than within the hospice itself. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Social Media Threat to Society and Security

Posted by hkarner - 15. Februar 2018

George Soros

George Soros is Chairman of Soros Fund Management and Chairman of the Open Society Foundations. A pioneer of the hedge-fund industry, he is the author of many books, including The Alchemy of Finance, The New Paradigm for Financial Markets: The Credit Crisis of 2008 and What it Means, and The Tragedy of the European Union.

It takes significant effort to assert and defend what John Stuart Mill called the freedom of mind. And there is a real chance that, once lost, those who grow up in the digital age – in which the power to command and shape people’s attention is increasingly concentrated in the hands of a few companies – will have difficulty regaining it.

MUNICH – The current moment in world history is a painful one. Open societies are in crisis, and various forms of dictatorships and mafia states, exemplified by Vladimir Putin’s Russia, are on the rise. In the United States, President Donald Trump would like to establish his own mafia-style state but cannot, because the Constitution, other institutions, and a vibrant civil society won’t allow it. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Toxic feelings of inadequacy are on the rise, fueled by social media, but there are ways to stay sane

Posted by hkarner - 28. Januar 2018

Date: 27-01-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Subject: How to Resist Our Age of Resentment

It’s the rare, hyper-evolved bird among us—a Buddhist bird, probably—who can wander the halls of social media without feeling the slightest twinge of resentment. There’s the couples’ trip to Paris that you weren’t invited to (even though you introduced them all!). The scholarship your child didn’t win (but he’s so precocious!). The big promotion you didn’t land…and that went to your less talented colleague. Things that could have, should have, been yours.

Resentment is a feeling of indignation in reaction to a real or perceived slight, a sense of insult or inadequacy caused by the actions, comments or simple existence of someone or something else. It’s the feeling that you’re not getting your fair share, while someone else is getting more than theirs.

Resentment has its benefits. A 2017 study published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology, with more than 2,300 subjects from around the world, found that short-term resentment may help to boost self-esteem, by allowing us to blame others for our problems. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Social Media’s Junkies and Dealers

Posted by hkarner - 26. Januar 2018

Roger McNamee

Roger McNamee is a co-founder of Elevation Partners and an early investor in Facebook, Google, and Amazon.

At the World Economic Forum in Davos, the threat from Internet platform monopolies should be a top concern for attendees. For the sake of restoring balance to our lives and hope to our politics, it is time to disrupt the disrupters.

NEW YORK – We were warned. The venture capitalist and Netscape founder Marc Andreessen wrote a widely read essay in 2011 entitled,Why Software Is Eating the World.” But we didn’t take Andreessen seriously; we thought it was only a metaphor. Now we face the challenge of extracting the world from the jaws of Internet platform monopolies.

I used to be a technology optimist. During a 35-year career investing in the best and brightest of Silicon Valley, I was lucky enough to be part of the personal computer, mobile communications, Internet, and social networking industries. Among the highlights of my career were early investments in Google and Amazon, and being a mentor to Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg from 2006 to 2010. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Return of the Newspaper

Posted by hkarner - 4. Januar 2018

Bajinder Pal Singh

Bajinder Pal Singh is Director of Media and Communications at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in Thailand.

Donald Trump’s victory in the 2016 US presidential election did not usher in a new era of social media, or spell the demise of the traditional press. In the past year, newspapers staged a remarkable recovery by doing what they do best: reporting thoroughly and accurately on the most important stories of the day.

BANGKOK – Social media are no longer the new kid on the block, but in 2016, platforms like Twitter and Facebook looked poised to nudge traditional newspapers into obsolescence. Following President Donald Trump’s victory in the United States, it seemed that the mainstream media had not only lost the plot, but had also lost their relevance.

Trump led the multi-pronged attack on traditional news media, and newspapers in particular. But many members of the press were also quick to declare that their own character limit had been reached. Accused of being elitist and out of sync with readers, newspapers’ reactions ranged from self-flagellation to repentance for the election result. Flummoxed by the clobbering from all sides, pundits who could not get the Trump election right prophesied that declining sales, falling readership, and flagging credibility heralded the demise of the newspaper, as we have known it.

But more than one year later, it is clear that Trump’s victory did not mean any such thing. On the contrary, his ascendancy has made the newspaper business more relevant than ever. The most remarkable media story of 2017 may have been how Trump inadvertently made newspapers great again. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Soziale Netzwerke: Facebook zerstört die Demokratie

Posted by hkarner - 26. Dezember 2017

Date: 26-12-2017
Source: DIE ZEIT Interview: John F. Jungclaussen

NIALL FERGUSON
Der Historiker Niall Ferguson lehrte in Harvard und ist nun Senior Fellow der Hoover Institution an der Stanford University. In seinem neuen Buch The Square and the Tower analysiert er die Geschichte sozialer Netzwerke

Die ungebrochene Macht sozialer Netzwerke ist gefährlich, sagt Niall Ferguson. Der renommierte Historiker sieht nur einen Ausweg.

Soziale Netzwerke: Der öffentliche Raum ein gigantischer Anzeigenmarkt ?

DIE ZEIT: Professor Ferguson, alle Welt redet von Netzwerken, Sie auch. Warum eigentlich?

Niall Ferguson: Wenn wir von Netzwerken reden, erliegen wir leicht einer Art technologischem Determinismus, weil wir glauben, dass mit dem Internet etwas ganz Einmaliges entstanden ist. In Wahrheit gibt es soziale Netzwerke natürlich seit Menschengedenken. Nehmen Sie nur das Christentum oder den Islam, das sind riesige Netzwerke. Da sind Ideen „viral gegangen“, wie man heute sagt, und haben sich ohne jegliche Technologie über riesige Distanzen verbreitet. Neu ist heute nur, dass unsere Netzwerke viel größer und schneller sind als je zuvor. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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