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Posts Tagged ‘Rosling’

Final Words

Posted by hkarner - 24. Dezember 2018

Hans Rosling. Factfulness. The renowned Swedish professor, researcher and optimist was diagnosed incurable pancreatic cancer in February 2016. He immediately cancelled all his speaking appointments to complete this gorgeous book. He died on February 7, 2017

„I have found fighting ignorance and spreading a fact-based worldview to be a frustrating but ultimately inspiring and joyful way to spend my life. I have found it useful and meaningful to learn about the world as it really is. I have found it deeply rewarding to try to spread that knowledge to other people. And I have found it so exciting to finally start to understand why spreading that knowledge and changing people’s worldviews have been so damn hard.

Could everyone have a fact-based worldview one day? Big change is always difficult to imagine. But it is definitely possible, and I think it will happen, for two simple reasons. First: a fact-based worldview is more useful for navigating life. Second, and probably more important: a fact-based worldview is more comfortable. It creates less stress and hopelessness than the dramatic worldview, simply because the dramatic one is so negative and terrifying.

When we have a fact-based worldview, we can see that the world is not as bad as it seems – and we cann see what we have to do to keep mking it better.“

In this sense we wish our readers a merry Christmas, joy, peace and wisdom  and a prosperous New Year!

 

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Doomsday Delusions: The Case for Optimism in a Pessimistic Age

Posted by hkarner - 28. Oktober 2018

Date: 27-10-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Steven Radelet

Anyone glancing at a newspaper these days finds a litany of woes: war, crime, disease, terrorism, and environmental disasters, all sandwiched between predictions of the coming collapse of market capitalism and liberal democracy. U.S. politicians on both the right, such as President Donald Trump, and the left, such as Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, warn that the United States and the world are sliding toward calamity. Pessimism rules the day.

The world does indeed face challenges. Yet by almost any measure, life for most people has been getting better in almost every way. Levels of war and conflict are near historic lows. People are living longer and healthier lives and are better educated than ever before. Incomes for most families are higher than at any time in history. One billion people around the world have been lifted out of extreme poverty in the last two decades, and although income inequality has worsened within many Western countries, across the globe, income is more equal than it has been in centuries. Far fewer people than ever go hungry, and the world now grows more food than it needs. Women have more opportunities, democracy has expanded, and basic human rights are more widely respected than ever before. Electricity, automobiles, the Internet, modern medicines, and simple conveniences have made most people’s lives far easier than their great-grandparents could have imagined. And after centuries of being largely confined to the West, since the 1980s, such benefits have spread across the world—not just to China and India but also to Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Peru, South Africa, South Korea, and dozens of other countries. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The African youth boom: what’s worrying Bill Gates

Posted by hkarner - 19. September 2018

Date: 18-09-2018
Source: The Guardian

The philanthropist warns that stability in Africa makes a huge difference to the world, and that investing in the health and education of its young people is vital

What worries Bill Gates most? The booming population of Africa looms over his foundation’s latest global survey. By the end of this century there will be 4 billion more people on Earth – and 3 billion of these extra souls will be born in Africa. The challenge, he says, is that “Africa must almost quadruple its agricultural productivity to feed itself. That’s very daunting.”

The philanthropist is torn between sending out a message of hope and a message of fear when I meet him at his foundation’s spacious campus in the heart of his hometown, Seattle.

He is reaching for what works best to revive the west’s faltering conscience in the face of “America first” nationalism and rising pull-up-the-drawbridge populism in Europe. The spirit of generosity is under assault as government aid budgets come under constant sniper fire from right-wing politicians and their media.

Half of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation spending goes to Africa. The funds put into the foundation by themselves and fellow philanthropist Warren Buffett now amount to more than than $50bn (£38bn). Until last year Gates, the Microsoft founder, was the world’s richest man. He has now been overtaken by Amazon’s Jeff Bezos.

Gates’ first instinct is optimism. Just consider the astonishing story of how far and how fast people have been brought out of abject poverty in a very short time. Since 2000, a billion people have been taken well over the line of $1.90-a-day wretchedness (£1.45), with the same uplift among those previously living on $3.20 a day.

The foundation’s report bursts with remarkable data – too few people know about the galloping progress of humankind. Take India, where only 18 years ago almost one in five children were not enrolled in primary school – now, 97% attend classes. Look at the indicators on the report’s global scorecard for the UN’s sustainable development goals for 2030, and most things are improving almost everywhere. But there is a marked variation in the future trajectory: progress depends on the level of future investment. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The “Next Eleven” and the World Economy

Posted by hkarner - 20. April 2018

Jim O’Neill, a former chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management and former Commercial Secretary to the UK Treasury, is Honorary Professor of Economics at Manchester University and former Chairman of the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance.

While China and India continue to drive the global economy, they are joined by a number of other high-population, high-potential countries, particularly in Asia. It is becoming increasingly clear that future growth will be based not just on one powerhouse country, but on region-wide gains in prosperity.

LONDON – On a recent holiday in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, I couldn’t resist thinking about these countries’ economic potential and ongoing policy challenges. After all, in 2005, my Goldman Sachs colleagues and I had listed Vietnam as one of the Next Eleven (N-11) – all countries with the potential to become important economies during this century.

Vietnam reported that its real (inflation-adjusted) GDP growth was 7.4% in the latest quarter, outpacing China. And, according to the World Bank’s forecast, Vietnam, along with Cambodia and Laos, is on track to maintain a similar level of growth for the year. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Vermessung der Welt jenseits von Google

Posted by hkarner - 18. November 2017

 Unsere Vorstellung von der Welt ist von künstlicher Intelligenz, Algorithmen und Suchmaschinen mitgeprägt, eine schwedische Stiftung will sie ein bisschen korrigieren

Regina Bruckner, 18. November 2017, 16:00 derstandard.at

Anna Rosling Rönnlund hat eine Mission: „Leuten mit Geld die Augen zu öffnen.“ Die Schwedin ist Fotografin, Bilder sind für sie demnach ein probates Mittel, um die Welt verständlicher zu machen. „Die Menschen müssen verstehen, wie sie wirklich aussieht“, sagt sie. Rosling Rönnlund hat ein Team von Fotografen losgeschickt, die 168 Familien in 37 Ländern der Welt besuchten. Einen Tag haben sie dort verbracht, um festzuhalten, was sie sahen: Toiletten, Zahnbürsten, Spielzeug, Geschirrspüler, Abwasch, es sind immer die gleichen Motive, die eingefangen wurden.

Immer eng mit dem Alltag der Menschen verbunden. In China, in Vietnam, in Rumänien, in Burundi, in Nepal, in Schweden, in den USA, quer durch alle Kontinente führten die Reisen. Österreich ist noch nicht Teil des Projekts namens Dollar Street. Viele andere der 193 Staaten weltweit auch nicht. Ins Blaue fahren die Fotografen nicht, sagt Rosling Rönnlund. Die Auswahl folgt einem präzisen Plan – dem Haushaltseinkommen, das von 27 US-Dollar monatlich in Burundi über 480 US-Dollar in Lettland bis zu 4883 US-Dollar in Schweden reicht. Auch das Stadt-Land-Gefälle soll abgebildet werden.

Die Fotos sollen zeigen, wie Einkommen rund um den Globus das tägliche Leben bestimmen. Die Fragestellung ist einfach: Wenn zwei Familien dasselbe Haushaltseinkommen haben, wie unterschiedlich gestaltet sich ihr Leben, wenn sie auf der Gegenseite des Globus, aber auch wenn sie innerhalb eines Landes leben? Wie unterscheidet sich ihr Schlafengehen oder ihr Essen, wenn sie in China leben oder in Nigeria?

Jedes Foto wird quasi etikettiert und dann seinem eigentlichen Zweck zugeführt. Eingespeist in eine Datenbank, sollen sie selbst zu Daten werden, um Puzzlestein für Puzzlestein das Bild der Welt zu vervollständigen, thematisch sortiert und grafisch auf der „Dollar Street“ entlang des monatlichen Durchschnittseinkommens angeordnet. Die Frage lautet freilich: Warum macht sich die Fotografin die ganze Mühe? Ist die Welt nicht ausreichend statistisch vermessen?

Bei den gängigen Suchmaschinen sieht die Bilderwelt bei zahlreichen Suchanfragen den Produktwelten in westlichen Hochglanzmagazinen ziemlich ähnlich. Man will die Wünsche der Nutzer antizipieren. Diese nehmen soviel Komfort dankbar an.

Die Idee habe sie schon als Studentin gehabt, sagt Rosling Rönnlund: „Viele Grafiken, die Einkommensunterschiede darstellen sollten, haben mir nicht viel gesagt. So ging es vielen anderen in meinem Umkreis auch.“ Da kam ihr die Idee mit den Fotos. Lange lag sie auf Eis, denn Anna Rosling Rönnlund hat mit ihrem Mann Ola Rosling seither viel anderes bewegt. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Hans Rosling, population prophet: Five final thoughts

Posted by hkarner - 16. März 2017

By Ruth Alexander and Ben Carter

  • 16 March 2017
  • From the section World

Co-founder of Gapminder.org, which continues his work, he was enthusiastically trying to change old-fashioned notions of the world even as his illness took hold.

In his final BBC interview – for the BBC World Service series Economic Tectonics – the statistician highlighted five key ways that demographics are shaping the world around us.


Why bedrooms are driving economies

Why do I as a professor from public health speaking about health and demography get invited to Goldman Sachs [and] all these big banks around the world?

Because I tell them I can see on my screen when economic growth comes, before you can see it.

In the past, economic growth was driving demographics, and now it’s the other way around.

First, I see decent life coming and I see children born-per-woman drop.

I see the two-child family, and I see the economic growth starting in Vietnam, in Thailand… not only in China. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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‚The biggest change of our time‘ is happening right now in Africa

Posted by hkarner - 19. August 2015

Date: 19-08-2015
Source: Tech Insider

Hans Rosling is the LeBron James of statisticians — his TED Talk on human populations has nearly 10 million views.

Early on Sunday morning, he made a call about how the world is changing.

„The biggest change of our time?“ he tweeted. „Africa’s increase from 1 to 4 billion people!“

The data comes from the recent United Nation’s report, „World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, Key Findings and Advance Tables.“

Four billion people before 2100, meaning that Africa will have a population on par with Asia.

Population projections 2015-2100„More than half of global population growth between now and 2050 is expected to occur in Africa,“ says the United Nations report. „Of the additional 2.4 billion people projected to be added to the global population between 2015 and 2050, 1.3 billion will be added in Africa.“

After 2050, Africa is projected to be the only major area that has a continually growing population, meaning that it will house 25% of the global population in 2010 and 39% in 2100.

In 1950, only 9% of the world’s population was African.

Conversely, Europe is projected to have a smaller population in 2050 than in 2015.

The UN report says that several factors contribute to Africa’s continued pace:

• Lots of high fertility countries. The world has 21 countries that are „high fertility,“ meaning than the average woman has five or more children over her lifetime. Of those, 19 are in Africa (and the other two are in Asia). The largest is Nigeria, which according to another report will have 10% of the world’s births by 2050. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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