Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Nationalism’

Die Zunahme des Nationalismus nach dem Mauerfall

Posted by hkarner - 9. November 2019

George Soros

George Soros is Chairman of Soros Fund Management and the Open Society Foundations. A pioneer of the hedge-fund industry, he is the author of many books, including The Alchemy of Finance, The New Paradigm for Financial Markets: The Credit Crisis of 2008 and What it Means, and The Tragedy of the European Union: Disintegration or Revival? His most recent book is In Defense of Open Society (Public Affairs, 2019).

BERLIN – Der Fall der Berliner Mauer am Abend des 8. November 1989 beschleunigte den Zusammenbruch des Kommunismus in Europa dramatisch und plötzlich. Das Ende der Reisebeschränkungen zwischen DDR und Bundesrepublik versetzte der abgeschotteten Gesellschaft der Sowjetunion den Todesstoß. Zugleich markierte es einen Höhepunkt beim Aufstieg offener Gesellschaften. 

Ich engagierte mit zu diesem Zeitpunkt bereits ein Jahrzehnt für das, was ich als meine politische Philanthropie bezeichne. Ich entwickelte mich zu einem Fürsprecher des Konzepts der offenen Gesellschaft, das mir von Karl Popper, meinem Mentor an der London School of Economics, vermittelt worden war. Von Popper lernte ich, dass perfektes Wissen unerreichbar ist und dass totalitäre Ideologien, die für sich in Anspruch nehmen, im Besitz der ultimativen Wahrheit zu sein, sich nur mittels Repressionen durchsetzen können. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

What Happens to the United Kingdom Now?

Posted by hkarner - 1. November 2019

Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong and a former EU commissioner for external affairs, is Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

Even after the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, the country will face years of talks in which it will be negotiating from a position of weakness. The UK will be less prosperous and influential than before, and will be under increasing internal strain because of policies driven by malignant English nationalism.

LONDON – The United Kingdom’s Brexit psychodrama continues. Although the UK government and the European Union reached a revised withdrawal agreement in mid-October, Prime Minister Boris Johnson was unable to push the deal through Parliament so that the UK could leave the bloc by his hoped-for date of October 31. EU leaders have therefore granted a further three-month extension of the Brexit deadline until January 31, and the UK will now hold a parliamentary election on December 12, which may help to resolve the current impasse. 

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Trump’s Assault on the Global Trading System

Posted by hkarner - 17. August 2019

Date: 16-08-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs By Chad P. Bown And Douglas A. Irwin

And Why Decoupling From China Will Change Everything 

Donald Trump has been true to his word. After excoriating free trade while campaigning for the U.S. presidency, he has made economic nationalism a centerpiece of his agenda in office. His administration has pulled out of some trade deals, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), and renegotiated others, including the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement. Many of Trump’s actions, such as the tariffs he has imposed on steel and aluminum, amount to overt protectionism and have hurt the U.S. economy. Others have had less obvious, but no less damaging, effects. By flouting international trade rules, the administration has diminished the country’s standing in the world and led other governments to consider using the same tools to limit trade arbitrarily. It has taken deliberate steps to weaken the World Trade Organization (WTO)—some of which will permanently damage the multilateral trading system. And in its boldest move, it is trying to use trade policy to decouple the U.S. and Chinese economies. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

The very idea of a united kingdom is being torn apart by toxic nationalism

Posted by hkarner - 12. August 2019

Date: 11-08-2019
Source: The Guardian: Gordon Brown

Boris Johnson’s Brexit strategy is imperilling centuries of common purpose. It can’t be allowed to succeed

Pro-EU and pro-independence groups protest during the Conservative leadership hustings in Perth, Scotland, in July 2019.

The first step to solving a problem is to see it clearly. And if we are to understand why we are facing not only our most serious constitutional crisis since the 17th century but an unprecedented economic calamity precipitated by a no-deal exit from the EU, we must recognise that nationalism is now driving British politics.

Having set almost impossible terms for any negotiation with Europe and preparing to renege on legal obligations to pay our debts to the EU – the economic equivalent of a declaration of war – Boris Johnson’s government is hell-bent on conjuring up the absurd and mendacious image of the patriotic British valiantly defying an intransigent Europe determined to turn us into a vassal state.

His soundbites, pledging token sums for the NHS and 20,000 more police on the street at some future date, cannot disguise a government driven not by the national interest but by a destructive, populist, nationalist ideology. And with Scottish nationalists pushing a more extreme form of separation and Northern Ireland’s unionists becoming, paradoxically, Northern Irish nationalists – digging in, even if it means, against all economic logic, a hard border with the Irish Republic – we are, at best, only a precariously united kingdom. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Nationalism Is Necessary but Insufficient

Posted by hkarner - 10. Juli 2019

Date: 09-07-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Walter Russell Mead

Trump’s approach helps win allies in Asia. But it isn’t a basis for world order.

As President Trump reveled in air-force flyovers and a tank display this Fourth of July, the idea that dominates his administration’s domestic and foreign policies was on full display. That idea is nationalism, and Mr. Trump hopes it will reshape both American politics and the international order.

At home, Mr. Trump relies on the power of nationalism to isolate and marginalize his opponents. At a time when some on the left believe it is more important to denounce America’s failings than to hail its accomplishments, Mr. Trump seeks to wrap himself in a flag that most Americans revere. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Can the West Still Govern?

Posted by hkarner - 7. Juni 2019

Date: 06-06-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Daniel Henninger

Trumpian nationalism may be on the rise, but most democracies are in gridlock.

Following European election wins by nationalist and populist parties in Italy, France and Britain, former White House strategist Steve Bannon says European integration is „dead in its tracks.“

Donald Trump, the best golfer ever to set up shop in the Oval Office, announced in London this week that because of departing Prime Minister Theresa May’s efforts, the Brexit deal is “teed up.” Teed up? With this remark, Mr. Trump gives new meaning to “mulligan,” golf’s infamous do-over for a failed shot. Britain’s politicians are at least 40 shots over par on Brexit, having shanked, hooked or topped every ball they’ve tried to hit.

In truth, there’s nothing funny about the British elites’ hapless efforts to make good on voters’ decision in 2016 to separate the United Kingdom from the European Union. The referendum was a classic expression of democratic will: Brexit won narrowly (with 51.9%), but in a democracy that still counts as a victory. More troubling is the possibility that the great and the good of Britain’s elected political leadership will simply fail to execute the referendum’s mandate, raising the possibility that the very idea of governance is approaching a dead end in one of the world’s oldest democracies. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Europe’s ‘Nationalism’ Turns Out to Be Local

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2019

Date: 10-05-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Joseph C. Sternberg

Le Pen, Salvini and Brexit all have an appeal limited to particular regions of their respective countries.

00025407

Italian Deputy Premier and Interior Minister Matteo Salvini

Rising nationalism is widely assumed to be driving European (and global) politics. Perhaps it’s time for a rethink. There’s growing evidence that the real force behind so much political upset is far more localized. This regionalism has been staring us in the face all along.

The starting point has to be how nonnational most European “nationalist” movements are, a fact that will again become apparent in raucous elections for the European Parliament later this month. In France, Marine Le Pen’s National Rally party could be more correctly labeled the Northeast and a Sliver of the South Rally, to judge from the geographic concentration of votes for Ms. Le Pen in 2017’s presidential election. The Alternative for Germany party is really the Alternative for a Slice of the Former East Germany.

The Brexit vote in 2016 wasn’t truly “British,” it was English and Welsh—or English Midlands and Welsh, if you go by the areas where support for leaving the European Union was strongest. Scotland and Northern Ireland very much prefer the U.K. to remain a part of the EU.

Fair enough, one might say, but “nationalism” still means something because those voters who support nationalist movements share a particular sense of identity and culture not shared by the urban elites who vote the other way. But recent years have seen allegedly cosmopolitan voters rediscover a sense of nationalism, or nationhood, that can be as strongly held as the type attributed to the original nationalist voters. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

In Europe’s Nationalist Hotbed, Slovakia Takes a Liberal Turn

Posted by hkarner - 2. April 2019

Tanks God! Is this the turn of the tide? The same is happening in Serbia. (hfk)

Date: 01-04-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Zuzana Caputova, an environmental lawyer, is elected as first female president

Zuzana Caputova won an election to become Slovakia’s first female president on Saturday.

Slovakia elected its first female president, a liberal and pro-European anticorruption candidate whose rise is seen as a rebuke of the conservative nationalism remaking its larger neighbors.

Though the role of president in Slovakia is constitutionally limited, the victory of Zuzana Caputova was seen as a striking, if isolated political shift for Central and Eastern Europe, a region of former Communist countries that has been ground zero for a new nationalism spreading on the continent.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban and Poland’s Law and Justice party have each managed to win sweeping majorities in their respective parliaments by promising to keep out Muslim immigrants and entrench Christian conservatism at home. A half dozen candidates made the same pledge during Slovakia’s first-round election, including Ms. Caputova’s chief rival.

In contrast, Ms. Caputova touted her social liberalism as proof that she was different from Slovakia’s political class, which has been inundated with corruption scandals. The environmental lawyer, who came to prominence when opposing the expansion of a landfill in her small town, promoted gay rights in a country with minimal support for same-sex marriage, and argued that Slovakia had some obligation to help its European neighbors by taking in refugees. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Truly Taking Back Control

Posted by hkarner - 26. März 2019

Raghuram G. Rajan, Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 2013 to 2016, is Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and the author, most recently, of The Third Pillar: How Markets and the State Leave the Community Behind.

When people are more able to shape their own futures, they are less likely to be convinced that others are to blame for their plight. To the extent that it weakens support for virulent nationalism, devolution of global governance to national and local communities may make the world a little more prosperous – and a lot safer.

CHICAGO – Britain is teetering toward Brexit. No one knows what will happen over the next few months. Yet around one-third of British voters support a “no-deal” departure from the European Union, which risks inflicting an economic disaster on the country.

Many of these “no-deal” Brexit supporters are older and modestly educated, and live in economically depressed semi-urban communities and small towns, which tend to be concentrated in northern England. Although they are anxious about the steady deterioration in their economic prospects, studies suggest that trade or even immigration are not their only concerns. Brexiteers also resent their loss of control over policy, first to a distant national capital full of well-educated global elites, and in recent years to an even more remote EU. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Building a Better Nationalism

Posted by hkarner - 14. Februar 2019

Date: 13-02-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs By Yael Tamir

The Nation’s Place in a Globalized World

At a rally in Texas last October, U.S. President Donald Trump was delivering his familiar “America first” message, complaining about “corrupt, power-hungry globalists,” when he tried out a new line: “You know, they have a word—it sort of became old-fashioned—it’s called, ‘a nationalist.’ And I say, ‘Really, we’re not supposed to use that word,’” he added, grinning. “You know what I am? I’m a nationalist, OK? I’m a nationalist.” As the crowd cheered, “U.S.A.! U.S.A.!” Trump nodded. “‘Nationalist’: nothing wrong with it. Use that word!”

As Trump correctly noted, in recent decades, “that word,” and all it suggests, has fallen out of favor. For most political thinkers and elites in the developed West, nationalism is a dangerous, divisive, illiberal impulse that should be treated with skepticism or even outright disdain. Yes, nationalism helped give rise to the modern state system, served as a liberating force in anticolonial independence struggles, and fueled anti-Soviet sentiment during the Cold War. But surely, the thinking went, nationalism was a phase that the rich democracies of the world had outgrown—and in those places where it still thrived, it posed more problems than solutions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »