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Posts Tagged ‘Mounk’

Angela Merkel’s Vision Problem

Posted by hkarner - 4. November 2018

Date: 03-11-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Yascha Mounk

With the Right Rising, Germany Needs to Do More Than Stay the Course

As the head of the country’s biggest political party for eighteen years, and its chancellor for twelve, Angela Merkel has done more to shape contemporary Germany than any postwar leader other than Konrad Adenauer, Willy Brandt, and Helmut Kohl. So her recent announcement that she will hand over the leadership of her Christian Democratic Union (CDU) this December, and refrain from seeking another term in federal elections expected to be held in 2021, marks the beginning of the end of an era.

Since Merkel has been a deeply stabilizing force, and political extremists are lying in wait to exploit her departure, it is only natural to wonder how the country will change in the coming years. Will the CDU lurch to the right after its proudly moderate leader leaves the stage? Can the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), which has already established itself as a major force in German politics, use the power vacuum she leaves behind to its advantage? Or might a change of political personnel actually help to calm the anger that Merkel has increasingly inspired in the past years?

These are all important questions that concern the country’s likely future. But in order to understand the political predicament in which Germany now finds itself, and make an educated guess as to how Merkel’s departure might change the country, it is first necessary to understand the legacy she leaves behind. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The End of the Democratic Century

Posted by hkarner - 27. April 2018

Date: 25-04-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs

Autocracy’s Global Ascendance

By Yascha Mounk and Roberto Stefan Foa

At the height of World War II, Henry Luce, the founder of Time magazine, argued that the United States had amassed such wealth and power that the twentieth century would come to be known simply as “the American Century.” His prediction proved prescient: despite being challenged for supremacy by Nazi Germany and, later, the Soviet Union, the United States prevailed against its adversaries. By the turn of the millennium, its position as the most powerful and influential state in the world appeared unimpeachable. As a result, the twentieth century was marked by the dominance not just of a particular country but also of the political system it helped spread: liberal democracy.

As democracy flourished across the world, it was tempting to ascribe its dominance to its inherent appeal. If citizens in India, Italy, or Venezuela seemed loyal to their political system, it must have been because they had developed a deep commitment to both individual rights and collective self-determination. And if Poles and Filipinos began to make the transition from dictatorship to democracy, it must have been because they, too, shared in the universal human desire for liberal democracy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Apple against pie: How liberal democracy fell apart

Posted by hkarner - 27. April 2018

Date: 26-04-2018
Source: The Economist

Yascha Mounk’s diagnosis is more convincing than his cure

The People vs Democracy: Why Our Freedom is in Danger and How to Save It. By Yascha Mounk. Harvard University Press; 393 pages; $29.95 and £17.99.

DEMOCRACY is going through its worst crisis since the 1930s. The number of countries that can plausibly be described as democracies is shrinking. Strongmen are in power in several countries that once looked as if they were democratising, notably Russia, Turkey and Egypt. The United States—the engine room of democratisation for most of the post-war period—has a president who taunted his opponent with chants of “lock her up” and refused to say if he would accept the result of the election if it went against him.

But what exactly is the nature of this crisis? And what is driving it? Yascha Mounk’s “The People vs Democracy” stands out in a crowded field for the quality of its answers to these questions. Mr Mounk provides an admirable mixture of academic expertise and political sense. He teaches at Harvard University, where he has busied himself collecting opinion-poll data, but he grew up in pre-1989 West Germany, where the distinction between real and pretend democracy was more than just academic. He also takes the trouble to unpick terms that too many commentators on this subject take for granted. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Die zweifache Bedrohung der liberalen Demokratie

Posted by hkarner - 15. Februar 2018

Dani Rodrik is Professor of International Political Economy at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He is the author of The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, Economics Rules: The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science, and, most recently, Straight Talk on Trade: Ideas for a Sane World Economy.

CAMBRIDGE – Die Krise der liberalen Demokratie wird heute allgemein angeprangert. Donald Trumps Präsidentschaft, das Brexit-Votum im Vereinigten Königreich und die Erfolge anderer Populisten bei den Wahlen in Europa haben die von der „illiberalen Demokratie“ – einer Art autoritärer Politik mit allgemeinen Wahlen, aber wenig Respekt für den Rechtsstaat oder die Rechte von Minderheiten – ausgehende Bedrohung unterstrichen.

Nur eine kleinere Zahl von Analysten freilich hat bislang darauf hingewiesen, dass illiberale Demokratie oder Populismus nicht die einzige politische Bedrohung darstellen. Die liberale Demokratie wird zugleich durch eine Tendenz untergraben, das „Liberale“ auf Kosten des „Demokratischen“ zu betonen. Bei dieser Art Politik werden die Regierenden durch eine Fülle das Spektrum der von ihnen umsetzbaren Politiken begrenzender Fesseln von demokratischer Rechenschaftspflicht abgeschirmt. Bürokratische Gremien, autonome Regulierungsbehörden und unabhängige Gerichte legen Politiken fest, oder diese werden von außen durch die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft erzwungen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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