Posted by hkarner - 21. April 2017
At a community college in upstate New York, 12 cafeteria workers recently learned that they will lose their jobs — and be replaced by self-serve machines. It’s an issue that has played out in communities across the country, as robots get better and better at doing jobs — from taking fast food orders to mining coal — that once belonged to humans.
Is your job next? The answer to that question is complicated, according to a report by management consultant McKinsey, but most workers don’t need to worry. Experts found that less than 5% of jobs can be completely replaced by technology, though nearly every job involves tasks that robots could learn to do.
Enter your occupation below to see how much of your work may someday be done by machines.
Jobs with predictable activities in structured environments are the easiest to replicate with robots, a process known as automation. McKinsey estimates that 51% of all job-related activities in the U.S. economy fit this description, largely in manufacturing, food service and retail trade sectors. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Jobs, McKinsey, Robotics, Technology, Time | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 18. April 2017
Source: The New York Times Paul Krugman
President Trump is still promising to bring back coal jobs. But the underlying reasons for coal employment’s decline — automation, falling electricity demand, cheap natural gas, technological progress in wind and solar — won’t go away.
Meanwhile, last week the Treasury Department officially (and correctly) declined to name China as a currency manipulator, making nonsense of everything Mr. Trump has said about reviving manufacturing.
So will the Trump administration ever do anything substantive to bring back mining and manufacturing jobs? Probably not.
But let me ask a different question: Why does public discussion of job loss focus so intensely on mining and manufacturing, while virtually ignoring the big declines in some service sectors? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: china, Jobs, Krugman, NYT, Trump, USA | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 5. Februar 2017
4. Februar 2017, 12:31 derstandard.at
Ex-Außenminister: „Entweder sind sie EU-Mitglied oder sie sind es nicht“
Prag/Wien – Der Chef des außenpolitischen Ausschusses im tschechischen Abgeordnetenhaus, Karel Schwarzenberg, hat die Absicht Österreichs, den Zugang der EU-Bürger zum österreichischen Arbeitsmarkt zu beschränken, indirekt als „Blödheit“ bezeichnet.
„Österreich steht vor Wahlen und auch bei uns sagt man vor den Wahlen verschiedene Blödheiten“, sagte der ehemalige Außenminister gegenüber der Tageszeitung „Pravo“ (Samstag-Ausgabe). Österreich kann aber laut Schwarzenberg mit dieser Absicht bei der EU nicht durchkommen.
„Entweder sind sie EU-Mitglied oder sie sind es nicht (…) Glauben Sie, dass die EU den Österreichern das erlaubt, was sie England nicht erlaubt hat?“, so Schwarzenberg in dem Interview. Auf die Frage, ob der geplante Austritt Großbritanniens nicht eine Erosion der EU gestartet habe, antwortete Schwarzenberg, er könne „keine Blödheit ausschließen“. (APA, 4.2.2017) – derstandard.at/2000052104659/Schwarzenberg-nennt-OesterreichsArbeitsmarktplaene-Bloedheit
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Austria, Europe, Jobs, Schwarzenberg, Standard | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 12. Januar 2017
Source: The Economist
Subject: Learning and earning
It is easy to say that people need to keep learning throughout their careers. The practicalities are daunting
WHEN education fails to keep pace with technology, the result is inequality.
Without the skills to stay useful as innovations arrive, workers suffer—and if enough of them fall behind, society starts to fall apart. That fundamental insight seized reformers in the Industrial Revolution, heralding state-funded universal schooling. Later, automation in factories and offices called forth a surge in college graduates. The combination of education and innovation, spread over decades, led to a remarkable flowering of prosperity.
Today robotics and artificial intelligence call for another education revolution. This time, however, working lives are so lengthy and so fast-changing that simply cramming more schooling in at the start is not enough. People must also be able to acquire new skills throughout their careers. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Economist, Education, Jobs, Technology | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 4. Januar 2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Many workers instead are taking lower-paying low-skill manual work or dropping out of the labor force, according to new research
Middle-class jobs based on a relatively narrow set of repeated tasks, such as welding-machine operators or bank tellers, are on the decline.
One of the most worrying economic trends over the past few decades has been the decline of middle-class jobs in the U.S.
As “routine” jobs—often middle-class work based on a relatively narrow set of repeated tasks, such as welding-machine operators or bank tellers—disappear, many workers who would typically have held them have taken on lower-paying low-skill manual work or simply dropped out of the labor force, according to new research from a trio of economists. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Jobs, Technology, WSJ | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 30. Dezember 2016
Simon Johnson, a former chief economist of the IMF, is a professor at MIT Sloan, a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, and co-founder of a leading economics blog, The Baseline Scenario. He is the co-author, with James Kwak, of White House Burning: The Founding Fathers, Our National Debt, and Why It Matters to You.
DEC 29, 2016 Project Syndicate
WASHINGTON, DC – US President-elect Donald Trump is filling his cabinet with rich people. According to the latest count, his nominees include five billionaires and six multimillionaires. This is what is known as oligarchy: direct control of the state by people with substantial private economic power. Given that the Republicans also control both houses of Congress – and will soon make many judicial appointments – there is virtually no effective constraint on the executive branch.
In many instances – including the United States today – the initial reaction to such a government includes the hope that perhaps rich people will be good at creating jobs. They made themselves rich, goes the logic, so maybe they can do the same for the rest of us.
Hope usually dies last, but the incoming administration’s proposed economic policies are not encouraging. The organizing principle seems to be to discard pragmatism entirely and advance an extreme and discredited ideology. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Jobs, Johnson, Oligarchen, Project Syndicate, Trump, USA | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 26. Dezember 2016
Those who fear globalization are often dismissed as bigots, but anxiety over security and jobs is another factor, explains author and professor Harold Sirkin for Forbes. Many in the developed world have lost confidence. “Unfortunately, too many people in the industrialized West have too much idle time on their hands – and not by choice,” he explains and that compounds the anger and fear. “People who feel secure in their jobs are more likely to spend their spare time (and spare change) on activities such as fishing and shopping, ballgames and beach outings, nights at the movies and dining out at restaurants, than thinking about globalization and immigration.” Education, training, jobs and productivity contribute to individual confidence and industry competitiveness. – YaleGlobal
Anxiety about jobs, underemployment combined with some people with too much free time may have fueled the anti-globalization movement and populism
Many thought leaders in the United States and Europe are trying to come to grips with the globalization backlash taking place on both sides of the Atlantic.
While I don’t share the views of the de-globalization crowd, I think it’s important to understand their thinking—and not dismiss them out of hand as racists, religious bigots, and xenophobes, as some have done.
While xenophobia and other fears may be factors—speaking in the present tense, because the backlash has hardly ebbed—concerns over family safety and job security appear to be a much higher priority.
Unfortunately, too many people in the industrialized West have too much idle time on their hands—and not by choice.
European factories aren’t operating at or near capacity, hundreds of thousands of IT jobs have been lost in recent years and the European Union’s average unemployment rate is nearing 10% (and trending much higher than that in countries like Greece and Spain). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: forbes, Globalization, Jobs, Sirkin, Technology | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 13. Dezember 2016
Source: The Wall Street Journal By CHRISTOPHER MIMS
Evidence shows increased productivity leads to more wealth, cheaper goods, greater spending power and ultimately, more jobs
Since the 1970s, when automated teller machines arrived, the number of bank tellers in America has more than doubled. James Bessen, an economist who teaches at Boston University School of Law, points to that seeming paradox amid new concerns that automation is “stealing” human jobs. To the contrary, he says, jobs and automation often grow hand in hand.
Sometimes, of course, machines really do replace humans, as in agriculture and manufacturing, says Massachusetts Institute of Technology labor economist David Autor in a succinct and illuminating TED talk, which could have served as the headline for this column. Across an entire economy, however, Dr. Autor says that’s never happened.
The threat that machines pose to workers is in the news again, after an election that turned on the frustration of working-class voters. Last week, Amazon.com Inc. introduced Amazon Go, a store without cashiers.
Three days later, President-elect Donald Trump nominated Andy Puzder, chief executive of CKE Restaurants Holdings Inc., the parent company of Hardee’s and Carl’s Jr. chains, to be secretary of labor. Mr. Puzder has said that self-serve ordering kiosks, like those recently unveiled by McDonald’s Corp., will help his company eliminate workers. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel, Audios/Videos | Verschlagwortet mit: Automation, Autor, Jobs, Technology, WSJ | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 1. September 2016
on August 30, 2016 RGE EconoMonitor
65 million years ago
, a dinosaur was eating peacefully—as many generations of dinosaurs had done before—when it noticed a ball of fire in the sky moving toward the Earth. The dinosaur was a bit worried, but as a member of the most successful and longest lasting species of animals back in those times, it didn’t think the meteor was a threat to its existence. Meanwhile, a small rat-like animal, one of the first mammals on Earth, ran close to the dinosaur, eating some of its leftovers.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution, like an unexpected meteor, is unleashing innovation in an exponential manner, using digital tools and human creativity to bring humankind to the verge of an era of unprecedented prosperity. However, this digital revolution is also a fundamental challenge to the traditional structures of modern capitalism, changing the dynamics of companies, employees, and asset building.
The world’s largest taxi firm, Uber, owns no cars. The world’s most popular media company, Facebook, creates no content. The world’s most valuable retailer, Alibaba, carries no stock. And the world’s largest accommodation provider, Airbnb, owns no property. Something big is going on. —Tom Goodwin
Services such as Uber provide unquestionable benefits for many people, who are able to access lower-cost and better-quality services in a more direct and accountable way. However, it is almost guaranteed that millions of workers will be severely affected by the coming changes, which are altering labor markets forever. So, the critical question is, what can all of us—workers or potential workers—expect from this revolution?
There is some hype about the future of jobs (WEF, Ford, McKinsey, among many), but to clarify the ideas beyond the endless data projections, let’s define three categories that are useful in framing how the changes in the economy and labor markets will affect the future of jobs, income, and assets. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Buenadicha, Jobs, NINJA, RGE Monitor | Leave a Comment »
Posted by hkarner - 4. August 2016
Dienstag, 02.08.2016 – 20:26 Uhr, Spiegel Online
Rethink-Robotics-Modelle: Baxter, Sawyer
Roboter, Automatisierung, künstliche Intelligenz: Maschinen werden Millionen unserer Jobs übernehmen. Fluch oder Segen?
Seine wohl unheimlichste Begegnung mit der Macht der Maschinen hatte Christopher Mims in ziemlich betrunkenem Zustand. Mims, Reporter des Tech-Blogs Quartz, stand auf einer Party des Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) herum, als er plötzlich in einer Ecke den Arbeitsroboter Baxter entdeckte. Eine Maschine, die den Jobmarkt bald aufwirbeln könnte.
„Baxter sah einsam aus“, schreibt Mims. Nein, wirklich: Auf dem Touchscreen, der Baxters Kopf bildet, sind meist zwei expressive Augen zu sehen. Ein Kniff, damit der Betrachter den Bot vermenschlicht. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »
Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: Jobs, Robotics, Spiegel, Work | Leave a Comment »