Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Jobs’

The AI Road to Serfdom?

Posted by hkarner - 25. Februar 2019

Robert Skidelsky, Professor Emeritus of Political Economy at Warwick University and a fellow of the British Academy in history and economics, is a member of the British House of Lords. The author of a three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, he began his political career in the Labour party, became the Conservative Party’s spokesman for Treasury affairs in the House of Lords, and was eventually forced out of the Conservative Party for his opposition to NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999.

Estimates of job losses in the near future due to automation range from 9% to 47%, and jobs themselves are becoming ever more precarious. Should we trust the conventional economic narrative according to which machines inevitably raise workers‘ living standards?

LONDON – Surveys from round the world show that people want secure jobs. At the same time, they have always dreamed of a life free from toil. The “rise of the robots” has made the tension between these impulses palpable.

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Studie zu Arbeitskräftebedarf Deutschland braucht 260.000 Zuwanderer pro Jahr

Posted by hkarner - 13. Februar 2019

Auch bei der Rente mit 70 und einer höheren Geburtenrate kommt der deutsche Arbeitsmarkt nicht ohne Fachkräfte aus dem Ausland aus, ergibt eine Studie der Bertelsmann Stiftung. Jährlich müssten deshalb 260.000 Menschen zuziehen.

Dienstag, 12.02.2019 10:42 Uhr, spiegel.online

Um den Arbeitskräftebedarf der Wirtschaft zu decken, braucht Deutschlandeiner Studie zufolge in den nächsten 40 Jahren jährlich netto mindestens 260.000 Einwanderer. Ohne Migration werde das Angebot an Arbeitskräften angesichts der alternden Gesellschaft bis zum Jahr 2060 um rund 16 Millionen Personen – also um fast ein Drittel – massiv schrumpfen, schreiben die Forscher.

Bei der Ermittlung der Zuwandererzahl seien auch Potenziale der in Deutschland lebenden Arbeitskräfte eingerechnet worden, betonen sie. So seien eine höhere Geburtenrate sowie eine steigende Erwerbsbeteiligung von Frauen und Männern bereits berücksichtigt. „Doch selbst wenn Männer und Frauen gleich viel arbeiteten und in Deutschland eine Rente mit 70 eingeführt würde, könnte der Fachkräftebedarf nicht mit inländischen Mitteln gedeckt werden“, schreibt die Bertelsmann-Stiftung als Auftraggeber der Studie. Deren Zahlen basieren auf Berechnungen des Instituts für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB) und der Hochschule Coburg. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Bei Hard Brexit wackeln 6.000 Jobs in Österreich

Posted by hkarner - 11. Februar 2019

10. Februar 2019, 16:57 deerstandard.at

Deutscher IWH-Ökonom: „In Österreich könnten direkt 2.000 und indirekt 4.000 Arbeitsplätze betroffen sein“

Wien – Ein ungeregelter EU-Ausstieg der Briten bedroht einer Studie zufolge rund 6.000 heimische Arbeitsplätze. „In Österreich könnten direkt 2.000 und indirekt 4.000 Arbeitsplätze betroffen sein“, sagte der deutsche Studienautor Oliver Holtemöller auf APA-Anfrage. Über die Untersuchung des Leibniz-Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH) und der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg berichtete zuvor die „Welt am Sonntag“. Holtemöller ist stellvertretender IWH-Präsident und Universitätsprofessor für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Universität Halle-Wittenberg.

Deutschland und Frankreich stark betroffen

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The Good Jobs Challenge

Posted by hkarner - 8. Februar 2019

Dani Rodrik is Professor of International Political Economy at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He is the author of The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, Economics Rules: The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science, and, most recently, Straight Talk on Trade: Ideas for a Sane World Economy.

Every economy in the world today is divided between an advanced segment, typically globally integrated, employing a minority of the labor force, and a low-productivity segment that absorbs the bulk of the workforce, often at low wages and under poor conditions. How should policymakers address this dualism?

CAMBRIDGE – Around the world today, the central challenge for achieving inclusive economic prosperity is the creation of sufficient numbers of “good jobs.” Without productive and dependable employment for the vast majority of a country’s workforce, economic growth either remains elusive, or its benefits end up concentrated among a tiny minority. The scarcity of good jobs also undermines trust in political elites, adding fuel to the authoritarian, nativist backlash affecting many countries today.

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China’s Digital Dividend

Posted by hkarner - 7. Februar 2019

By Longmei Zhang and Sally Chen

Digitalization has created millions of new jobs in China, accounting for between one-third and one-half of employment growth in the world’s second-largest economy.

Our Chart of the Week shows employment in two sectors: information and communications technology (ICT) and retailing. ICT added 14 million new jobs for high-skilled workers in the five years through 2016, and the average wage doubled.

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The ‘Hybrid’ Skills That Tomorrow’s Jobs Will Require

Posted by hkarner - 22. Januar 2019

Date: 21-01-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Jobs that tap both technical and creative thinking will be likely to pay well—and resist automation

Jobs that require once-unrelated skills are forecast to grow faster than overall employment.

Left brain, meet right brain. Go forth and prosper.

That could be the new formula for a successful career.

Here’s why. The human brain, that extraordinary computer, is divided into two hemispheres, each responsible for different skill sets. The left brain is popularly associated with logic and analytic thought; the right, with intuition and creativity.

But many of the good jobs of the future, according to some employment experts, will require being good at using both sides of the brain.

To some extent, that future is already here. Jobs that tap both technical and creative thinking include mobile-app developers and bioinformaticians, and represent some of the fastest-growing and highest-paying occupations, according to a new report from Burning Glass Technologies, a labor-market analytics firm in Boston. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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An entertaining polemic against the tech industry

Posted by hkarner - 19. Januar 2019

Date: 17-01-2019
Source: The Economist

Ping-pong tables are no substitute for job security

Lab Rats: Why Modern Work Makes People Miserable. By Dan Lyons.Hachette Books; 272 pages; $28. Atlantic Books; £16.99.

Newton’s third law is that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. The titans of technology have amassed great wealth but, like investment bankers before them, they have discovered that this does not bring them popularity. The past few years have witnessed a “techlash” on a wide range of issues, including the way technology invades citizens’ privacy.

Dan Lyons, a journalist who spent time working in the industry, has written an entertaining, if scattergun, attack on one aspect of technology’s influence—the effect it has had on everybody’s working lives. He argues that the industry has reduced real wages, made workers feel dehumanised and less secure, and exposed them to constant, stress-inducing change. Tellingly, the proportion of Americans who are happy with their jobs dropped from 61% in 1987 to 51% in 2016.

A particular target for his ire is the startup technology company. With their sweet-dispensers and ping-pong tables, they may give the appearance of friendliness. But in the author’s experience, such firms are associated with very high staff turnover, especially in sales and marketing. They tend to be marked by a brutal management style; Mr Lyons was told not only that he was failing, but that his fellow workers didn’t like him. “Most startups,” he writes, “are terribly managed, half-assed outfits run by buffoons and bozos and frat boys.” Worse still, they offer little job security because of the way they operate. “All they have is a not-very-innovative business model; they sell dollar bills for 75 cents and take credit for how fast they’re growing.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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AI and Automation Will Replace Most Human Workers Because They Don’t Have to Be Perfect—Just Better Than You

Posted by hkarner - 22. November 2018

Date: 21-11-2018

Sawyer the Robot will work for the equivalent of $4 per day. And he’s never in a bad mood. Can you compete with that?

Ellen Ruppel Shell is the author of The Job: Work and Its Future in a Time of Radical Change, from which this piece was adapted.

Route 9 skims by Boston and cuts clear across Massachusetts to Pittsfield, a city of roughly 50,000, the largest in Berkshire County. Well east of Pittsfield, Route 9 becomes Worcester Road, named for a city that in earlier times was the nation’s largest manufacturer of wire—barbed wire, electrical wire, telephone wire and the wire used in the making of undergarments by the Royal Worcester Corset Co., once the largest employer of women in the United States. Older Worcester residents can still recall the factory bells pealing to signal the start and end of the workday. Now, the bells are silent, and the wire and corset factories have been replaced with three of the nation’s largest employers: Walmart, Target and Home Depot. If this sounds familiar, it should. It has been nearly two decades since retail overtook manufacturing as the nation’s most important job creator, employing roughly one of every 10 American workers—more people than in health care and construction combined. That’s a lot of jobs. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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AI Guru Andrew Ng on the Job Market of Tomorrow

Posted by hkarner - 27. Oktober 2018

Date: 27-10-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Sara Castellanos

The co-founder of Google’s deep-learning research team on the promise of a conditional basic income, the need for a skills-based education system and what CEOs don’t understand about artificial intelligence

AI Guru Andrew Ng on the Job Market of Tomorrow

Sentient artificial intelligence may take hundreds of years to develop, but AI is already beginning to transform nearly every industry, says Andrew Ng, a pioneer in the field.

Ng is the former chief scientist of Baidu, where he started a 1,300-person division that helped create the Chinese tech conglomerate’s AI-powered search engine, virtual assistant and other products. Before that, he co-founded Google Brain, the company’s deep-learning research team. His work on neural networks helped lead to the creation of an image-identification system that underpins the Android mobile operating system’s speech recognition. Ng also co-founded Coursera, an online education company.

In April 2017, the 42-year-old left Baidu to launch two AI startups in Palo Alto, Calif.: an online education platform called deeplearning.ai and Landing AI, which aims to bring AI to companies in manufacturing, agriculture and other industries. He recently spoke with The Future of Everything about how to create an equitable society in the age of automation, the way CEOs unintentionally mislead the public about AI and why—this time—the technology is here to stay.

AI Will Be Wired in Like Electricity
AI is a general purpose technology similar to the internet and electricity—applicable to a lot of industries. It’s hard to imagine running most companies or governments without the internet. In the future, we’ll have a hard time imagining how to run these things without great AI capabilities as well. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The ‘Everything Handmade’ Trend Will Curb Job Losses

Posted by hkarner - 22. Juli 2018

Date: 21-07-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Jay W. Richards

Automation will eliminate some jobs, but consumers will often pay a premium for the human touch.

Experts have predicted the looming automation of everything, with machines replacing labor and putting half the population out of work. This forecast seems to follow from basic economic logic:

Economic growth is about getting more output from less input.

Labor is an input.

We are now devising powerful forms of automation, which will dilute our labor to homeopathic levels—especially in middle skill, blue-collar trades.

Therefore, much of the population will soon be jobless.

That inference is too simple. There’s disruption ahead, but other trends may fend off the job famine. Here’s one: As ever more goods become cheap commodities, the economic value of the human touch—of literal labor—goes up. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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