Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Immigration’

Job and Cultural Insecurity, More Than Inequality, Fuels Populism

Posted by hkarner - 22. Februar 2018

Date: 21-02-2018
Source: YaleGlobal

For many workers, insecurity is a more pressing concern than inequality. They worry more about jobs threatened by global trade and automation, their communities’ vanishing way of life, and children’s future than inequality and increasing amounts of wealth controlled by a small percentage of the population. Populist leaders, many wealthy themselves, convince substantial numbers of voters that that the educated, the experts and established political leaders do not care about the plight of ordinary workers. Middle-class liberals may support the causes that benefit the poor or working class, but they can also “insulate themselves with residences in gentrified cities, assortative marriage patterns and cosmopolitan professional occupations,” explains economist Pranab Bardhan. “Sociologists often point out that the part of inequality that is salient to us is the contrast between our own lifestyle – and housing and school choices – and that of those who may be just above us. The inequality with the billionaires is too distant.” Bardhan offers practical proposals – on wage subsidies, global skill partnerships, and trade union and church initiatives – for countering populism and easing the insecurity over culture, immigration and inequality. – YaleGlobal Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Evolution of the Refugee Crisis

Posted by hkarner - 28. Dezember 2017

Erik Berglöf

Erik Berglöf, a former chief economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, is Professor of Economics and Director at the Institute of Global Affairs, London School of Economics and Political Science.

The 2015 refugee crisis is still a raw issue for millions of Europeans, and continues to serve as fodder for populist and nationalist movements. But, in reality, the situation has started to improve dramatically in many host countries, and it is now incumbent on European leaders to ensure that the trend continues.

LONDON – As they celebrate Christmas, Germans are also remembering the dead from last year’s attack on a Berlin Christmas market by a migrant who had been denied asylum. That incident fanned the flames of public sentiment against immigration, and probably played a role in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s stunning failure to form a new a coalition government after the federal election in September. Within the German electorate, there are widespread fears that another wave of migrants like the influx two years ago will deluge the country.

But the facts on the ground have changed dramatically. On November 15, 2015, a migration command center in the German Foreign Ministry on Werderscher Markt in Berlin was tracking refugee flows at every potential border crossing on the route from Greece to Germany. Eventually, of 12 million displaced Syrians, one million arrived in Europe. And despite a massive response from the German government and members of the public, many asylum-seekers ended up sleeping on the streets and in railway stations. At the time, there were rumors of a migrant-fueled crime wave sweeping the country, though later research found little increase in crime along migration routes. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Österreich: Kurz verlangt völlig neue EU-Flüchtlingspolitik

Posted by hkarner - 24. Dezember 2017

Österreichs neuer Kanzler Sebastian Kurz schlägt sich im EU-Flüchtlingsstreit auf die Seite von Ungarn und Polen. „Die Mitgliedstaaten sollten selbst entscheiden, ob und wie viele Menschen sie aufnehmen.“

 

 Österreichs neuer Bundeskanzler Sebastian Kurz fordert einen Kurswechsel in der europäischen Flüchtlingspolitik: Die Verteilung von Migranten in der EU nach festen Quoten sei ein Irrweg. „Staaten zur Aufnahme von Flüchtlingen zu zwingen, bringt Europa nicht weiter“, sagte der 31-jährige konservative Politiker der „Bild am Sonntag“.

„Wenn wir diesen Weg fortsetzen, spalten wir die Europäische Union nur noch weiter“, sagte Kurz. Die Mitgliedstaaten sollten selbst entscheiden, ob und wie viele Menschen sie aufnehmen.

Im September 2015 hatten die EU-Innenminister erstmals gegen den Widerstand osteuropäischer Staaten beschlossen, 120.000 Asylbewerber nach einer Quotenregelung innerhalb der EU zu verteilen. Die Folge war ein Riss quer durch die Union. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Economists Think Potatoes Helped Promote World Peace

Posted by hkarner - 13. Dezember 2017

Date: 12-12-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

New study suggests widespread adoption of potato cultivation led to a lasting decline in violent conflict

New research suggests that potato cultivation may have helped reduce conflict during the 18th and 19th centuries in parts of the Old World.

The humble potato may have caused a dramatic and lasting decline in bloodshed during the 18th and 19th centuries in parts of the Old World, according to new research by three economists.

The study found areas of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East that were better suited to growing potatoes—a hardy, high-calorie crop native to South America—saw significant reductions in deadly fighting after 1700, when the tuber was entering widespread cultivation. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why the British Chose Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 22. Oktober 2017

Date: 21-10-2017
Source: Foreign Affairs

Behind the Scenes of the Referendum

The United Kingdom’s vote last year to leave the European Union was a seismic event. The British people ignored the advice of the leaders of all their major political parties and of virtually all experts. George Osborne, the chancellor of the exchequer, told voters that leaving would wreck the British economy. U.S. President Barack Obama warned that it would reduce the United Kingdom’s influence on the world stage. Financial markets, many pollsters, and political pundits all anticipated that voters would heed the elites’ advice. And yet they decided not to, setting off a process destined to transform the country’s politics, economy, and society.

No wonder, then, that the referendum has generated a rash of books seeking to explain, or at least describe, what happened. The pace of academic publishing means that most of those that have already appeared are quick and dirty accounts by journalists or politicians and their advisers. Among these, two stand out: Unleashing Demons, by Craig Oliver, who worked as Prime Minister David Cameron’s director of communications, and All Out War, by the journalist Tim Shipman. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Tackling Migration at the Source

Posted by hkarner - 13. September 2017

Kemal Derviş, former Minister of Economic Affairs of Turkey and former Administrator for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is a vice president of the Brookings Institution.

For advanced economies, immigration is a contentious topic, with countries struggling to settle on policies that will enable them to reap the benefits of immigration, without incurring excessive costs. But, rather than focusing on their own borders, they should be looking to mitigate migration pressures in source countries.
WASHINGTON, DC – For citizens of poor countries, migration often is a highly appealing option. The journey to a new country is often perilous, but it promises far greater economic opportunity: average per capita incomes in advanced economies can be more than 50 times higher (in terms of purchasing power parity) than those in the developing world. In many cases, migrants’ physical security improves as well. Yet, for recipient countries, immigration remains a contentious topic, with governments struggling to settle on policies that will enable their economies to reap the benefits and avoid incurring excessive costs.

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Why Globalization Stalled, And How to Restart It

Posted by hkarner - 1. September 2017

Date: 31-08-2017
Source: Foreign Affairs by Fred Hu and Michael Spence

For many decades after World War II, a broad range of countries shared a fundamental economic vision. They endorsed an
increasingly open system for trade in goods and services, supported by international institutions; allowed capital, orporations, and, to a lesser extent, people to flow freely across borders; and encouraged the rapid spread of data and  echnology. As trade expanded, global living standards improved dramatically, and hundreds of millions of people escaped from poverty.

Today, every aspect of this globalized economy is under assault. A popular backlash against free trade and unrestricted cross-border movements of capital has picked up momentum. The ideal of freely flowing information has clashed with growing calls for privacy rights, the protection of intellectual property, and increased cybersecurity. Across the developed world, sentiments have turned strongly against immigration, especially as waves of Middle Eastern refugees have
flooded Europe.
And after several successful rounds of multilateral trade negotiations in the postwar years, new agreements have become much rarer: the World Trade Organization (wto) has not completed a single full round of successful negotiations since its creation in 1995. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Italy Sees Signs of Migrant Tide Turning

Posted by hkarner - 11. August 2017

Date: 10-08-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Steep decline in seaborne arrivals since July spurs hopes that smuggling crackdown is paying off

Migrants, miles from the Libyan coast, waited to be rescued last week.

A sharp drop in the number of seaborne migrants arriving in Italy in the past month is raising hopes that the country—and Europe—may have turned the corner in its four-year migration crisis.

Since the start of July, the number of migrants seeking to reach Italy from Libya has dropped by 60%, a remarkable shift in a year that seemed set to break records for seaborne arrivals of migrants. Through the end of June, Italy counted nearly 84,000 arrivals, 17% higher than the same period in 2016, putting it on track to surpass last year’s 180,000 arrivals.

In July, 11,000 migrants arrived, less than half the number in July 2016, while so far in August, just under 1,587 arrived. In August 2016, 21,300 people arrived from Libya. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trump and the Cosmopolitans

Posted by hkarner - 9. August 2017

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Europe’s bigger problem: depopulation

Posted by hkarner - 12. Juli 2017

Date: 11-07-2017
Source: The Economist

Anti-migration types may suggest that “Europe is full”, but statistics released ahead of World Population Day today paint a different picture.

Although the overall population of the European Union’s 28 members grew last year by 1.5m, in ten countries it shrank. In some places, such as Germany, immigration has made up for low birth rates.

In others, such as Ireland, it’s the other way around. But eastern Europe, which has shed inhabitants for decades, gets shorted on both counts. In Latvia, for example, an exodus of Russians after the Soviet era was followed by another 10% population drop following accession to the EU.

The eastern European population is projected to fall by more than 20% by 2060, according to the International Longevity Centre UK. In the short term this labour scarcity drives up wages—but in the long run it threatens the region’s attractiveness to businesses.

The solution seems obvious: let the migrants in.

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