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Posts Tagged ‘Howorth’

Brexit Agonistes

Posted by hkarner - 13. April 2019

Date: 12-04-2019
Source: YaleGlobal by Jolyon Howorth

With Brexit, the United Kingdom’s notions of global stature with its leaders calling the shots on trade or regulations are in question. “In joining the European Union, the United Kingdom was a supplicant, twice vetoed by France’s General Charles de Gaulle,” observes author Jolyon Howorth, visiting professor with Harvard Kennedy School. “In leaving, the UK again becomes supplicant.” UK Prime Minister Theresa May had to plead for an extension after Brexit plans failed to capture a parliamentary majority. The European Union complied, setting a new deadline with the condition that the United Kingdom “refrain from any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the Union’s objectives.” Europeans, weary of the battle, are inclined to cut loose a country regularly agitating to get its own way or leave. To ease polarization, the United Kingdom must determine its identity and capabilities, Howorth concludes, and when ready, try rejoining the European Union again as constructive partner. – YaleGlobal

EU members are ready to set the United Kingdom free, setting a deadline for Brexit with an expectation of no disruptions

Rebuffed supplicant: European Commission President Jean-Claude Junker works out a Brexit extension with UK Prime Minister Theresa May; early on, French President Charles de Gaulle twice vetoed British entry into the European Community, suggesting the nation was fundamentally not ready Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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NATO Needs New Thinking, Not New Money

Posted by hkarner - 18. Juli 2018

Date: 17-07-2018
Source: YaleGlobal by Jolyon Howorth

Donald Trump’s rough-and-tumble diplomacy in Europe overshadowed more pressing concerns for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Trump harangued allies to spend more on defense even though NATO members had already agreed in 2014 to strive for spending 2 percent of GDP on defense by 2024. “NATO’s European members already spend more than enough money given the relatively limited objectives they set themselves – deterring a weak and declining Russia; countering terrorist groups; engaging in limited crisis management missions mainly in Africa; and cyber defense,” explains Jolyon Howorth, visiting professor with the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. Nations confront a range of security threats and Russia has devised new attacks against the Western alliance, including election meddling with the Brexit referendum and the 2016 US presidential election. Howorth urges reform: “NATO needs to be radically re-thought because it fails to reflect the necessary reconfiguration of European and American forces in a world of rapid power transition.” Excessive military spending without adequate thought could cripple economies. – YaleGlobal Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Posted by hkarner - 22. März 2018

Date: 21-03-2018
Source: YaleGlobal by Jolyon Howorth
Subject: Britain Tries Cherry-Picking on Brexit

The EU and the UK have reached agreement on a transition period for planning Brexit through December 2020. The aim is for orderly negotiations and withdrawal even as British negotiators try to cherry-pick among EU benefits while resisting EU regulations. As the old saying goes, Britain cannot have its cake and eat it, too, explains Jolyon Howorth, a visiting professor of political science and international affairs at Yale University. Howorth reviews Britain’s limited choices and how Brexit will influence British politics in the months ahead. The governing Tory party, like the nation, is divided on Brexit yet hopes to retain power throughout the negotiations. The Labour Party meanwhile supports Britain joining the European Union Customs Union – a system that allows trade without duties, taxes or tariffs among themselves but prohibits negotiation of trade agreements with third countries. The Tories, hoping to delay a general election and loss of power, may put a Brexit package up for a referendum vote by the people once again, adding to uncertainty.

British leaders prepare citizens for a post-Brexit trade agreement with the European Union that brings more pain than benefits Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Understanding the Macron Phenomenon

Posted by hkarner - 21. Juni 2017

Date: 20-06-2017
Source: YaleGlobal

Emmanuel Macron won a solid victory in France’s two rounds of legislative elections, albeit with a low turnout that could signal either trust in the new president’s policies or weariness after multiple rounds of elections. “Macron’s overt objective in running for the presidency was to destroy a two-party system that had seen socialists and conservatives alternate as presidential candidates for more than 50 years, to the detriment of a hypothetical center that struggled for visibility,” explains Jolyon Howorth, visiting professor at Yale University. “Macron succeeded spectacularly in that ambition, creating a once unimaginable centrist tsunami.” Macron and his party, La République en Marche, also demonstrated that the left’s cultural and political liberalism and the right’s economic and commercial liberalism are not necessarily incompatible. As president, Macron aims to reduce corruption and inequality, increase flexibility in employment, encourage entrepreneurship, and streamline regulations while continuing generous protections for the most vulnerable. Foreign policy in France will emphasize Europe’s ongoing integration and encourage economic development for Africa to stem the flow of migrants. Howorth concludes that by accomplishing just half of what he intends, Macron could be a transformational president. – YaleGlobal

Macron’s new party, with solid legislative win in France, could be revolutionary for integrating Europe Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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