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Posts Tagged ‘Fake News’

AI Is Making Fake News Look Real

Posted by hkarner - 5. August 2019

Date: 03-08-2019
Source: Foreign Affairs By Sarah Kreps And Miles McCain
Subject: Not Your Father’s Bots

North Korean industry is critical to Pyongyang’s economy as international sanctions have already put a chill on its interaction with foreign investors who are traded in the market. Liberty Global Customs, which occasionally ships cargo to North Korea, stopped trading operations earlier this year because of pressure from the Justice Department, according to Rep. Ted Lieu (D-Calif.), chairman of the Congressional Foreign Trade Committee.

The paragraph above has no basis in reality. It is complete and utter garbage, intended not to be correct but to sound correct. In fact, it wasn’t written by a human at all—it was written by GPT-2, an artificial intelligence system built by OpenAI, an AI research organization based in California.

Disinformation is a serious problem. Synthetic disinformation—written not by humans but by computers—might emerge as an even bigger one. Russia already employs online “trolls” to sow discord; automating such operations could propel its disinformation efforts to new heights. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Erosion of Reality

Posted by hkarner - 19. Juni 2018

Date: 18-06-2018
Source: Scientific American By Caleb A. Scharf

The most immediate AI threat may be the distortion of truth; something we, and other species, have been doing for a long time

Let me say this upfront: I’m not convinced that ’superintelligent‘ AI are the most pressing threat from coming generations of deep learning machines. Indeed, the entire notion of superintelligence may be nothing more than a philosophical ‚what if‘ hypothesis. We simply do not know whether such a thing can in fact be made, developed, or evolved into existence – here on Earth or elsewhere in the cosmos.

Right now we don’t even have a convincing quantitative theory of intelligence. One that both tells us what we really mean by intelligence (‚oh look, it can open a can of beans‘) and tells us how intelligence actually scales with complexity, and whether or not there is a theoretical maximum.

It could be that intelligence follows an S-like curve-of-growth (a logistic function), like so many natural (and unnatural) phenomena. A logistic function or curve can start out with exponential growth, but then flattens or plateaus out as things saturate. A simple example is idealized population growth, where a rapid increase in the number of organisms plays off against the availability of food or resources, ultimately leveling off. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Russian disinformation distorts American and European democracy

Posted by hkarner - 23. Februar 2018

Date: 22-02-2018
Source: The Economist
Subject: Turning politics up to 11

The Mueller indictment reveals some of the Kremlin’s tactics

HAD Barack Obama looked out of the right window in the White House on May 29th 2016, he might have seen someone holding up a sign that read “Happy 55th Birthday Dear Boss”. The felicitations were not for Mr Obama (whose birthday is in August); they were for Yevgeniy Prigo zhin, a Russian businessman known as “Putin’s chef”. The sign-carrying well-wisher did not know Mr Prigozhin. But over the course of 2016, many people who were strangers to Putin’s cook nonetheless did what he wanted them to do, both in America and elsewhere.

This bizarre story is one of the details which make the grand-jury indictment filed in Washington, DC, on February 16th so fascinating, as well as deeply troubling. The indictment was filed by Robert Mueller, a former director of the FBI who is now the special counsel charged, as part of his investigation into Russian efforts to interfere with America’s election in 2016, with finding any links between Donald Trump’s election campaign and the Russian government. It charges three companies Mr Prigozhin controlled, including the Internet Research Agency (IRA), and 12 other named Russians with identity theft, conspiracy to commit wire and bank fraud and conspiracy to defraud America by “impairing, obstructing and defeating the lawful governmental functions of the United States”. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trust me, I’m a journalist

Posted by hkarner - 15. Januar 2018

Date: 12-01-2018
Source: The Economist

Distrust of news organisations is likely to erode trust in government, too. That bodes ill for America’s president

ON JANUARY 17th Donald Trump will announce the inaugural winners of his “Fake News Awards”, presented to the “most biased and corrupt” organisation in America’s mainstream media. Since he took office nearly a year ago, Mr Trump has waged a war of words against what he perceives as unfair treatment by the news elite. His principal targets are the “failing” New York Times and “fake news” CNN.

A poll by Pew Research, a think-tank based in Washington, demonstrates how successful Mr Trump has been in souring his fans’ attitudes towards the press. For a number of years Pew has asked a representative sample of Americans whether news organisations’ criticism of political leaders primarily keeps them in check or, conversely, prevents them from doing their jobs. In 2016 Republicans and Democrats were in broad agreement: around 75% thought that criticism was constructive for a healthy government. But by last year Mr Trump had created a chasm in that sentiment: 90% of Democrats, but just 42% of Republicans, said that criticism by journalists of political leaders was useful. Republican voters are now more likely to disagree with Democratic voters about whether news reporting is biased. About nine-tenths of Republicans believe the news media favour one political party over the other, compared with just over half of Democrats. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Protocols of Donald J. Trump

Posted by hkarner - 19. Juli 2017

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To Understand ‘Brexit,’ Look to Britain’s Tabloids

Posted by hkarner - 4. Mai 2017

Date: 03-05-2017
Source: The New York Times

Despite their falling circulations and tarnished reputations, tabloids maintain a striking grip on power as Britain prepares to cut ties with the European Union.

LONDON — Tony Gallagher, editor of The Sun, one of Britain’s most raucous and influential tabloids, looks down on the government, literally. From the height of his 12th-floor newsroom, all glass and views, the Palace of Westminster seems like a toy castle, something to be played with or ignored at will.

Mr. Gallagher also looks down on the editor of the more measured Times of London, whose office is one floor below and who makes a point of keeping his blinds drawn. The hierarchy is not lost on either man.

In Britain after the so-called Brexit vote, the power of the tabloids is evident. Their circulations may be falling and their reputations tarnished by a series of phone-hacking scandals. But as the country prepares to cut ties with the European Union after a noisy and sometimes nasty campaign, top politicians court the tabloids and fear their wrath. Broadcasters follow where they lead, if not in tone then in topic.

Their readers, many of them over 50, working class and outside London, look strikingly like the voters who were crucial to the outcome of last year’s referendum on membership in the European Union. It is these citizens of Brexitland the tabloids purport to represent from the heart of enemy territory: Housed in palatial dwellings in some of London’s most expensive neighborhoods, they see themselves as Middle England’s embassies in London.

In the campaign leading up to a snap election on June 8, most tabloids can be counted on to act as the zealous guardians of Brexit and as a cheering section for the Conservative government of Prime Minister Theresa May — even though the city that houses them voted the other way. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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What We Really Need Is Fake Good News

Posted by hkarner - 16. April 2017

Date: 14-04-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Joe Queenan

Some proposals: Elvis is alive. Several teams won the Super Bowl 

Fake news is a huge problem, but not for the reason people think. Fake news isn’t harmful because it spreads lies. It’s harmful because it’s bad news. It depresses us and makes us feel threatened. What’s the point of fake news if it makes us feel worse than the real news?

Fake Rolexes and fake fur don’t make their owners feel bad. A fake Monet painting, if well done, can cheer a viewer immensely. Turkey burgers, artificial sweeteners and I Can’t Believe It’s Not Butter rarely ruin anybody’s day. Fake medications can be good for you—look it up, it’s called the placebo effect. Just because something is fake doesn’t mean it can’t be useful or life-affirming or fun. Without fake friends, fake resumes and fake emotions, life couldn’t go on. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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EU will Facebook sperren

Posted by hkarner - 1. April 2017

Auf Initiative von Heiko Maas plant Brüssel eine Verordnung, soziale Netzwerke innerhalb von 24 Stunden komplett zu sperren, wenn sie ihren Löschpflichten nicht nachkommen. Dafür soll ein „Netzdurchsetzungsgesetz“ (NetzDG) sorgen.

01.04.2017 mmnews


Die Tage von Facebook und Twitter könnten gezählt sein. Nach MMnews-Informationen plant Brüssel ein Gesetz, mit dem EU-Behörden soziale Netzwerke jederzeit abschalten können.

Dazu soll in Kürze ein „Gesetz zur Verbesserung der Rechtsdurchsetzung in sozialen Netzwerken“ (kurz: NetzDG – „Netzdurchsetzungsgesetz“) verabschiedet werden. Was sich zunächst relativ harmlos anhört, könnte die Internetkultur in der EU erheblich verändern, denn der Sprengstoff des Gesetzes verbirgt sich – wie üblich – im Kleingedruckten.

Die Gesetzesinitiative stammt aus dem deutschen Justizministerium und soll so EU-weit übernommen werden. Dem Vernehmen nach begrüsste Justizminister Heiko Maas ausdrücklich die Geschlossenheit, mit der Brüssel nun gegen Hasskommentare und Fakenews vorgehen will.

Gegenwärtig sei eine massive Veränderung des gesellschaftlichen Diskurses im Netz und insbesondere in den sozialen Netzwerken festzustellen, beklagt Maas in einer internen Stellungnahme. Die Debattenkultur im Netz sei oft aggressiv, verletzend und nicht selten hasserfüllt. Hasskriminalität und andere strafbare Inhalte, die nicht effektiv bekämpft und verfolgt werden kann, bergen eine große Gefahr für das friedliche Zusammenleben einer freien, offenen und demokratischen Gesellschaft. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trump’s Fog Machine

Posted by hkarner - 30. März 2017

Thursday, March 30, 2017, Robert Reich Blog

Trump’s technique for dealing with bad news is to create enough confusion and partisanship to envelope it in dense fog. 

Consider the most explosive news to come along in recent history – that the FBI has commenced an investigation of Trump aides to find out if they colluded with Russian agents to throw the election to Trump.

America’s intelligence agencies have already concluded that Russian agents interfered in the 2016 presidential election on Trump’s side.

The ranking member of the Senate intelligence committee, who has seen the intelligence reports, says they show that Russia’s interference affected the outcome of the election.

Nothing remotely as serious has ever occurred in United States politics. Russia’s interference is a direct attack on American democracy. If Trump’s aides were involved, that’s treason. If Trump knew about it and did nothing, that’s an impeachable offense at the very least. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How Fake News Wins

Posted by hkarner - 9. März 2017

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