Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Digital Economy’

EU: Digitalsteuer für Internetriesen soll spätestens 2020 kommen

Posted by hkarner - 17. Mai 2018

Es gehe nicht um eine Harmonisierung der Unternehmenssteuern, sondern um eine Besteuerung der großen Internetkonzerne, sagte der zuständige EU-Direktor.

Der Direktor der EU-Kommission für Steuerangelegenheiten, Valere Moutarlier, drängt zu einer baldigen Einführung der Digitalsteuer für Internetriesen. „Wir müssen die Richtlinie bis Ende des Jahres beschlossen haben. Spätestens am 1. Jänner 2020 sollte sie in Kraft treten „, sagte Moutarlier am Donnerstag im APA-Gespräch. „Wenn wir die digitale Dienstleistungssteuer haben wollen, dann müssen wir sie jetzt einführen. Es muss eine schnelle Verhandlung geben“, appellierte Moutarlier an die EU-Mitgliedsstaaten.

Die EU-Kommission hat im März eine Zwischenlösung für eine Digitalsteuer auf europäischer Ebene für Internetkonzerne vorgeschlagen. Diese soll drei Prozent betragen und für Unternehmen gelten, die weltweit 750 Mio. Euro Umsatz pro Jahr oder in der EU mindestens 50 Mio. Euro Umsatz erwirtschaften. Die Einnahmen aus dieser Übergangssteuer werden auf fünf Mrd. Euro in der EU geschätzt. Irland und Luxemburg stehen der EU-Digitalsteuer kritisch gegenüber. In beiden Ländern haben US-Internetkonzerne ihre Europa-Zentralen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Eine Lösung für das Produktivitäts-Puzzle

Posted by hkarner - 13. Mai 2018

James Manyika

James Manyika is Chairman of the McKinsey Global Institute and a senior partner in McKinsey & Company’s San Francisco Office.

Myron Scholes, a Nobel laureate in economics, is the Frank E. Buck Professor of Finance, Emeritus, at the Stanford Graduate School of Business and co-originator of the Black-Scholes options pricing model.

SAN FRANCISCO – Seit Jahren ist eines der großen Rätsel in der Wirtschaft für das sinkende Produktivitätswachstum in den Vereinigten Staaten und anderen fortgeschrittenen Volkswirtschaften verantwortlich. Ökonomen haben eine Vielzahl von Erklärungen vorgeschlagen, von ungenauen Messungen über „säkulare Stagnation” bis hin zu der Frage, ob die jüngsten technologischen Innovationen produktiv sind.

Aber die Lösung des Rätsels scheint darin zu liegen, wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge zu verstehen, anstatt einen einzigen Schuldigen zu identifizieren. Und in diesem Punkt kommen wir möglicherweise der Frage auf den Grund, warum sich das Produktivitätswachstum verlangsamt hat.

Betrachtet man das Jahrzehnt seit der Finanzkrise 2008 – eine Zeit, die für die starke Verschlechterung des Produktivitätswachstums in vielen Industrieländern bemerkenswert ist -, so lassen sich drei herausragende Merkmale feststellen: ein historisch niedriges Wachstum der Kapitalintensität, die Digitalisierung und eine schwache Nachfrageerholung. Zusammengenommen erklären diese Merkmale, warum das jährliche Produktivitätswachstum zwischen 2010 und 2014 um durchschnittlich 80 % auf 0,5 % gesunken ist, gegenüber 2,4 % ein Jahrzehnt zuvor. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Globalization Is Not in Retreat

Posted by hkarner - 28. April 2018

Quite essential! (hfk)

Date: 28-04-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Susan Lund and Laura Tyson
Digital Technology and the Future of Trade

By many standard measures, globalization is in retreat. The 2008 financial crisis and the ensuing recession brought an end to three decades of rapid growth in the trade of goods and services. Cross-border financial flows have fallen by two-thirds. In many countries that have traditionally championed globalization, including the United States and the United Kingdom, the political conversation about trade has shifted from a focus on economic benefits to concerns about job loss, dislocation, deindustrialization, and inequality. A once solid consensus that trade is a win-win proposition has given way to zero-sum thinking and calls for higher barriers. Since November 2008, according to the research group Global Trade Alert, the G-20 countries have implemented more than 6,600 protectionist measures.

But that’s only part of the story. Even as its detractors erect new impediments and walk away from free-trade agreements, globalization is in fact continuing its forward march—but along new paths. In its previous incarnation, it was trade-based and Western-led. Today, globalization is being driven by digital technology and is increasingly led by China and other emerging economies. While trade predicated on global supply chains that take advantage of cheap labor is slowing, new digital technologies mean that more actors can participate in cross-border transactions than ever before, from small businesses to multinational corporations. And economic leadership is shifting east and south, as the United States turns inward and the EU and the United Kingdom negotiate a divorce. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Rethinking the Twenty-First-Century Economy

Posted by hkarner - 17. April 2018

Margareta Drzeniek-Hanouz

Margareta Drzeniek-Hanouz is Head of the Economics Unit at the World Economic Forum.

With the rise of digital technologies and big data, the global economy is undergoing a fundamental transformation that poses significant challenges to governments and policymakers. Unless tools are developed to measure new sources of value in the real economy, current and future generations‘ wellbeing will be in jeopardy.

GENEVA – Before the threat of a US-China trade war arose, surging stock markets and corporate profits had obscured the fact that the global economic system is under existential stress. Global financial stability remains considerably in doubt. Indeed, as world financial leaders gather for the annual IMF/World Bank spring conference in Washington, DC, the rapid pace of technological change and rising inequality are fueling ever louder calls for root-and-branch revision of the entire system.

For governments to cope with these mounting pressures, they will need to rethink the key policy tools on which they have relied for well over a century, starting first and foremost with taxation.

Death and taxes may have been the only certainties in the world of Benjamin Franklin two centuries or so ago; today, only death remains undeniable. With the rise of the digital economy, more and more economic value is derived from intangibles such as the data collected from digital platforms, social media, or the sharing economy. And because company headquarters can now be moved between countries with ease, governments are finding it ever harder to raise taxes. At the same time, public spending will likely have to increase to meet the demands of those left behind in the era of globalization and digital technologies.1 Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Engineering a More Responsible Digital Future

Posted by hkarner - 16. März 2018

Dirk Helbing

Dirk Helbing is a professor of computational social science at ETH Zurich, and the scientific coordinator for FuturICT.

Economic revolutions often bring profound social change, affecting everything from jobs to family size. With the digital revolution now in full swing, humanity must recommit to building more ethical machines, or face a future in which our technologies undermine basic values like human rights and civil liberties.

ZURICH – The world is being battered by technological disruption, as innovations such as big data analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, the Internet of Things, blockchain, 3D printing, and virtual reality change how societies and economies work. Individually, each of these technologies has the potential to transform established products, services, and associated support networks. Taken together, they will upend old business models and institutions, heralding a new era of economic, social, and political history. How will we respond? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Digital revolutions in public finance

Posted by hkarner - 7. März 2018

Sanjeev Gupta, Michael Keen, Alpa Shah, Geneviève Verdier 07 March 2018, voxeu

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The Business Case for a Data Refinery

Posted by hkarner - 7. März 2018

Date: 06-03-2018
Source: Scientific American

Crude data is similar to crude oil—in its raw form, it’s usually too messy to be useful

The Business Case for a Data Refinery

The Economist has proclaimed that data is „the oil of the digital era.” Data will be for the 21st century what oil was for the 20th century—an enabler of new technologies, new products and new businesses. Data will be a focal point around which the economy, society and politics will organize. It is the clean new resource of the future, with undiscovered potential.

But, turning oil into something valuable has always been a complex process. Oil is crude when it comes out of the ground and needs to be cracked at a refinery to turn it into something useful.

Data is similar. In its raw form, it’s usually too big, too messy, and lacks structure. To solve this problem, imagine the concept of a “data refinery”— a software platform that pulls in huge datasets, finds patterns in that data and makes predictions. The data refinery is the missing link between gathering data and extracting value from it. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The AI Debate We Need

Posted by hkarner - 25. Februar 2018

Date: 16-02-2018
Source: Project Syndicate by Sami Mahroum

Sami MahroumSami Mahroum is Director of the Innovation & Policy Initiative at INSEAD and a member of the WEF Regional Strategy Group for the Middle East and North Africa. He is the author of Black Swan Start-ups: Understanding the Rise of Successful Technology Business in Unlikely Places.

Rapid advances in artificial intelligence and related technologies have contributed to fears of widespread job losses and social disruptions in the coming years, giving a sense of urgency to debates about the future of work. But such discussions, though surely worth having, only scratch the surface of what an AI society might look like.

BARCELONA – One can hardly go a day without hearing about a new study describing the far-reaching implications of advances in artificial intelligence. According to countless consultancies, think tanks, and Silicon Valley celebrities, AI applications are poised to change our lives in ways we can scarcely imagine.

The biggest change concerns employment. There is widespread speculation about how many jobs will soon fall victim to automation, but most forecasters agree that it will be in the millions. And it is not just blue-collar jobs that are at stake. So, too, are high-skilled white-collar professions, including law, accounting, and medicine. Entire industries could be disrupted or decimated, and traditional institutions such as universities might have to downsize or close. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why Didital Strategies Fail

Posted by hkarner - 28. Januar 2018

Why-digital-strategies-fail

 

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Securing the Digital Transition

Posted by hkarner - 23. Januar 2018

Carl Bildt was Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to October 2014 and Prime Minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s EU accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Co-Chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. He is Chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

Within a few decades, the Internet has transformed the global economy and rendered the old Westphalian order increasingly obsolete. But without a new governance framework to manage cyber threats and abuses, what has been a boon to globalization could become its undoing.
NEW DELHI – Every year, the World Economic Forum publishes a Global Risks Report, which distills the views of experts and policymakers from around the world. This year, cybersecurity is high on the list of global concerns, as well it should be. In 2017, the world witnessed a continued escalation in cyber attacks and security breaches that affected all parts of society. There is no reason to believe 2018 will be different.The implications are far-reaching. Most immediately, we must grapple with governance of the Internet as well as on the Internet. Otherwise, the opportunities afforded by digital technologies could be squandered in a regulatory and legal arms race, complete with new borders and new global tensions. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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