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Posts Tagged ‘Defense’

What Trump Gets Wrong About EU Defense

Posted by hkarner - 20. Juli 2018

Javier Solana was EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Secretary-General of NATO, and Foreign Minister of Spain. He is currently President of the ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics, Distinguished Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

Donald Trump is not the first US president to demand that European countries spend more on their own defense, but he is the first to ignore the value of America’s alliances. In fact, with NATO’s European pillar recently strengthened, the US will have an even more reliable defense partner.

MADRID – The annual NATO summit this month was the latest installment in a long series of disagreements between US President Donald Trump and America’s European allies. At last year’s summit, Trump refused to affirm the principle of collective defense under Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty – the keystone of the transatlantic alliance. And, after derailing a G7 summit last month, Trump added further tensions this week by refusing to utter even the mildest criticism of Russian President Vladimir Putin at their Helsinki meeting.

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AUFRÜSTUNG STATT FRIEDENSDIVIDENDEN

Posted by hkarner - 19. Juli 2018

FURCHE-Kolumne 245, Wilfried Stadler

Die theatralischen Drohgebärden des amerikanischen Präsidenten und seine durchschaubare Taktik, entgegen aller diplomatischen Gepflogenheiten immer gleich zum groben Keil zu greifen, zeitigen im wahrsten Sinn des Wortes durchschlagende Erfolge. Am Ende des letztwöchigen NATO-Gipfels, an dessen Beginn aggressive Tiraden gegen die deutsche Bundeskanzlerin und Austrittsdrohungen der USA aus dem Militärbündnis standen, verpflichteten sich alle Teilnehmerstaaten gehorsam zur zügigen Aufstockung ihrer Militärbudgets auf zwei Prozent der nationalen Wirtschaftsleistung – eine Zielgröße, auf die man sich allerdings schon 2014 geeinigt hatte.

Jens Stoltenberg, der Generalsekretär des Sicherheitsbündnisses, lobte Donald Trump ob seines Engagements für höhere Rüstungsausgaben. Kanada und die europäischen Mitgliedsstaaten hätten seit seinem Amtsantritt schon über 40 Milliarden zusätzlich investiert. Am Ende der Tagung brachte der US-Präsident sogar eine künftige Größenordnung von vier Prozent ins Spiel.
Nun sei durchaus zugegeben, dass es einem Österreicher nicht gut ansteht, in dieser Diskussion überhaupt Position zu beziehen. Denn als Trittbrettfahrer jenes Verteidigungsbündnisses, dem wir nicht zuletzt die Ostöffnung zu verdanken haben, versuchen wir ja, mit einem unterkritisch niedrigen Bundesheer-Budget von nur 0,65 Prozent des Bruttosozialprodukts davon zu kommen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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NATO Needs New Thinking, Not New Money

Posted by hkarner - 18. Juli 2018

Date: 17-07-2018
Source: YaleGlobal by Jolyon Howorth

Donald Trump’s rough-and-tumble diplomacy in Europe overshadowed more pressing concerns for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Trump harangued allies to spend more on defense even though NATO members had already agreed in 2014 to strive for spending 2 percent of GDP on defense by 2024. “NATO’s European members already spend more than enough money given the relatively limited objectives they set themselves – deterring a weak and declining Russia; countering terrorist groups; engaging in limited crisis management missions mainly in Africa; and cyber defense,” explains Jolyon Howorth, visiting professor with the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. Nations confront a range of security threats and Russia has devised new attacks against the Western alliance, including election meddling with the Brexit referendum and the 2016 US presidential election. Howorth urges reform: “NATO needs to be radically re-thought because it fails to reflect the necessary reconfiguration of European and American forces in a world of rapid power transition.” Excessive military spending without adequate thought could cripple economies. – YaleGlobal Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Playing Defense in Europe

Posted by hkarner - 2. September 2016

Photo of Mark Leonard

Mark Leonard

Mark Leonard is Director of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
 

SEP 1, 2016, Project Syndicate

LONDON – The most frightening periods in history have often been interregnums – moments between the death of one king and the rise of the next. Disorder, war, and even disease can flood into the vacuum when, as Antonio Gramsci put it in his Prison Notebooks, “the old is dying and the new cannot be born.” The dislocation and confusion of 2016 do not rival the turmoil of the interwar period, when Gramsci wrote, but they are certainly symptoms of a new interregnum.

After the end of the Cold War, the world was held together by an American-policed security order and a European-inspired legal order. Now, however, both are fraying, and no candidates to replace them have yet emerged. Indeed, unlike in 1989, this is not a crisis of a single type of system. Countries as different as Brazil, China, Russia, and Turkey are coming under heightened political and economic pressure. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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