Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘Davies’

Ein Leitfaden für Finanzkrisenmanager

Posted by hkarner - 30. Mai 2019

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

EDINBURGH – Journalisten, so heißt es, verfassen „eine erste grobe Version der Geschichte”. Es ist ein großer Anspruch, aber die Besten unter ihnen kommen dem nahe. Während der Großen Finanzkrise 2008 gelang es Andrew Ross Sorkin von der New York Times mit seinem Buch Die Unfehlbaren. Es ist noch immer eine zutreffende Beschreibung dessen, was an der Wall Street los war, als die Märkte zusammenbrachen. Sorkin hatte einen guten Zugang zu den beteiligten Schlüsselpersonen. 

Die zweite Version der Geschichte wird oft von den wichtigsten Beteiligten selbst geschrieben. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg war Winston Churchill zuversichtlich, die Geschichte würde ihn freundlich behandeln, weil er beabsichtigte, „diese Geschichte selbst zu schreiben”. Als die Finanzkrise ausbrach, könnte derselbe Gedanke auch Hank Paulson, Ben Bernanke und Tim Geithner angetrieben haben, die US-Finanzminister, Vorsitzender der Federal Reserve Bank und Präsident der New York Fed waren. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Big Tech/FinTech Disruption

Posted by hkarner - 21. Februar 2019

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

A new report by the Financial Stability Board argues that the Big Tech could “affect the degree of concentration and contestability in financial services, with both potential benefits and risks for financial stability.” Managing the risks will require much more than vigilance by banking supervisors.

LONDON – As its Valentine’s Day present to the world, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) in Basel published a report on financial technology, or fintech, and market structure in financial services. The subtitle was more insightful, and revealed the authors’ intentions: “market developments and potential financial stability implications.”

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Why we stopped trusting elites

Posted by hkarner - 13. Januar 2019

Date: 12-01-2019
Source: The Guardian By William Davies

The credibility of establishment figures has been demolished by technological change and political upheavals. But it’s too late to turn back the clock.

For hundreds of years, modern societies have depended on something that is so ubiquitous, so ordinary, that we scarcely ever stop to notice it: trust. The fact that millions of people are able to believe the same things about reality is a remarkable achievement, but one that is more fragile than is often recognised.

At times when public institutions – including the media, government departments and professions – command widespread trust, we rarely question how they achieve this. And yet at the heart of successful liberal democracies lies a remarkable collective leap of faith: that when public officials, reporters, experts and politicians share a piece of information, they are presumed to be doing so in an honest fashion.

The notion that public figures and professionals are basically trustworthy has been integral to the health of representative democracies. After all, the very core of liberal democracy is the idea that a small group of people – politicians – can represent millions of others. If this system is to work, there must be a basic modicum of trust that the small group will act on behalf of the much larger one, at least some of the time. As the past decade has made clear, nothing turns voters against liberalism more rapidly than the appearance of corruption: the suspicion, valid or otherwise, that politicians are exploiting their power for their own private interest. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Why we stopped trusting elites

Posted by hkarner - 2. Dezember 2018

Date: 01-12-2018
Source: The Guardian By William Davies

The credibility of establishment figures has been demolished by technological change and political upheavals. But it’s too late to turn back the clock.

For hundreds of years, modern societies have depended on something that is so ubiquitous, so ordinary, that we scarcely ever stop to notice it: trust. The fact that millions of people are able to believe the same things about reality is a remarkable achievement, but one that is more fragile than is often recognised.

At times when public institutions – including the media, government departments and professions – command widespread trust, we rarely question how they achieve this. And yet at the heart of successful liberal democracies lies a remarkable collective leap of faith: that when public officials, reporters, experts and politicians share a piece of information, they are presumed to be doing so in an honest fashion.

The notion that public figures and professionals are basically trustworthy has been integral to the health of representative democracies. After all, the very core of liberal democracy is the idea that a small group of people – politicians – can represent millions of others. If this system is to work, there must be a basic modicum of trust that the small group will act on behalf of the much larger one, at least some of the time. As the past decade has made clear, nothing turns voters against liberalism more rapidly than the appearance of corruption: the suspicion, valid or otherwise, that politicians are exploiting their power for their own private interest. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Die hohen Kosten eines Finanzzentrums

Posted by hkarner - 21. Oktober 2018

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

LONDON – Während die Brexit-Verhandlungen Großbritanniens weiterholpern, nutzen andere europäische Länder die Zeit der Ungewissheit hinsichtlich der künftigen Finanzmarkt-Regulierung, um Firmen und Aktivitäten aus London in konkurrierende Finanzzentren zu locken. Die Franzosen unterstützen Paris besonders aktiv, aber Frankfurt liegt, trotz halbherziger Unterstützung der Regierung in Berlin, nicht weit zurück. Und auch andere Städte wie Luxemburg, Dublin und Amsterdam haben ihre roten Teppiche ausgerollt. So beliebt waren Banker schon seit einem Jahrzehnt oder noch länger nicht.  

Aber sollten andere Städte London nachahmen und zu einem globalen Finanzzentrum werden wollen? Ist man sich in diesen Städten bewusst, was gut für sie und ihre jeweiligen Volkswirtschaften ist?

Die weltweite Finanzkrise des Jahres 2008 hat zu einem Umdenken hinsichtlich der diesbezüglichen Vor- und Nachteile geführt. Definitiv von Vorteil ist ein bedeutendes Finanzzentrum im eigenen Land für Porsche-Händler, angesagte Champagner-Bars und Nachtclubs. Von mancher Seite wird allerdings argumentiert, dass die Nachteile im Hinblick auf die Auswirkungen auf die übrige Wirtschaft zu schwerwiegend sind, um sie außer Acht zu lassen.

Andy Haldane, Chefvolkswirt der Bank of England, bezeichnet zumindest Teile der Bankenbranche als „Schadstoffe“. Das „systemische Risiko”, so Haldane, „ist ein schädliches Abfallprodukt”, von dem „Gefahr für arglose Unbeteiligte in der Wirtschaft ausgeht.“  Einige Länder, darunter das Vereinigte Königreich, tragen weiterhin „die sozialen Kosten, die Bankenkrisen für die Allgemeinheit bringen.“ Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Was the Financial Crisis Wasted?

Posted by hkarner - 30. August 2018

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

While financial regulation has been materially strengthened since the 2008 crisis, its implementation remains in the hands of a patchwork quilt of national agencies. The resulting structural diversity of post-crisis reforms does not help ensure consistency in the implementation of global standards.

LONDON – As the tenth anniversary of the start of the global financial crisis approaches, a wave of retrospective reviews is bearing down on us. Many of them will try to answer the Big Question: Has the financial system been fundamentally reformed, so that we can be confident of preventing a repeat of the dismal and destructive events of 2008-2009, or has the crisis been allowed to go to waste?

There will be no consensus answer to that question. Some will argue that the post-crisis reforms, especially those concerning banks’ capital requirements, have gone too far, and that the costs in terms of output have been too high. Others will argue that far more must be done, that banks need far higher capital, and possibly, as the proponents of a recent Swiss referendum argued, that banks should lose their ability to create money. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Anatomy of Global Debt

Posted by hkarner - 17. Juni 2018

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

The IMF’s new Global Debt Database is an impressive piece of work. And the numbers suggest that the so-called debt intensity of growth has increased: we seem to need higher levels of debt to support a given rate of economic than we did before.

LONDON – At the end of May, the International Monetary Fund launched its new Global Debt Database. For the first time, IMF statisticians have compiled a comprehensive set of calculations of both public and private debt, country by country, constructing a time series stretching back to the end of World War II. It is an impressive piece of work.

The headline figure is striking. Global debt has hit a new high of 225% of world GDP, exceeding the previous record of 213% in 2009. So, as the IMF points out, there has been no deleveraging at all at the global level since the 2007-2008 financial crisis. In some countries, the composition of debt changed, as public debt replaced private debt in the post-crisis recession, but that shift has now mostly stopped.

Are these large figures alarming? In aggregate terms, perhaps not. At a time when economic growth is robust almost everywhere, financial markets are relaxed about debt sustainability. Long-term interest rates remain remarkably low. But the numbers do tend to support the hypothesis that the so-called debt intensity of growth has increased: we seem to need higher levels of debt to support a given rate of economic growth than we did before. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Kann ein europäischer Kapitalmarkt einen Brexit überleben?

Posted by hkarner - 4. Mai 2018

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

LONDON – Am 30. September 2015 – in jenen weit zurückliegenden Tagen, als das Großbritannien noch vollwertiges Mitglied der Europäischen Union war – verkündete EU-Kommissar Jonathan Hill die Einleitung einer neuen Initiative, die als „Kapitalmarktunion“ bezeichnet wurde.” Fast 60 Jahre Bauen an Europa hatten noch immer nichts hervorgebracht, was einem Binnenmarkt für Investitionen auch nur nahekam, und in vielen EU-Ländern waren die Kapitalmärkte nach wie vor schwach und unterentwickelt. Das lobenswerte Ziel, so schrieb Hill, sei es, „die Hindernisse für grenzüberschreitende Investitionsflüsse zu ermitteln“ und „herauszuarbeiten, wie man sie Schritt für Schritt überwinden kann“.

Seitdem ist viel Zeit vergangen, und Hill bezieht inzwischen seine Euro-Rente. Doch sind größere Fortschritte schwerlich erkennbar. Tatsächlich befindet sich das Projekt inzwischen möglicherweise im Rückwärtsgang, da nun der Brexit den einzigen gut funktionierenden Kapitalmarkt zu stören und zu spalten droht, den Europa inzwischen besitzt: London, auf das die meisten für europäische Unternehmen am Markt aufgebrachten Finanzmittel entfallen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Last Basel Round?

Posted by hkarner - 23. Dezember 2017

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

The Basel Committee has produced an important package of capital-adequacy rules that are supposed to complete the process of minimizing the risk of a future financial crises. But will it succeed, or will it increase the cost and decrease the availability of credit?

LONDON – After long and sometimes painful negotiations, which stress-tested the personal relationships between many countries’ central bankers and regulators to the limit, the Basel Committee laid a long-expected egg in December. Described as a package that finalizes the post-2008 reforms to the global regime for bank capital, it brings to an end the process known as Basel 3.

Bankers have dubbed the result “Basel 4,” arguing that the final package contains many new and more burdensome requirements. But the Committee is adamant that the new rules should be regarded as part and parcel of the reform program begun in 2009, in the wake of the global financial crisis. Basel 4 may come one day, but this is not it, they insist. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Who Wants to Deregulate Finance?

Posted by hkarner - 25. August 2017

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