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Posts Tagged ‘Bubble’

Voters Backed Donald Trump Because He ‘Just Got It,’ Says Investor Peter Thiel

Posted by hkarner - 11. November 2016

Date: 11-11-2016
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Highest-profile Silicon Valley supporter of president-elect gives his perspective on Donald Trump’s victory

ThielPeter Thiel,  says he doesn’t think a Trump administration will have that big an impact on the tech sector right away.

Peter Thiel was the highest-profile Silicon Valley executive to publicly promote Donald Trump during the presidential campaign, giving him an unusual perspective on the president elect. He spoke with The Wall Street Journal’s Rolfe Winkler after Mr. Trump’s victory. Edited excerpts:

WSJ: What specific policies do you think President Trump will pursue to kick-start growth?

Mr. Thiel: I think there will definitely be a push for less regulation of small businesses, some sort of fiscal stimulus. A lot of people voted for Trump because he just got it. He understood that things were very off track even if he didn’t have a precise road map of what to do. Other Republican candidates were almost delusionally Panglossian in their views of America. Hillary was also optimistic in a way that made her very out of touch. Sanders was the one other major candidate that really got the stagnation. I don’t agree with Sanders’s policy solutions, but I think that with a Trump vs. Sanders debate, we would have gotten more into the real issues.

WSJ: When did you meet Trump, and how often do you talk to him? Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China: „Die größte Blase der Geschichte“

Posted by hkarner - 2. Oktober 2016

30.09.2016 | 18:48 | unserem Korrespondenten Felix Lee (Die Presse)

Die Immobilienpreise in chinesischen Städten sind in den vergangenen Monaten in die Höhe geschossen – trotz abkühlender Konjunktur. Platzt die nächste Häuserblase in China?

Peking. Wang Zhiqin klappt nervös sein Laptop auf. Auf dem Bildschirm erscheint die Website einer einschlägigen Pekinger Immobilienfirma. „Schauen Sie“, sagt er und zeigt auf eine angebotene Wohnung. Gerade einmal 55 Quadratmeter ist sie groß, eine Wohnküche, eine Nasszelle, zwei kleine Schlafzimmer. Die Wohnung befindet sich in einem Neubaugebiet außerhalb des fünften Rings, rund 30 Kilometer vom Pekinger Stadtzentrum entfernt. Vergangene Woche hätte er sie für 2,6 Mio. Yuan kaufen können, für umgerechnet rund 351.000 Euro. Doch nachdem er zwei Tage brauchte, mit seiner Bank die Finanzierung zu klären, konnte er sie sich nicht mehr leisten. Der Preis war um weitere 60.000 Yuan angestiegen.

Ob in Peking, Shanghai, Guangzhou oder Shenzhen – die Immobilienpreise in Chinas Millionenstädten kennen seit Monaten nur eine Richtung: steil nach oben. Das Nationale Statistikamt hat vergangene Woche bekannt gegeben, dass die Immobilienpreise bereits den 16. Monat in Folge gestiegen sind und immer neue Rekordwerte erreicht haben.

43,8 Prozent – in einem JahrChina: „Die größte Blase der Geschichte“

Auf das gesamte Land verteilt klingt der Preisanstieg gar nicht so dramatisch. Er lag in Chinas 70 größten Städten im August bei 9,2 Prozent gegenüber dem entsprechenden Vorjahresmonat. Doch einige Metropolen stechen besonders hervor. In Peking ging es um 23,5 Prozent nach oben, in Shanghai um 31,2 Prozent und in Xiamen sogar um 43,8 Prozent – alles innerhalb von zwölf Monaten.

Bezogen auf das Durchschnittseinkommen sind die Immobilienpreise in Chinas Metropolen ohnehin schon seit Jahren exorbitant hoch. In Peking liegt der durchschnittliche Quadratmeterpreis bei umgerechnet rund 6000 Euro, in der Shanghaier Innenstadt sogar bei umgerechnet 13.400 Euro. Der Pekinger verdient jedoch im Schnitt gerade einmal rund 950 Euro im Monat. Während Wiener im Schnitt rund 14 Jahreseinkommen für den Kauf einer Durchschnittswohnung aufwenden müssen, benötigt der Pekinger 33 Jahre. In Blogs wird gewitzelt, dass ein Bauer, gemessen am derzeitigen Durchschnittseinkommen, bereits zur Ming-Dynasty im 14. Jahrhundert mit dem Sparen hätte anfangen müssen, um sich heutzutage eine Vierzimmerwohnung leisten zu können.

Diese Zahlen zeigen: Von einer Beruhigung auf Chinas Immobilienmarkt kann keine Rede sein. Und damit sind auch die Risken, die von dieser sich immer weiter aufblähenden Preisblase ausgehen, drastisch gestiegen. Denn anders als noch vor wenigen Jahren, als Chinas Wirtschaft zweistellig wuchs, liegt das Wachstum derzeit bei nur noch 6,7 Prozent. Der derzeitige Zustand der chinesischen Volkswirtschaft rechtfertigt zumindest nicht die so exorbitant gestiegenen Immobilienpreise der vergangenen Monate.

Ausgerechnet Chinas reichster Unternehmer, Wang Jianlin, der mit Immobiliengeschäften sein Imperium aufgebaut hat und nun mit der Wanda-Gruppe einen der größten Unterhaltungskonzerne der Welt führt, warnt nun vor dem Häusermarkt in seiner Heimat. In einem Interview auf CNN-Money sprach er von der „größten Blase der Geschichte“.

 

Viele Wohnhäuser stehen leer

Er sieht das Problem vor allem in den massiven Unterschieden zwischen dem boomenden Peking oder Schanghai mit den extrem hohen Immobilienpreisen und den zahlreichen kleinen Städten, in denen viele Wohnhäuser leer stehen. Diese Diskrepanz mache es schwer für die Regierung, den Markt in moderatere Bahnen zu lenken.

„Die Immobilienpreise spielen verrückt“, konstatiert auch Alan Jin, Analyst der Mizuho Securities. Er gibt jedoch schon der Zentralregierung die Schuld für die massiven Preisanstiege. Sie hätte sehr viel früher eingreifen müssen, kritisiert er. Sie hätte sehr viel früher die lockere Geldpolitik eindämmen sollen. Tatsächlich versucht die chinesische Führung inzwischen das dritte Jahr in Folge, die schwächelnde Wirtschaft anzukurbeln, indem sie die ihr unterstellte Zentralbank angewiesen hat, den Geldhahn aufzudrehen. Ein Großteil floss in den chinesischen Aktienmarkt. Diese Blase platzte – einmal im Sommer 2015, das zweite Mal zu Beginn des Jahres 2016. Inzwischen fließt ein erheblicher Teil in den Kauf von Wohnungen – mit der Folge von explodierenden Immobilienpreisen.

Die Auswirkungen einer geplatzten Immobilienblase auf die Gesamtwirtschaft könnten jedoch sehr viel gravierender sein. Sollten die Preise allzu abrupt in den Keller stürzen, würde die Bauindustrie sofort einbrechen. Chinas Wirtschaft drohe dann eine schwere Rezession. Das wiederum würde angesichts der schieren Größe der chinesischen Volkswirtschaft auch der Rest der Welt zu spüren bekommen. Eine Neuauflage der Weltfinanzkrise wie 2008 nach der Lehman-Pleite droht von China aus aber nicht. Denn verschuldet haben sich die chinesischen Immobilienkäufer vor allem bei den heimischen Banken. Und diese sind kaum international vernetzt.

Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s Emerging Bubbles

Posted by hkarner - 29. März 2016

Photo of Hans-Werner Sinn

Hans-Werner Sinn

Hans-Werner Sinn, Professor of Economics and Public Finance at the University of Munich, is President of the Ifo Institute for Economic Research and serves on the German economy ministry’s Advisory Council. He is the author, most recently, of The Euro Trap: On Bursting Bubbles, Budgets, and Beliefs.

MAR 28, 2016, Project Syndicate

MUNICH – The European Central Bank’s latest policy moves have shocked many observers. While the goal – to prevent deflation and spur growth – is clear, the policies themselves are setting the stage for severe instability.

The policies in question include setting the interest rate on the ECB’s main refinancing operations to zero; raising monthly asset purchases by €20 billion ($22.3 billion) to €80 billion; and pushing the interest rate on money that banks deposit with the ECB further into negative territory – to -0.40%. Moreover, the ECB has launched a new series of four targeted longer-term refinancing operations, which also carry negative interest rates. Banks receive up to 0.4% interest on ECB credit that they take themselves, provided they lend it out to private businesses. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Trouble With Financial Bubbles

Posted by hkarner - 19. Oktober 2015

Photo of Howard Davies

Howard Davies

Howard Davies, the first chairman of the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority (1997-2003), is Chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He was Director of the London School of Economics (2003-11) and served as Deputy Governor of the Bank of England and Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry.

OCT 19, 2015, Project Syndicate

LONDON – Very soon after the magnitude of the 2008 financial crisis became clear, a lively debate began about whether central banks and regulators could – and should – have done more to head it off. The traditional view, notably shared by former US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan, is that any attempt to prick financial bubbles in advance is doomed to failure. The most central banks can do is to clean up the mess.

Bubble-pricking may indeed choke off growth unnecessarily – and at high social cost. But there is a counter-argument. Economists at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) have maintained that the costs of the crisis were so large, and the cleanup so long, that we should surely now look for ways to act pre-emptively when we again see a dangerous build-up of liquidity and credit. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Balloons in Search of Needles

Posted by hkarner - 28. September 2015

By John MauldinMauldin Video

September 27, 2015

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David Kotz: Understanding Contemporary Capitalism, Part I

Posted by hkarner - 11. September 2015

10/9 Naked CapitalismBy David Kotz, a professor of economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst and the author of The Rise and Fall of Kotz AmherstNeoliberal Capitalism (Harvard University Press, 2015). This is the first installment of a two-part series based on his book. Cross-posted at Triple Crisis.

Part 1: What is Neoliberal Capitalism?

“Neoliberalism,” or more accurately neoliberal capitalism, is a form of capitalism in which market relations and market forces operate relatively freely and play the predominant role in the economy. That is, neoliberalism is not just a set of ideas, or an ideology, as it is typically interpreted by those analysts who doubt the relevance or importance of this concept for explaining contemporary capitalism. Under neoliberalism, non-market institutions – such as the state, trade unions, and corporate bureaucracies – play a limited role. By contrast, in “regulated capitalism” such as prevailed in the post-World War II decades – in the United States and other industrial capitalist economies – states, trade unions, and corporate bureaucracies played a major role in regulating economic activity, confining market forces to a lesser role. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Letting China’s Bubble Burst

Posted by hkarner - 30. Juli 2015

JUL 29, 2015 0, Project Syndicate

NEW YORK – The problems with China’s economic-growth pattern have become well known in recent years, with the Chinese stock-market’s recent free-fall bringing them into sharper focus. But discussions of the Chinese economy’s imbalances and vulnerabilities tend to neglect some of the more positive elements of its structural evolution, particularly the government’s track record of prompt corrective intervention, and the substantial state balance sheet that can be deployed, if necessary.

In this regard, however, the stock-market bubble that developed in the first half of the year should be viewed as an exception. Not only did Chinese regulators enable the bubble’s growth by allowing retail investors – many of them newcomers to the market – to engage in margin trading (using borrowed money); the policy response to the market correction that began in late June has also been highly problematic. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Booming Until It Hurts?

Posted by hkarner - 15. Juli 2014

Date: 15-07-2014Shiller CC
Source: Technology Review

ROBERT J. SHILLER

Robert J. Shiller, a 2013 Nobel laureate in economics, is Professor of Economics at Yale University and the co-creator of the Case-Shiller Index of US house prices. He is the author of Irrational Exuberance, the second edition of which predicted the coming collapse of the real-estate bubble, and, most recently, Finance and the Good Society.

NEW HAVEN – In recent months, concern has intensified among the world’s financial experts and news media that overheated asset markets – real estate, equities, and long-term bonds – could lead to a major correction and another economic crisis. The general public seems unbothered: Google Trends shows some pickup in the search term “stock market bubble,” but it is not at its peak 2007 levels, and “housing bubble” searches are relatively infrequent.

But the experts’ concern is notable and healthy, because the belief that markets are always efficient can survive only when some people do not completely believe it and think that they can profit by timing the markets. At the same time, this heightened concern carries dangers, too, because we do not know whether it will lead to a public overreaction on the downside.

International agencies recently issued warnings about speculative excesses in asset markets, suggesting that we should be worried about a possible crisis. In a speech in June, International Monetary Fund Deputy Managing Director Min Zhu argued that housing markets in several countries, including in Europe, Asia, and the Americas, “show signs of overheating.” The same month, the Bank for International Settlements said in its Annual Report that such “signs are worrying.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Feeding the Bubble: Is the Next Crash Brewing?

Posted by hkarner - 4. Dezember 2013

Date: 03-12-2013
Source: DER SPIEGEL

Central banks around the world are pumping trillions into the economy. The goal is to stimulate growth, but their actions are also driving up prices in the real estate and equities markets. The question is no longer whether there will be a crash, but when.

When 42-year-old hedge fund manager Mark Spitznagel wants to forget about his high-stakes business for a while, he heads to the goat farm he and his wife Amy purchased in the bucolic hills of Michigan. There, he produces cheese according to environmentally sustainable methods, because he views modern agriculture, with its large-scale pesticide use and automated factory farms, as degenerate. In fact, he says, factory farming is „an ideal metaphor“ for the economy.

In Spitznagel’s view, the world’s financial and equities markets are also dysfunctional, and what happens there is unhealthy and anything but sustainable. As a money manager, he has also opted for an alternative business model of sorts: He’s betting on a crash.
For his customers, Spitznagel’s multi-billion-dollar fund acts as an insurance policy against the next meltdown in the financial system. When the market is doing well, they lose modest amounts of money. But they cash in as soon as prices take a nosedive, even when all other investments are going up in smoke.

The hedge fund manager has made a lot of money in the past with his prognoses, and he is convinced that substantial turbulence is on the cards for the near future. „The setup is there for it,“ says Spitznagel.

‚It Might Go Badly‘ Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Back to Housing Bubbles

Posted by hkarner - 1. Dezember 2013

Date: 30-11-2013Roubini CC
Source: Project Syndicate

NOURIEL ROUBINI

Nouriel Roubini, a professor at NYU’s Stern School of Business and Chairman of Roubini Global Economics, was Senior Economist for International Affairs in the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration. He has worked for the International Monetary Fund, the US Federal Reserve, and the World Bank.

NEW YORK – It is widely agreed that a series of collapsing housing-market bubbles triggered the global financial crisis of 2008-2009, along with the severe recession that followed. While the United States is the best-known case, a combination of lax regulation and supervision of banks and low policy interest rates fueled similar bubbles in the United Kingdom, Spain, Ireland, Iceland, and Dubai. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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