Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Posts Tagged ‘austerity’

Euro-Gruppe erwägt Abschied von der Austeritäts-Politik

Posted by hkarner - 7. Dezember 2016

Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten  | 

Die Euro-Gruppe erwägt einen vorsichtigen Abschied von der Austeritäts-Politik – und setzt Deutschland sanft unter Druck.

DijsselbloomDie Euro-Finanzminister haben sich der Aufforderung der EU-Kommission nur teilweise angeschlossen, dass Staaten wie Deutschland eine lockerere Haushaltspolitik zur Ankurbelung der Wirtschaft einschlagen sollten. In einer am Montagnachmittag veröffentlichten Erklärung der Eurogruppe hieß es, dass Deutschland, Luxemburg und die Niederlande ihre gute Haushaltslage nutzen „könnten“, um die Binnennachfrage und Wachstumsmöglichkeiten zu stärken. Dies hänge ab von den besonderen Umständen des Landes, während zugleich die mittelfristigen Ziele sowie die Vorrechte der jeweiligen Regierung und die nationalen Regeln respektiert werden müssten.

Die EU-Kommission hatte Mitte November angeregt, dass im kommenden Jahr in der Euro-Zone insgesamt 0,5 Prozent der Wirtschaftsleistung mehr investiert werden könnten. Die Brüsseler Behörde erwähnte Deutschland dabei zwar zunächst nicht ausdrücklich, sie zog damit aber trotzdem heftige Kritik durch Bundesfinanzminister Wolfgang Schäuble auf sich, der ihr Kompetenzüberschreitung vorwarf. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trump the 1%

Posted by hkarner - 26. November 2016

Dank an H.F.!

By  Hudson  Hudson

Michael Hudson: Donald Trump Wants to Make the 1% Even Richer,” The Real News Network, November 18, 2016.

Economist Michael Hudson explains how economic terms like capital gains are deployed to mislead the public about who is benefiting from economic policy and where wealth is going.

 

SHARMINI PERIES, TRNN: Welcome back to the Real News Network. I’m Sharmini Peries coming to you from Baltimore.

Today I’m being joined in our Baltimore studio by economist Michael Hudson. Michael has a new book out January 20 – J is for Junk Economics: A Survivor’s Guide to Economic Vocabulary in an Age of Deception. Michael is a distinguished Research Professor of Economics at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. Thanks so much for joining us Michael.

MICHAEL HUDSON: Good to be here in your Baltimore studio.

PERIES: Thank you. So Michael, in the first segment we spoke more generally in terms of how people are misled through our policy makers in Washington in particular. But give us some specific examples of some of the terms used to mislead us. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Inequality in the euro zone

Posted by hkarner - 29. Oktober 2016

Date: 27-10-2016
Source: The Economist

The gap between poor and rich regions in Europe is widening

Austerity is partly to blame

inequality-euTHE beautiful but rubbish-strewn streets of Catania, Sicily’s second-biggest city, are a world away from swanky Trento, in the country’s richer north. About a quarter of Sicilians are “severely materially deprived”—meaning that they cannot afford things like a car, or to heat their home sufficiently—compared with just 5% in Trento. Italy is not unique. In many places, the divide within countries appears to be getting worse.

According to an analysis by The Economist, the gap between richer and poorer regions of euro-zone countries has increased since the financial crisis. Our measure of regional inequality looks at the average income per head of a country’s poorest region, expressed as a percentage of the income of that country’s richest part. The weighted average for 12 countries shows that regional inequality was declining in the years leading up to the financial crisis of 2007-08, but has increased since then (see chart).

The poorest area in Slovakia, the euro zone’s most geographically unequal economy, now has an income per person of just 28% of the richest, a slight fall from before the crisis. In Calabria, Italy’s poorest region, income per person as a share of the country’s best-off part, the province of Bolzano, was 45% in 2007 but is only 40% now. Elsewhere poor regions of the euro zone have seen income falling in both relative and absolute terms.

An exception is Germany: in its once-communist east, excluding Berlin, GDP per person reached 67% of that in former West Germany last year. (Most of the catch-up took place in the early 1990s, but continues more slowly.) Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s single currency: France v Germany

Posted by hkarner - 29. Oktober 2016

Date: 27-10-2016
Source: The Economist

The founders of the euro have fundamentally different ideas about how the single currency should be managed

euro-bookThe Euro and the Battle of Ideas. By Markus Brunnermeier, Harold James and Jean-Pierre Landau. Princeton University Press; 440 pages; $35 and £24.95.

THE euro crisis that first blew up in late 2009 has revealed deep flaws in the single currency’s design. Yet in part because it began with the bail-out of Greece, many politicians, especially German ones, think the main culprits were not these design flaws but fiscal profligacy and excessive public debt. That meant the only cure was fiscal austerity. In fact, that has often needlessly prolonged the pain. Later bail-outs of countries like Ireland and Spain showed that excessive private debt, property bubbles and over-exuberant banks can cause even bigger problems for financial stability.

That is one early conclusion of “The Euro and the Battle of Ideas”, by three academics from Germany, Britain and France. They describe thoroughly the watershed moments of the crisis, how power shifted to national governments (especially in Berlin) and the roles played by the IMF and the European Central Bank (ECB). They blame euro-zone governments for failing to sort out troubled banks more quickly, for not realising that current-account deficits matter when public debts are in effect denominated in a foreign currency, for not making the ECB into a lender of last resort and for not pushing through structural reforms in good times. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe May Finally End Its Painful Embrace of Austerity

Posted by hkarner - 9. Oktober 2016

Date: 07-10-2016
Source: The New York Times

Hammond CCPhilip Hammond, Britain’s chancellor of the Exchequer, said this week that the government would borrow more to finance new infrastructure projects.

LONDON — As Europe has grappled with the trauma of a devastating financial and economic crisis, policy makers have consistently relied on one approach to managing the damage — budget austerity.

Shrink government spending by trimming pensions and cutting social programs, the logic runs, and the markets will gain confidence in the tough-minded people in charge. Confident markets make for happy markets. Money will pour in, and good times will roll.

Even as prosperity has remained painfully elusive across much of Europe, leaders have time and again renewed their faith in the virtues of this harsh medicine.

Until now. Europe is re-examining the merits of austerity. Some policy makers are flashing tentative signs that they may be prepared to slacken their grip on public coffers to spur growth and improve the lot of ordinary people suffering joblessness and diminished wealth. In the clearest sign of this shift, the heavily indebted Italy is increasingly inclined to challenge Germany — the guardian of austerity — to loosen European purse strings. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Saving Italy From Itself

Posted by hkarner - 27. September 2016

Photo of Paola Subacchi

Paola Subacchi

Paola Subacchi is Research Director of International Economics at Chatham House and Professor of Economics at the University of Bologna. Her forthcoming book, The People’s Money: How China is Building an International Currency, will be published by Columbia University Press.

SEP 27, 2016, Project Syndicate

SIENA – Now that Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi’s credibility is weakening at home, he will need all the friends he can get to clear the hurdle of a constitutional referendum in December – and thereby avoid likely political disruption. Renzi will need the support not just of his own party, which is deeply divided over the referendum, but also of an Italian electorate that has grown disillusioned with politics in general.

The referendum has become a litmus test for Renzi and his government partly because of his ill-considered warning earlier this year that he would resign if the proposed reform of the Senate (the parliament’s upper house) were voted down. But Renzi’s bigger problem is that he is a mid-term, unelected prime minister who promised, in 2014, to bring change to a country that has heard it all before. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Putting People First in Europe

Posted by hkarner - 6. August 2016

Photo of Jean-Paul Fitoussi

A delight! (hfk)

Jean-Paul Fitoussi

Jean-Paul Fitoussi is Professor Emeritus of Economics at Sciences-Po and Research Director of OFCE (Sciences-Po Center for Economic Research, Paris).
 

Photo of Khalid Malik

Khalid Malik

Khalid Malik is UNDP Director of the Human Development Report Office.

AUG 5, 2016, Project Syndicate

PARIS – The same type of populist discontent that fueled Brexit in the United Kingdom is on the rise throughout Europe, suggesting that policymakers have lost sight of the European project’s central objective: to ensure the wellbeing of all Europeans. As the first United Nations Human Development Report put it in 1990:Soci

The best way to capitalize on the people of a country or region is through social equity. Amartya Sen, in his magisterial The Idea of Justice, concluded that true social equity requires not equal treatment for all, but rather unequal treatment in favor of the poor and most disadvantaged. Mere equity in public finance or in the eyes of the law is not enough if we don’t also consider the different starting points for individuals and groups in society. Recognizing this, successive UN development reports since 1990 have made the case that both economies and societies are stronger when public policy puts people’s wellbeing first. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Brexit and the Derivatives Time Bomb

Posted by hkarner - 3. Juli 2016

Posted on by Ellen Brown, Web of DebtBrown Ellen

Brexit could trigger a $500 trillion derivatives meltdown, by forcing the EU to allow insolvent member governments and banks to write down debt. Italy is in financial crisis and is already petitioning for that concession. How to avoid collapse of the massive derivatives house of cards? Alternatives are considered.

Sovereign debt – the debt of national governments – has ballooned from $80 trillion to $100 trillion just since 2008. Squeezed governments have been driven to radical austerity measures, privatizing public assets, slashing public services, and downsizing work forces in a futile attempt to balance national budgets. But the debt overhang just continues to grow.

Austerity has been pushed to the limit and hasn’t worked. But default or renegotiating the debt seems to be off the table. Why? According to a June 25th article by Graham Summers on ZeroHedge:

. . . EVERY move the Central Banks have made post-2009 has been aimed at avoiding debt restructuring or defaults in the bond markets. Why does Greece, a country that represents less than 2% of EU GDP, continue to receive bailouts instead of just defaulting?

Summers’ answer – derivatives:

[G]lobal leverage has exploded to record highs, with the sovereign bond bubble now a staggering $100 trillion in size. To top it off, over $10 trillion of this is sporting negative yields in nominal terms. . . .

Globally, over $500 trillion in derivatives trade [is] based on bond yields.

But Brexit changes everything, says Summers. Until now, the EU has been able to reject debt forgiveness as an alternative, using the threat of financial Armageddon if the debtor country left the EU. But Britain has left, and Armageddon hasn’t hit. Other Eurozone nations can now threaten to do the same if they don’t get debt forgiveness or a restructuring.

The First Domino – Italy Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Rethinking Policy at the IMF

Posted by hkarner - 8. Juni 2016

Posted on by iMFdirect

By iMFdirect

The global financial crisis led to a broad rethink of macroeconomic and financial policies in the global academic and policy community. ObstfeldEight months into the job as IMF Chief Economist, Maury Obstfeld reflects on the IMF’s role in this rethinking and in furthering economic and financial stability.

In an interview, Obstfeld notes that given the impacts of IMF decisions on member countries and the global economic system, it is especially important for the institution to constantly re-evaluate its thinking in light of new evidence.

He talks about fiscal policy, citing that “nobody wants needless austerity,” as well as on the Fund’s work on capital flows and trade.

Even as the Fund’s thinking evolves, Obstfeld says that the process has not “fundamentally changed the core of our approach, which is based on open and competitive markets, robust macro policy frameworks, financial stability, and strong institutions.”

IMFSurvey Magazine: Policy Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Ein Finanzministerium als Teil des Eurosystems 2.0

Posted by hkarner - 7. Juni 2016

06.06.2016
Von Dirk Ehnts, Makroskop

Der fehlgeleitete Glaube an die Allmacht des Marktes hat im Euroraum vielfach zu einem Teufelskreis aus Austeritätspolitik, Wirtschaftseinbruch, steigender Arbeitslosigkeit und sozialer Not geführt. Ein gemeinsames Finanzministerium könnte Abhilfe schaffen.

Die Euro-Krise, welche sich an die globale Finanzkrise 2008/09 anschloss, dauert nun schon sechs Jahre. Während in anderen Ländern der Welt eine weniger restriktive Sparpolitik des Staates wesentlich zur Erholung der Wirtschaft beitrug, erlebte die Eurozone eine lange Phase von Rezession und Stagnation. Denn hier wurde auf ein vermeintliches Staatsschuldenproblem mit Haushaltskürzungen reagiert.

Souveräne Staaten und schwäbische Hausfrauen

Diese Diagnose aber ist problematisch, da ein Staat nicht mit der vielzitierten schwäbischen Hausfrau gleichzusetzen ist. Während diese sich tatsächlich Gedanken machen muss, woher sie denn ihr Geld bekommt, um ihre Ausgaben zu bestreiten, kann der Staat dabei auf seine Zentralbank zurückgreifen. Entweder verkauft letzterer direkt Staatsanleihen an die Zentralbank, oder er verkauft sie an Banken, die wiederum die Staatsanleihen an die Zentralbank weiterverkaufen. Da der Staat dies unbegrenzt tun kann, ist ein Staatsbankrott komplett ausgeschlossen, so lange der Staat in seiner eigenen Währung verschuldet ist. Selbst in Krisenzeiten schießen aus diesem Grund die Zinsen für Staatsanleihen nicht in die Höhe: Es zweifelt schlicht niemand an der Zahlungsfähigkeit des Staates. Dieser Umstand erklärt auch das niedrige Zinsniveau außerhalb der Eurozone, wo es nirgends zu Problemen mit staatlicher Insolvenz kam. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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