Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

Unkonventionelle Lösungen für eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft

Archive for 21. Februar 2020

What AI still can’t do

Posted by hkarner - 21. Februar 2020

Date: 20‑02‑2020

Source: Technology Review by Brian Bergstein

Artificial intelligence won’t be very smart if computers don’t grasp cause and effect. That’s something even humans have trouble with.

In less than a decade, computers have become extremely good at diagnosing diseases, translating languages, and transcribing speech. They can outplay humans at complicated strategy games, create photorealistic images, and suggest useful replies to your emails.

Yet despite these impressive achievements, artificial intelligence has glaring weaknesses.

Machine‑learning systems can be duped or confounded by situations they haven’t seen before. A self‑driving car gets flummoxed by a scenario that a human driver could handle easily. An AI system laboriously trained to carry out one task (identifying cats, say) has to be taught all over again to do something else (identifying dogs). In the process, it’s liable to lose some of the expertise it had in the original task. Computer scientists call this problem catastrophic forgetting.”

These shortcomings have something in common: they exist because AI systems don’t understand causation. They see that some events are associated with other events, but they don’t ascertain which things directly make other things happen. It’s as if you knew that the presence of clouds made rain likelier, but you didn’t know clouds caused rain.

Elias Bareinboim

Elias Bareinboim: AI systems are clueless when it comes to causation. 

Understanding cause and effect is a big aspect of what we call common sense, and it’s an area in which AI systems today “are clueless,” says Elias Bareinboim. He should know: as the director of the new Causal Artificial Intelligence Lab at Columbia University, he’s at the forefront of efforts to fix this problem. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Artificial intelligence: How is the EU planning to make up ground on US and Chinese firms?

Posted by hkarner - 21. Februar 2020

Date: 20‑02‑2020

Source: Euronews

President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen at the AI Xperience Center in Brussels

After much brainstorming, the EU has unveiled how it plans to catch the US and China when it comes to artificial intelligence (AI).

Ursula von der Leyen, announcing the new strategy, said AI could be hugely lucrative but that it came with key risks.

Here we take a look at what Brussels wants to do, why and what critics think of the plan.

What is artificial intelligence?Artificial intelligence sees machines use intelligence typically associated with humans, such as learning from mistakes and adjusting to new inputs. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , | Leave a Comment »

Xi’s Party‑State at 70: Feeling the Itch

Posted by hkarner - 21. Februar 2020

Date: 20‑02‑2020

Source: YaleGlobal by Börje Ljunggren

The coronavirus and economic challenges notwithstanding, China’s leaders are ambitious, determined to be second to none. For now, the Chinese Communist Party is intent to avoid the fate of the Soviet Union, which rose in December 1922 and fell in December 1991. Modern China, impoverished in 1949, has transformed itself into a superpower, explains Börje Ljunggren, author and former Swedish ambassador to China and Vietnam. China advanced by embracing globalization and borrowing economic tools of the West while rejecting the goals of Western‑style democracy. The party remains in firm control. “With close to 90 million members and more than 4 million basic units, the party is ubiquitous, in media and civil society, at companies and universities and, not least, in the armed forces,” Ljunggren writes. “The elitist nature of the Communist Party is maintained through a complex system based on selection, loyalty and discipline.” The party’s resistance to criticism, even questions and suggestions with leadership evading accountability, remains a major obstacle for China securing global leadership. –

Authoritarian resistance to criticism and full accountability of leadership may limit China’s global ambitions Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

Posted in Artikel | Verschlagwortet mit: , , , | Leave a Comment »