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Archive for 29. Januar 2020

Das Potenzial der KI in Schwellenländern

Posted by hkarner - 29. Januar 2020

Frank-Jürgen Richter

Frank-Jürgen Richter is the Founder and Chairman of Horasis: The Global Visions Community.

KREUZLINGEN – In den fortgeschrittenen Volkswirtschaften durchdringt Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) fast jeden Aspekt des Lebens. Die Reichweite der KI erstreckt sich von der staatlichen Ebene über Unternehmen bis hin zu jedem Einzelnen und ihre Umsetzung beweist ihren transformativen Charakter. 

Doch die Vorteile sind nicht nur in den Industrieländern spürbar. Bis 2030 wird KI voraussichtlich 15,7 Billionen Dollar zur Weltwirtschaft beitragen und in den kommenden Jahren für alle Gesellschaftsschichten sozioökonomischen Nutzen bringen. Ein erheblicher Anteil davon entfällt auf die Schwellenländer, in denen KI bereits jetzt bei der Bewältigung tief verwurzelter Probleme hilft.Die enormen Summen, die in KI investiert werden, verdeutlichen das Potenzial, das viele in dieser neuen Technologie sehen. Schätzungen der International Data Corporation zufolge werden die weltweiten Ausgaben für KI im Jahr 2019 bei etwa 36 Milliarden US-Dollar liegen. Das entspricht einer bemerkenswerten Steigerung von 44 Prozent gegenüber 2018. Bis 2022 rechnet man mit einem weiteren Anstieg auf über 79 Billionen US-Dollar.Der Grund, warum derart hohe Summen in KI-Investitionen fließen, liegt auf der Hand: der daraus zu erzielende weltweite Geschäftswert wird bis 2022 voraussichtlich auf 3,9 Billionen US-Dollar ansteigen, also auf mehr als das Dreifache des Wertes von 1,2 Billionen US-Dollar, der 2018 erzielt wurde. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A Global Economy Without a Cushion

Posted by hkarner - 29. Januar 2020

Stephen S. Roach, a faculty member at Yale University and former Chairman of Morgan Stanley Asia, is the author of Unbalanced: The Codependency of America and China.

From 1990 to 2008, annual growth in world trade was fully 82% faster than world GDP growth. Now, however, reflecting the unusually sharp post-crisis slowdown in global trade growth, this cushion has shrunk dramatically, to just 13% over the 2010-19 period, leaving the world economy more vulnerable to all-too-frequent shocks.

NEW HAVEN – With the benefit of full-year data, only now are we becoming aware of the danger the global economy narrowly avoided in 2019. According to the International Monetary Fund’s latest estimates, world GDP grew by just 2.9% last year – the weakest performance since the outright contraction in the depths of the global financial crisis in 2009 and far short of the 3.8% pace of post-crisis recovery over the 2010-18 period.

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A Stronger Germany Could Save Europe

Posted by hkarner - 29. Januar 2020

Date: 28‑01‑2020

Source: The Wall Street Journal By Walter Russell Mead

Angela Merkel’s likely successor wants more defense spending and overseas deployments.

German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp‑Karrenbauer

It’s time for Berlin to take a more assertive stance in world affairs—that’s the opinion of German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp‑Karrenbauer. Ms. Kramp‑Karrenbauer is the heir apparent to Chancellor Angela Merkel and replaced her in 2018 as party chairman for the Christian Democratic Union. This soft‑spoken woman, known as AKK, told me her views on Germany’s position in world politics in an interview here last week and a follow‑up exchange of emails.

Germany, and for that matter Europe, can no longer go on in the old way, she said. In a new international reality marked by the “return of great‑power competition for spheres of influence and supremacy,” Germany “cannot just wait for others to act. . . . We must develop our own concepts, present our own options. . . . It is our duty as Germans, and it is very much in our own interest, to join in these international debates, to drive them forward, to play a part in protecting the international order.”

Since becoming defense minister last summer, AKK has been making waves, most notably when she delivered a speech in Munich last fall that called on Germany to raise military spending gradually to 2% of gross domestic product and urged Germans to consider deployments as far afield as the Sahel and the Indo‑Pacific. Germany already has about 1,000 troops in Mali as part of the United Nations peacekeeping mission there. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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In Memoriam Clayton Christensen: Storyteller Extraordinaire

Posted by hkarner - 29. Januar 2020

Fores

Clayton Christensen, the Harvard Business School professor who became world-famous for his book, The Innovator’s Dilemma (HBR Press, 1997) and his ideas on disruptive innovation, passed away last night as a result of complications from leukemia treatment at the age of 67.

Christensen was a member of the Latter-day Saint (LDS) community for over 40 years. Unusual for the management field, Christensen held explicit moral and religious convictions. “When I have my interview with God at the end of my life, he’s not going to ask me to show how high I went in anybody’s org chart or how much money I left behind in the bank when I died,” Christensen said. “It’s actually really important you succeed at what you’re succeeding at, but that isn’t going to be the measure of life.”

As a young man, Christensen had studied economics at Brigham Young and, after a two-year leave of absence in which he served as a volunteer full-time missionary for the LDS Church, he earned a master’s degree at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and got an MBA at Harvard Business School. He then worked at Boston Consulting Group before heading back to Harvard for a Ph.D. so he could teach. Over the ensuing decades as a business school professor, Christensen wrote ten books and founded several consulting firms.

Christensen was a charismatic ambassador for his ideas and became a key influence in Silicon Valley. His fans included Apple’s Steve Jobs, Intel’s Andy Grove, and Netflix’s Reed Hastings. He was repeatedly named as the world’s most influential living business thinker. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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