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Archive for 10. Januar 2020

THE ‘ROBOT TAX’ DEBATE HEATS UP

Posted by hkarner - 10. Januar 2020

Date: 09‑01‑2020

Source: The Wall Street Journal

Some believe that businesses should pay up when they replace workers with machines

In all likelihood, your co‑workers pay taxes. But what happens if your boss replaces them with sophisticated software or dexterous machines—ones that perform the same tasks for less money (at least over the long run) and contribute nothing in payroll taxes?

One seemingly flip answer is starting to gain some attention: Just tax the robots.

Bill Gates has called for a robot tax, and New York Mayor Bill de Blasio detailed a plan for one in his short‑lived presidential campaign. If the future means far fewer workers and far more machines, tax revenue could drop and the daily rhythms of steady employment could become erratic.

A robot tax could serve multiple purposes, slowing job‑destroying automation while raising revenue to supplement shrinking taxes paid by human workers. It could take a few different forms. Lawmakers could limit or slow down deductions for businesses that replace humans with robots, or they could hit businesses with levies equivalent to the payroll taxes paid by employers and employees. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Das Ende des Paradigmas vom freien Markt

Posted by hkarner - 10. Januar 2020

Diane Coyle is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Cambridge.

CAMBRIDGE – In den 2020er Jahren werden wir die Vorstellung, wonach die Lösung wirtschaftlicher Probleme „dem Markt überlassen” werden könne, endgültig begraben –  nach rund 40 Jahren, in denen diese Überzeugung der Gesellschaft und der Umwelt unermesslichen Schaden zugefügt hat.

Diese Prognose kann aufgrund des Wesens der digitalen Ökonomie mit derartiger Gewissheit gestellt werden. Die seit langem bestehende Wirtschaftstheorie, der zufolge Firmen oder Menschen durch individuelles Handeln zur Maximierung der Gewinne oder des „Nutzens“ das beste Ergebnis für die Gesellschaft erzielen, war nie stichhaltig. Denn wenn es so wäre, würden Unternehmen keinen Vorteil darin erblicken, stark zu wachsen und Werbetreibende würden niemals sozialen Druck anwenden, um Verbraucher zu manipulieren. In der digitalen Welt ist es aber schlicht nicht möglich, unsere gegenseitige Abhängigkeit außer Acht zu lassen.  Man denke an die allgegenwärtigen digitalen Plattformen von heute. Ein Grund, warum es nur wenige weltweit dominierende Akteure gibt, sind die Netzwerkeffekte: unabhängig davon, ob eine Plattform potenziellen Gästen Restaurantvorschläge bietet oder Nutzern ermöglicht, sich untereinander zu verbinden, gilt die Formel, dass es für alle Anwender am besten ist, je mehr Nutzer sich auf der Plattform tummeln. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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America’s Dangerous Iran Obsession

Posted by hkarner - 10. Januar 2020

Jeffrey D. Sachs, Professor of Sustainable Development and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University, is Director of Columbia’s Center for Sustainable Development and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. His books include The End of Poverty, Common Wealth, The Age of Sustainable Development, Building the New American Economy, and most recently, A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism.

The US, seemingly with no awareness of its recent history with Iran, and led by an emotionally unbalanced president who believes he may commit murder and get away with it, is still acting out a 40-year-old psychological trauma. As usual, it’s others who are most at risk.

NEW YORK – US President Donald Trump’s order to assassinate Iran’s General Qassem Suleimani while on an official mission to Iraq was widely hailed in Trump’s jingoistic Republican Party. Government-sanctioned murders of foreign officials, clerics, and journalists are commonplace nowadays. Yet there is something special about America’s bloodlust against Iran. It is a 40-year-old obsession that has now brought the United States and Iran to the brink of war.

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Trump’s Gift to China

Posted by hkarner - 10. Januar 2020

Minxin Pei is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College and a non-resident senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

If anyone was celebrating Donald Trump’s decision to kill Iran’s General Qassem Suleimani, it was Chinese President Xi Jinping. After all, escalating tensions with Iran will distract the US from its competition with China, just as the 9/11 attacks did a generation ago.

CLAREMONT, CALIFORNIA – US President Donald Trump’s decision to order the assassination of Qassem Suleimani, Iran’s most powerful military commander, has raised the specter, albeit still distant, of all-out war between the United States and the Islamic Republic. There is only one winner in this situation: China.

With Trump’s latest blunder, history may not be repeating itself, but it is certainly rhyming. When George W. Bush began his presidency in January 2001, his neoconservative advisers identified China as the biggest long-term threat to the US. So his administration labeled China a “strategic competitor” and set to work on containing America’s Asian rival.In April 2001 – the same month a US Navy spy plane accidentally collided with a Chinese fighter jet while on a routine surveillance mission over the South China Sea – the US announced the sale of a weapons package to Taiwan over Chinese protests. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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