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Archive for 2. Januar 2020

Europe’s New Green Identity

Posted by hkarner - 2. Januar 2020

Date: 02‑01‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by Jean Pisani‑Ferry

Jean Pisani‑Ferry, a senior fellow at Bruegel, a Brussels‑based think tank, holds the Tommaso Padoa‑Schioppa chair at the European University Institute, and is a visiting fellow at the Peterson Institute in Washington, DC. 

The European Union has already invested so much of its political capital into the green transition that a failure to fulfill its promise to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 would severely damage its legitimacy. The Green Deal is not just one of many EU projects. It is the Union’s new defining mission.

PARIS – Most countries’ flags are multicolor. Together with red‑flagged China, the blue‑flagged European Union is one of the few monochrome entities. Not anymore, apparently: the EU’s new defining project colors it green. At a meeting in mid‑December, the leaders of all EU countries except one (Poland, not the United Kingdom) officially endorsed the goal of achieving climate neutrality – zero net emissions of greenhouse gases – by 2050.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen wants to go further. Next March, she plans to introduce a “climate law” to ensure that all European policies are geared toward the climate neutrality objective. She wants member states to agree next summer to cut emissions by about 50‑55% between 2017 and 2030. She also proposes to allocate half of the European Investment Bank’s funding and a quarter of the EU budget to climate‑related objectives, and to devote €100 billion ($111 billion) to supporting regions and sectors most affected by decarbonization. If non‑EU countries drag their feet, she intends to propose a carbon tariff. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Another Year of Living Dangerously

Posted by hkarner - 2. Januar 2020

Date: 02‑01‑2020

Source: Project Syndicate by Isabel Ortiz

Isabel Ortiz, Director of the Global Social Justice Program at the Initiative for Policy Dialogue at Columbia University, was Director of the International Labor Organization and UNICEF, and a senior official at the United Nations and the Asian Development Bank. 

Governments, and ultimately people, can reverse the alarming trends of 2019. But 2020 will be another year of living dangerously if short‑term policies continue to be pursued at the expense of long‑term vision.

NEW YORK – The year 2019 is ending with widespread demonstrations, rising inequality, and a crisis of representation in many countries. The world is sleepwalking toward recession and a new crisis, while depleting the environment. Governments, and ultimately people, can reverse these alarming trends in 2020.

61 countries will have presidential or parliamentary elections in 2020. Many citizens are tired of conventional orthodox policies; they want change, and they will choose new parties as a way to achieve this.

This is an important opportunity to redress the current situation, but many of the new emerging leaders are far right demagogues who blame today’s problems on social‑welfare policies, migrants, and the poor, while aiming to remove all remaining constraints on capital. As in the United Kingdom, many whom neoliberalism has harmed will vote for these politicians, making the world a more unequal and riskier place.

A lot will be decided in the United States, still the world’s hegemonic power. How US citizens (many without much knowledge of global affairs) vote in the 2020 presidential election will have profound consequences for the rest of the planet’s citizens. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Can Merkel and Macron get Franco‑German relations back on track?

Posted by hkarner - 2. Januar 2020

Date: 02‑01‑2020

Source: The Guardian

As a year of big EU decisions begins, the bloc’s most important relationship is stuck in a rut

While the EU looks to Angela Merkel and Emmanuel Macron, both leaders face domestic problems.

In early December, Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel sat down opposite each other in Gordon Ramsay’s restaurant at the Savoy Hotel, central London, for a two‑hour tête‑à‑tête dinner. They had some talking to do.

Cordial and constructive, diplomats in Paris and Berlin said, the evening apparently cleared the air. But it will take more than a dinner to clear the structural obstacles to a relationship that is critical to what Europe can achieve in 2020.

 “The Franco‑German relationship is the single most important relationship in the EU and it’s in a totally toxic condition,” said Mark Leonard, the director of the European Council on Foreign Relations. “And it’s going to get worse before it gets better.”

There was always going to be a yawning gulf between the styles of Macron, 41, an ambitious, impatient and at times arrogant first‑time French president, and Merkel, a cautious, pragmatic, consensus‑building fourth‑time German chancellor. But if, on matters of substance, their overarching visions coincide more often than they diverge, the two leaders’ very different domestic situations have compounded their personal differences, making the relationship unproductive – or worse. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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