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Archive for 11. Mai 2019

Deutschland droht das „polnische Schicksal“

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2019


Von Florian Eder, Olaf Gersemann, Brüssel, Berlin, welt.de
10-05-2019

Zum ersten Mal seit Jahren sprudeln die Steuern nicht mehr so stark wie eigentlich geplant. Das geht aus der aktuellen Steuerschätzung von Bundesfinanzminister Scholz hervor. Nun läuft die Diskussion, was das für die Projekte der Bundesregierung bedeutet.

Ökonomen haben kurz vor der Europawahl alle 28 EU-Länder auf ihre wirtschaftliche Solidität und den Reformeifer ihrer Regierungen hin überprüft. Die Ergebnisse überraschen positiv, allerdings gilt das nicht für alle Mitglieder.

Das Jahr, in dem Europa ein neues Parlament wählt und vielleicht auch eine neue politische Ausrichtung, begann mit einer Demütigung. Europa? „Ist mir egal“, trompetete Donald Trump zum Jahreswechsel, nachdem er schon 2018 für ausgiebiges Euro-Bashing genutzt hatte.

So europhob wie ihr Präsident geben sich zwar wenige Amerikaner. Aber den ihm eigenen Euro-Skeptizismus, den teilen viele: Unter den drei großen Wirtschaftsblöcken der Welt gilt Europa als das schwächste Glied – und das nicht zuletzt deshalb, weil seine Teile schwach sind: Die Staaten der EU, politisch gelähmt, demografisch und fiskalisch angeschlagen, technologisch hintendran, das ist ein nicht nur in Amerika verbreitetes Narrativ. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Europe’s ‘Nationalism’ Turns Out to Be Local

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2019

Date: 10-05-2019
Source: The Wall Street Journal By Joseph C. Sternberg

Le Pen, Salvini and Brexit all have an appeal limited to particular regions of their respective countries.

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Italian Deputy Premier and Interior Minister Matteo Salvini

Rising nationalism is widely assumed to be driving European (and global) politics. Perhaps it’s time for a rethink. There’s growing evidence that the real force behind so much political upset is far more localized. This regionalism has been staring us in the face all along.

The starting point has to be how nonnational most European “nationalist” movements are, a fact that will again become apparent in raucous elections for the European Parliament later this month. In France, Marine Le Pen’s National Rally party could be more correctly labeled the Northeast and a Sliver of the South Rally, to judge from the geographic concentration of votes for Ms. Le Pen in 2017’s presidential election. The Alternative for Germany party is really the Alternative for a Slice of the Former East Germany.

The Brexit vote in 2016 wasn’t truly “British,” it was English and Welsh—or English Midlands and Welsh, if you go by the areas where support for leaving the European Union was strongest. Scotland and Northern Ireland very much prefer the U.K. to remain a part of the EU.

Fair enough, one might say, but “nationalism” still means something because those voters who support nationalist movements share a particular sense of identity and culture not shared by the urban elites who vote the other way. But recent years have seen allegedly cosmopolitan voters rediscover a sense of nationalism, or nationhood, that can be as strongly held as the type attributed to the original nationalist voters. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The US-China trading relationship will be fraught for years to come

Posted by hkarner - 11. Mai 2019

Date: 09-05-2019
Source: The Economist

That matters more than trade deals today

Over the past two years investors and executives watching the trade tensions between America and China have veered between panic and nonchalance. Hopes for a cathartic deal that would settle the countries’ differences have helped global stockmarkets rise by a bumper 13% this year. But on May 5th that confidence was detonated by a renewed threat by President Donald Trump to impose more tariffs on Chinese imports. As The Economist went to press negotiations rumbled on, but no one should be under any illusions. Even if a provisional agreement is eventually struck, the deep differences in the two countries’ economic models mean their trading relations will be unstable for years to come.

Some trade spats are settled by landmark agreements. In the 1980s tensions between Japan and America were resolved by the Plaza Accord. In September Mr Trump agreed to replace nafta, which governs America’s trade with Canada and Mexico, with a renamed but otherwise rather similar accord (although the new treaty has yet to be ratified by Congress). Even by those standards the China talks have been an epic undertaking involving armies of negotiators shuttling between Beijing and Washington, dc, for months on end. Yet they have never looked capable of producing the decisive change in China’s economic model that many in Washington crave. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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