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Archive for 14. Dezember 2018

Dangerous Alliances on Migration

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Date: 12-12-2018
Source: YaleGlobal by Lena Riemer

European nations that once promoted human rights are slinking away from these obligations and forming agreements with some third parties that have terrible records on human rights. “The European Union’s migration control policy relies on fortification and deterrence, contributing to massive human rights violations beyond its borders,” explains Lena Riemer, a 2018-2019 Fox International Fellow based at Yale’s MacMillan Center. “Creation of migrant slave markets in Northern Africa, life-threatening attempts to cross border fences into Spanish territory as well as more than 2,000 reported deaths in the Mediterranean this year alone can be traced back in part to the EU’s externalization of migration policy, in force since 2010 and becoming more extreme in 2015.” Opposition to migration is fueling populist demands for tough border policies regardless of horrific conditions, desperation and increasing deaths. Still, the numbers of migrants fleeing war, persecution and climate disasters are climbing worldwide, reports the United Nations. Riemer urges humane border control with comprehensive policies that address the root causes. – YaleGlobal

Cooperation between the EU and third parties on migration control and detention is contributing to human rights violations

NEW HAVEN: The European Union’s migration-control policy relies on fortification and deterrence, contributing to massive human rights violations beyond its borders. EU funding supports detention centers in Turkey, Libya, Morocco, Niger and other countries, some unknown, as part of a global strategy. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Fürs Einlösen seines Versprechens hat Draghi den schlechtesten Moment gewählt

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

| Lesedauer: 5 Minuten

„Die EZB setzt ein Signal, dass die Krise vorbei ist“
Alle rechnen damit, dass die EZB den Ausstieg aus den Staatsanleihekäufen heute besiegeln wird. Dabei zeichnet sich der nächste Abschwung bereits ab. Den Währungshütern bleiben dann nur noch weitaus unangenehmere Maßnahmen.

Über den Ausstieg aus dem umstrittenen Anleihenkaufprogramm der Europäischen Zentralbank (EZB) ist seit Monaten diskutiert worden. Heute könnte EZB-Präsident Mario Draghi verkünden, dass das billionenschwere Programm tatsächlich zum Jahresende auslaufen wird.

Das Paradoxe ist nur, dass sich die Anzeichen für den drohenden Abschwung in Europa längst verdichten. Italien könnte sogar bereits mitten in der Rezession stecken, und auch in Deutschland mehren sich die Zweifel, dass nach dem Minus im dritten Quartal nun die kraftvolle Gegenbewegung eingesetzt hat. Sollte es so kommen, könnte die EZB ihr Programm direkt wieder auspacken, statt es einzumotten.

Falls die Notenbank die Lage genauso absurd findet wie ihre Beobachter, so lässt sie sich öffentlich dazu bisher jedenfalls nichts anmerken. Unter den professionellen EZB-Watchern hingegen wächst die Kritik an den Währungshütern und ihrem extrem langsamen Abschied von der ultralockeren Geldpolitik. „Man stelle sich vor, Europa geht mit Minuszinsen in die Rezession. Das wäre historisch einmalig“, sagt Danielle DiMartino, die während der Finanzkrise bei der Fed in Dallas gearbeitet hat und mit Quill Intelligence mittlerweile ihr eigenes Analysehaus betreibt. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Germany Is Still Playing Defense

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Sławomir Sierakowski, founder of the Krytyka Polityczna movement, is Director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Warsaw and a fellow at the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin.

The Christian Democratic Union’s selection of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer as its next leader means that Chancellor Angela Merkel is still very much in charge of Germany. That means three more years of cautious restraint in the face of challenges that demand bold action.

BERLIN – An old joke among non-Americans is that they, too, deserve a vote in US presidential elections, given how central that office is to their lives. When Germany’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU) met this month to select a new leader, Europeans probably felt the same way.

Not only is the CDU Germany’s largest party; it is also the largest in the European Union. At its recent congress in Hamburg, the word “Europe” was uttered constantly, with most speakers declaring a sense of responsibility for what happens across the EU.

The election of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer to succeed German Chancellor Angela Merkel as party leader reflects this sentiment, as it amounts to a bid for continuity. As a Merkel loyalist, Kramp-Karrenbauer is not likely to push the chancellor out before her term ends in 2021. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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How a World Order Ends: And What Comes in Its Wake

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Date: 12-12-2018
Source: Foreign Affairs By Richard Haass

A stable world order is a rare thing. When one does arise, it tends to come after a great convulsion that creates both the conditions and the desire for something new. It requires a stable distribution of power and broad acceptance of the rules that govern the conduct of international relations. It also needs skillful statecraft, since an order is made, not born. And no matter how ripe the starting conditions or strong the initial desire, maintaining it demands creative diplomacy, functioning institutions, and effective action to adjust it when circumstances change and buttress it when challenges come.

Eventually, inevitably, even the best-managed order comes to an end. The balance of power underpinning it becomes imbalanced. The institutions supporting it fail to adapt to new conditions. Some countries fall, and others rise, the result of changing capacities, faltering wills, and growing ambitions. Those responsible for upholding the order make mistakes both in what they choose to do and in what they choose not to do.

But if the end of every order is inevitable, the timing and the manner of its ending are not. Nor is what comes in its wake. Orders tend to expire in a prolonged deterioration rather than a sudden collapse. And just as maintaining the order depends on effective statecraft and effective action, good policy and proactive diplomacy can help determine how that deterioration unfolds and what it brings. Yet for that to happen, something else must come first: recognition that the old order is never coming back and that efforts to resurrect it will be in vain. As with any ending, acceptance must come before one can move on. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China Prepares Policy to Increase Access for Foreign Companies

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Date: 13-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Some U.S. officials are likely to see Beijing’s move away from its controversial Made in China 2025 policy as more cosmetic than real

China is preparing to replace an industrial policy savaged by the Trump administration as protectionist with a new program promising greater access for foreign companies, people briefed on the matter said.

China’s top planning agency and senior policy advisers are drafting the replacement for Made in China 2025, President Xi Jinping’s blueprint to make the country a leader in high-tech industries including robotics, information and clean-energy cars. The revised plan—Beijing’s latest effort to resolve trade tensions with the U.S.—would play down China’s bid to dominate manufacturing and be more open to participation by foreign companies, these people said.

Current plans, they said, call for rolling out the new policy early next year, when the U.S. and China are expected to be accelerating negotiations for a deal to end their bruising trade battle. China has signaled other measures as well, including lowering tariffs on auto imports and increasing purchases of U.S. agricultural products. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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As Brexit Nears, European Firms Look to Change Legal Structure

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Date: 13-12-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Once convenient U.K. company structures will no longer be recognized after Britain’s exit from the EU

Thousands of European companies registered in the U.K. may be forced to undertake the complicated and potentially costly process of changing their legal structure as Britain prepares to leave the European Union.

An EU member state isn’t obliged to recognize the legal status or limited liability of companies registered in a country outside the bloc—for example, post-Brexit Britain—if their main business activity takes place in that member state.

When Britain exits from the EU, planned for March 29, European companies registered in the U.K. under the EU’s freedom of capital movement principle may have to change their registration to keep doing business at home without their shareholders becoming personally liable for company debts. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The Dangerous New Face of Salvini’s Italy

Posted by hkarner - 14. Dezember 2018

Date: 13-12-2018
Source: DER SPIEGEL

Shots fired at foreigners, assaults on minorities, neo-fascist marches: Italy’s extreme right wing feels emboldened by the country’s new leadership. Many are pointing fingers at Interior Minister Matteo Salvini. But is he to blame?

He has hardly got off the airplane before the stream of invective begins. Refugees, says Matteo Salvini at the end of a trip to Africa, „who rape, steal and deal“ will be stopped by the new security decree. Italy, he fumes, has had enough of migrants „who aren’t fleeing from war but who are bringing war to our country.“

Not a day goes by without an incitement from Salvini. In office as interior minister since June 1, the head of the right-wing party Lega has become the voice of the government led by Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. Salvini’s motto is simple: „Italians first.“ His tone is combative. And the consequences can be seen everywhere. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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