Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

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Archive for 24. März 2018

Handel ist für Briten größte Klippe bei EU-Ausstieg

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Die britische Premierministerin Theresa May fordert einen maßgeschneiderten Handels-Deal mit der EU, wie ihn die Welt noch nicht gesehen hat. Doch die EU-Staatenlenker wollen von „Rosinenpicken“ nichts wissen.

Ein Jahr vor dem offiziellen Ausstieg Großbritanniens aus der Europäischen Union (EU) wissen Politiker auf beiden Seiten des Ärmelkanals immer noch nicht, was die Zukunft bringt. Denn trotz zahlreicher Verhandlungsmarathons und einer de-facto-Verlängerung der EU-Mitgliedschaft für die Briten steht den Unterhändlern die größte Hürde noch bevor. Sie müssen einen Handelsvertrag unter Dach und Fach bekommen und insgesamt in Vertragstexte gießen, wie man nach dem Goodbye der Briten zu Europa zusammenleben will.

Und da haben beide Seiten konträre Vorstellungen: Die britische Premierministerin Theresa May fordert einen maßgeschneiderten Handels-Deal, wie ihn die Welt noch nicht gesehen hat. Die Kommission hingegen, die die Verhandlungen für die gesamte EU führt, stellt May lediglich Handelsverträge in Aussicht, wie man sie mit Drittstaaten wie Kanada abgeschlossen hat. Da wäre aber die auf der Insel starke Dienstleistungsbranche weitgehend ausgeklammert.  Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Can’t hardly wait

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Date: 22-03-2018
Source: The Economist: Free exchange

A misguided notion of what is normal could cause central banks to err

LIKE teenagers, central bankers long to feel normal. For many of them (the central bankers, that is), the past decade has been an unusually angst-ridden one. They stumbled through it, confused by the way their policymaking bodies were changing, unsure what to do with their interest rates, embarrassed by their burgeoning balance-sheets. Teenagers often seek to quell their anxiety and insecurity by imitating behaviour they regard as normal. So too for central bankers.

But the desire to normalise policy, and leave crisis-era measures behind, could distract central bankers from their main goals, namely to support growth and control inflation. The Bank for International Settlements, a global club for central bankers, recently urged officials not to let market jitters discourage them from raising interest rates. Yet at worst, chasing some elusive notion of normal could put the global recovery at risk. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Technology and the state

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Date: 23-03-2018
Source: The Economist

The apps that put public services in citizens’ pockets
Digital innovations are making government cheaper and more effective

IF LANDING in soggy Britain after a holiday in the sun is not enough to sap the soul, spending an hour queuing at border control does the trick. Eyn, a British startup, hopes to speed things up with a phone app. Passengers use the app to take a picture of their passport, then scan the chip which contains their facial biometrics. Finally, they take a selfie, to ensure the two faces align. Tapping their phone on electronic gates at the airport is then all that’s required. Eyn reckons such gates might not even be needed, if sensors prove capable of reading passengers’ faces instead. The firm is in talks to test its technology at the border. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Emmanuel Macron, the new Teddy Roosevelt

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Date: 22-03-2018
Source: The Economist: Charlemagne

There are intriguing parallels between France’s president and America’s Rough Rider

THE American guest in ill-fitting clothes was a curiously bedraggled sight next to his sharp-suited French hosts. But when Steve Bannon took to the stage as the surprise invité at the National Front congress in the city of Lille earlier this month, he stole the show. “Let them call you racists. Let them call you xenophobes. Let them call you nativists,” declared Donald Trump’s former chief strategist. “Wear it as a badge of honour!” As each of his phrases was translated into French, the star-struck audience applauded. Fresh from meeting populists and nationalists from Germany and Italy, Mr Bannon hailed the rise of a global movement and told them: “History is on our side.”

In one sense, Mr Bannon chose an odd time to drop in on France. Marine Le Pen’s movement, which she now wants to rename Rassemblement National (National Rally), has been in disarray ever since she lost the presidential election last year to Emmanuel Macron and secured only eight parliamentary seats. From Rome to Warsaw, populists remain a potent force in Europe. France’s muted FN stands out as something of an exception. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Corporate citizens of somewhere

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Date: 22-03-2018
Source: The Economist: Schumpeter

A golden age of companies having fistfuls of different passports is over

WHEN it comes to companies and their passports, there is a flutter of activity in the air—and a reek of hypocrisy. This month Qualcomm, an American-domiciled tech giant which does 65% of its business in China, booked most of its profits last year in Singapore, and pays little tax at home, successfully lobbied the Trump administration to block a hostile takeover on the ground that its independence was vital to ensure American strategic supremacy over China. The predator was Broadcom. It is listed in America but domiciled in Singapore, where it gets tax perks. On November 2nd, four days before its bid, it announced a burning desire to shift its legal base to the home of the brave.

In Europe, Unilever, which a year ago demanded that the British authorities help it fend off an unwelcome takeover by Kraft Heinz because it was a national treasure, is shifting its sole base to the Netherlands (at present it is split between London and Rotterdam). The consumer-goods firm says it wants to simplify its structure. But it has been an outspoken critic of London’s open takeover regime, and is probably relieved to shelter behind more protective Dutch rules. In Asia, Alibaba, a Chinese internet giant that has its domicile in the Cayman Islands, its principal office in Hong Kong and its listing in New York, has been invited by China’s government to float its shares “at home” in Shanghai, an offer it cannot refuse. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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No Coffee Breaks Needed: Companies Add Software Robots to Workforce

Posted by hkarner - 24. März 2018

Date: 23-03-2018
Source: The Wall Street Journal

A screenshot of a software-robot control center.

A bot named ‘Goldie’ has answered nearly 1 million questions for EY employees in human resources

Companies that began experimenting a few years ago with software programs to automate mundane tasks are reaping tangible benefits now. Hundreds of software robots work alongside human employees at companies such as Ernst & Young and Walmart Inc. where they’re saving employees millions of hours of time.

“We’re saving (employees) from repetitive tasks that they tend to enjoy less, and freeing them up to do more meaningful, thought-intensive more focused human work,” said Jeff Wong, global chief innovation officer for Ernst & Young, which brands itself as EY.

Software robots are part of an industry called robotic process automation, which is evolving to include advanced software bots built with machine learning algorithms in order to perform tasks such as object recognition. Other software bots, though, don’t require artificial intelligence because they are designed to complete rules-based tasks. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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