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Archive for 16. August 2017

Lebenswerteste Städte laut „Economist“: Nur Melbourne schlägt Wien

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

16. August 2017, 11:22 derstandard.at

Einer Untersuchung des Magazins platziert Wien auf Platz zwei vor Vancouver, Melbourne ist zum siebten Mal in Folge an der Spitze

London/Wien – Die australische Millionenmetropole Melbourne bleibt einer Studie zufolge die lebenswerteste Stadt der Welt. In der alljährlichen Untersuchung des britischen Nachrichtenmagazins „The Economist“ kam Melbourne am Mittwoch bereits zum siebten Mal in Folge auf Platz eins. Wien landete auf Platz zwei.

Für die Rangliste werden jedes Jahr verschiedene Werte von insgesamt 140 Städten miteinander verglichen. Gemessen wird unter anderem, wie es in Sachen Gesundheitswesen, Kultur, Umwelt, Bildung und Infrastruktur steht. Einbezogen wird zum Beispiel aber auch, wie groß die Gefahr von Terroranschlägen ist. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Wachstum in Osteuropa bleibt hinter den Erwartungen zurück

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

Konjunktur. Das rasante Wirtschaftswachstum in Polen, Rumänien und Ungarn ging zurück. Nun steigen vor allem Inflation und Lohnkosten.

Wien. Es sind noch immer imposante Konjunkturdaten, die aus den EU-Ländern im Osten gemeldet werden. Dennoch brachte das zweite Quartal nun eine klare Trendwende. Länder wie Polen, Rumänien und Ungarn konnten das rasante Tempo nicht mehr halten, das Wirtschaftswachstum ging signifiant zurück.

So sank etwa in Polen das BIP-Wachstum im zweiten Quartal auf 3,8 Prozent, Wirtschaftsforscher erwarten aber für dieses Jahr insgesamt dennoch ein Wachstum von vier Prozent. „Die Wirtschaft stößt an Kapazitätsgrenzen“, sagt der Ökonom Liam Carson der Agentur Bloomberg. Der Experte von Capital Economics in London verweist etwa darauf, dass in vielen Regionen Vollbeschäftigung – ja mittlerweile Personalmangel herrscht, dass Fabriken voll ausgelastet seien.

Rumänien wies nach wie vor die höchste Wachstumsrate aller EU-Länder aus. Doch waren es in den ersten drei Monaten noch 5,7 Prozent, lag das Wachstum im zweiten Quartal bei 5,1 Prozent. Das Land hatte mit Steuersenkungen und staatlichen Investitionen das Wachstum kräftig befeuert. Nun weist es die höchste Inflation seit drei Jahren auf. Die rumänische Notenbank signalisiert bereits eine Zinserhöhung. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Britain’s Road to Perdition

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

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Elon Musk: AI ‘vastly more risky than North Korea’

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

Date: 15-08-2017
Source: The Guardian

Tesla head warns of dangers of AI and pushes for regulation as OpenAI he backed beats best human players in online DotA 2 championship

Musk warns AI greater risk than North Korea as firm he backs bests humans in online combat.

Elon Musk has warned again about the dangers of artificial intelligence, saying that it poses “vastly more risk” than the apparent nuclear capabilities of North Korea does.

The Tesla and SpaceX chief executive took to Twitter to once again reiterate the need for concern around the development of AI, following the victory of Musk-led AI development over professional players of the Dota 2 online multiplayer battle game.

This is not the first time Musk has stated that AI could potentially be one of the most dangerous international developments. He said in October 2014 that he considered it humanity’s “biggest existential threat”, a view he has repeated several times while making investments in AI startups and organisations, including OpenAI, to “keep an eye on what’s going on”. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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U.K. Government Open to Temporary Customs Union With EU After Brexit

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

Date: 15-08-2017
Source: The Wall Street Journal

EU officials say Britain won’t be able to achieve frictionless trade with the bloc post-Brexit

The U.K. government said a forthcoming paper will set out two long-term options for post-Brexit customs arrangements with the EU.

LONDON—The U.K. government on Tuesday will formally signal it is open to creating a temporary customs union with the European Union after Brexit as it prepares for fresh talks on its separation from the bloc later this month.

In a statement, the U.K.’s department for exiting the EU said that its forthcoming paper will set out two long-term options for post-Brexit customs arrangements with the EU aimed at making trade in goods as “frictionless” as possible after the U.K. formally withdraws from the bloc in early 2019.

One option calls for a “highly streamlined” customs arrangement aimed at simplifying border checks on goods moving between the U.K. and the EU. The second envisages a new “customs partnership” that would “negate the need for a customs border between the U.K. and the EU,” according to the statement. Further details are due to be published later Tuesday. EU officials have warned however that Britain won’t be able to achieve frictionless trade with the bloc once it leaves. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The growth of lithium-ion battery power

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

Date: 15-08-2017
Source: The Economist

Higher volumes and better chemistry are causing costs to plummet

THE first lithium-ion batteries went on sale just 26 years ago, in Sony’s CCD-TR1 camcorder. The product was a hit: the batteries even more so, spreading to computers, phones, cordless power tools, e-cigarettes and beyond. The more gadgets the world has become hooked on, the more lithium-ion batteries it has needed. Last year consumer products accounted for the production of lithium-ion batteries with a total storage capacity of about 45 gigawatt-hours (GWh). In the same year production of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles reached just over half that capacity: 25GWh.

But Sam Jaffe of Cairn ERA, a battery consultancy, expects demand for vehicle batteries to overtake that from consumer electronics as early as next year, marking a pivotal moment for the industry. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Richard Dawkins Offers Advice for Donald Trump, and Other Wisdom

Posted by hkarner - 16. August 2017

Date: 15-08-2017
Source: Scientific American

The biologist and atheist, whose latest book was released this week, talks about the reliability of science, artificial intelligence, religion and the president

Richard Dawkins, the biologist and author, is complicated. I reached this conclusion in 2005 when I participated in a fellowship for journalists organized by the pro-religion Templeton Foundation. Ten of us spent several weeks at the University of Cambridge listening to 18 scientists and philosophers point out areas where science and religion converge. Alone among the speakers, Dawkins argued, in his usual uncompromising fashion, that science and religion are incompatible. But in his informal interactions with me and other fellows, Dawkins was open-minded and a good listener. Over drinks one evening, a Christian journalist described witnessing an episode of faith healing. Instead of dismissing the story outright, Dawkins pressed for details. He seemed to find the story fascinating. His curiosity, at least for a moment, trumped his skepticism. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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