Föhrenbergkreis Finanzwirtschaft

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Archive for 22. April 2017

Nowotny erwartet deutlich weniger Angestellte im Bankenbereich

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

Die Filialdichte sei ebenfalls immer noch zu hoch, sagt der Nationalbank-Gouverneur. Auf eine Filiale kommen in Österreich rund 2100 Einwohner, in Holland 9600.

Die Banken müssen weiter ihre Kosten senken, sagt der Gouverneur der Oesterreichischen Nationalbank, Ewald Nowotny. Es gibt noch Bedarf an Verbesserungen Verhältnis zwischen Aufwendungen und Erträgen (Cost/Income-Ratio), sagt er im „profil“-Interview. Also sei davon auszugehen, „dass es im Bankenbereich zu einer deutlichen Reduzierung der Beschäftigtenzahlen kommen wird“.

Diese Entwicklung sei „zum Teil technisch bedingt. Die Digitalisierung führt zu einem geringeren Bedarf an Filialen. Das verstärkt den ohnehin spürbaren Kostendruck“, sag der OeNB-Gouverneur. Zwar sei die Filialdichte zuletzt zurückgegangen, sie sei im internationalen Vergleich aber immer noch hoch. „Auf eine Filiale kommen in Österreich rund 2100 Einwohner, das entspricht in etwa dem Niveau von Italien, Spanien und Deutschland. In Finnland sind es demgegenüber 5200 Einwohner je Filiale, in den Niederlanden etwa 9600. Wir sollten jetzt nicht unbedingt den Niederlanden nacheifern. Die Wahrheit liegt wohl in der Mitte. Aber in der Mitte sind wir noch nicht.“

Regionalität bringt Probleme Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Defending Digital Globalization

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

ate: 21-04-2017
Source: Foreign Affairs

Let the Data Flow

Over the last 25 years, the Internet has become a conduit for trillions of dollars in commerce, transforming industries, national economies, and the nature of globalization itself. Today, as global trade in goods and services has plateaued and global financial flows have declined dramatically, cross-border data flows are exploding in volume. Data flows in and out of the United States alone are estimated at 80 terabytes per minute—eight times the size of the entire print content of the Library of Congress. Since 2005, they have increased by a factor of 80, from just 5 terabits per second to an estimated 400 per second.

International data flows take many forms. Individuals generate them through e-mails, Skype calls, e-commerce transactions, social media posts, and Internet searches, as well as through the consumption of digital goods from around the world. By 2020, consumers are expected to spend $1 trillion on cross-border e-commerce. But these flows are more than just consumer transactions and social media posts. They are an integral part of the way companies now operate. According to research we conducted at the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), cross-border data flows already make a larger contribution to global GDP than the goods trade. We term this rapid increase in both the size and the value of cross-border data flows “digital globalization.” Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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A Practical Agenda for Revolutionary Times

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

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Populism’s Rise Reshapes Global Political Risk

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

Date: 21-04-2017
Source: YaleGlobal

“The rise of populism in the Western world redefines the notion of political risk and teaches that risk has no permanent address,” explains Kingsley Chiedu Moghalu, professor of international business and public policy at the Fletcher School at Tufts University and a former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria. “Political populism, characterized by a desire to assert domestic democratic sovereignty and rejection of the ‘cult of the expert,’ owes its rise to increasing rejection of the conventional wisdom by citizens who feel left behind by globalization trends.” The backlash was inevitable as inequality swelled and citizens worry about loss of national sovereignty or local control. As a force, populism can contribute to eliminating corruption or dictatorships, and should not be ignored. Moghalu also outlines the risks of rejecting expertise and data, with attempts to substitute facts with conviction as well as threats to impartial institutions designed to safeguard the integrity of democracy. Experts and data are crucial in a complex world that prospers from well-crafted public policies. Those who disagree should argue with analysis and useful and realistic proposals. – YaleGlobal Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Disorder under heaven: America and China’s strategic relationship

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

Date: 20-04-2017
Source: The Economist

After seven decades of hegemony in Asia, America now has to accommodate an increasingly powerful China, says Dominic Ziegler. Can Donald Trump’s administration manage that?

THE LAST TIME China considered itself as powerful as it does today, Abraham Lincoln was in the White House. At that time, and against the mounting evidence of Western depredations, the emperor still clung to the age-old belief that China ruled all under heaven, a world order unto itself. It never had allies in the Western sense, just nations that paid tribute to it in exchange for trade. Both China and “the outside countries”, he wrote to Lincoln, constitute “one family, without any distinction”.

Today, after a century and a half that encompassed Western imperial occupation, republican turmoil, the plunder of warlords, Japanese invasion, civil war, revolutionary upheaval and, more recently, phenomenal economic growth, China has resumed its own sense of being a great power. It has done so in a very different world: one led by America. For three-quarters of a century, America has been the hegemon in East Asia, China’s historical backyard.

But now China is indisputably back. New towers have transformed the skylines of even its farthest-flung cities. An ultra-modern network of bullet trains has, in a few short years, shrunk a continent-sized country. China’s new power rests on a 20-fold increase in economic output since the late 1970s, when pragmatic leaders set in train market-led reforms. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Trump’s indifference to climate change has not changed China’s view

Posted by hkarner - 22. April 2017

Date: 20-04-2017
Source: The Economist

Once a foot-dragger, it now wants to lead

RESIDENTS have found something else to blame for the toxic smog that envelops many Chinese cities for much of the year. Until recently the culprits that were usually fingered were the obvious ones: emissions from coal-fired power plants, exhaust fumes from cars and dust from building sites. This year, however, reports began to appear in state-run media that climate change is now reckoned to be a factor, too. Chinese scientists say that in eastern China global warming is resulting in less rain and wind to clear the pollutants. The government’s weather bureau illustrated its online account of the discovery with a picture of zombie-looking figures in hazmat suits shrouded by haze.

America’s president, Donald Trump, may have little interest in climate change: Wilbur Ross, his commerce secretary, said the subject was “not a major part of the discussion” when Mr Trump met his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, at Mar-a-Lago, Florida, earlier this month. But in China the government, and increasingly the public, see it as a real danger, responsible for rising sea levels that threaten coastal cities as well as for aggravating droughts in the north, floods in the south and, as it now turns out, the omnipresent smog. Some people wonder whether Mr Trump’s indifference might reduce China’s willingness to take action against climate change. Why bother if the second-biggest emitter of greenhouse gases appears to have lost faith in the cause? Fortunately, there is no sign that China, the biggest emitter, is wavering. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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