Italy’s New Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni to Form New Government
Posted by hkarner - 11. Dezember 2016
Source: The Wall Street Journal
Matteo Renzi resigned as prime minister last week after ‘no vote’ in referendum on constitutional reform
ROME—Italy’s President Sergio Mattarella asked departing Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni to form a new government, likely bringing to a rapid close a political crisis triggered by a ‘no vote’ in a referendum on constitutional reform last weekend.
Mr. Mattarella gave Mr. Gentiloni the mandate to try to form a new caretaker cabinet. Mr. Gentiloni, 62, accepted and will begin consultations with political parties to put together his team of ministers. That list could emerge as soon as Sunday evening, setting the stage for the new government to seek votes of confidence in parliament by Tuesday.
Mr. Gentiloni said in a brief speech that he has accepted the mandate “with great honor and responsibility”. He added he’s aware of the urgent need to address the economic and social problems Italian citizens are facing and the country’s upcoming international commitments.
“I’ll be back to Mr. Mattarella [with a list of ministers] as soon as possible,” the premier-designate told reporters.
Sunday’s development signals a rapid resolution to a government crisis sparked by the resignation this week of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, who stepped down after a stinging defeat in last Sunday’s referendum on constitutional reform he had staked this political future on.
The urgency stems in part from the need to deal with a growing crisis at Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, Italy’s No. 3 lender and one of Europe’s weakest banks. The Tuscan bank urgently needs a capital injection, but with little appetite from private investors, the new government will likely orchestrate a state rescue plan.
The problem became even more pressing Friday after the European Central Bank refused the bank’s request for a 20-day extension on the end-of-year deadline the central bank set for the lender to raise new capital.
Given the need to act quickly on Monte dei Paschi, Mr. Gentiloni is likely to reconfirm Economy Minister Pier Carlo Padoan, a well-regarded economist who has led Italy’s efforts to solve the country’s banking problems.
In choosing Mr. Gentiloni, Mr. Mattarella is reaching for a seasoned politician who enjoys cross-party esteem in Italy, something that can help him navigate the political tensions that have exploded since the resignation of Mr. Renzi.
Italian parties are now pushing hard for elections to be brought forward from their current timetable of spring 2018.
However, the country needs a new electoral law before Mr. Mattaralla can dissolve parliament because of a court challenge to the current law. Moreover, there are two different electoral rules for each of Italy’s parliamentary houses, a situation that would likely produce a hung legislature.
Mr. Gentiloni enjoys wide support within the center-left Democratic Party, the largest party in parliament. He also has a good relationship with former Premier Silvio Berlusconi as a result of Mr. Gentiloni’s stint as communications minister in the mid-2000s.
Piazza Salimbeni, site of the headquarters of Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the struggling Italian bank whose rescue will be near the top of a new Italian government’s to-do list.
Those relationships could help him with the complicated task of rewriting voting rules just as an election looms.
Mr. Gentiloni is also highly regarded on the international front. Having joined the Renzi government as foreign minister in October 2014 after Federica Mogherini stepped down to become Europe’s foreign policy chief, he has spearheaded Italy’s efforts to gather international support for a solution to the Libyan crisis.
Mr. Gentiloni has also had to strike a delicate balance regarding Italy’s Russia policy. While the U.S. has pressed European leaders to take a hard line on Russia, Rome has struck a more conciliatory tone with Moscow, arguing that the West should work more closely with Russian President Vladimir Putin to resolve the crisis in Syria and elsewhere.
After holding consultations with the other parties, Mr. Gentiloni will choose his ministers and then the new government will be sworn in. The premier and his new cabinet will then be required to win confidence votes in each of Italy’s two parliamentary chambers to fully take power. That will likely happen before this Thursday, thus allowing Mr. Gentiloni to represent Italy at a European Union summit that day.