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Lessons from G20 Summit Two different routes to the future

Posted by hkarner - 12. September 2016

2016 09 11
By George Koo on September 11, 2016
Chinese President Xi Jinping offered to the world cooperation and collaboration on a path for
common prosperity while Obama offered umbrella of missile defense protection and a path to
death and destruction.
The recently concluded G20 Summit had on display the contrasting style of world leadership
between China and the U.S. as exhibited by their leaders, Xi Jinping and Barack Obama.
China’s President Xi Jinping speaks during the opening ceremony of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou
in eastern China’s Zhejiang province.
Xi’s message to the world was based on cooperation and collaboration. Obama’s message was
for the world to follow the lead of American exceptionalism.
As the host nation, China got to set the agenda and had the advantage of giving the opening remarks.
Xi’s opening address was to announce that China must embark on changing its economic
growth model by becoming a country of innovation and a leader in science and technology.
Having taken 700 million out of poverty within China, Xi went on to say that China would continue
to contribute to the global fight against poverty. That was the reason he launched the land
and maritime Silk Road initiatives.
The so-called one belt, one road (OBOR) initiative was to improve the infrastructure along the
way from East Asia to Western Europe and all points in between. The Asia Infrastructure Investment
Bank formed concurrent to the OBOR has already begun financing some of the projects.
Improving the infrastructure of the countries on the Silk Road would inevitably improve the
livelihood of the people in those countries. Xi observed, “It is meant to build not China’s own
backyard garden but a garden shared by all countries.”
Xi stood firmly on the side of open trade and investment in the age of economic globalization.
Repeatedly, he emphasized that it will be essential to seek win-win models of global growth, that
all nations large or small, rich or poor must be treated equally with respect.
“The world will be a better place only when everyone is better off,” he said.
Because of conflicts and turmoil, a pandemic refugee crisis, climate change and terrorism, the
world’s economy needs a new path for growth. Xi believes that path lies in technology innovation.
China is of course already a successful example of sustaining economic growth via technology
innovation. Having in China the world’s largest network of high-speed rail and the longest open
water bridges (nearly 100 miles long) are some of the indicators.
On its own, China has sent man into outer space, put a lander to roam the moon and built its own
space station.
Just recently, China launched the world’s first ever quantum communications satellite.
China has developed its submersible technology such that they can now explore the ocean floor
deeper than 4 miles below.
For six years in a row, China owns the world’s fastest super computer, leads in new applications
for the mobile phone and new uses via the Internet. China’s economy is clearly no longer dependent
on sweatshops. On the technology muscle beach, China is not the 97-pound weakling.
South China Sea ‘incident’
There is a fascinating and unconfirmed rumor circulating on China’s Internet that the US Navy
withdrew from the South China Sea in July for a very practical reason. Beijing government had
quietly informed Pentagon that their missile firing submarines had their radar locked in on the
American carriers and strongly suggested that the American fleet withdraw from the area.
The Pentagon asked the American fleet command for confirmation and the command was
amazed to discover that indeed some radar had locked in on the carriers. However, the American
on-board finder could not locate where the locking radar was coming from. Thus they quietly
hightailed out of the South China Sea.
If true, this incident is entirely consistent with China’s practice of Sun Zi’s Art of War, namely,
the best way to win a battle is not having to fire a shot. A similar tactic was used nearly 20 years
earlier.
Thomas Reed, an expert on nuclear weapons and former Secretary of Air Force, reported in
September 2008 issue of Physics Today that China in mid-1990s had intentionally invited Danny
Stillman of Los Alamos to tour China’s nuclear research facilities, which he did on numerous
occasions.
Stillman was responsible for gathering intelligence on China’s nuclear weapon development capability
and was the contact China wanted. Stillman got his book on China’s state of nuclear
weapon technology ready for publication but the U.S. government quashed it.
At the time, the Clinton Administration was busy prosecuting Dr. Wen Ho Lee of Los Alamos
alleging that he stole weapons-related secrets for China. Publication of Stillman’s book would
have been, at minimum, awkward. Stillman had to settle for telling the story to Reed later on.
President Obama as he headed to Hangzhou in China for the G20 conference had planned on
several one-on-one meetings on the sideline with other leaders, in addition to the high profile tea
with President Xi.
Consistent with his mission as defender of human rights, he was planning to express his concerns
to Philippines President Duterte over the thousands of extra-judicial executions of drug lords.
Upon hearing of Obama’s intention, Duterte flew into a rage saying among other things that
Philippines is a sovereign nation and no longer a lap-dog of the U.S. He also asked rhetorically,
what about the hundreds of thousands of civilians massacred by the Americans when they were
the colonial masters of Philippines?
Duterte also called Obama the “son of ….” Thanks to the Colbert Report, we now know that
Duterte was not the first to use such indelicate language. Another exceptional U.S. president,
Ronald Reagan, had called Gorbachev, then leader of USSR, the same name in his moments of
extreme emotion.
Obama’s meeting with Turkey’s President Erdogan also did not go well. Erdogan, in front of the
foreign press, aired his difference with Obama including naming a Kurdish group that the U.S.
supports but Turkey considers a terrorist organization. (Of course, Asia Times has reported on
numerous occasions that rebel groups fighting Syria’s Assad with U.S. support also fight for Islamic
State.)
Perhaps not wishing for another Duterte-like confrontation, and perhaps the price of offending
Turkey would be too dear, Obama did not raise questions of human rights in Turkey with Erdogan
— human rights issues such as crackdown of the press and the mass arrests that followed
the unsuccessful coup.
Obama then proceeded to Laos to attend the ASEAN Summit. He was the first U.S. president to
visit Laos and he formally apologized for the “secret” war America inflicted on Laos during the
Vietnam conflict.
Reported elsewhere in Asia Times, Laos continues to suffer the consequences of carpet-bombing
by the U.S. Air Force. Decades later, there remain millions of unexploded cluster bombs in the
countryside. These were accidentally detonated by unwitting farmers and their children with
dismaying regularity.
Obama’s offer of $30 million per year for three years would barely scratch the surface for rendering
Laos’ countryside safe for farming and allowing Laos to begin economic recovery.
Unlike hundreds of other nations, United States has never agreed to halt the use of landmines,
antipersonnel and cluster bombs. The U.S. reserves the right to kill and maim and at the same
time make obscene profits from it.
It’s no small irony that the great defender of human rights is also the dominant purveyor and user
of these lethal takers of human life.
The conscience-salving donations to compensate for the past atrocities and human suffering is a
drop in the bucket compared to the profits made on the victims’ bone piles. And as Christina Lin
pointed out in Asia Times, the U.S. has made no efforts to stop the cycle of killing and profits,
and human rights be damned.
The distinction is clear. Xi Jinping offers cooperation and collaboration on a path for common
prosperity. Obama offers umbrella of missile defense protection and a path to death and destruction.
Dr. George Koo recently retired from a global advisory services firm where he advised clients
on their China strategies and business operations. Educated at MIT, Stevens Institute and Santa
Clara University, he is the founder and former managing director of International Strategic Alliances.
He is a member of the Committee of 100, and a director of New America Media.
(Copyright 2016 Asia Times Holdings Limited, a duly registered Hong Kong

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