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Archive for September 2015

Wie sich Österreich ändern muss

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

KommentarEric Frey, 30. September 2015, 18:08, derstandard.at

Die Zuwanderung erhöht den Druck, versäumte Reformen endlich anzugehen

Keiner kann heute sagen, ob die Versorgung und Integration der Flüchtlinge aus dem Nahen Osten hunderte Millionen oder viele Milliarden kosten wird. Aber eines ist sicher: Der Zustrom an Zuwanderern wird Österreich verändern. Und ob die Gesellschaft diese riesige Herausforderung meistert, hängt nicht nur vom Geld, sondern auch von der eigenen Bereitschaft zur Veränderung ab.

Dabei geht es meist um wirtschafts- und sozialpolitische Bereiche, in denen auch ohne den Flüchtlingsstrom schon lange Reformbedarf besteht. Wifo-Chef Karl Aiginger hat einen von ihnen angesprochen: Erfolgsgeschichten von Migranten sind meist mit Unternehmertum verknüpft. Und ein häufiges Hindernis für Firmengründungen ist die Gewerbeordnung, die in zahlreichen Berufen neue Anbieter blockiert, den Wettbewerb beschränkt und schon längst hätte durchforstet werden sollen.

Es gibt noch viele andere Beispiele dieser Art. Wenn Zuwanderer Arbeit finden, dann am ehesten am unteren Ende der Lohnskala, wo sie zwar keine Steuern zahlen, aber relativ hohe Sozialversicherungsbeiträge. Die Senkung der Lohnnebenkosten für Niedrigverdiener, von Experten schon lange gefordert, ist bei der jüngsten Steuerreform wieder liegengeblieben. Nun gäbe es neue Gründe, dieses Thema rasch wieder anzugehen. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Was hat die Regierung noch zu verlieren?

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

30.09.2015 | 18:17 | Josef Urschitz (Die Presse)urschitz

Wenn nicht bald Reformen beginnen, ist der Wohlstand Geschichte.

Gestern haben wir es wieder knüppeldick bekommen: Im Wettbewerbsfähigkeitsranking des World Economic Forum vom 21. auf den 23. Platz abgerutscht (2013 waren wir da noch 16.) und in einem internationalen Uni-Ranking mit der Wiener Universität nur eine Hochschule unter den Top 200 der Welt. Und zwar auf dem wenig schmeichelhaften Platz 142.

Man soll Einzelrankings nicht überbewerten, aber die Tendenz ist ganz eindeutig: Im Bildungsbereich sind wir trotz vergleichsweise sehr hoher Ausgaben seit Langem bestenfalls unteres Mittelmaß. Und in den Wettbewerbs- und Standortrankings werden wir seit Jahren in geradezu atemberaubendem Tempo nach hinten durchgereicht. „Abgesandelt“ ist da nicht der ganz falsche Ausdruck.

Dass wir das noch nicht so wirklich spüren, sollte uns nicht täuschen. Wir haben zwar nur noch das fünfthöchste Pro-Kopf-BIP in der EU, aber nur noch die zehntwettbewerbsfähigste Wirtschaft. Das heißt, wir leben bereits von der Vergangenheit. Das kann noch eine Zeit lang gut gehen, aber deftige Wohlstandsverluste sind bei Beibehaltung dieses Kurses wohl nicht zu vermeiden. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Leaving Our Children Nothing

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

Photo of Johan Rockström

Johan Rockström

Johan Rockström is Professor in Global Sustainability and Director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre at Stockholm University.

SEP 30, 2015, Project Syndicate

STOCKHOLM – Our generation has a unique opportunity. If we set our minds to it, we could be the first in human history to leave our children nothing: no greenhouse-gas emissions, no poverty, and no biodiversity loss.

That is the course that world leaders set when they met at the United Nations in New York on September 25 to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The 17 goals range from ending poverty and improving health to protecting the planet’s biosphere and providing energy for all. They emerged from the largest summit in the UN’s history, the “Rio+20” conference in 2012, followed by the largest consultation the UN has ever undertaken.

Unlike their predecessor, the Millennium Development Goals, which focused almost exclusively on developing countries, the new global goals are universal and apply to all countries equally. Their adoption indicates widespread acceptance of the fact that all countries share responsibility for the long-term stability of Earth’s natural cycles, on which the planet’s ability to support us depends. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Jeremy Corbyn’s Necessary Agenda

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

Photo of Mariana MazzucatoAn excellent blueprint for the role of public institutions in the society. Mariana Mazzucato, a brilliant Italian/American scientist, has become famous for her thrust for public investments into R&D; as such she has visited recently also Austria’s Academy of Sciences (hfk)

Mariana Mazzucato

Mariana Mazzucato, Professor of the Economics of Innovation at the Science Policy Research Unit of the University of Sussex, is the author of The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths.

SEP 29, 2015, Project Syndicate

BRIGHTON – Seven economists (including Joseph Stiglitz, Thomas Piketty, and me) have agreed to become economic advisers to Jeremy Corbyn, the new leader of the British Labour Party. I hope we will have a shared goal to help Labour shape an economic policy that is investment-led, inclusive, and sustainable. We will bring different ideas to the table, but these are my thoughts on the kind of progressive agenda the United Kingdom – and the rest of the world – now needs.

When the Labour Party lost the election last May, it received considerable criticism – even from its own frontbenchers – for failing to embrace the business community as “wealth creators.” But while businesses clearly create wealth, so do workers, public institutions, and civil-society organizations, which, through dynamic partnerships, drive long-term growth and productivity. Indeed, a progressive economic agenda must begin with the recognition that wealth creation is a collective process and that market outcomes are the product of how these various “wealth creators” interact.

We must drop the false dichotomy of governments versus markets and begin to think more clearly about the market outcomes we want. There is plenty to learn from public investments that were mission-oriented, instead of focused on “facilitating” or “incentivizing” business. Policy should actively shape and create markets, not just fix them when they go wrong. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The benefits of migration are questionable

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

Date: 30-09-2015
Source: FT Martin Wolf

Cosmopolitanism is incompatible with our organisation into territorial jurisdictions

I am the child of refugees. My parents came to the UK to escape Hitler. Their arrival saved their lives. More passionate patriots cannot be imagined. It is not surprising that I believe Europe has a moral obligation to protect refugees. But what should one think about immigration more broadly?

Globalisation is not just for goods, services and capital. It is also for people. High-income countries are not only richer, but also less corrupt and more stable, than others. Nothing is less surprising than the desire to emigrate to the west.

Yet little is more contentious. Migration is the touchstone of rightwing populism. Think of Nigel Farage, Marine Le Pen or Donald Trump.

A few argue that gaps in real wages across the world are the biggest of all economic distortions. Movement of people, they say, should be seen as identical to trade; humanity would benefit from the elimination of barriers. The movement of people might be vast and the impact on high-income economies, with only one-seventh of the world’s population, correspondingly huge. But it would maximise wealth. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Wanna See the ‘Trick’ in Trickle Down??

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

In the chart below I’ve indexed real median personal income against real corporate profits (before tax w/o adjustments) to the beginning of 2009, the point at which central bankers implemented trickle down economics to rescue Americans from the largest gov/banking policy induced disaster in the history of the world.   Let’s have a look at the results of the bankers trickle down strategy….

Screen Shot 2015-09-18 at 11.50.58 AM

Go figure eh….  Anyone think moar QE is the answer??  We just won’t know unless we keep on trying I suppose… says Ms. Yellen and the Business Roundtable (click to see many of the very faces of those that reached their shifty little hands into the ass of the golden goose and pulled out trillions of printed dollars but left trillions in debt obligations for your grandchildren). Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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China – Ghost Cities

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

China's Empty CitiesJourneyman Pictures, 4/2011

Vast new cities are being built across China at a rate of ten a year, but they remain almost completely uninhabited ghost towns. Racing to stay ahead of the world economy, is the superpower about to implode? 

„There are around 64 million empty apartments in China„, claims analyst Gillem Tulloch. It’s all part of the Chinese government’s efforts to keep its economy booming and there are plenty of people who would love to move in but the properties are priced out of the market. It’s after 2pm and in the new city of Dongguan shop owner Tian Yu Gao is yet to serve a single customer.It’s a bit boring„, he sighs. His open shop is a rare sight in the Great Mall: once heralded by the New York Times as proof of China’s astonishing consumer culture. Today it is an eerie vista of emptiness. „It can’t stay this way„, insists Tulloch“. When the bubble bursts, it will impoverish vast numbers of people„.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=36&v=wm7rOKT151Y

Dank an H.F.

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Umwelt-Standards: VW-Lobby soll Einfluss auf EU genommen haben

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

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Der CSU-Abgeordnete Albert Deß hat im Umweltausschuss des EU-Parlaments einen Zusatz zur neuen Abgasverordnung eingebracht. Damit versuchte er, bestimmte Kleinbusse vor härteren Abgasregeln zu bewahren. Das Pikante dabei: Es besteht der Verdacht, dass es sich bei dem Änderungsantrag um ein VW-Dokument handelt.

Während VW angekündigt hat, fünf Millionen Autos zurückzurufen und immer weitere Automarken von dem Abgas-Skandal betroffen sind, wendet sich der Blick nun nach Brüssel. Wie stark die Autolobby in Deutschland und langsam auch auf EU-Ebene ist, zeigt ein neues Beispiel scheinbar versuchter Einflussnahme. Der CSU-Abgeordnete Albert Deß soll mit einem Änderungsantrag im Umweltausschuss des EU-Parlaments versucht haben, schärfere Abgasregeln für Kleinbusse auf EU-Ebene zu verhindern. Allerdings scheint es sich bei dem Antrag nicht um ein reines Dokument der CSU zu handeln, sondern vielmehr um ein VW-Dokument, wie der Spiegel berichtet.

Auch Vizekanzler Sigmar Gabriel hat nach seiner Zeit als Ministerpräsident in Niedersachsen als Lobbyist für VW gearbeitet. Ob sein Auftrag auch das Thema Umweltstandards Beinhaltet hat, ist nicht bekannt. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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Sustainable Governance Goals

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

Photo of Tony BlairTony Blair

Tony Blair was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007. Since leaving office, he has founded the Africa Governance Initiative, the Tony Blair Faith Foundation, and the Faith and Globalization Initiative.

SEP 29, 2015, Project Syndicate

NEW YORK – To those who claim that conventional politics does not bring change, the Millennium Development Goals, adopted here in New York by the United Nations 15 years ago, are a powerful riposte. Not everything contained in the MDGs has been achieved, and no fragile country will completely achieve any of the goals by the time they expire at the end of this year. But huge progress was made: hundreds of millions of people have been lifted out of poverty, maternal mortality has been reduced by almost half, and millions more children are now in school.

So, as the world signs up this week to the MDGs’ successor framework, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it should do so with considerable confidence. The challenge, however, is to make global goal-setting still more effective, in part by learning the lessons of the last 15 years.

My foundation – the Africa Governance Initiative, now in eight countries – puts improved systems of delivery and implementation at the heart of the change needed to reduce poverty and promote development. As I know well, the toughest thing about government – even in the developed world – is getting things done. Political leaders run for office as great campaigners; once in power, however, they swiftly discover that they need to become great CEOs if their policies are to be carried out. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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The BRICS Fallacy

Posted by hkarner - 30. September 2015

Date: 29-09-2015Palacio
Source: Project Syndicate

ANA PALACIO

Ana Palacio, a former Spanish foreign minister and former Senior Vice President of the World Bank, is a member of the Spanish Council of State, a visiting lecturer at Georgetown University, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the United States.

MADRID – The recent downgrade of Brazil’s credit rating to junk status was followed by a raft of articles heralding the crumbling of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). How predictable: schadenfreude almost always follows bad news about the BRICS, whose members were once hailed as the world’s up-and-coming economic powerhouses and next major political force.

There is something deeper going on here. The world’s seeming obsession with the BRICS’ perceived rise and fall reflects a desire to identify the country or group of countries that would take over from the United States as global leader. But, in searching for the “next big thing,” the world ignores the fact that the US remains the only power capable of providing global leadership and ensuring some semblance of international order.

The story of the BRICS is a familiar one. It began as a technical grouping in 2001, when the British economist Jim O’Neill lumped them together (without South Africa) and gave them their catchy name for the sole reason that they were all large, rapidly growing emerging economies. But, recognizing that economic power could translate into political influence, the BRICS held their first informal meeting in 2006, and their first leaders’ summit in 2009. Den Rest des Beitrags lesen »

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